Ill-bred – Headsets 911 http://headsets911.com/ Wed, 21 Apr 2021 06:00:15 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.1 https://headsets911.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/cropped-headsets911-32x32.png Ill-bred – Headsets 911 http://headsets911.com/ 32 32 ‘Elite Doesn’t Mean Born With a Silver Spoon’ https://headsets911.com/elite-doesnt-mean-born-with-a-silver-spoon/ Fri, 16 Apr 2021 13:16:59 +0000 https://headsets911.com/?p=1867 So far we have heard from readers—here and here—who empathize with the grievances of Trump voters but who couldn’t support the demagogue themselves. Now let’s here from a Trump voter, Alan. At first he was a very reluctant to back the “deplorable” Trump but ultimately did so because of the following reasons: the “bigot” stigma […]]]>

So far we have heard from readers—here and here—who empathize with the grievances of Trump voters but who couldn’t support the demagogue themselves. Now let’s here from a Trump voter, Alan. At first he was a very reluctant to back the “deplorable” Trump but ultimately did so because of the following reasons: the “bigot” stigma is tossed around too freely by leftist whites; too many liberal commentators are too smug; he fears that cisgender men will exploit trans-inclusive bathrooms; and, perhaps most of all, he’s outraged and worried about the new campus PC.

Here’s Alan detailing those views (the bracketed notes are mine):

Ben is the first writer to, in my opinion, hit the nail on the head. I started out as a Never Trumper and actually still deplore the man. But on Tuesday I voted for him.

My wife is Mexican-American, my children ½ white ½ Hispanic. I have nieces who are ½ African-American. I hate bigotry and take it very, very, seriously. So when I hear Charlie Rangel say “bigots no longer use racial slurs; they talk about balanced budgets and the line item veto,” it infuriates me. [CB: I couldn’t find a quote similar to that, but Rangel is known for his divisive rhetoric. Update: Alan points to this alleged quote from Rangel from 1994 that he said he paraphrased, but I wouldn’t trust the source, since the alleged quote isn’t really found elsewhere.] Accusations of racism are being thrown about as political weapons (mostly by white liberals) in a way that belittles the seriousness of bigotry.

I don’t like the economic policies of Barack Obama, but if I disagree with him and anyone on the left hears me I will immediately be branded a bigot. I also believe that at a time when the economy is soft with little-to-no job growth [latest jobs report here], it’s a bad time to have high immigration; it drives down wages for all Americans: White, Black, Asian, or Hispanic.

My wife’s hometown of El Paso is a perfect example, with high unemployment [higher than Texas but lower than the U.S.] and low wages. I don’t think Obama cares; his aim is to change the electorate in a way that favors Democrats and the resulting inevitable ethnic tension plays right into his hands.

[CB: Sorry to interject here, but Obama has a longstanding and consistent aversion to identity politics—something we’ll explore in a future note.]

We like to believe the electorate chooses our leaders, but today our leaders are choosing the electorate. It’s anti-democratic, no matter the skin color of those involved.

Next, I have an advanced degree and own my own business. I have a very “live and let live” attitude about gay marriage and routinely prepare tax returns for gay couples. But I’m a Catholic and a Texan, so I’m accustomed to being disparaged on the news each night by commenters on the left referring to people like me, who they don’t even know, as hicks, yahoos, and haters (by Chris Matthews, Paul Krugman, Tom Friedman, Bill Maher, Joy Behar).

I deplore the thought that men should be allowed in women’s restrooms—not because I have any problem with those who are biologically male but identify as female (I suspect this relatively small group to be mostly comprised of gentle souls), but I have two young daughters, and I’m terrified of the much larger group of fully heterosexual, hormone-intoxicated young men (of whom I was a member, around the age of 14) that will be the first into the women’s restroom peeking through the doors on the stalls. But no one, and I mean no one, on the left will even brook a discussion on the topic [Notes discussion here]. How about an accommodation where more single-use restrooms are utilized? “No, this must be forced upon the haters no matter what.”

Finally, I’m convinced the social justice movement on campuses is the primary driver of the Trump victory. My college-age daughter constantly hears talk of white privilege and racial identity, of separate dorms for separate races (somewhere in heaven Martin Luther King Jr is hanging his head and crying). She also hears how it’s a microaggression to speak of the U.S. as a melting pot (as a multi-ethnic American, imagine how this makes her feel). I hate identity politics, and I fear for the future of my daughters as a result.

When everything is about identity politics, is the left really surprised that on Tuesday millions of white Americans, for the first time ever, voted as “white”? If you want identity politics, identity politics is what you will get.

I know many on the left will read this and ask how I could therefore possibly vote for Trump. The answer is that the right didn’t create it; the left did. It constitutes the entire word view of the left today. The right is reacting. Maybe now that you see what you have created, you will turn back to promoting a vision of the world where race, gender, sexual orientation, and ethnicity fade away and we all become individuals again. Or maybe I’m just so sick of being called a bigot that my anger at the authoritarian left has pushed me to support this seriously flawed man.

What do you think of Alan’s argument? Drop us a note and we’ll continue the debate. Update from Kevin, who thinks Alan “misses the forest for the trees”:

“Identity politics” (and so-called political correctness) makes an easy target for people who are either in, or sympathize with, a ruling majority. Fox News figured that out long ago, and they’ve made bank on it—War on Christmas, anyone?

Against Alan’s point, though, I would argue that identity politics is simply a newer name (and partial aspect) for what we used to call the class struggle: of those who have been historically disadvantaged against those who have unfairly benefitted. Perhaps even many of those who now organize primarily as women, African-Americans, or Latinos don’t fully realize that their efforts represent the only way the majority has allowed, even partially, a conversation about unfairness that should actually be subsumed under its largest category: the topic of reparations.

Here are some statistics from a Forbes (!) article on the gap between minority and majority wealth:

The typical black household now has just 6% of the wealth of the typical white household; the typical Latino household has just 8%, according to a recent study called The Racial Wealth Gap: Why Policy Matters, by Demos, a public policy organization promoting democracy and equality, and the Institute on Assets and Social Policy.

In absolute terms, the median white household had $111,146 in wealth holdings in 2011, compared to $7,113 for the median black household and $8,348 for the median Latino household. (All figures come from the U.S. Census Bureau Survey of Income and Program Participation.)

This is what is called the racial wealth gap.

Even the New Deal and G.I. Bill programs, which led to the housing wealth that forms the majority of whites’ advantage in savings, deliberately and systematically excluded minorities, as Ta-Nehisi Coates has explained at length in The Atlantic. And of course, Native Americans were the original victims of majority expropriation, while women have been deprived by a parallel type of discrimination that expressed itself mainly through social norms about family structure.

Would Alan prefer an honest conversation about how genocide, slavery, Jim Crow, patriarchal family structures, and New Deal and G.I. Bill discrimination led to the incredible wealth gaps between whites and minorities and women that still persist through multiple generations? Followed by an honest conversation about how the majority can best repair the effects of the unfair advantage it was given—and still gets?

Those are the conversations that have a chance to get to the heart of the matter, and I would hope he would want to be part of them. If we make progress on such larger questions, I can promise him that the identity politics will subside to a matter of festive quasi-ethnic coloration, like today’s Polka Festivals and St. Patrick’s Day parades, within a just and multicultural society at peace with itself.

Update: Alan has a very thorough rebuttal, and I’ll keep my interjections (via brackets) to a bare minimum this time:

Soft Job Market

You picked a single monthly jobs report to contradict my point, & you failed to mention that it takes 145,000 jobs per month just to keep up with new workers entering the workforce. The unemployment rate is less important, in my view & the view of many others, than the workforce participation rate, which is way down since 2007. Half of this number is from baby boomers retiring, but half of it isn’t.

El Paso

You alluded to unemployment in El Paso, which, as I stated, is not (in my view & the view of many others) the best measure. You ignored my comment about low wages in El Paso. The poverty rate there is 20.1%, compared to 17.5% in all of Texas and 14.5% nationally. It’s much the same along the entire Texas border.

Obama & Identity Politics

In my comments where you interjected your defense of Obama, I had said nothing about identity politics—that came later. I said he was manipulating border security to increase Democratic voters. Then he refers to those who disagree as bigots (ok, so it does have to do with identity politics).

It’s certainly true that Obama typically stays above the fray concerning identity politics, but he certainly doesn’t keep his surrogates from pursuing it. Remember the ridiculous War on Women? [Yep, and I lampooned that terminology at the time.]

But then at times, Obama participates himself. Remember his comments regarding poor whites “bitterly clinging to their guns & religion”? Remember his 2010 comments on Univision where he said: “If Latinos sit out the election instead of saying, ‘We’re gonna punish our enemies, and we’re gonna reward our friends who stand with us on issues that are important to us….”?

Remember how, after the floods in Louisiana, it took him a week to visit, pausing his golf vacation at Martha’s Vineyard just long enough to send an advisory to the state to not discriminate against minorities during the cleanup? The media ignored it, no help came, so the “Cajun Navy” took over: [CB: I really wish I could post the handful of photos that Alan attached, but we don’t have the copyright. The four moving photos show white folks helping black folks, and vice versa.]

Even your own publication thinks political identity is a problem for the left.

Transgender Rights

So you linked to one article [it’s actually an 11-part discussion thread] in your publication about transgender rights. That’s good. But just try that on a college campus, or some workplaces:

https://www.ncronline.org/news/people/marquette-professor-banned-campus-after-criticizing-classroom-gay-marriage-discussion

https://www.aclu.org/other/hate-speech-campus

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/04/04/mozilla-ceo-resignation-free-speech/7328759/

I have many, many more if you need them.

Reader Kevin

I don’t disagree with any of the data Kevin presents, nor do I disagree with the existence of any of the government programs he mentions. I also absolutely agree that slavery, Jim Crow, etc. are the sole source of all the problems of the African-American community, & I would love to have a conversation about those issues with him.

It’s just that, other than his first paragraph, he doesn’t really address anything I said. He implies that I get all my news from Fox, but I don’t watch Fox at all (I despise Shawn Hannity & think Bill O’Reilly is a blustering fool), so he’s implies characteristics to me that are false.

Identity politics may or may not be an “easy target,” but what does that mean? My point is that, just as I’m sure he hates it when he’s the victim of a racial slur, so do I when I’m referred to as a bigot, when my whole life demonstrates the opposite. (In fact, over the course of my career, I’ve hired many African-Americans & fired two white managers & replaced them with African-American managers.)

All unsupported accusations of bigotry are counter-constructive, & they set us all back. As I said, I don’t think the culprits here are usually African-Americans (Charlie Rangel not withstanding). I think it’s a game of the white liberal left in an effort to gain political power. It’s very revealing that Trump, & Republicans generally, support school vouchers for low income minorities trapped in failing public schools, yet Democrats fight them with all their might. Why? Control.

Two Parent Privilege

I have no doubt you’d love for me to discuss this, so you can find more selective data to throw back at me. Why don’t you bring it up? You’re the reporter. But if you did, you’re job at The Atlantic would be so gone.

At the unlikely risk of that: The most prominent reference to “two-parent privilege” I could find is a National Review piece from Dennis Prager called “The Fallacy of ‘White Privilege.’” Money quote:

[T]here are a host of privileges that dwarf “white privilege.” A huge one is Two-Parent Privilege. If you are raised by a father and mother, you enter dirty roulette with more privileges than anyone else in American society, irrespective of race, ethnicity, or sex. That’s why the poverty rate among two-parent black families is only 7 percent. Compare that with a 22 percent poverty rate among whites in single-parent homes. Obviously the two-parent home is the decisive “privilege.”

Back to Alan:

Summary:

So I’m through with “Trumpsplaining.” The events of the last few days, & the response of the media, have convinced me that the left has simply doubled-down. So be it. They’re building a path to Trump/Pence 2020.

But here’s an event that occurred locally in the last couple of days that I’d like you & Kevin to discuss:

Victoria Smith, the daughter of one of the Dallas police officers killed during the July 7 ambush was told she was no longer invited to hit an honorary serve at a volleyball game at Southern Methodist University. In a Facebook post where the e-mail from SMU is reproduced, the college says: “In light of recent events and diversity within the SMU community, the demonstration could be deemed insensitive”

… the recent events apparently being the election. SMU is now backpedaling as fast as it can since the news broke.

***

***

Update from Molly, who dissents:

You didn’t even allow a pro-Trumper to express himself without interjecting your [facts], and your comment about [seeing the latest jobs reports] indicates that you either don’t understand or are not willing to understand the decades of devastation resulting from structural unemployment. Did you read the jobs report, or stop after the first page? Check out the establishment data on page 5. Do note the winners and losers.

Since I’m already here on a high horse, I’d love to share my perspective. The best word to describe my feelings is ambivalent, torn between people I love who voted for Trump and people I love who voted for Clinton. Unfortunately, that ambivalence and self-inflicted need to play devil’s advocate have already made me feel unwelcome by both sides.

Currently, my glass case of emotions include:

    1. Happiness for my family, who have been ignored by Clinton’s, Bush’s, and Obama’s policies and truly believe that Trump’s CEO style will lower their health insurance premiums and bring back manufacturing jobs
    1. Sadness for my friends and colleagues, who are confused, scared, and rightfully disgusted by this election
    1. Frustration with the RNC, DNC, and DC, which once again forced us to choose between economic and social issues
    1. Anger that bigoted haters spreading vitriol are claiming that they speak on behalf of the right
    1. Anger that protesters burning effigies of democratically elected presidents are claiming that they speak on behalf of the left
    1. Annoyance that both sides of the media don’t seem to be owning their role in this divisiveness
    1. And hope/fear, which are basically two sides of the same coin.

We got ourselves into this situation together. The only way we get ourselves out … is together.

***

***

If you’re still reading at this point, here’s a note (emailed and posted before the updates from Kevin, Alan, and Molly) from reader D.A. about the perilously close distance between white identity politics and white supremacy:

This question may become the biggest one in America politics, post-Trump:

Is it possible to have a “white identity” politics that is not inherently a politics of white supremacy?

The best hypothetical I can think of is this:

Suppose you are studying a proposed piece of legislation. First you ask yourself:

How will this impact people?

Then:

How will this impact white people?

Now reverse the order in which you ask the questions.

Now substitute any other political identity group for “white.”

Is there a difference between a white person asking:

“How will this impact people like me?”

vs.

“How will this impact white people?”

Can we find the line (if it even exists) between white identity politics and white supremacy somewhere in that hypothetical? I haven’t yet. So “white identity vs. white supremacy” will likely be the big American political question of the next decade (unless economic status becomes a more important marker of identity than race).

This next reader, Nav, accuses Trump voters of a big double standard:

Several readers and commentators appear to hold that the principal reason for Trump’s victory is the rise of identity politics on the left. Personally, I think that the evidence is pretty weak. However, regardless of the truth of the theory, I have questions.

If the rise of identity politics is a problem, how likely is it that voting for the bigotry-adjacent candidate is going to reduce the role of identity in political discourse? To put it another way, if you believe that voting for Trump is a reasonable response to being perceived as bigoted, what is a reasonable response to the election of a candidate that has a very small, but very vocal, set of white supremacists filled with delight?

I doubt voting for the dog-whistle candidate is going achieve the goal of reducing identity politics, nor do I believe that deeper embrace of identity politics (even though I’m generally a fan of the ethical argument) will reduce bigotry. History is not exactly replete with examples where people change their minds only after the opposing view gets sufficiently extreme.

And finally, Eric offers a good-faith challenge to Trump voters:

I am willing to take many Trump supporters at their word that they do not personally harbor any animosity towards women or minorities. But the truth is that Donald Trump certainly does. It is clear that he believes that racist and sexist stereotypes accurately describe the world and he supports polices based on these stereotypes.

And though I can understand being upset or disturbed by the worst excesses of the political correctness movement, I cannot understand the worldview that believes these excesses are worse than a president who has openly advocated using the state to target minority groups [such as Muslims]. I can understand how someone could think that Twitter mobs are an inappropriate response to blackface Halloween costumes, even though I do think those costumes are racist. To react to to those Twitter mobs by making a cruel, arrogant, narcissistic, petty, ignorant, racist, sexist, pathological lier the most powerful man in the world seems mean and shortsighted.

I have heard from many Trump supporters that he does not really mean to do the things he says. I personally take him at face value, but I have a challenge to these supposedly non-bigoted Trump supporters: If and when Trump does the things he says he would—target Muslims for surveillance, create a deportation force to hunt down all illegal immigrants, create a national stop and frisk policy, target journalists for writing “nasty” articles about him, arrest and imprison political opponents—will they stand up to him?

Will they write their congressmen? Will they march in the street to protest the violation of their fellow citizen’s rights? Will they stand arm in arm with their neighbors to protect them? Will they quietly acquiesce? Or will they, as I personally suspect, actively support his actions?

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Do You Xi What I Xi? https://headsets911.com/do-you-xi-what-i-xi/ Fri, 16 Apr 2021 13:12:34 +0000 https://headsets911.com/?p=1843 Dear Weekend Jolter, Whatsoever you do, read Jim Geraghty’s chronicle of Red China’s Coronavirus mendacity. A slice from the calendar: January 1: The Wuhan Public Security Bureau issued summons to Dr. Li Wenliang, accusing him of “spreading rumors.” Two days later, at a police station, Dr. Li signed a statement acknowledging his “misdemeanor” and promising […]]]>

Dear Weekend Jolter,

Whatsoever you do, read Jim Geraghty’s chronicle of Red China’s Coronavirus mendacity. A slice from the calendar:

January 1: The Wuhan Public Security Bureau issued summons to Dr. Li Wenliang, accusing him of “spreading rumors.” Two days later, at a police station, Dr. Li signed a statement acknowledging his “misdemeanor” and promising not to commit further “unlawful acts.” Seven other people are arrested on similar charges and their fate is unknown.

Also that day, “after several batches of genome sequence results had been returned to hospitals and submitted to health authorities, an employee of one genomics company received a phone call from an official at the Hubei Provincial Health Commission, ordering the company to stop testing samples from Wuhan related to the new disease and destroy all existing samples.”

According to a New York Times study of cellphone data from China, 175,000 people leave Wuhan that day. According to global travel data research firm OAG, 21 countries have direct flights to Wuhan. In the first quarter of 2019 for comparison, 13,267 air passengers traveled from Wuhan, China, to destinations in the United States, or about 4,422 per month. The U.S. government would not bar foreign nationals who had traveled to China from entering the country for another month.

January 2: One study of patients in Wuhan can only connect 27 of 41 infected patients to exposure to the Huanan seafood market — indicating human-to-human transmission away from the market. A report written later that month concludes, “evidence so far indicates human transmission for 2019-nCoV. We are concerned that 2019-nCoV could have acquired the ability for efficient human transmission.”

Also on this day, the Wuhan Institute of Virology completed mapped the genome of the virus. The Chinese government would not announce that breakthrough for another week.

Yes, the theme here remains vigilance concerning the worst fiends of the 20th century, and now the 21st — Red China’s brutal billionaire rulers, quarterbacked by the God-supposing Xi Jinping.

There is indeed so much here below about this and related matters, but do consider the abundance is to help and distract some of you through the lonely hours of pathogen-induced isolation and monkishness.

And when you are finished, consider watching Bette Davis in Another Man’s Poison, a middling 1951 film but with a title that fits the theme of these times.

Editorials

1. Sorry, but this is not a “stimulus.” From the editorial:

The provisions to support businesses, small and large, are especially valuable. Businesses cannot be expected to have saved enough money to weather a once-in-a-lifetime pathogen. The public has an interest in their being able to pay ongoing expenses during this crisis and to resume as viable enterprises once it ends. The legislation stipulates that businesses receiving loans cannot pay dividends or engage in stock buybacks for several years. This is faddish thinking, and there are better ways to protect taxpayer interests and keep existing shareholders from making windfall gains.

The legislation is far from perfect. The enormous spending involved would be easier to stomach if legislators and presidents had shown greater restraint before this crisis hit or showed any interest in getting the national debt on a sustainable trajectory. But we will take our own advice. The support for business, the relief for individuals, and the expansion of medical capacity are all urgent matters. They justify a bill that, in a happier time, nobody would consider, and we ourselves would vehemently reject.

Before We Get to the Prime Rib, Do Consider Publisher Garrett Bewkes’ Case for Your Becoming an NRPLUS Member

We are living through an unprecedented moment in history. I want to take this opportunity to thank you for being a loyal reader of National Review, and to share with you what we at NR are doing to keep delivering our world-class reporting and opinion.

Our entire staff spent the last two weeks ensuring that all NR operations can be maintained indefinitely from remote locations across these great United States. Our newsroom is as strong as ever, closely monitoring and reporting on all aspects of the coronavirus crisis (and so much more), and our top opinion writers continue to deliver much-needed insight and perspective, weighing in on all aspects of the crisis — be they medical, social, political, or geopolitical.

Even our podcasts, typically recorded from our New York City headquarters, continue apace.

I am humbled to report that our NRPLUS community continues to grow during these trying times. Members new and old are busy accessing magazine and premium content daily on the website. Our private NRPLUS Facebook group is more active than ever. And our live, members-only conference calls continue to be scheduled and held.

The economic impact of these events will be felt long after the storm has subsided.  That’s why it is all the more important for all of us not to waiver and to press forward with even more fervor than before.

To that end, I cannot recommend more highly that you join the NRPLUS community today. Doing so will ensure that you receive all National Review content (including all premium and magazine stories), with the extra benefit of being able to consume that content in an ad-minimal environment. Access to our live conference calls with top thought leaders, an invitation to our private members-only Facebook group, and website-commenting privileges are all part of the NRPLUS package.

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Golden Corral Doesn’t Have This Many Selections on Its Buffet. And Here the Vittles Are Free and Heaping, so Tuck In!

1. Scooter Libby and Logan A. Rank demand that Red China be held accountable. From the piece:

Having unnecessarily caused and exacerbated a worldwide pandemic, untouchable Chinese officials added their next outrage — blaming America. Beijing shamelessly poses as both victim and savior, seeking disproportionate praise for sharing genome information, casualty data, and, relative to the harm, limited supplies.

In any just and lawful setting, actors who recklessly pursue hazardous activities would be held accountable for foreseeable harm caused to others. It would not matter if the wrongdoers did not intend such harm; it would be enough that they knowingly persisted. Exacerbating harm by concealing it and retarding mitigation only increases such liability.

Prevention and simple justice require that Beijing accept consequences facing any other wrongdoer — including an end to dangerous practices and extending at least partial compensation to those so grievously harmed outside China. International diplomacy, legislation, executive action or legal proceedings here and abroad should seek to ensure Beijing acts responsibly.

2. Just how vile and phony can the media be? Charlie Cooke looks at NBC’s coverage of the Darwin Award couple who ate toxic fish cleaner . . . TRUMP’S FAULT! From the piece:

I’m afraid that this is the stuff of idiocracy — the equivalent of a person seeing a bucket of chlorine next to her swimming pool and drinking it because the letters on the outside are arranged in a similar order to the word “chloroquine.” And the idea that the president is to blame for this is . . . well, it’s simply incomprehensible to me. It is possible, certainly, that Donald Trump (along with Andrew Cuomo) has been too bullish on the prospects for chloroquine as a tool in the fight against coronavirus. But that, if true, is a dramatically different sin. We simply cannot run our country on the assumption that “I have high hopes for this drug currently in clinical trials and hope it will eventually be fast-tracked by the FDA and prescribed by a doctor” will be heard by reasonable people as “go into your pantry right now and eat fish tank cleaner if the ingredients look similar to you to a word you heard on television.” Insofar as there is any advice to be disseminated here, it’s “don’t eat industrial cleaning products,” which one would hope is a lesson that most people have already internalized.

3. The political media are woefully failing America, says David Harsanyi. From the analysis:

Some of that trust has been corroded over years of Obama adulation, echo chambers, conspiracy mongering, and knee-jerk partisanship. Some of that trust has also been corroded by the litany of Trump-slaying “bombshells” that have fizzled over the past years. I don’t know how many times I’ve recently heard people affix “if it turns out to be true” to a breaking news story.

Sorry, it’s difficult to trust a newspaper that allows its headline writing to be controlled by left-wing Twitter mobs or one that sends a senior editor from the Washington Post to write a piece on some Twitter rando with 400 followers to own Trump — and then track down his poor parents for good measure. How do we trust producers who believe Dan Rather — a man who pushed multiple forged documents, which smeared Bush 43, on the American public  — is the perfect guest to lecture Americans about accuracy?

All three of those things happened this week.

Worse than all that — or maybe it’s for the best — everyone can now see the hive mind of political journalism at work on Twitter.

RELATED: As Alexandra DeSanctis reports, the public has no trust in the MSM’s handling of the Coronavirus crisis. Here’s the story.

4. Potter’s buying. It may be a wonderful life, but still, Victor Davis Hanson offers thoughts on panicking. From the piece:

If we can get hard data out and the lethality rates descend to near flu levels, and once Americans see that well over 99 percent of the population survives the virus, then they will have confidence in the return of the economy, buy and sell stocks on the basis of innate worth and return rather than panicked speculation, and again rehire, run, and expand their businesses.

In sum, with the use of new treatment protocols and medicines, wider testing, and the approaching summer, we can get the incidence of infection down to a level that allows most people to work and keep the economy alive. Otherwise, make no mistake, if the present economic somnolence continues, many Americans are going to sicken and die — but from the economic virus in reaction to the coronavirus.

5. Given the crisis at hand, what’s with those people, says Kyle Smith, who are rooting for a Trump failure? From the commentary:

We know that the president is unusually thin-skinned and capricious, that he is keenly and perhaps unhealthily focused on what the media are saying about him at any given nanosecond, that he has a short temper and a quick fuse. He goes through cabinet secretaries like a newborn goes through diapers. And pointing out his errors is the legitimate business of CNN, NBC, ABC, MSNBC, the Washington Post, etc. But the way the media are trying to gin up a feud between Trump and Dr. Anthony Fauci is disgraceful and disgusting.

Folks, and by “folks” I mean you absolute freaking Muppets, are you trying to get Fauci fired? Do we really want to start over with a new specialist in infectious diseases in the White House? Would you be happy if Omarosa were Trump’s chief adviser on epidemiology? Would you be more secure if Jared were the last man standing during the medical briefings?

The incandescently moronic jibber-jabber (I won’t call it “reporting”) about the bizarre case of the Arizona woman whose husband died after taking fish-tank cleaner he and she incorrectly supposed to be the drug Trump touted in the White House is the kind of barnyard waste product that shouldn’t even make it to national news reports, and ordinarily wouldn’t, except that the media seem to be getting a near-erotic thrill out of any scrap of information they think might set off Trump. The dead Arizona man didn’t take chloroquine. He took chloroquine phosphate, in a massive dose. Please run the tape for me where Trump said, “Everybody take a spoonful of fish-tank cleaner to save your lives.” “The difference between the fish tank cleaning additive that the couple took and the drug used to treat malaria is the way they are formulated,” dryly noted CBS News. Oh, you don’t say? Because I was going to put rubbing alcohol in my martini tonight. Or is rubbing alcohol differently formulated than gin?

6. Mike Watson unmasks Red China’s charity. From the piece:

Chinese propagandists also claim that China is leading the way in responding to the crisis internationally, which is patently false. China’s much-publicized gift of 1 million masks to Japan is a grand and magnificent gesture, albeit only one-third as grand as prior Japanese donations of nearly 3 million masks to China.

The most remarkable case, however, is in Italy, where China’s ostentatious delivery of supplies and doctors has caused much consternation among Americans who worry that the United States is losing its global leadership role. Media accounts often omitted that the supplies were bought and paid for by the Italians, when the most newsworthy element to the story is that China actually kept its commitment to deliver what it sold.

Overall, China has returned to Europe about as much medical equipment as it received, taking credit for in effect receiving supplies from northern and central Europe and delivering them later to southern Europe — but unlike the European donors, the Chinese aren’t doing it for free. Chinese Communists are boasting about their magnanimity and are letting Germany and the European Union take the blame for shortages across Europe that are largely due to Chinese hoarding. This is not philanthropy; this is mercantilism.

7. The recovery will be slow, says Andrew Stuttaford. From the beginning of the analysis:

The economic numbers are beginning to come in, and, predictably enough, just about wherever you check, they are appalling. In Pennsylvania alone last week there were more than 350,000 first-time claims for unemployment assistance. That compares with (seasonally adjusted) initial national claims over the last year averaging in the low 200,000s, and the news is only going to get worse in Pennsylvania and, probably, every other state. Brokerage research, usually a reliable source of good cheer until well past the last moment, now makes for bleak reading. On Friday, Goldman Sachs estimated that U.S. GDP would tumble by an annualized 24 percent in the second quarter (against earlier expectations of a 5 percent hit). A pandemic has consequences and so do the measures taken to contain it. This week Morgan Stanley ratcheted up the gloom, forecasting an annualized 30 percent GDP decline in a second quarter when unemployment could hit nearly 14 percent. Tracking the course of these projections shows how rapidly the mood is darkening, and expectations play no small role in driving the economy.

Goldman’s economists are, however, anticipating that GDP will recover by (an again annualized) 12 per cent in the third quarter. But the damage inflicted on the economy is not going to be easily undone: Unemployment was expected to peak at 9 percent. Bad though that unemployment figure may be, my guess (and currently that is all that any forecast can be) is that it, along with hopes of a more or less V-shaped recovery, will turn out to be too optimistic. Even if the parts of the economy that have been braked or switched off were to start up again tomorrow, it would take a while for them to return to any approximation of business as usual.

8. Pandemic or not, free trade is working, says Kevin Williamson. From the piece:

There are risks to relying on overseas suppliers for surgical masks, or for any other good. There also are risks to not tapping overseas suppliers for surgical masks and for other critical goods. An earthquake in Utah can take a factory offline as quickly as a diktat from Beijing. Responsible organizations plan for disruptions in their operations; if they find themselves in the vulnerable position of being reliant upon a single provider for some mission-critical component, they find additional ones. The problem with the medical-mask market is not that U.S. firms buy them from Chinese sources but that they do not also buy them from other sources or have quickly executable plans to acquire them from other sources. International trade is not the problem — it is the solution.

The current shortages are less matters of trade than they are matters of the “just in time” model of inventory management and operations, which works very well — if things actually get done in time. The current shortages of everything from ventilators to toilet paper are forcing a reevaluation of the risks associated with low inventories. That’s a classic problem of mispricing risk: Businesses immediately realize the savings associated with reductions in the costs of building and operating large warehouses, but the tradeoffs are not given their due because the costs imposed by them are not immediate. Many of the people who say “We need to run the government like a business!” would not say that if they knew more about the way many American businesses are run. It is worth keeping in mind that Krispy Kreme went bankrupt selling doughnuts to Americans.

A more narrow and more difficult issue than that of international trade is that of trade with China, which groans under the corrupt misgovernment of a single-party gulag state. Trade with China is the right policy for the United States for both economic and national-security reasons: Trade leaves both countries better off in material terms, and the United States is better off with a middle-income China than with a poor and desperate China. While it is wrong to believe that liberal reform in China will come to pass inevitably as a result of its increasing prosperity and its limited economic reforms, almost none of what the United States wants from the U.S.–China relationship is easier to get from a poorer China. Even real problems in the economic relationship, the theft of intellectual property prominent among them, are more tractable to Washington when China has more to lose. The problem for the United States is that Washington is lazy and reliably reaches for the wrong weapon — tariffs — because our national leadership lacks the intellectual capacity and long-term political commitment to pursue our interests in an intelligent and productive way.

9. Andy McCarthy get investigative and explores the reality of “fatality rate.” From the piece:

Not everyone who contracts the SARS-CoV-2 virus will develop the COVID-19 disease. This is where things get murky in the public debate, and why I say the difference between virus and disease is not necessarily discernible in the statistics washing over us.

When Dr. Fauci wrote that the COVID-19 fatality rate may be well under 1 percent when one factors in “cases” involving asymptomatic or only mildly symptomatic people, I assumed that he was talking about people who get the virus but do not report. But beware of that promiscuous word cases.

A person who does not report is not a case in the familiar sense — a case is a person who reports, is tested, and is treated if necessary. Therefore, while we assume there is a group of non-reporting people out there — perhaps a very large group — who have SARS-CoV-2 (and perhaps even have mild cases of COVID-19), there are also non-reporting people who do not have SARS-CoV-2 — they just have analogous symptoms (the kind common to cold, flu, other viruses, etc.). Adding non-reporting people for purposes of computing the COVID-19 fatality rate could thus unduly inflate the denominator and understate the danger. On the other hand, limiting ourselves to only reported cases in which patients test positive for the virus would miss people — probably a lot of people — who have the virus but do not report and quickly recover (although maybe not before they’ve passed it along to others). This would wrongly inflate the fatality rate higher (by depressing the denominator).

And then there is the matter of how stats are kept. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the test that is being administered “is designed to detect the virus that causes COVID-19” — viz., SARS-CoV-2. Does a positive test indicate that the person has the virus but may not have the disease? Not clear. The CDC elaborates, “If you have a positive test result, it is very likely that you have COVID-19” (emphasis added). Meaning: The CDC (at least in the statistics that are being shared publicly) assumes that if you have the virus, you have the disease.

10. “Biden” you say? Name sounds familiar. Dan McLaughlin whereabouts-wonders about the Forgotten Candidate. From the piece:

Biden is frozen in place, without a lot of modern precedent to fall back on. He can’t use his own office to get in the news or do anything useful, because he has been out of office for four years. He can’t hold campaign rallies, which are unsafe for crowds and particularly hazardous to a 77-year-old candidate. His party’s leaders on Capitol Hill seem uninterested in getting him involved in negotiations, even within their own party. He can’t even formally celebrate wrapping up the nomination, because Sanders stubbornly insists on continuing his campaign. So Biden is reduced to reading embarrassingly halting statements off cue cards in an empty room.

This is a bizarre situation for the man who may well be the next president of the United States. It is too early, and events are too volatile, to reliably predict how the coronavirus outbreak will alter the outcome of the election. Trump could end up benefiting from the rally-around-the-leader effect of crises, or he could be sunk by public discontent with his leadership, a faltering economy, and a generally sour national mood. By any estimation, however, Biden was already at least a tossup chance to win in November before this, and the central theory of Trump’s reelection (a booming economy) is now out the window. There is every reason to take seriously the significant likelihood that Biden will be the leader of the free world ten months from now. And almost nobody cares to hear from him in an hour of peril. It is hard to recall a time when a major-party presumptive nominee has been so invisible and so irrelevant on the national stage.

11. Rich Lowry finds the lack of a spotlight helpful to the Democrat cipher. From the column:

Biden’s candidacy holds interest only to the extent he is gaffe-prone. His misfires aren’t Hillary Clinton–style gaffes, laced with arrogance and an insulting dismissiveness that makes them a rallying cry for the other side (e.g., “deplorables”).

Instead, Biden’s verbal tangles, incomplete sentences, and weird mix-ups are amusing — and concerning. They will be used to argue that he isn’t up to the job, but they don’t make anyone hate Biden. He can’t even generate strong feelings in his partisan opposition.

All that said, Biden deserves credit for his insight that the Democratic Party wasn’t defined by woke Twitter and that Obama-Biden Democrats, as he calls them, still constituted the party’s center of gravity. He correctly believed — or hoped — that African-American voters would see him through.

His victories on Super Tuesday and afterward showed that Democrats were willing to turn out en masse for an uninspired candidacy, and it may be that the same dynamic will hold in November.

If so, Biden could do worse than stay in his basement for the duration.

12. John O’Sullivan, in Budapest, awaits the full force of the virus, and in a wide-ranging piece considers the role of immigration into the impact on certain countries, and response strategies that may not jibe with medical realities. From the essay:

If we could solve the medical flaw in this strategy — and that might be possible: read on — it would still face a more obstructive flaw. Governments have already committed themselves and their prestige to a bold (if mistaken) policy and invested immense amounts of political capital in it. It’s hard enough to change their minds before they’ve made such a commitment; it’s nigh impossible to do the same when they’ve bet the house on a single number in roulette. Okay, events will force a retreat to mitigation or something like it eventually. But it would require a bolt from the blue to get them to change now.

Amazingly enough, two bolts have suddenly appeared from the blue.

The lesser bolt is that, as we noticed earlier, researchers have only lately begun to point out that the Italian statistics may greatly exaggerate those deaths caused by the virus: They amount to only 12 per cent of the total number of those who died with the virus. Most died, in effect, from other causes. And that smaller death rate from COVID-19 is likely to shrink farther as the pandemic runs its course. These doubts about the Italian statistics are important because governments and the media have been treating Italy’s experience with COVID-19 as a guide to what their own countries are likely to suffer after a time lag. What if it isn’t? This question has particular significance to the U.K. The IC scientists chose suppression over mitigation in their urgent advice to the British government because they were alarmed by data they had just received from Italy. Did that data exaggerate the Italian death rates? Or did it take into account the growing doubts about them? Probably the latter, though the U.K. media have begun to follow this story only in recent days.

Even if the Italian data showed no bias, however, a third factor must be taken into account: namely, the annual death rate in the U.K. In 2018, one full year before COVID-19 was heard of, 541,000 people died in England and Wales, most of them older and less healthy people. That’s almost the exact prediction in the IC report of how many people would die if nothing was done. Are the 510,000 deaths in addition to the annual total? Apparently not. They will be part of the total. Naturally, no one now knows how large a part, since the deaths are hypothetical and the deceased still alive. But since those Brits who died in earlier years are similar in relevant respects to the great majority of Italians who died with the coronavirus rather than by it, it’s reasonable to argue that the deaths from the virus in the U.K. will not add all that many to the annual total of the dead of previous years, since many of them would likely die if the virus hadn’t erupted among us.

13. Maybe, Madeleine Kearns wonders, we should have listened to Bill Gates. From the piece:

In 2015, Bill Gates, co-founder of Microsoft, gave a TED talk in which he warned that the greatest risk of global catastrophe in the world today was “not missiles, but microbes” — not nuclear war, in other words, but an influenza virus. “If anything kills more than 10 million people in the next decade it’s most likely to be a highly infectious virus,” he warned. Gates’s concern was that while huge sums had been invested in nuclear deterrents, “we’ve actually invested very little in a system to stop an epidemic.”

These weaknesses had been made obvious during the 2014 Ebola outbreak, during which the Gates Foundation had shipped supplies to help doctors and nurses protect themselves from the virus and prevent its spread. At least 10,000 people died from Ebola. It was only a matter of luck that it wasn’t millions more. Part of this was because the virus became infectious only when people were severely symptomatic and bedbound. Another reason is that it did not make its way into densely populated urban areas. “If there is any good to have come out of the Ebola crisis,” Gates said, “it is that it has acted as an early warning, a wake-up call.” For the weakness it had exposed was not merely “that the system didn’t work well enough” but rather that “we didn’t have a system at all.”

The kind of coordinated response Gates had advocated in 2015 would have made all the difference in the current fight against COVID-19. Many have been invoking war as a metaphor. But in truth, it’s more than that. To have a fighting chance against a pandemic, each country needs an army of health-care workers. In the same way that there are military corps, countries needed to have their own medical reserve corps who, in conjunction with the army, are able to provide an immediate and wide-reaching response in the event of an epidemic. Five years ago, Gates called the absence of such provisions “a global failure,” noting that even the World Health Organization was funded only to monitor these epidemics, not to respond to them. NATO prepares for war with war simulations; why was the U.S. not preparing with more germ stimulations?

14. John Hirschauer dissects Nancy Pelosi’s effort to put the Warren / Sanders stink on the Coronavirus bailout bill. From the piece:

Restructuring Corporate Boards

Aid Recipients Must Allow Labor to Appoint One-Third of Corporate Board Members

All companies that receive federal aid related to COVID-19 would be required, under the House proposal, to appoint at least one-third of their board members through “a one-employee-one-vote election process.” In other words, if companies accept aid from the federal government at a moment when, because of a completely unforeseeable global catastrophe, demand has cratered in response to a lethal pandemic, the House bill would force them to completely upend their boards of directors to no conceivable end other than the fulfillment of a longstanding progressive wish.

Requiring States to Allow Same-Day Voter Registration

 Amending the Help America Vote Act to Require States to Accommodate Same-Day Registrants

The Help America Vote Act was signed by President Bush in 2002. It helped to modernize the nation’s voting infrastructure by calling for the creation of computerized voter-registration rolls at the state level, constructing federal accessibility guidelines to accommodate voters with disabilities, and setting up the Electoral Assistance Commission to certify state voting systems. Pelosi’s coronavirus-relief bill, which ostensibly is intended to provide “relief” to businesses and individuals affected, directly or otherwise, by the coronavirus, inexplicably seeks to amend the Help America Vote Act, and, in so doing, upend state election protocols by requiring states to allow same-day voter registration. Twenty-nine states do not allow such registration. Twenty-one states and the District of Columbia do. It is not clear that this divide need be resolved at all, much less that it ought to be resolved at the federal level. And it is completely unclear why such a provision has any place in an emergency economic-stimulus package.

15. Peter Spiliakos makes the case for trade with China — but not dependence. From the beginning of the analysis:

Last July seems like the last millennium, but experts were already warning that American reliance on Chinese-made medicine was a strategic risk to the country. Eight months and one pandemic later, the PRC government was already threatening to cut off drug supplies. Dependence on China for medical-mask production forced the U.S. government to lie about the efficacy of masks so that a shortage (from Chinese government hoarding) did not produce a run on supplies that left nothing for medical professionals. While it is undesirable for the U.S. to withdraw from international trade, we should take steps to limit our dependence on an ambitious and unfriendly rival government.

One suggestion has been offered by Senator Tom Cotton (R., Ark.). His plan would, with phase-ins to take account of the current crisis, prohibit the purchase of pharmaceuticals and pharmaceutical ingredients that are produced in China. That is a good first step.

In future years, it will be seen as an act of madness that we allowed our medicine production to be outsourced to a hostile government. The only holdouts will be ideological fanatics and the bought flacks of a government that uses slave labor at home while deploying the language of freedom and business to explain why we should not remove the knife from our throats. As a heuristic, the more opposed the PRC government is to repatriation of supply chains to America (or at least out of China), the better an idea it is.

Senator Marco Rubio (R., Fla.) has proposed federal loans and tax benefits to encourage domestic production of medical supplies. Another policy might complement these suggestions: For key industries, companies that want access to American markets should move some percentage of their production to America.

16. Michael Sobolick advises a combatative approach to Red China’s efforts to turn the Wuhan Virus into some propaganda advantage. From the piece:

Amid this crisis, the CCP today is hard at work — not to right its wrongs, but to rewrite the past. The party is waging a multi-front propaganda campaign that shifts the blame for coronavirus to the United States, while claiming that China’s response bought time for the rest of the world to prepare. The Chinese government is also presenting itself as a global health provider, shipping face masks and test kits to nations with shortages.

Of course, China is right to give this medical equipment to nations in need. But its government is bundling misinformation with this aid.

These lies serve a higher purpose for the party: turning coronavirus into a net positive for the CCP. Consulting firm Horizon Advocacy published a report last week, based on Chinese government and state media sources, that details China’s plan to position its economy in strategic sectors to box out other industrialized nations still reeling from the virus’s impact. According to China’s State Administration of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense, China must jumpstart its economy to “pave the way for international market expansion after the epidemic is over.”

Policymakers in Washington should take this gambit seriously. But they shouldn’t assume that America’s friends and partners do. In recent years, China — working via companies such as Huawei and through its much publicized “Belt and Road Initiative” — has greatly expanded its global economic footprint. Yet far too many of China’s trading partners remain blind to the true nature of China’s political system and the threat it poses.

17. More KDW: Our system includes those who find the weak spots and profit off the risk. And that ain’t necessarily bad. From the essay:

In difficult economic times, the usual self-righteous political types and self-interested market incumbents — including business executives whose financial interests are not identical to those of the shareholders who actually own the firms — lament the vultures and the ghouls, and several predictable lamentations will be heard upon the land. As if on cue, there already are demands for new restrictions on short sellers in the stock market, which is to say, on investors who expect the share price of a given company (or commodity or other investment) to go down rather than up. Of course, prices move both ways — but getting a good read on which and when and how is a difficult thing. As Bryan Corbett of the Managed Funds Association wrote in the Wall Street Journal last weekend, “The ability to deliver returns regardless of whether the market goes up or down is one of the key reasons these investors turn to hedge funds. It’s why they’re called ‘hedge’ funds.”

Short sellers are hated because they are the bearers of bad news: “Your business is overrated, your story is bulls***, your shares are overpriced, your management is too lazy and too comfortable.” The class of investors known as “activists” are hated for much the same reason. But they perform an invaluable service — doubting, testing, scrutinizing, looking for weaknesses. That is how institutions — be they businesses, political parties, or governments — get better. But getting better can be painful.

I like the shorts and the skeptics because of the work they do and because they are eternal underdogs. The powerful people hate the shorts because the ruling class, if you’ll forgive the term, is in effect long . . . everything: stocks, especially those of major corporations, but also market incumbents from Wall Street to Main Street to Silicon Valley, housing, commercial real estate, etc. By that I do not mean that the members of the governing and financial elites are motivated by personal financial interest in these things (though one assumes that they are, at least in part, from time to time) but that the ruling class is heavily invested in the status quo and that it dreads the one thing that the TED talkers and the voguish intellectuals claim to celebrate and admire: disruption.

The ruling class is in the position of Ted Hughes’s hawk: “I am going to keep things like this.”

18. More Kearns: Porn merchants are exploiting the pandemic, which has left millions of home-bound eyeballs in the near occasion of sin. From the beginning of the piece:

In the 1980 movie Airplane!, the air-traffic controller Steve McCroskey struggles to guide a plane whose crew have all been knocked out by food poisoning to safety. “Looks like I picked the wrong week to quit smoking,” he says, sweating profusely. Later, he adds that it was also the wrong week to “quit amphetamines” and then again “the wrong week to quit sniffing glue.”

In an attempt to stop our health-care systems from crashing amid the COVID-19 global pandemic, many are stuck in self-isolation, facing the stress of joblessness and indefinite uncertainty. At such a juncture, many men may well be wondering whether they picked the wrong week to quit pornography.

On March 13, Pornhub, the biggest Internet porn provider, announced that it was providing users in Italy with free access and subscriber privileges. Since then, the company has done the same in France and Spain. The site has seen a steady climb in viewers across Europe, Canada, and the United States.

On the days that free premium memberships were launched in Italy, France, and Spain, traffic in each country increased by 57 percent, 38 percent, and 61 percent respectively. On March 17, its worldwide traffic was up by 26.4 percent. Pornhub administrators declared on its blog that the statistics “clearly illustrate that people all over Europe were happy to have distractions while quarantined at home.”

19. Even more KDW: No time like the present to read George Eliot’s Middlemarch. From the piece:

For years, my great white whale was Middlemarch. I do not know why I found it so difficult to crack open. It has a large cast of characters to keep up with, but it is not as populous as a Dickens novel; there’s a bit of Big Sweeping Historical Background there — the Reform Act of 1832 — but, like Vanity Fair, it is basically a domestic novel into which history occasionally intrudes. I suppose I have some trouble dropping myself into English provincial life in the early 19th century — I barely made it through The Mayor of Casterbridge in spite of having the best Hardy professor you could ask for. I finally got around to starting it on one of those very fun cruises National Review organizes. And I regret having waited so long: It may be the best novel I have ever read.

It is a novel about people who make bad choices, sometimes for good reasons, sometimes for bad reasons, sometimes, especially in cases of romantic attachment, simply because they are young and callow and do not know what they really want, what will really make them happy, or that they are, in the famous phrase from Vanity Fair, “striving for what is not worth the having.” Some of the characters bear up under their mistakes with honor and perseverance, and some do not. There are not any shocking, unexpected twists in the plot — there is a sense of inevitability about how things play out: Character is destiny, as some of us conservatives used to say.

20. Brian Allen shares a take on a special exhibit of Baroque art (from the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam), conscious that attendance has been corona’d. From the review:

The show is a thrill, but I have to say I liked the portrait — or vivacity — gallery the most. The heads stay on the torsos, for one thing. Portraiture before 1600 veers toward iconography and status. There’s plenty of personality, to be sure, but it’s subordinated to “Who am I?” and “What am I?” rather than the more complex “I’m thinking this or that” or “I’m baring my soul.” Baroque is the age where the “speaking likeness” is introduced, and Bernini does it best in marble. His subjects have torque, expressions, and open mouths. Domenichino’s (1581–1641) portrait of Giovanni Batista Agucchi, from around 1610, shows a vivacious, engaged figure, his expression concentrated and tense. He’s demanding our attention. It’s small, 24 by 18 inches, but its informality and intensity give him presence.

The gallery on love pushes the point — I saw the Titian show on his Metamorphoses six-footers from 1551, and they’re very sexy. Caravaggio turns up the temperature on carnal feeling, though, and Baroque artists do seem to recruit from LA Fitness. But love is love, and it is ageless and invites all styles. The gallery on jest is ineffective, and I think that’s why the curators made it so small and put it at the end of the show, where people are tired, hungry, powder-room-inclined, or lusting after nude Bacchus tea towels in the shop. It’s a difficult theme in any event. Conveying another era’s sense of humor is almost impossible.

I didn’t like two aspects of the show’s design. The lighting makes the galleries, which are new, look tired. Paintings are displayed against pastel panels placed against white walls. A bad choice, and a candidate for Baroque horror. Pale yellow and pinks make the pictures look like black holes.

The scholarship in the catalogue is superb. The essays are loosely connected to the themes of the show, but meaty. They convey a sense of Rome in 1600, moving through the reigns of four popes and their courts. Artists were practiced, passionate networkers. They had to be, since popes and cardinals were prime patrons as well as competitive, jealous ones. The first chapter of the book calls Rome “the navel of the world” — not flattering, as it suggests an entire culture of narcissism, but I take the overall point. The church avoided what could have been a fatal Reformation fusillade. Rome was an immensely rich city around 1600 and in a building boom. New churches and palaces needed decorating. Each papacy did more than trigger musical chairs. It enriched a new crop of people from the provinces having family ties with whoever was pope. This stimulated patronage, too.

21. Armond White, expounding on Pedro Costa’s Vitalina Varela unleashes another punch-packed take on movies and society and liberal hypocrisy. From the review:

Hollywood hucksters, book hustlers, gallery exhibitionists, and grant applicants all sing the same lament about “seeing themselves represented.” And when indoctrinated young people join the chorus, having been taught that complaint is the beginning of self-assertion, you realize that none of them are aware how much multicultural representation already exists in popular culture. They surely can’t know the work of Portuguese art filmmaker Pedro Costa, whose new film, Vitalina Varela (his ninth in his usual style) once again meets every criterion of race, gender, underclass representation — and pushes them to the extreme.

Costa’s acclaim by film culture’s elite conflates his artistry with obsessive liberal sympathy: Vitalina Varela’s middle-aged African protagonist (a nonprofessional portraying herself) arrives in Lisbon after the death of her estranged husband, who emigrated years earlier. (A group of airport workers advise, “Here in Portugal there is nothing for you. Go back home.”)

Vitalina discovers her ex’s life in the dilapidated immigrant ghetto and begs a debauched immigrant priest, Ventura (another Costa alumni), to perform the funeral mass. But the opening shot itself already suggests a burial procession, anonymous blacks staggering through an empty street at night with cruciform objects towering overhead. Repeating themes of desolation, loneliness, regret, and immiseration from previous films, Costa expresses his sympathy in dirge-like fashion. This highly stylized film, as visually striking as the others, is representation by the Rembrandt of the ghetto.

22. Last but not least: This item, posted just as the WJ was placed into the capable hands of Editor Phil, by Jianli Yang and Aaron Rhodes, states that ChiCom dictator Xi Jinping is big-time myth-making with his “Zero” Wuhan Virus campaign. From the analysis:

For years now, Beijing has tried to position China under the Communist Party as the champion and leader of a new, emerging, post-American global order. At the Davos conclave in 2017, Xi spoke of his government’s determination to play a responsible role in defending and contributing to multilateral efforts to “secure peace and reduce poverty.” He was applauded for opposing protectionism. All states, he intoned, should “view their own interests in a broader context” and “refrain from pursuing their own interests at the expense of others.” China has assiduously asserted influence in global institutions, especially United Nations bodies, where Chinese nationals lead four of 15 specialized agencies. In his speech at the special summit of G20 leaders on March 26, Xi showed his determination to build his own image as a world leader.

For him to succeed in his long march through the international community, he needs to have a reputation for success at addressing challenges such as COVID-19. As two veteran China watchers, Kurt M. Campbell and Rush Doshi, pointed out in a recent article in Foreign Affairs, one’s legitimacy as a global leader depends on domestic governance, the provision of global public goods, and the ability and willingness to muster and coordinate a global response to crises. To lead the world response to the pandemic, China must set an example for the rest of the world to follow.

The long-term plan hit a large speed bump with revelations about the regime’s malfeasance in covering up COVID-19, and the Communist Party’s efforts to turn the story around, making itself heroic, are well documented. But the plan could run aground if a second outbreak, which some experts warn is inevitable, occurs in China. In this situation, the regime is turning reflexively to traditional Communist tactics: propaganda and the control of information.

Podcastapalooza

1. On this special edition of The Editors, Rich sits down with David Bahnsen to discuss the current state of the economy, the effectiveness of the congressional stimulus bill, and much more. Pay heed here.

2. Meanwhile, in the bicentennial edition of The Editors, Rich, Charlie, and Jim discuss the U.S.’s struggle to fight COVID-19, and Charlie and Jim disagree over how to view the Senate’s handling of the current crisis. Ringside seats are available right here.

3. On The McCarthy Report, Andy and Rich dissect the DOJ’s coronavirus response, look at its protection of female athletes, and touch briefly on the Maduro indictment. You have the right to remain attentive, here.

4. What happens after the crisis passes? Asked and answered by Kevin and Charlie on the new episode of Mad Dogs and Englishmen. Listen here.

5. The brilliant historian tells his Sancho of his first-hand experience with the economics of panics, and then fills out the new episode of The Victor Davis Hanson Podcast by opining on Capitol Hill Democrats loading up coronavirus relief legislation with an ideological wish list, and the geographically, socially, and ideologically driven coverage of the Wuhan virus. All of it heard here.

6. On The Bookmonger, John J. Miller is joined by Mara Hvistendahl to discuss her book, The Scientist and the Spy. Listen here.

7. Moving over to The Great Books, JJM is joined by Paul Cantor of the University of Virginia to discuss William Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra. Prithee, do lend me thine ear, here.

8. At Constitutionally Speaking, Luke and Jay unveil Parts Two and Three of their “Agenda of Federalism” series. Listen to “The Federalist Agenda: Foreign and Domestic Policy” here. And catch “The Decline, Fall, and Peculiar Afterlife of Federalism” right here.

The Six.

1. In The Hungarian Review, the beloved Daniel J. Mahoney — thoroughly scholarly and intellectual here — provides a historical take of the right-of-center French intellectual movement. From the essay:

The English philosopher and man of letters Roger Scruton has long argued that French intellectual life was taken over by “imposters” in the 1960s. There is much evidence to support this claim. Sartre’s political commitments were perverse and even imbecilic – this talented philosophe and littérateur defended the most vile tyrannies as long as they were left-wing. He saw authenticity and emancipation at work in Stalin’s murderous despotism, Castro’s brutal Caribbean tyranny, and Mao’s terroristic assault on human freedom and the life of the mind. Most perversely of all, in the Critique of Dialectical Reason (1960), he provided a “philosophical” defence of “fraternity-terror” as a means of overcoming inauthenticity and bourgeois individualism. The radical existentialist could only find fleeting moments of hope in the bloodlust of revolutionary terror. Scruton rightly calls Sartre’s political choices and judgements “degraded”, owing as much to Robespierre as Marx. But Sartre was a writer of talent and a keen, if one-sided, observer of the human condition when he was not deformed by ideology. The same cannot be said of “phonies” like Althusser who, Scruton argues, degraded both political judgement and the very possibility of a thoughtful encounter with our humanity. “Structuralist” Marxism, à la Althusser, was not even particularly faithful to the Marxism of Marx. The Paris “nonsense machine”, as Scruton bitingly calls it, was committed to a reckless assault on common sense, moderation and decency. In addition, it displayed fierce hostility to even a residual conception of a (normative) human nature. To be sure, Michel Foucault had his moments of genius. But he shared, and radicalised, his generation’s obsession with sex and power relations, seeing domination everywhere, except in Tehran (in 1979) and in Mao’s China, where he perversely discerned avatars of liberation. As for the rest, Deleuze, Lacan et al., they synthesised Marx, Freud and contemporary nihilism (i.e. “post- structuralism”) in an obscurantist mix that will always remain inaccessible to the uninitiated. In their hands, thought was transformed into an instrument of pure destruction, so-called “deconstruction”, at the service of what Scruton so memorably labelled “the culture of repudiation”. Like the Russian nihilists of old, the representatives of cultural repudiation set out to destroy the remnants of the natural moral law and all authoritative institutions necessary to free and civilised life. Today, Alain Badiou is their self-parodic heir. This French “philosopher” combines secular messianic effusions about “the Event”, an eruption of revolutionary bliss and destruction, with apologies for Stalin and Mao. In the Chinese tyrant’s violent discourses during the murderous Cultural Revolution, Badiou finds the voice of philosophy at the service of the world- transforming Event. For much of the Western intellectual world, these figures are thinking France, the only intellectual France they know. Sophisticated nihilism is lauded by academics and literati throughout the world.

2. At The Martin Center, Jacob Howland profiles the continuing free-fall of Tulsa University, a once-solid institution rendered into a leftist sanctuary by new administrators, and now paying the price. From the report:

Suffering from self-inflicted wounds, the University of Tulsa is sick and getting sicker. This is a case study in how “progressive” academic leadership can wreck a once-excellent university.

Last April 11, the university’s administration rolled out “True Commitment,” a radical restructuring that gutted the liberal arts, raised course loads, dissolved academic departments, and effectively turned the university into a technical and vocational school. I wrote about the turmoil that caused in this article for the Martin Center, but I’ll recap the events below.

A campaign of opposition to the restructuring formed immediately, sparked by the circulation of an article that appeared in City Journal on April 17. Concerned Faculty of TU (CFTU) was born at a meeting attended by four hundred people. Faculty votes in the colleges of Law and Arts and Sciences overwhelmingly rejected True Commitment. Students drafted a petition and held a funeral for the liberal arts. Facebook pages and a website were launched, and roughly 20 academic associations and societies wrote letters condemning True Commitment.

The administration quickly launched a venomous counterattack, attempting to muzzle and intimidate faculty and student critics. One low point was an Astroturf email campaign orchestrated by president Gerard Clancy. In September, four college deans and several other administrators denounced the “selfishness and negativity” of the “faceless faculty members”—or perhaps just the “anonymous message board troll”—known as CFTU. Clancy’s email of September 27 was the coup de grâce: 

Several poignant moments occurred this week with many on our campus taking a stand: a stand in the name of our students; a stand for what is best for our community; and a stand against a nameless group that has attacked not only our university but many within it. To date, we have not engaged with a faceless entity.…I also appreciate and value the leadership I’ve seen this week as so many have denounced those who negate our value and hold us back.

Even as TU’s administrators deliberately poisoned the university community, the trustees erected a steel wall to protect them. Faculty Senate resolutions proposing alternatives to True Commitment, and finding that the administration violated constitutional provisions relating to shared governance, were deemed “inconsistent with the University’s Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws” by the board of trustees.

3. At California Policy Center, the great Ed Ring says that the Golden State is long past the time for government-union pension reform. From the analysis:

It’s been a long time since California’s pension systems were responsibly managed. Back then, they made conservative investments, paid modest but fair benefits to retirees, and did not place an unreasonable financial burden on taxpayers. But a series of decisions and circumstances over the past thirty years put these pension systems on a collision course with financial disaster. And like a progressive, initially asymptomatic disease, it is impossible to say exactly when these pension systems crossed the line from health to sickness.

An excellent history of how California’s public employee pension systems moved inexorably towards the predicament they’re now in can be found in a City Journal article entitled “The Pension Fund That Ate California.” Written in 2013, when California’s pension systems were still coping with the impact of the Great Recession, author Steven Malanga identifies key milestones: The power of public sector unions that began to make itself felt starting in the late 1960s. The pension benefit enhancements that began in the 1970s. The growing power of the union representatives on the pension fund boards. Prop. 21, passed in 1984, which allowed the pension systems to invest in riskier asset classes.

The biggest milestone on the road to sickness, however, began in 1999, as Malanga writes, “when union-backed Gray Davis became governor and union-backed Phil Angelides became state treasurer, and the CalPERS board was wearing a union label.” The state legislation that followed, mimicked by local measures across California, dramatically increased pension benefit formulas. Not only were benefits increased, but they were increased retroactively, meaning that even state and local employees nearing retirement would receive the increased pension as if these higher benefit formulas had been in effect for their entire career. And as the internet bubble blew deliriously bigger, the experts said the cost for all these enhancements would be negligible.

4. At City Journal, John Tierney exposes the dirty roulette facts about plastic-bag bans. You’ll find the piece . . . infectious. From the piece:

After the shoppers bought groceries and checked out, the researchers found sufficiently high traces of the surrogate to risk transmission on the hands of the shoppers and checkout clerks, as well as on many surfaces touched by the shoppers, including packaged food, unpackaged produce, shopping carts, checkout counters, and the touch screens used to pay for groceries. The researchers said that the results warranted the adaptation of “in-store hand hygiene” and “surface disinfection” by merchants, and they also recommended educating shoppers to wash their bags.

An earlier study of supermarkets in Arizona and California found large numbers of bacteria in almost all the reusable bags—and no contamination in any of the new single-use plastic bags. When a bag with meat juice on the interior was stored in the trunk of a car, within two hours the number of bacteria multiplied tenfold.

The researchers also found that the vast majority of shoppers never followed the advice to wash their bags. One of the researchers, Charles Gerba of the University of Arizona, said that the findings “suggest a serious threat to public health,” particularly from fecal coliform bacteria, which was found in half the bags. These bacteria and other pathogens can be transferred from raw meat in the bag and also from other sources. An outbreak of viral gastroenteritis among a girls’ soccer team in Oregon was traced to a resuable grocery bag that had sat on the floor of a hotel bathroom.

In a 2012 study, researchers analyzed the effects of San Francisco’s ban on single-use plastic grocery bags by comparing emergency-room admissions in the city against those of nearby counties without the bag ban. The researchers, Jonathan Klick of the University of Pennsylvania and Joshua Wright of George Mason University, reported a 25 percent increase in bacteria-related illnesses and deaths in San Francisco relative to the other counties. The city’s Department of Public Health disputed the findings and methodology but acknowledged that “the idea that widespread use of reusable bags may cause gastrointenstinal infections if they are not regularly cleaned is plausible.”

5. At The Imaginative Conservative, Nathaniel Urban and Jonathan Pidluzny explain higher-education’s identity crisis. From the essay:

Many factors have conspired to fuel the crises roiling higher education today. Perhaps the most important, and the reason so few institutions react appropriately when they arise, is that colleges and universities are facing a crisis of purpose and identity, one that diverts focus from improving the quality of students’ educations in favor of the distraction du jour. Over time, this will only hamper institutions’ efforts to compete for a shrinking number of college-ready students.

The mission statements that purport to guide colleges and universities illustrate an identity crisis in higher education. Not long ago, most institutions conceived of their purpose in clear and simple terms. As the Honorable Judge José Cabranes pointed out, until recently Yale embraced the commonsense purposes of a university: “to create, preserve, and disseminate knowledge.” The best way to advance those goals is beguilingly simple: hire the best faculty, establish strong curricula, reward teaching and research excellence, and foster a free and open marketplace of ideas.

Maybe the problem with such a simple and sensible statement of purpose is that it limits the role of campus administrators to supporting the academic functions of the university. Or maybe it is just not cosmopolitan enough for contemporary sensibilities. Glance at a university’s mission statement today and you will likely find a rambling paragraph expressing a cornucopia of vague and often incoherent aspirations. Most reference some combination of cultivating citizenship (not Yale’s revision), critical thinking, leadership, and (especially) appreciation for diversity and global perspectives. But apart from that last example, few institutions build a curriculum that advances the goals they articulate.

6. At Gatestone Institute, Soeren Kern spotlights Red China’s to spin Europe on its Wuhan Virus High Jinx. From the beginning of the piece:

The Chinese government has been fast-tracking shipments of medical aid to Europe, which has become the epicenter of the coronavirus pandemic that first emerged in the Chinese city of Wuhan. The largesse appears to be part of a public relations effort by Chinese President Xi Jinping and his Communist Party to deflect criticism over their responsibility for the deadly outbreak.

Beijing’s campaign as a global benefactor may deliver results in Europe, where pandering political leaders have long been notoriously fearful of antagonizing the European Union’s second-largest trading partner. What remains unclear is if European publics, which are bearing the brunt of the suffering caused by the epidemic, will be as easily willing to overlook the malfeasance of Chinese officials.

In what can only be described as a geopolitical humiliation, Ursula Von der Leyen, the president of the European Commission, the administrative arm of the European Union, which touts itself as the “largest economy in the world,” heaped praise on Communist China for donating an inconsequential amount of medical equipment to the bloc. On March 18, she tweeted:

“Spoke with Chinese PM Li Keqiang who announced that China will provide 2 mil surgical masks, 200,000 N95 masks & 50,000 testing kits. In January, the European Union helped China by donating 50 tons of equipment. Today, we’re grateful for China’s support. We need each other’s support in times of need.”

The European Union has been incapable of providing meaningful assistance to Italy, the bloc’s third-largest member, which has been especially hard hit by the virus. After Germany, the EU’s most powerful member, banned the export of medical protection gear to avoid its own supply shortages of masks, gloves and suits, China stepped in.

BONUS: Lefty college administrators have been flipping the bird at due-process rights. And now a federal court has ruled — reports Connor Ellington at The College Fix — that the apparatchiks might be personally liable for violating the rights of the accused. This could be big. From the story:

The University of Michigan’s refusal to recognize an accused student’s “clearly established due process rights” led a federal judge to deny its administrators “qualified immunity” in the student’s lawsuit.

Senior U.S. District Judge Arthur Tarnow went much further, declaring the school’s 2018 Title IX policy unconstitutional and an element of the “interim” policy that replaced it unconstitutional. . . .

“John Doe” sued the taxpayer-funded institution in 2018 because it placed an “indefinite hold” on his transcript and degree after a female student accused him of sexual misconduct. It also withheld “any form of hearing or cross examination,” per its policy that year.

His denial of qualified immunity leaves eight officials potentially liable as individuals, including Pamela Heatlie, who was quietly removed as senior director of the Office for Institutional Equity after the Baum ruling, and Robert Sellers, the very well paid chief diversity officer.

Also affected: Provost Martin Philbert, named in a similar lawsuit by an accused professor; Office of Student Conflict Resolution Director Erik Wessel; Dean of Students Laura Blake Jones; now-retired Vice President of Student Life E. Royster Harper; OIE investigator Suzanne McFadden; and Registrar Paul Robinson.

The university declined to respond to the judge’s conclusion that the 2018 policy was unconstitutional and it did not follow circuit precedent. “All we can say at this point is that the university will carefully review the judge’s order,” Director of Public Affairs Rick Fitzgerald told The College Fix.

BONUS BONUS: At The American Mind, James Poulus argues that the Wuhan Virus has sparked the need for a “Green Zone Plan.” From the piece:

Consider the following example. Before coronavirus, the programming to “live in the pod, eat the bugs,” order the weed, binge the porn, etc. was interpreted ideologically, as the upshot of a system of ideals toward which people were being pushed through various forms of power to conform. This system basically boiled down to the premise that podlife was the terminus of natural human life lived according to the correct ethical regime. It was how we harmonized autonomy and equality—a political response to the predicaments of our given condition.

After coronavirus, the podlife programming is more clearly driven by a more than ideological force. Rather than a politics meant to manage our nature in accordance with our ideals, podlife is taking shape as a technology meant to secure our life by severing it from nature. The virus provides overwhelming evidence that nature is not our home.

Radical environmentalists have long warned that humans are not fit for the preservation of nature. The ascendant idea is that nature is not fit for the preservation of human life. Even if we manage to beat the virus, the argument goes, our destiny demands that we beat nature, breaking loose from its constraints. To truly live, we must live “off-world,” not in nature but in “space”—outer space or cyberspace, and preferably both.

This is not an ideological claim about how persons and peoples should live, but rather a claim concerning ostensible knowledge about how we must live, in order to live. In this capacity, podlife in the coronavirus era retrieves an ancient concept of knowledge: gnosticism.

BONUS BONUS BONUS: At the Wall Street Journal, Dan Lipinski — the pro-life Illinois Democrat who lost his primary — says he does not regret for a second his stand on behalf of unborn children. From the beginning of his piece:

The morning after I narrowly lost my congressional seat in last week’s Illinois Democratic Primary, I decided to make a public statement and answer questions from the press. With the current wretched state of political discourse, I felt it important to be gracious in defeat.

One adviser said that I should focus on what our team accomplished for my constituents on transportation, the environment, jobs and quality of life. That was tempting; I am proud of our legacy. But a friend told me to be prepared for one question: “Looking back, would you have done anything different?” Abortion advocacy groups poured millions into my opponent’s campaign. If I had simply changed my position on abortion, there probably wouldn’t have been a contest. Abortion proponents wanted to hear me express regret about sticking with my pro-life beliefs.

So rather than wait for the question, I faced it head-on in my statement. I defended my pro-life position, which is rooted in both my Catholic faith and science. “I could never give up protecting the most vulnerable human beings in the world, simply to win an election,” I said. “My faith teaches, and the Democratic Party preaches, that we should serve everyone, especially the most vulnerable. To stand in solidarity with the vulnerable is to become vulnerable. But there is no higher calling for anyone.”

Baseballery

Taking a break from continuum stuff, the Boston Braves did not know it was to be the team’s last game — a late-September Sunday afternoon matchup in Brooklyn against the World Series–bound Dodgers — as Beantown denizens. (The news of the franchise’s move to Milwaukee in 1953 didn’t come until the following March.)

Despite being in seventh place, they would not go quietly. Down to their last out, trailing the Dodgers 5–4, Braves shortstop Johnny Logan drew a walk, went to second on rookie reliever Jim Hughes’ wild pitch, and scored the tying run when rookie third baseman and future Hall of Famer Eddie Mathews slapped a 3–2 pitch for a double. Knotted went the game for four more innings, with Hughes and Braves reliever Lew Burdette pitching scoreless baseball.

Come the 12th: In a bit of baseball irony, the last Dodger out — and the last play ever by the Boston Braves — was registered by Tommy Holmes, the former Braves star who had helped lead them to the 1948 NL pennant. Now ending his eleven-year career (with a .302 batting average) in Brooklyn, where he was used mainly as a pinch hitter, he grounded out.

No rain was falling, no calamity occurred, and no one took the field for the 13th. The game, having taken 2 hours and 53 minutes, was scored a 5–5 tie. Retrosheet, which translates every baseball box score from the 1940s on, notes two matters of great interest in this game’s box score. The first is that the extra-innings continuance led to some rejiggering after the 10th:

HP umpire Al Barlick left the game to catch a train home to Illinois; 1B umpire Tom Gorman moved to HP and 2B umpire Augie Donatelli moved to 1B; Gorman imitated Barlick’s ‘stee-rike’ call and gesture, entertaining the fans.

And then came this note in the bottom of the 12th:

Game called due to lack of interest not Rain.

Say what? That might have been close to the truth, but the next-day account from the Associated Press reported the official fig-leaf:

The Brooklyn Dodgers and Boston Braves played to a 5-5 tie today in a game called at the end of the 12th inning because of darkness.

Umpires explained they feared someone might get hurt in the meaningless game. Most of the field was in shadow but the setting sun shone directly in the eyes of the batters.

In other words, game called on account of . . . sunshine!

Follow, follow, follow

Try to remember, when life was so tender, that dreams were kept beside your pillow . . .

Jennifer Kabbany and Christian Schneider from The College Fix, big-brained host of that other VDH podcast (The Classicist) Troy Senik, vintage-time baseball fan Tom’s Old Days, Ilhan Omar scourge Ben Weingarten, NR writing phenoms Daniel Tenreiro and John Hirschauer, economic wise man Andrew Stuttaford, brilliant movie critic Armond White, Wall Street Journal columnist William McGurn, sainted son and Knights of Columbus writer Andy Fowler, editorial bossman of the heralded Babalublog Alberto de la Cruz, Great American Northwest radio All Stars Kirby Wilbur and Lars Larson, and Quixote to this Sancho, the unrivaled Victor Davis Hanson.

A Dios

Dear amiga Betsy complained — factual, not whining — that since this sequestering commenced, she awakes at 3AM, widely, the mind fraught with concerns and fears. The same was true for Your Humble Correspondent, nightly awake and anxious in the darkest hours . . . until the bat hit the fan. Motivated by The Good Lord to begin praying repeatedly throughout the day (facilitated, for papists, by the rosary, the beads which Mr. Biden sometimes threatens to use in violence) he has found that — by coincidence? (negatory!) — the sleep comes and prevails. It shall be appreciated while it lasts. All that said, if you got what Betsy’s got . . . maybe up the prayer game bigtime whilst shines the sun.

Alas, if you find yourself awake this eve, the early hours of Sunday on the 29th of March, do consider that on TCM Fiddler on the Roof will be playing (the inclusion of this fact in this missive suggested by Jason of the Many Books) and its spirit might bring you some joy and its length some somnolence.

God’s Plentiful Graces and Succor to You and All Those You Hold Dear,

Jack Fowler, who in this valley of tears can receive your communications via jfowler@nationalreview.com.

P.S.: We remain people of hope, remembering always Bill Buckley’s reminder that despair is a sin. So if you can stand a truly dystopian movie that might put an otherwise anxious soul in a funk, watch Stanley Kramer’s powerful 1959 flick On the Beach.

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Movies on TV this week Sept. 8, 2019: ‘E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial’ and more https://headsets911.com/movies-on-tv-this-week-sept-8-2019-e-t-the-extra-terrestrial-and-more/ Fri, 16 Apr 2021 13:09:46 +0000 https://headsets911.com/?p=1834 Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z FOUR STAR FILMS Top rated movies and made-for-TV films airing the week of the week of Sept 8 – 14, 2019 Alien (1979) AMC Mon. 9 a.m. Aliens (1986) AMC Wed. 10:30 a.m. Almost Famous (2000) Sundance Mon. 1 a.m. An American […]]]>

Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

FOUR STAR FILMS

Top rated movies and made-for-TV films airing the week of the week of Sept 8 – 14, 2019

Alien (1979) AMC Mon. 9 a.m.

Aliens (1986) AMC Wed. 10:30 a.m.

Almost Famous (2000) Sundance Mon. 1 a.m.

An American in Paris (1951) TCM Mon. 3 p.m.

Around the World in 80 Days (1956) TCM Thur. Noon

Duck Soup (1933) TCM Sat. 11 p.m.

E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982) Starz Sun. 8:58 a.m.

Finding Nemo (2003) Freeform Sun. 4:10 p.m.

Forrest Gump (1994) CMT Sun. 2:30 p.m. CMT Sun. 6 p.m. VH1 Fri. 7 p.m. VH1 Sat. 3:15 p.m.

Greed (1924) TCM Tues. 12:15 p.m.

Jaws (1975) AMC Wed. 7 p.m. AMC Thur. 2:25 p.m.

The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (1943) TCM Wed. 8:30 a.m.

The Lost Weekend (1945) TCM Sun. 10:45 a.m.

Marty (1955) TCM Wed. 10:15 p.m.

Paths of Glory (1957) TCM Wed. 3:15 p.m.

Rashomon (1950) TCM Sat. 5 p.m.

Rocky (1976) AXS Thur. 7 p.m. AXS Thur. 9:15 p.m. AXS Fri. 3:45 p.m.

Saving Private Ryan (1998) BBC America Sun. 6 p.m. BBC America Sun. 10 p.m. AMC Sat. 1 p.m. AMC Sun. 5:25 a.m.

The Shawshank Redemption (1994) IFC Sun. 8 p.m. IFC Sun. 11 p.m.

Stand by Me (1986) EPIX Tues. 8 p.m. EPIX Wed. 12:25 p.m.

Throne of Blood (1957) TCM Sat. 6:45 p.m.

12 Angry Men (1957) TCM Wed. 5 p.m.

The Untouchables (1987) BBC America Sun. 12:30 p.m. BBC America Mon. 2 a.m. AMC Sat. 8 a.m.

WALL-E (2008) Freeform Sun. 8:45 p.m.

Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

BRAVO, IFC & SUNDANCE IN PRIMETIME

Bravo, IFC & Sundance in primetime, airing the week of the week of Sept 8 – 14, 2019

Almost Famous (2000) ★★★★ Sundance Mon. 1 a.m.

Baby Mama (2008) ★★ IFC Sat. 5:45 p.m. IFC Sat. 10:30 p.m.

Behind Enemy Lines (2001) ★★ IFC Mon. 12:30 p.m. IFC Tues. 10:15 a.m.

Behind Enemy Lines II: Axis of Evil (2006) ★★ IFC Mon. 10:30 a.m. IFC Tues. 8:15 a.m.

Behind Enemy Lines: Colombia (2009) ★★★ IFC Tues. 12:45 p.m.

Beverly Hills Cop II (1987) ★★ Sundance Sun. 4:30 p.m.

Beverly Hills Cop III (1994) ★★ Sundance Sun. 2:30 p.m.

Boo! A Madea Halloween (2016) ★★ Bravo Fri. 8 p.m. Bravo Fri. 10:30 p.m.

The Cable Guy (1996) ★★ IFC Thur. 12:45 p.m. IFC Thur. 4 p.m.

The Campaign (2012) ★★ IFC Thur. 6 p.m. IFC Thur. 11 p.m.

Carrie (1976) ★★★ Sundance Thur. 11:45 a.m. Sundance Fri. 8:45 a.m.

Cast Away (2000) ★★★ BBC America Sun. 3 p.m. Sundance Sat. 9 p.m. Sundance Sun. Noon

Conquest of the Planet of the Apes (1972) ★★ IFC Wed. 7:30 a.m.

Double Jeopardy (1999) ★★★ Sundance Wed. 1 a.m. Sundance Wed. 12:30 p.m.

Drillbit Taylor (2008) ★★ IFC Thur. 1:30 p.m. IFC Fri. 1 a.m.

Enough (2002) ★★ Sundance Thur. 2 p.m. Sundance Fri. 11 a.m.

Exiled: A Law & Order Movie (1998) ★★★ Sundance Sun. 3 a.m.

Ghost (1990) ★★★ Sundance Fri. 1 p.m. Sundance Sat. 1:21 a.m. BBC America Sat. 12:30 p.m. BBC America Sat. 6 p.m.

Godzilla (1954) ★★ IFC Sun. 6:30 a.m.

The Green Mile (1999) ★★★ IFC Sun. 4 p.m. AMC Sat. 8 p.m.

Hall Pass (2011) ★★ IFC Sat. 3:15 p.m. IFC Sun. 3:15 a.m.

Halloween II (2009) ★ IFC Wed. 1:30 a.m. IFC Wed. Noon

The Incredible Burt Wonderstone (2013) ★★ IFC Thur. 2:45 a.m. IFC Thur. 11:15 a.m.

Knife Fight (2012) ★ IFC Tues. 6 a.m.

A Knight’s Tale (2001) ★★ IFC Tues. 5 p.m. IFC Tues. 10:30 p.m. IFC Wed. 2:15 p.m. BBC America Fri. 5 p.m. BBC America Fri. 11:30 p.m.

Knocked Up (2007) ★★★ IFC Thur. 8 p.m. IFC Fri. Noon

A Madea Christmas (2013) ★ Bravo Fri. 6 p.m. Bravo Sat. 1 a.m.

Madea’s Family Reunion (2006) ★★ Bravo Sat. 6 p.m. Bravo Sat. 8:30 p.m.

The Mist (2007) ★★ IFC Mon. 2 a.m.

National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation (1989) ★★★ Sundance Mon. 9 p.m. Sundance Tues. 11:45 a.m.

National Lampoon’s European Vacation (1985) ★★ Sundance Sun. 11 p.m. Sundance Mon. 7 p.m.

National Lampoon’s Vacation (1983) ★★ Sundance Sun. 9 p.m. Sundance Mon. 5 p.m.

The Net (1995) ★★ Sundance Wed. 10 a.m.

A Night at the Roxbury (1998) ★ IFC Thur. 9:15 a.m. IFC Fri. 6 a.m.

The Patriot (2000) ★★★ IFC Sun. 8:45 a.m. BBC America Fri. 8 p.m. BBC America Sat. 2:30 a.m.

The Pink Panther 2 (2009) ★ IFC Sat. 9:15 a.m.

The Pink Panther (2006) ★★ IFC Sat. 11:15 a.m.

Planes, Trains and Automobiles (1987) ★★★ Sundance Mon. 3 p.m. Sundance Tues. 1:15 a.m.

Planet of the Apes (2001) ★★ BBC America Tues. 2:30 a.m. BBC America Tues. Noon IFC Wed. 9:30 a.m. IFC Thur. 6:45 a.m.

Real Genius (1985) ★★ Sundance Tues. 3:15 a.m. Sundance Tues. 9:15 a.m. BBC America Fri. Noon

Revenge of the Nerds II: Nerds in Paradise (1987) ★★ IFC Sat. 1:15 p.m.

Revenge of the Nerds III: The Next Generation (1992) ★★ IFC Fri. 10 a.m. IFC Sat. 4 a.m.

Revenge of the Nerds IV: Nerds in Love (1994) ★★ IFC Fri. 3:30 a.m. IFC Fri. 8 a.m.

Rush (2013) ★★★ IFC Mon. 7:45 a.m. IFC Tues. 3 a.m.

Saturday Night Fever (1977) ★★★ Sundance Sun. Noon Sundance Mon. 3:30 a.m.

The Shawshank Redemption (1994) ★★★★ IFC Sun. 8 p.m. IFC Sun. 11 p.m.

Silent House (2011) ★★ IFC Wed. 3:45 a.m.

Tommy Boy (1995) ★★ IFC Wed. 7:45 p.m. IFC Wed. 10:30 p.m.

Trading Places (1983) ★★★ Sundance Sun. 6:30 p.m.

Transporter 3 (2008) ★★ IFC Tues. 2:45 p.m.

Tropic Thunder (2008) ★★★ IFC Tues. 8 p.m. IFC Wed. 5:15 p.m.

Tyler Perry’s Madea’s Big Happy Family (2011) ★★ Bravo Sat. 3:30 p.m. Bravo Sat. 11 p.m.

Vegas Vacation (1997) ★ Sundance Mon. 11:15 p.m. Sundance Tues. 2 p.m. BBC America Thur. 8 p.m. BBC America Thur. 10 p.m.

We’re the Millers (2013) ★★ IFC Sat. 8 p.m. IFC Sun. 12:45 p.m.

Zero Dark Thirty (2012) ★★★ IFC Sun. 12:30 p.m. AMC Sun. Noon

Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

BOX OFFICE HITS

Movies that scored big at the box office, airing the week of the week of Sept 8 – 14, 2019

Air Force One (1997) ★★★ Showtime Thur. 2:45 p.m.

Airplane! (1980) ★★★ EPIX Mon. 11:20 a.m.

Alice in Wonderland (2010) ★★ Starz Wed. 9:12 a.m.

Aliens (1986) ★★★★ AMC Wed. 10:30 a.m.

American Pie (1999) ★★★ Cinemax Thur. 3:20 a.m.

American Sniper (2014) ★★★ A Sun. 5 p.m. A Sun. 10:32 p.m.

Anger Management (2003) ★★ POP Wed. 4 p.m. POP Wed. 9 p.m.

Around the World in 80 Days (1956) ★★★★ TCM Thur. Noon

Back to the Future (1985) ★★★ Starz Wed. 11:03 a.m.

Back to the Future Part II (1989) ★★★ Starz Wed. 1:01 p.m. Starz Thur. 9:50 a.m.

Back to the Future Part III (1990) ★★★ Starz Wed. 2:51 p.m.

Bad Boys II (2003) ★★ Paramount Fri. 12:30 p.m. Paramount Fri. 6 p.m. Paramount Sat. 9 a.m.

La Bamba (1987) ★★★ Ovation Wed. 9 p.m. Ovation Thur. 1:30 p.m.

Batman Returns (1992) ★★ TBS Sun. 1:30 p.m.

Beaches (1988) ★★ HBO Thur. 12:30 p.m.

Beetlejuice (1988) ★★★ Syfy Sun. 4:45 p.m.

Beverly Hills Cop (1984) ★★★ VH1 Sat. 1 a.m.

Beverly Hills Cop II (1987) ★★ Sundance Sun. 4:30 p.m.

The Bourne Ultimatum (2007) ★★★ A Sun. 8 p.m. A Mon. 1:33 a.m.

Brave (2012) ★★★ Encore Tues. 6 p.m. Encore Wed. 12:18 p.m.

Braveheart (1995) ★★★ BBC America Tues. 8 p.m. BBC America Wed. Noon

The Breakfast Club (1985) ★★★ Paramount Thur. 1:30 a.m.

The Bridges of Madison County (1995) ★★★ Cinemax Wed. 3:50 a.m.

Broken Arrow (1996) ★★ Cinemax Sun. 2 p.m. Cinemax Sat. 9:35 p.m.

Bruce Almighty (2003) ★★ Cinemax Tues. 6:15 p.m.

Bull Durham (1988) ★★★ EPIX Wed. 1:55 p.m.

Cape Fear (1991) ★★★ Starz Mon. 7:51 a.m.

Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014) ★★★ Syfy Sat. 9 p.m.

Cars (2006) ★★★ Freeform Sat. 1:10 p.m. Disney XD Sat. 9:01 p.m.

Cast Away (2000) ★★★ BBC America Sun. 3 p.m. Sundance Sat. 9 p.m. Sundance Sun. Noon

Charlie’s Angels (2000) ★★★ Showtime Mon. 12:15 p.m. Showtime Fri. 3:45 a.m.

Clear and Present Danger (1994) ★★★ Encore Sun. 11:18 p.m. Encore Mon. 4:51 p.m.

Coming to America (1988) ★★★ Paramount Wed. 8 p.m. Paramount Wed. 10:45 p.m. VH1 Fri. 10:30 p.m. VH1 Sat. 7 p.m.

The Da Vinci Code (2006) ★★ Starz Tues. 2:06 p.m. Starz Fri. 9:26 a.m.

The Day After Tomorrow (2004) ★★ Cinemax Fri. 11:25 a.m.

Deep Impact (1998) ★★ TNT Tues. 3 p.m.

Despicable Me 2 (2013) ★★★ FX Fri. 8 p.m. FX Fri. 10 p.m.

dirty roulette Dancing (1987) ★★★ POP Fri. 9 p.m.

Double Jeopardy (1999) ★★★ Sundance Wed. 1 a.m. Sundance Wed. 12:30 p.m.

E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982) ★★★★ Starz Sun. 8:58 a.m.

Far and Away (1992) ★★★ Cinemax Wed. 1:30 a.m.

The Fast and the Furious (2001) ★★ Starz Sun. 5:10 p.m. Starz Fri. 7:11 p.m. Starz Sat. 9:30 a.m.

Fast Five (2011) ★★ KVEA Sun. 3:30 p.m.

Field of Dreams (1989) ★★★ BBC America Sat. 10 a.m. BBC America Sat. 3:30 p.m.

Finding Nemo (2003) ★★★★ Freeform Sun. 4:10 p.m.

The Firm (1993) ★★★ TMC Tues. 5:25 p.m. TMC Sat. 4 p.m.

The First Wives Club (1996) ★★★ EPIX Thur. 4:40 p.m.

A Fish Called Wanda (1988) ★★★ Showtime Wed. 5 a.m.

Flashdance (1983) ★★ Ovation Fri. 4 p.m. Ovation Sat. 2 p.m.

The Flintstones (1994) ★★ Freeform Wed. Noon

Forrest Gump (1994) ★★★★ CMT Sun. 2:30 p.m. CMT Sun. 6 p.m. VH1 Fri. 7 p.m. VH1 Sat. 3:15 p.m.

48 HRS. (1982) ★★★ KDOC Sun. 8 p.m.

Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994) ★★★ Showtime Mon. 8:30 a.m.

Friday the 13th (1980) ★★ AMC Fri. 8 p.m.

The Fugitive (1993) ★★★ AMC Sat. 5 p.m.

Furious 7 (2015) ★★★ FX Wed. 7 p.m. FX Thur. 4 p.m.

Ghost (1990) ★★★ Sundance Fri. 1 p.m. Sundance Sat. 1:21 a.m. BBC America Sat. 12:30 p.m. BBC America Sat. 6 p.m.

The Green Mile (1999) ★★★ IFC Sun. 4 p.m. AMC Sat. 8 p.m.

Hancock (2008) ★★ Freeform Mon. 11 a.m. Freeform Tues. Noon

The Hand That Rocks the Cradle (1992) ★★★ Ovation Sat. 6 p.m.

The Hangover Part II (2011) ★★ Comedy Central Sun. 6:30 p.m. Comedy Central Sun. 9 p.m.

The Help (2011) ★★★ Showtime Fri. 10:45 a.m. Showtime Fri. 6:30 p.m.

Hitch (2005) ★★★ E Wed. 8 p.m. E Wed. 11 p.m.

The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012) ★★ TBS Fri. 8 p.m. TBS Sat. 1 p.m.

The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013) ★★★ TBS Fri. 11:30 p.m. TBS Sat. 4:30 p.m.

Hook (1991) ★★★ Freeform Wed. 1:30 p.m.

The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) ★★★ Freeform Sun. 10 a.m.

The Hunger Games: Catching Fire (2013) ★★★ Syfy Fri. 7 p.m. Syfy Sat. 12:30 p.m.

The Hunger Games (2012) ★★★ Syfy Fri. 4 p.m. Syfy Sat. 9:30 a.m.

The Hunt for Red October (1990) ★★★ Encore Sun. 9 p.m.

Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs (2009) ★★ Nickelodeon Fri. 8 p.m. Nickelodeon Sat. Noon

In the Line of Fire (1993) ★★★ EPIX Sun. 6:50 p.m. Ovation Thur. 10 p.m. Ovation Fri. 11 a.m.

Iron Man (2008) ★★★ USA Fri. 8 p.m. USA Sat. 5:10 p.m.

Iron Man 3 (2013) ★★★ FXX Sun. 9 p.m. FXX Mon. 3 p.m.

Iron Man 2 (2010) ★★ EPIX Sat. 11 p.m.

Jaws (1975) ★★★★ AMC Wed. 7 p.m. AMC Thur. 2:25 p.m.

Jaws 2 (1978) ★★ AMC Wed. 10 p.m. AMC Thur. 5:25 p.m.

Jerry Maguire (1996) ★★★ EPIX Wed. 6:40 p.m. EPIX Thur. 11:10 a.m.

The Karate Kid Part II (1986) ★★ EPIX Tues. 6 p.m. EPIX Wed. 10:25 a.m.

The Karate Kid (1984) ★★★ EPIX Tues. 3:50 p.m.

Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001) ★★ TBS Sat. 3 a.m. TBS Sat. 11 a.m.

Legally Blonde (2001) ★★ POP Thur. 9:30 p.m. POP Fri. 6:30 p.m.

Madagascar 3: Europe’s Most Wanted (2012) ★★ TOON Fri. 6 p.m. TOON Sat. 3 p.m.

The Mask (1994) ★★★ Cinemax Tues. 8 p.m. Cinemax Sat. 6:15 p.m.

Maverick (1994) ★★★ Ovation Mon. 1 p.m.

Meet the Fockers (2004) ★★ HBO Tues. 8:30 a.m.

Men in Black (1997) ★★★ Nickelodeon Thur. 8 p.m.

Misery (1990) ★★★ AMC Sun. 6:30 a.m.

Mr. Deeds (2002) ★ TBS Mon. Noon TNT Sat. 11 a.m.

Mr. Mom (1983) ★★ EPIX Thur. 6:25 p.m.

My Best Friend’s Wedding (1997) ★★★ Showtime Mon. 10:30 a.m. Showtime Thur. 8:30 a.m.

My Girl (1991) ★★★ TMC Mon. 9:15 a.m. TMC Fri. 8:05 a.m.

National Lampoon’s Vacation (1983) ★★ Sundance Sun. 9 p.m. Sundance Mon. 5 p.m.

Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian (2009) ★★ CMT Mon. 10:15 p.m.

Notting Hill (1999) ★★ HBO Wed. 1:05 p.m.

The Others (2001) ★★★ Encore Thur. 5:11 p.m.

Oz the Great and Powerful (2013) ★★ Freeform Sun. 7 a.m. Freeform Fri. 2:30 p.m. Freeform Sat. 8 a.m.

Patriot Games (1992) ★★★ KCOP Sun. 5 p.m.

The Patriot (2000) ★★★ IFC Sun. 8:45 a.m. BBC America Fri. 8 p.m. BBC America Sat. 2:30 a.m.

Pearl Harbor (2001) ★★ Showtime Wed. 10 a.m. AMC Thur. 8 p.m. AMC Thur. 11:05 p.m.

Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End (2007) ★★ Freeform Wed. 7:30 p.m. Freeform Thur. 4:30 p.m.

Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest (2006) ★★ Freeform Tues. 8 p.m. Freeform Wed. 4:30 p.m.

Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (2011) ★★ Freeform Thur. 8 p.m. Freeform Fri. 5:30 p.m.

Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003) ★★★ Freeform Mon. 8 p.m. Freeform Tues. 5 p.m.

Planes, Trains and Automobiles (1987) ★★★ Sundance Mon. 3 p.m. Sundance Tues. 1:15 a.m.

Planet of the Apes (2001) ★★ BBC America Tues. 2:30 a.m. BBC America Tues. Noon IFC Wed. 9:30 a.m. IFC Thur. 6:45 a.m.

Pretty Woman (1990) ★★★ TNT Mon. 3 p.m. TNT Mon. 10:30 p.m.

Ratatouille (2007) ★★★ Disney Sun. 6 p.m. Freeform Sat. 8:50 p.m.

Remember the Titans (2000) ★★★ Paramount Thur. 7:30 p.m. Paramount Thur. 10 p.m. Paramount Sat. 12:40 p.m. Paramount Sat. 9 p.m.

Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991) ★★ Ovation Sat. 8:30 p.m.

Rocky (1976) ★★★★ AXS Thur. 7 p.m. AXS Thur. 9:15 p.m. AXS Fri. 3:45 p.m.

Rush Hour (1998) ★★★ TNT Sun. 4 p.m.

Saturday Night Fever (1977) ★★★ Sundance Sun. Noon Sundance Mon. 3:30 a.m.

Saving Private Ryan (1998) ★★★★ BBC America Sun. 6 p.m. BBC America Sun. 10 p.m. AMC Sat. 1 p.m. AMC Sun. 5:25 a.m.

Scarface (1983) ★★★ Starz Fri. 1:36 a.m.

Signs (2002) ★★★ HBO Thur. 8:40 a.m.

Sleeping With the Enemy (1991) ★★ Encore Fri. 7:20 p.m. Encore Sat. 10:57 a.m.

Space Jam (1996) ★★ VH1 Sat. 9:30 p.m.

Spider-Man 3 (2007) ★★ Showtime Tues. 10 a.m. Showtime Tues. 5:55 p.m. Showtime Sat. 9 p.m.

Stand by Me (1986) ★★★★ EPIX Tues. 8 p.m. EPIX Wed. 12:25 p.m.

Star Trek (2009) ★★★ FXX Tues. 12:30 p.m. FXX Wed. 9:30 a.m.

Star Trek: First Contact (1996) ★★★ EPIX Sat. 9:40 a.m.

Stepmom (1998) ★★ Lifetime Fri. 8 p.m. Lifetime Sat. 12:01 p.m.

The Sum of All Fears (2002) ★★★ EPIX Sun. 4:45 p.m.

Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby (2006) ★★ Comedy Central Sat. 3:30 p.m. Paramount Sun. 2:15 a.m. Comedy Central Sun. 12:50 p.m.

Tarzan (1999) ★★★ Freeform Sun. 2:05 p.m. Disney XD Sat. 7 p.m.

Throw Momma From the Train (1987) ★★★ EPIX Thur. 3:10 p.m.

Top Gun (1986) ★★★ Paramount Sat. 6:30 p.m. Paramount Sat. 11:30 p.m.

Trading Places (1983) ★★★ Sundance Sun. 6:30 p.m.

Transformers: Age of Extinction (2014) ★★ FX Sun. 2:30 p.m.

True Grit (2010) ★★★ EPIX Wed. 3:45 p.m.

True Lies (1994) ★★★ Cinemax Sun. 3:50 p.m. Cinemax Fri. 9 a.m.

Turner & Hooch (1989) ★★ TMC Tues. 2:05 p.m.

Twister (1996) ★★★ AMC Mon. 6:30 p.m. AMC Tues. 2:30 p.m.

2 Fast 2 Furious (2003) ★★ Starz Sun. 12:48 p.m. Starz Mon. 12:18 p.m. Starz Thur. 8 a.m. Starz Thur. 9 p.m.

The Untouchables (1987) ★★★★ BBC America Sun. 12:30 p.m. BBC America Mon. 2 a.m. AMC Sat. 8 a.m.

Up (2009) ★★★ Encore Tues. 9:12 p.m.

Vanilla Sky (2001) ★★ Starz Mon. 11:37 p.m.

WALL-E (2008) ★★★★ Freeform Sun. 8:45 p.m.

Waterworld (1995) ★★ Encore Fri. 7:24 a.m.

Wayne’s World (1992) ★★ Showtime Fri. 7:10 a.m.

What Women Want (2000) ★★ TNT Mon. 5:30 p.m.

Witness (1985) ★★★ KCET Fri. 9:45 p.m.

X-Men Origins: Wolverine (2009) ★★ AMC Sun. 3 p.m. AMC Mon. 11:30 a.m.

X-Men: The Last Stand (2006) ★★ AMC Sun. 5:30 p.m. AMC Mon. 2 p.m.

XXX (2002) ★★ UNIMAS Sun. 6 p.m. KFTR Sun. 9 p.m.

Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

THIS WEEK’S MOVIES A-Z

An alphabetical listing of movies on TV the week of the week of Sept 8 – 14, 2019

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z

A

Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

The A-Team (2010) ★★ Liam Neeson, Bradley Cooper. Framed to take the fall for a heinous crime, an elite operative and his men go rogue, using their special talents to clear their names and find the real perpetrator. (PG-13) 1 hr. 58 mins. HBO Tues. 5 a.m.

Acres & Acres (2016) Rafe Spall, Emilia Fox. A woman dying of incurable breast cancer creates a list of memories and lessons for the husband and sons she is about to leave behind. (NR) 1 hr. 41 mins. TMC Tues. 9:15 a.m.

Across the Universe (2007) ★★ Evan Rachel Wood, Jim Sturgess. Songs by the Beatles illustrate a tale of two star-crossed lovers swept up by the 1960s counterculture and the anti-war movement. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 11 mins. FX Mon. 7 a.m.

The Adjustment Bureau (2011) ★★ Matt Damon, Emily Blunt. After glimpsing his future, an ambitious politician battles the agents of Fate itself to be with the woman he loves. (PG-13) 1 hr. 45 mins. Cinemax Thur. 8 p.m.

Adventureland (2009) ★★★ Jesse Eisenberg, Kristen Stewart. A college grad takes a lowly job at an amusement park after his parents refuse to fund his long-anticipated trip to Europe. (R) 1 hr. 46 mins. Showtime Tues. 6 a.m.

The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle (2000) ★ Voices of Rene Russo, Jason Alexander. Live action/animated. A flying squirrel and a moose confront their adversaries Boris and Natasha. (PG) 1 hr. 28 mins. TMC Sun. 7:55 a.m. TMC Thur. 6:55 a.m.

After Darkness (2018) Kyra Sedgwick, Tim Daly. As the sun burns out and darkness shrouds the planet, a family must reckon with long-held grudges and heal painful memories from the past. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. EPIX Mon. 4:20 a.m.

After Earth (2013) ★ Jaden Smith, Will Smith. With his father trapped in the wreckage of their spacecraft, a youth treks across Earth’s now-hostile terrain to recover their rescue beacon and signal for help. (PG-13) 1 hr. 39 mins. A Sun. 3 p.m.

Agnes of God (1985) ★★★ Jane Fonda, Meg Tilly. A psychiatrist probes the mind of a nun in whose room has been found a dead newborn infant. (PG-13) 1 hr. 39 mins. KCET Fri. 8 p.m. KCET Sat. 4 p.m.

Air Force One (1997) ★★★ Harrison Ford, Gary Oldman. Demanding the release of a political prisoner, a terrorist and his gang hijack the U.S. president’s plane. (R) 2 hrs. 4 mins. Showtime Thur. 2:45 p.m.

Air Strike (2018) Bruce Willis, Ye Liu. During World War II, five Chinese people fight their way through Japanese air attacks to protect a military machine. (R) 1 hr. 37 mins. EPIX Wed. 5:35 a.m.

Airplane II: The Sequel (1982) ★★ Robert Hays, Julie Hagerty. The first commercial space shuttle sends loony Ted and his former girlfriend on a trip to the moon. (PG) 1 hr. 25 mins. EPIX Mon. 12:50 p.m.

Airplane! (1980) ★★★ Robert Hays, Julie Hagerty. A pilot afraid to fly follows his stewardess ex-girlfriend and must take over for the poisoned crew. (PG) 1 hr. 28 mins. EPIX Mon. 11:20 a.m.

The Alamo (2004) ★★ Dennis Quaid, Billy Bob Thornton. In 1836 Davy Crockett, Jim Bowie and more than 180 Texans hold off the Mexican army for 13 days during Sam Houston’s revolution. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 17 mins. HBO Mon. 8:05 a.m. HBO Fri. 6:35 a.m.

Alex Cross (2012) ★ Tyler Perry, Matthew Fox. In Detroit, a cunning serial killer pushes young detective and psychologist Alex Cross to his moral and psychological limits. (PG-13) 1 hr. 41 mins. BET Fri. 10:03 p.m. BET Sat. 2:50 p.m.

Alfie (2004) ★★ Jude Law, Marisa Tomei. A Londoner continues his womanizing ways while working as a chauffeur in New York. (R) 1 hr. 46 mins. HBO Tues. 3:10 a.m.

Alice in Wonderland (2010) ★★ Johnny Depp, Mia Wasikowska. Now a teenager, Alice returns to Underland, where she must find her destiny and put an end to the Red Queen’s reign of terror. (PG) 1 hr. 49 mins. Starz Wed. 9:12 a.m.

Alien (1979) ★★★★ Tom Skerritt, Sigourney Weaver. Crewmembers aboard an interstellar freighter encounter a merciless monster that crawls around their ship’s dark corridors and service ducts as it kills them one by one. (R) 1 hr. 57 mins. AMC Mon. 9 a.m.

Aliens (1986) ★★★★ Sigourney Weaver, Carrie Henn. On planet LV-426, Ripley and a dwindling number of Marines battle an almost-unstoppable army of monstrous predators which wiped out an entire colony of humans, save for one little girl. (R) 2 hrs. 17 mins. AMC Wed. 10:30 a.m.

All Eyez on Me (2017) ★★ Demetrius Shipp Jr., Danai Gurira. The true and untold story of prolific rapper, actor, poet and activist Tupac Shakur, from his early days in New York to his status as one of the world’s most recognized and influential voices. (R) 2 hrs. 20 mins. VH1 Mon. 11 a.m.

All Is Lost (2013) ★★★ Robert Redford. During a solo voyage in the Indian Ocean, a veteran sailor must face the possibility of his own death after his vessel, radio and navigation equipment become damaged. (PG-13) 1 hr. 45 mins. EPIX Fri. 2 a.m.

All of My Heart (2015) Lacey Chabert, Brennan Elliott. After inheriting half of a house, a young woman develops an unexpected friendship with her co-owner. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Tues. Noon

All of My Heart: Inn Love (2017) Lacey Chabert, Brennan Elliott. Brian and Jenny are preparing for the grand opening of their bed and breakfast, Emily’s Country Inn, when a big storm hits Buck County. Brian agrees to go back to Wall Street to boost their funds, while Jenny scrambles to keep the opening on track. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Wed. Noon

All Saints (2017) ★★★ John Corbett, Cara Buono. Pastor Michael Spurlock receives an assignment to close a country church and sell the prime piece of land where it sits. He soon has a change of heart when the church starts to welcome refugees from Burma who know how to farm. (PG) 1 hr. 48 mins. Encore Mon. 1:04 p.m.

All the Young Men (1960) ★★ Alan Ladd, Sidney Poitier. Marines object when a new sergeant and not a battle-wise comrade takes over their unit in Korea. (NR) 1 hr. 27 mins. TCM Wed. 12:45 p.m.

Almost Famous (2000) ★★★★ Billy Crudup, Frances McDormand. An aspiring teenage rock journalist gets his big break when he follows an up-and-coming band on its tour. (R) 2 hrs. 2 mins. Sundance Mon. 1 a.m.

Along Came Polly (2004) ★★ Ben Stiller, Jennifer Aniston. A man finds solace with another woman after his wife cheats on him during their honeymoon. (PG-13) 1 hr. 30 mins. Cinemax Thur. 1:45 a.m.

Alvin and the Chipmunks: Chipwrecked (2011) ★ Jason Lee, David Cross. Live action/animated. Chipmunks Alvin, Simon and Theodore, along with the Chipettes, become marooned on a not-so-deserted island. (G) 1 hr. 27 mins. Nickelodeon Sun. 8 p.m.

Amelia’s Closet (2016) Kira Jane Pinkney, Jon Chaffin. An 11-year-old girl steals from her bullies and hides their things in her closet. (NR) 18 mins. Cinemax Wed. 7:55 a.m.

American Animals (2018) ★★★ Barry Keoghan, Evan Peters. Looking to inject excitement and purpose into their lives, four friends hatch a plan to steal the rarest and most valuable books from Kentucky’s Transylvania University. (R) 1 hr. 56 mins. Cinemax Fri. 7 a.m.

American Assassin (2017) ★★ Dylan O’Brien, Michael Keaton. Cold War veteran Stan Hurley takes CIA black ops recruit Mitch Rapp under his wing, and they join forces with a lethal Turkish agent to stop a mysterious operative who wants to start a global war. (R) 1 hr. 51 mins. Showtime Sat. 12:30 p.m.

The American Epic Sessions (2016) Taj Mahal, Jack White. Contemporary artists use equipment from the 1920s to record music. (NR) KVCR Wed. 7:30 p.m. KVCR Fri. 2 a.m. KVCR Sat. 10:30 p.m.

An American in Paris (1951) ★★★★ Gene Kelly, Leslie Caron. An American soldier stays in Paris after World War II to paint and falls in love with a French beauty. (NR) 1 hr. 53 mins. TCM Mon. 3 p.m.

American Me (1992) ★★★ Edward James Olmos, William Forsythe. A Latino gang leader returns to society after wielding 18 years of brutal power in Folsom State Prison. (R) 2 hrs. 5 mins. Encore Sat. 2:17 a.m.

American Outlaws (2001) ★ Colin Farrell, Scott Caan. Jesse James and his gang rob banks in order to foil a railroad baron who forces people from their homesteads. (PG-13) 1 hr. 33 mins. TMC Mon. 6:25 p.m.

American Pie (1999) ★★★ Jason Biggs, Shannon Elizabeth. Four teenagers nearing graduation make a pact to lose their virginity by prom night. (R) 1 hr. 35 mins. Cinemax Thur. 3:20 a.m.

The American President (1995) ★★★ Michael Douglas, Annette Bening. A political rival turns the widowed president’s romance with an environmental lobbyist into an election-year issue. (PG-13) 1 hr. 54 mins. Showtime Fri. 8:45 a.m.

American Satan (2017) Andy Biersack, Malcolm McDowell. A young rock band, half from England and half from the US, drop out of college and move to the Sunset Strip to chase their dreams. (R) 1 hr. 51 mins. TMC Sat. 2:30 a.m.

American Sniper (2014) ★★★ Bradley Cooper, Sienna Miller. Sniper and U.S. Navy SEAL Chris Kyle saves many lives on battlefields in Iraq while striving to be a good husband and father to his loved ones back in America. (R) 2 hrs. 12 mins. A Sun. 5 p.m. A Sun. 10:32 p.m.

American Wedding (2003) ★★ Jason Biggs, Alyson Hannigan. A young couple prepares to marry, while an obnoxious friend plans to throw a bachelor party. (R) 1 hr. 37 mins. Cinemax Fri. 9:45 p.m.

Anaconda (1997) ★ Jennifer Lopez, Ice Cube. A snake hunter commandeers a documentary crew in the Brazilian jungle, forcing them to battle a monster boa. (PG-13) 1 hr. 29 mins. BBC America Wed. 8 p.m. BBC America Wed. 10 p.m.

Anastasia (1997) ★★ Voices of Meg Ryan, John Cusack. Animated. Years after losing her family to evil Rasputin, Czar Nicholas’ grown daughter is able to reunite with her grandmother in Paris. (G) 1 hr. 34 mins. HBO Sat. 7:26 a.m.

Andy Irons: Kissed by God (2018) Three-time world champion surfer Andy Irons struggles with bipolar disorder and opioid addiction. (NR) 1 hr. 55 mins. EPIX Mon. 7:30 a.m.

Angela’s Ashes (1999) ★★ Emily Watson, Robert Carlyle. An impoverished family decides to return to Ireland from 1935 America, but things get worse instead of better. (R) 2 hrs. 25 mins. Cinemax Sun. 11:35 a.m.

Angels & Demons (2009) ★★ Tom Hanks, Ewan McGregor. Harvard symbologist Robert Langdon joins forces with an Italian scientist to prevent an ancient brotherhood’s plot against the Vatican from coming to fruition. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 18 mins. Starz Fri. 11:58 a.m.

Anger Management (2003) ★★ Adam Sandler, Jack Nicholson. A meek businessman clashes with an aggressive therapist after being ordered to undergo 20 hours of counseling. (PG-13) 1 hr. 46 mins. POP Wed. 4 p.m. POP Wed. 9 p.m.

Anna Karenina (1935) ★★★ Greta Garbo, Fredric March. Tragic Anna leaves her cold husband for dashing Count Vronsky in 19th-century Russia. (NR) 1 hr. 35 mins. TCM Sun. 9 a.m.

Annabelle (2014) ★★ Annabelle Wallis, Ward Horton. Members of a satanic cult invade the home of a man and his pregnant wife and turn a vintage doll into a conduit for ultimate evil. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. BBC America Thur. 2:15 a.m. BBC America Thur. Noon

Anne of Green Gables (2016) Ella Ballentine, Sara Botsford. Red-haired orphan Anne grows up in Avonlea on the farm of elderly Matthew and his sister, Marilla. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. KVCR Tues. 11:30 a.m.

Anne of Green Gables: The Good Stars (2017) Ella Ballentine, Julia Lalonde. The inquisitive, free-spirited Anne Shirley turns 13 and faces a host of new experiences. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. KVCR Wed. 11:30 a.m.

Anything for Love (2016) Erika Christensen, Paul Greene. A high-powered executive lies about her career on her online dating profile, while her match also hides his true identity. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Mon. Noon

The Appearance (2018) Jake Stormoen, Kristian Nairn. An inquisitor investigates the mysterious death of a monk and alleged witchcraft in the Middle Ages. (NR) 1 hr. 52 mins. TMC Wed. 6:05 p.m.

Aquaman (2018) ★★ Jason Momoa, Amber Heard. Aquaman must retrieve the legendary Trident of Atlan to save the underwater city of Atlantis — and the surface world — from his power-hungry brother. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 23 mins. HBO Wed. 6:35 p.m.

Around the World in 80 Days (1956) ★★★★ David Niven, Cantinflas. Victorian Phileas Fogg bets members of his London club that he and his valet, Passepartout, can circle the globe in 80 days. (G) 2 hrs. 50 mins. TCM Thur. Noon

The Aspern Papers (2018) Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Joely Richardson. In 19th-century Venice, Italy, ambitious editor Morton Vint tries to get his hands on poet Jeffrey Aspern’s romantic letters to Juliana Bordereau — his beautiful muse and lover. (R) 1 hr. 31 mins. TMC Wed. 4:30 p.m. TMC Fri. 10 a.m.

Assault on Precinct 13 (2005) ★★★ Ethan Hawke, Laurence Fishburne. A cop must arm prisoners to help fend off an attack by gunmen who want to kill a gangster locked away in the crumbling station. (R) 1 hr. 49 mins. Encore Fri. 4 a.m.

Australia (2008) ★★ Nicole Kidman, Hugh Jackman. An English aristocrat and a cattleman drive a herd across the Australian Outback to save her ranch from a hostile takeover. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 45 mins. Encore Mon. 3:44 a.m. Encore Fri. 9:42 a.m.

The Avengers (2012) ★★★ Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans. S.H.I.E.L.D.’s Nick Fury recruits a team of superheroes to pull the world back from the brink of disaster when an unexpected enemy threatens global security. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 23 mins. FX Tues. 7 p.m. FX Wed. 4 p.m.

The Aviator (2004) ★★★ Leonardo DiCaprio, Cate Blanchett. During the 1930s and ‘40s, wealthy industrialist Howard Hughes gains fame as a movie producer, airplane designer and pilot. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 46 mins. TMC Sun. 7 p.m. TMC Fri. 5:05 p.m.

Away From Her (2006) ★★★ Julie Christie, Gordon Pinsent. A man becomes confused and angry when his wife, an Alzheimer’s patient, seems to prefer the company of another resident at her nursing home. (PG-13) 1 hr. 49 mins. HBO Sun. 5:40 a.m.

B

Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

B.A.P.S (1997) ★ Halle Berry, Martin Landau. Two Georgia waitresses seeking a better life go to Hollywood and meet an ailing millionaire. (PG-13) 1 hr. 31 mins. BET Sun. 10:34 a.m.

Babes in Arms (1939) ★★★ Mickey Rooney, Judy Garland. Talented children of retired vaudevillians put on a show. (NR) 1 hr. 34 mins. TCM Mon. 9:45 a.m.

Baby Boom (1987) ★★★ Diane Keaton, Harold Ramis. A Manhattan career woman with a live-in boyfriend suddenly inherits a baby girl and moves to Vermont. (PG) 1 hr. 51 mins. EPIX Thur. 11:05 p.m.

Baby Driver (2017) ★★★ Ansel Elgort, Kevin Spacey. Coerced into working for a crime boss, a talented getaway driver must face the music when a doomed heist threatens his life, love and freedom. (R) 1 hr. 53 mins. TMC Tues. 12:15 p.m.

Baby Mama (2008) ★★ Tina Fey, Amy Poehler. A battle of wills breaks out when a working-class gal moves in with the high-powered executive who hired her to be a surrogate mother. (PG-13) 1 hr. 39 mins. IFC Sat. 5:45 p.m. IFC Sat. 10:30 p.m.

Bachelor Party Vegas (2005) ★ Kal Penn, Jonathan Bennett. An engaged man and his four friends have a series of wild misadventures in Las Vegas. (R) 1 hr. 30 mins. TMC Tues. 11:30 p.m.

Back to the Future (1985) ★★★ Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd. A teen takes a crackpot’s DeLorean time machine to 1955 and sees his parents in high school. (PG) 1 hr. 56 mins. Starz Wed. 11:03 a.m.

Back to the Future Part II (1989) ★★★ Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd. A young man and his inventor friend must take a DeLorean time machine to 2015. (PG) 1 hr. 47 mins. Starz Wed. 1:01 p.m. Starz Thur. 9:50 a.m.

Back to the Future Part III (1990) ★★★ Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd. A young man takes a DeLorean time machine to the Old West, where his inventor friend is courting a schoolmarm. (PG) 1 hr. 58 mins. Starz Wed. 2:51 p.m.

Bad Boys (1995) ★★ Martin Lawrence, Will Smith. Undercover Miami detectives switch lives while investigating murders linked to stolen heroin. (R) 1 hr. 58 mins. Paramount Sat. 12:30 p.m.

Bad Boys II (2003) ★★ Martin Lawrence, Will Smith. Two detectives uncover a conspiracy involving a drug kingpin while trying to stop the trafficking of Ecstasy in Miami. (R) 2 hrs. 26 mins. Paramount Fri. 12:30 p.m. Paramount Fri. 6 p.m. Paramount Sat. 9 a.m.

Bad Girls (1994) ★★ Madeleine Stowe, Mary Stuart Masterson. Gunslinging floozies flee town to avoid a hanging and meet an outlaw with a score to settle. (R) 1 hr. 39 mins. Cinemax Tues. 2:30 p.m.

Bad Lieutenant (1992) ★★★ Harvey Keitel, Frankie Thorn. The case of a raped nun gets to a profane New York detective fouled by drugs, alcohol and sex. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. EPIX Sat. 2:35 a.m.

Bad Moms (2016) ★★ Mila Kunis, Kristen Bell. Pushed beyond their limits, three overworked and stressed-out mothers go wild after ditching their daily routines. (R) 1 hr. 41 mins. FX Mon. 6 p.m. FX Tues. 11:30 a.m.

A Bad Moms Christmas (2017) ★★ Mila Kunis, Kristen Bell. As if creating the perfect Christmas for their families isn’t hard enough, under-appreciated and overburdened moms Amy, Kiki and Carla will have to do it while hosting and entertaining their own respective mothers during the holidays. (R) 1 hr. 44 mins. TMC Sun. 1 p.m. TMC Fri. 11:10 p.m.

The Bad Seed (2018) Mckenna Grace, Rob Lowe. When a tragedy takes place at his daughter’s school, a man is forced to question everything he thought he knew about his beloved girl. He slowly begins to suspect that she played a role in the horrific incident. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Lifetime Sun. 6 p.m.

Bad Teacher (2011) ★★ Cameron Diaz, Justin Timberlake. A rude, drug-abusing educator vies with a perky colleague for the attentions of a rich and handsome substitute teacher. (R) 1 hr. 32 mins. Encore Fri. 10:43 p.m. Encore Sat. 5:55 a.m. Encore Sat. 12:37 p.m.

A Bag of Marbles (2017) Dorian Le Clech, Batyste Fleurial. A Jewish kid and his brother escape from the Nazis in occupied France. (NR) 1 hr. 50 mins. Showtime Mon. 6:30 a.m.

Balls of Fury (2007) ★★ Dan Fogler, Christopher Walken. A disgraced pingpong player bounces back to go under cover for the government and bring a notorious crime lord to justice. (PG-13) 1 hr. 30 mins. TMC Sun. 9:30 a.m. TMC Thur. 10 a.m.

La Bamba (1987) ★★★ Lou Diamond Phillips, Esai Morales. Mexican-American Ritchie Valens becomes a rock ‘n’ roll star, then dies at 17 in a 1959 plane crash. (PG-13) 1 hr. 48 mins. Ovation Wed. 9 p.m. Ovation Thur. 1:30 p.m.

The Banger Sisters (2002) ★★ Goldie Hawn, Susan Sarandon. Two former groupies, one with a family, the other with a wild temperament, reunite after two decades. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. Audience Sun. 7 p.m. Audience Sun. 11 p.m. Audience Wed. 7 p.m. Audience Thur. Noon

Barbershop: The Next Cut (2016) ★★★ Ice Cube, Cedric the Entertainer. With the barbershop now coed, Calvin, Eddie and the rest of the gang come up with a plan to save the neighborhood from crime. (PG-13) 1 hr. 52 mins. VH1 Thur. 4:25 p.m. VH1 Fri. 1:40 p.m.

Basic (2003) ★★ John Travolta, Connie Nielsen. A DEA agent investigates the disappearance of a fearsome sergeant and his Special Forces trainees. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. TMC Fri. 1:15 p.m.

Batman Returns (1992) ★★ Michael Keaton, Danny DeVito. The Caped Crusader clashes with Catwoman and saves gloomy Gotham City from the foul Penguin’s plot. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 6 mins. TBS Sun. 1:30 p.m.

Battle of the Sexes (2017) ★★★ Emma Stone, Steve Carell. The 1973 tennis match between Billie Jean King and Bobby Riggs became the most watched televised sports event of all time. While trapped in the media glare, King and Riggs fight more personal and complex battles. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 1 mins. Cinemax Tues. 4:10 p.m.

Battleship (2012) ★★ Taylor Kitsch, Alexander Skarsgard. An epic adventure unfolds across the high seas, as American sailors go to war against an army of invading aliens. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 11 mins. TNT Wed. 8 p.m.

Beaches (1988) ★★ Bette Midler, Barbara Hershey. Two women from different backgrounds are best friends through girlhood, careers and tragedy. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 3 mins. HBO Thur. 12:30 p.m.

Bedlam (1946) ★★★ Boris Karloff, Anna Lee. A portly lord sends an 18th-century London actress to a madman’s insane asylum. (NR) 1 hr. 19 mins. TCM Tues. 9:15 a.m.

Beetlejuice (1988) ★★★ Michael Keaton, Alec Baldwin. A ghoul helps a newly dead couple haunt the tasteless new owners of their beloved home. (PG) 1 hr. 32 mins. Syfy Sun. 4:45 p.m.

Behind Enemy Lines (2001) ★★ Owen Wilson, Gene Hackman. A Navy admiral orders the rescue of a fighter pilot after the Serbs shoot down his plane in Bosnia. (PG-13) 1 hr. 46 mins. IFC Mon. 12:30 p.m. IFC Tues. 10:15 a.m.

Behind Enemy Lines II: Axis of Evil (2006) ★★ Matt Bushell, Shane Edelman. Four Navy SEALS fight for their lives after a top-secret mission to destroy a missile site in North Korea goes awry. (R) 1 hr. 35 mins. IFC Mon. 10:30 a.m. IFC Tues. 8:15 a.m.

Behind Enemy Lines: Colombia (2009) ★★★ Joe Manganiello, Mr. Kennedy. Navy SEALS battle Colombian adversaries while on a mission to rescue a hostage. (R) 1 hr. 34 mins. IFC Tues. 12:45 p.m.

Being Rose (2017) Cybill Shepherd, James Brolin. After being diagnosed with serious health issues, a woman goes on a road trip in her motorized wheelchair to search for her estranged son. Her life changes when she meets a handsome cowboy. (NR) 1 hr. 29 mins. TMC Thur. 11:35 a.m. TMC Fri. 5 a.m.

The Belle of New York (1952) ★★ Fred Astaire, Vera-Ellen. Charlie’s playboy ways dismay his wealthy aunt, who demands he change his ways, but he is unconvinced until he meets charity worker Angela and falls hopelessly in love. (NR) 1 hr. 22 mins. TCM Mon. 6:30 a.m.

Best Foot Forward (1943) ★★★ Lucille Ball, William Gaxton. A Hollywood star agrees, as a publicity gimmick, to be queen of a military-school prom. (NR) 1 hr. 34 mins. TCM Mon. 4:45 a.m.

Better Luck Tomorrow (2002) ★★★ Parry Shen, Jason Tobin. A 16-year-old Asian student commits crimes with his goofy friend and a gang in Southern California. (R) 1 hr. 41 mins. TMC Wed. 2:45 a.m.

Beverly Hills Cop (1984) ★★★ Eddie Murphy, Judge Reinhold. A hip Detroit detective drives out to Los Angeles and shows local police how to catch a killer. (R) 1 hr. 45 mins. VH1 Sat. 1 a.m.

Beverly Hills Cop II (1987) ★★ Eddie Murphy, Judge Reinhold. A clever detective from Detroit shows Los Angeles how to stop a hit woman’s so-called Alphabet Crimes. (R) 1 hr. 43 mins. Sundance Sun. 4:30 p.m.

Beverly Hills Cop III (1994) ★★ Eddie Murphy, Judge Reinhold. A hip detective from Detroit tracks a crime ring to a Los Angeles fun park called WonderWorld. (R) 1 hr. 45 mins. Sundance Sun. 2:30 p.m.

Beyond White Space (2018) Holt McCallany, Zulay Henao. The captain of a deep-space vessel makes a daring decision to go after a rare and nearly extinct species. His obsession soon jeopardizes the mutinous crew when the gigantic and deadly creature attacks the ship. (NR) 1 hr. 33 mins. TMC Tues. 12:30 p.m.

The Big Clock (1948) ★★★ Ray Milland, Charles Laughton. A crime-magazine publisher kills his mistress, then orders his editor to lead a manhunt. (NR) 1 hr. 35 mins. TCM Sun. 7 a.m.

The Big Game (1936) ★ Philip Huston, James Gleason. Gamblers try for easy money with big-time football, but are surprised when a game fails to turn out as planned. (NR) 1 hr. 15 mins. TCM Fri. 7:45 p.m.

Big Momma’s House 2 (2006) ★ Martin Lawrence, Nia Long. An FBI agent reprises his disguise as a corpulent old lady and takes a job as a nanny in a crime suspect’s house. (PG-13) 1 hr. 39 mins. VH1 Sat. 11:30 p.m.

Big Trouble in Little China (1986) ★★ Kurt Russell, Kim Cattrall. A trucker and a lawyer become trapped in a sorcerer’s empire beneath San Francisco’s Chinatown. (PG-13) 1 hr. 38 mins. HBO Fri. 2:35 p.m.

Bill & Ted’s Excellent Adventure (1989) ★★★ Keanu Reeves, Alex Winter. Two dopey dudes go back in time to fetch Beethoven, Napoleon and other biggies for a history project. (PG) 1 hr. 30 mins. Starz Sat. 7:57 a.m.

Black ’47 (2018) Hugo Weaving, James Frecheville. In 1847 an Irish mercenary fighting for the British army abandons his post to seek revenge on those responsible for the death of his family. (R) 1 hr. 40 mins. TMC Sun. 2:45 p.m. TMC Thur. 10 p.m.

Black Knight (2001) ★★ Martin Lawrence, Marsha Thomason. An underachiever in Los Angeles time-travels to 14th-century England and battles an evil king. (PG-13) 1 hr. 35 mins. Cinemax Fri. 11:25 p.m.

Black Mass (2015) ★★★ Johnny Depp, Joel Edgerton. Forming an alliance with FBI agent John Connolly in 1970s Boston, Irish gangster James “Whitey’’ Bulger increases his power and evades capture to become one of the most dangerous criminals in U.S. history. (R) 2 hrs. 2 mins. AMC Sat. 10:30 a.m.

Black Sabbath: The End of the End (2017) Black Sabbath, Ozzy Osbourne. Black Sabbath’s final performance, with onstage footage and behind-the-scenes banter. (NR) 2 hrs. 4 mins. TMC Wed. 6:30 a.m.

Blair Witch (2016) ★★ James Allen McCune, Callie Hernandez. A group of friends and their two guides encounter the legendary Blair Witch while exploring the Black Hills Forest in Maryland. (R) 1 hr. 29 mins. Syfy Tues. 5 p.m. Syfy Wed. 2:45 p.m.

Blood and Bone (2009) Michael Jai White, Julian Sands. An ex-con fulfills a promise to a dead friend by taking the underground fighting world in Los Angeles by storm. (R) 1 hr. 30 mins. KCOP Sun. 3 p.m.

Blood Fest (2018) Robbie Kay, Jacob Batalon. Fans flock to a festival celebrating iconic horror movies, only to discover that the showman behind the event has a diabolical agenda. As festival attendees start dying off, three teenagers must band together to survive. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. TMC Sat. 10:30 p.m. TMC Sun. 1:35 a.m.

Blue Denim (1959) ★★ Carol Lynley, Brandon de Wilde. A pregnant 15-year-old and her 16-year-old boyfriend seek an abortion without telling their parents. (NR) 1 hr. 29 mins. TCM Sun. 7 p.m.

Blue Note Records: Beyond the Notes (2018) The history of the jazz music label. (NR) 1 hr. 25 mins. Starz Fri. 6:05 a.m.

Bolden (2019) Gary Carr, Erik LaRay Harvey. New Orleans cornet player Buddy Bolden becomes a key figure in the birth of jazz, influencing countless musicians for decades to come. (R) 1 hr. 42 mins. EPIX Tues. 4:45 a.m.

The Bone Collector (1999) ★★ Denzel Washington, Angelina Jolie. A quadriplegic detective and a patrol cop try to catch a killer re-creating grisly crimes. (R) 1 hr. 53 mins. Encore Sun. 8:01 a.m. Encore Sun. 4:57 p.m.

Boo! A Madea Halloween (2016) ★★ Tyler Perry, Cassi Davis. Cranky, fast-talking Madea finds herself under attack from ghosts, ghouls and zombies after breaking up a fraternity’s Halloween party. (PG-13) 1 hr. 43 mins. Bravo Fri. 8 p.m. Bravo Fri. 10:30 p.m.

The Book of Eli (2010) ★★ Denzel Washington, Gary Oldman. A lone warrior faces many dangers as he carries hope for humanity’s redemption across a post-apocalyptic wasteland. (R) 1 hr. 52 mins. TNT Tues. 5:30 p.m.

The Boss Baby (2017) ★★ Voices of Alec Baldwin, Miles Christopher Bakshi. Animated. A wildly imaginative 7-year-old discovers that his new brother, Boss Baby, is actually a spy on a secret mission, and only he can help thwart a dastardly plot that involves an epic battle between puppies and babies. (PG) 1 hr. 37 mins. FX Fri. 4 p.m. FX Sat. 2 p.m.

The Boss (2016) ★★ Melissa McCarthy, Kristen Bell. After her release from prison, a former CEO battles old enemies while trying to build a brownie empire with her ex-assistant. (R) 1 hr. 39 mins. FX Tues. 9:30 a.m. FX Wed. 7 a.m.

The Bouquet (2013) Kristy Swanson, Alberta Mayne. Two estranged sisters set aside their differences to help their mother save her floral business. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. KTBN Sat. 10:30 p.m.

The Bourne Ultimatum (2007) ★★★ Matt Damon, Julia Stiles. Jason Bourne continues his international quest to uncover his true identity while staying one step ahead of those who want to kill him. (PG-13) 1 hr. 55 mins. A Sun. 8 p.m. A Mon. 1:33 a.m.

The Boxtrolls (2014) ★★★ Voices of Isaac Hempstead-Wright, Elle Fanning. Animada. Un niño y su nueva amiga idean un plan para salvar a una comunidad de traviesos habitantes de unas cavernas de un villano que planea exterminarlos. (PG) 1 hr. 36 mins. KVEA Sun. 11:30 a.m.

Boyfriend Killer (2017) Barbie Castro, Patrick Muldoon. After the death of her son in a car crash, a grieving woman starts to suspect that his vindictive girlfriend set it up to look like an accident. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Lifetime Sun. Noon

The Brady Bunch Movie (1995) ★★★ Shelley Long, Gary Cole. The Bradys and their TV-series clan refuse to sell their home to a shady real-estate developer. (PG-13) 1 hr. 28 mins. EPIX Thur. 8 p.m.

Brave (2012) ★★★ Voices of Kelly Macdonald, Billy Connolly. Animated. A courageous Scottish princess must figure out how to undo a beastly curse after an eccentric witch grants her an ill-fated wish. (PG) 1 hr. 33 mins. Encore Tues. 6 p.m. Encore Wed. 12:18 p.m.

Braveheart (1995) ★★★ Mel Gibson, Sophie Marceau. Enraged by the killing of his wife, Scotsman William Wallace leads a revolt against the tyrannical English king in the 13th century. (R) 2 hrs. 57 mins. BBC America Tues. 8 p.m. BBC America Wed. Noon

The Break-Up (2006) ★★ Vince Vaughn, Jennifer Aniston. Former lovers live together as hostile roommates when both refuse to move out of their shared condominium. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. POP Thur. 7 p.m. POP Fri. 4 p.m.

The Breakfast Club (1985) ★★★ Emilio Estevez, Molly Ringwald. A wrestler, a rebel, a brain, a beauty and a shy girl share Saturday detention in a Chicago high school. (R) 1 hr. 32 mins. Paramount Thur. 1:30 a.m.

The Bridges of Madison County (1995) ★★★ Clint Eastwood, Meryl Streep. Memoirs tell a deceased woman’s children of her four-day affair in 1965 with a photographer on assignment. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 15 mins. Cinemax Wed. 3:50 a.m.

Bringing Up Bobby (2011) ★ Milla Jovovich, Bill Pullman. A con artist faces a tough decision when her criminal past catches up to her and her young son. (PG-13) 1 hr. 35 mins. KTBN Sun. 8 p.m.

Broken Arrow (1996) ★★ John Travolta, Christian Slater. An Air Force pilot matches wits with a renegade colleague who is threatening to detonate a pair of nuclear warheads. (R) 1 hr. 48 mins. Cinemax Sun. 2 p.m. Cinemax Sat. 9:35 p.m.

Broken Ghost (2017) Scottie Thompson, Devon Bagby. Family members move to Montana to escape from their past but soon find themselves terrorized by ghosts and old secrets in their new haunted house. (NR) 1 hr. 43 mins. TMC Mon. 2:05 a.m.

A Bronx Tale (1993) ★★★ Robert De Niro, Chazz Palminteri. The son of an honest bus driver looks up to a local mob boss amid racial tension in 1960s New York. (R) 2 hrs. 2 mins. BBC America Sun. 10 a.m. BBC America Fri. 2:30 a.m. BBC America Sat. 7:30 a.m.

Brown Sugar (2002) ★★ Taye Diggs, Sanaa Lathan. A producer for a record company falls for his longtime friend shortly after proposing to his girlfriend. (PG-13) 1 hr. 49 mins. Ovation Tues. 11 p.m. Ovation Wed. 11 a.m. Ovation Fri. 11:30 p.m.

Bruce Almighty (2003) ★★ Jim Carrey, Morgan Freeman. After a bad day at work, a frustrated reporter meets God, who endows him with divine powers for one week. (PG-13) 1 hr. 41 mins. Cinemax Tues. 6:15 p.m.

A Brush With Love (2019) Arielle Kebbel, Nick Bateman. A discouraged artist is convinced by her best friend to paint the perfect man, hoping it will attract love. When the portrait is finished, they discover that he’s a real-life Prince Charming, and the artist embarks on a whirlwind romance with him. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sat. 1 p.m.

Bull Durham (1988) ★★★ Kevin Costner, Susan Sarandon. A literary baseball groupie romances a pitcher and a catcher on a minor-league North Carolina team. (R) 1 hr. 48 mins. EPIX Wed. 1:55 p.m.

Bumblebee (2018) ★★★ Hailee Steinfeld, John Cena. On the run in the year 1987, Bumblebee the Autobot finds refuge in a junkyard in a small California beach town. When 17-year-old Charlie revives him, she quickly learns that this is no ordinary yellow Volkswagen. (PG-13) 1 hr. 54 mins. EPIX Sat. 9 p.m. EPIX Sun. 1:05 a.m.

Bunny Lake Is Missing (1965) ★★★ Laurence Olivier, Carol Lynley. A Scotland Yard inspector seeks a woman’s missing daughter, who no one can prove exists. (NR) 1 hr. 47 mins. TCM Sun. 5 p.m.

The ‘Burbs (1989) ★★ Tom Hanks, Bruce Dern. A suburban homeowner’s week off with his wife turns sour after odd neighbors move in next door. (PG) 1 hr. 43 mins. Encore Mon. 9 p.m. Encore Tues. 9:39 a.m.

C

Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

The Cable Guy (1996) ★★ Jim Carrey, Matthew Broderick. An act of kindness brings a jilted architect the unwanted friendship of an unbalanced cable-TV installer. (PG-13) 1 hr. 31 mins. IFC Thur. 12:45 p.m. IFC Thur. 4 p.m.

The Call (2013) ★★ Halle Berry, Abigail Breslin. A 911 operator must confront a killer from her past in order to save a kidnapped teenager. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. BET Sun. 3:02 p.m.

The Campaign (2012) ★★ Will Ferrell, Zach Galifianakis. Hoping to gain political influence in their North Carolina district, two wealthy CEOs put up a naive candidate to challenge a longtime incumbent congressman. (R) 1 hr. 25 mins. IFC Thur. 6 p.m. IFC Thur. 11 p.m.

Can You Ever Forgive Me? (2018) ★★★ Melissa McCarthy, Richard E. Grant. Lee Israel is a frustrated, hard-drinking author who can barely afford to pay her rent or bills in 1990s New York. Desperate for money, Israel soon hatches a scheme to forge letters by famous writers and sell them to bookstores and collectors. (R) 1 hr. 46 mins. HBO Fri. 1:10 a.m.

Cape Fear (1991) ★★★ Robert De Niro, Nick Nolte. A tattooed psychopath preys on a Southern lawyer, his wife and their teenage daughter. (R) 2 hrs. 8 mins. Starz Mon. 7:51 a.m.

Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014) ★★★ Chris Evans, Scarlett Johansson. Captain America, the Black Widow and a new ally, the Falcon, face an unexpected enemy as they struggle to expose a far-reaching conspiracy that puts the world at risk. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 15 mins. Syfy Sat. 9 p.m.

Captain Phillips (2013) ★★★ Tom Hanks, Catherine Keener. In 2009, Somali pirates storm a U.S. containership and hold Capt. Richard Phillips and his crew captive. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 13 mins. FX Thur. 1 p.m. FX Fri. 7 a.m.

Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie (2017) ★★★ Voices of Kevin Hart, Ed Helms. Animated. Two overly imaginative pranksters accidentally hypnotize their principal into thinking that he’s a ridiculously enthusiastic, incredibly dimwitted superhero named Captain Underpants. (PG) 1 hr. 29 mins. FX Fri. 6 p.m. FX Sat. 4 p.m.

La cárcel de Cananea (1960) ★★ Pedro Armendáriz, Agustin de Anda. Un hombre inocente es culpado de asesinato y para encontrar al verdadero criminal se escapa de la cárcel. (NR) 1 hr. 18 mins. KWHY Sun. 8 p.m.

Carmen Jones (1954) ★★★ Dorothy Dandridge, Harry Belafonte. A sultry plant worker drives a wartime soldier to murder in Jacksonville, Fla. (NR) 1 hr. 45 mins. Ovation Sun. 10 a.m. Ovation Mon. 10:30 a.m.

Carrie (1976) ★★★ Sissy Spacek, Piper Laurie. A social misfit with psychic powers wreaks havoc at her prom to get even with pranksters. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. Sundance Thur. 11:45 a.m. Sundance Fri. 8:45 a.m.

Cars (2006) ★★★ Voices of Owen Wilson, Paul Newman. Animated. A rookie race car that only cares about winning learns what is really important in life after getting stranded in a town along historic Route 66. (G) 1 hr. 57 mins. Freeform Sat. 1:10 p.m. Disney XD Sat. 9:01 p.m.

Cast Away (2000) ★★★ Tom Hanks, Helen Hunt. After a plane crash at sea, a Federal Express engineer survives on a remote island for four years in complete isolation. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 23 mins. BBC America Sun. 3 p.m. Sundance Sat. 9 p.m. Sundance Sun. Noon

Central Intelligence (2016) ★★ Dwayne Johnson, Kevin Hart. A lethal CIA agent and his former classmate encounter shootouts, espionage and double-crosses while trying to save the U.S. spy satellite system. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. TNT Sat. 8 p.m.

The Change-Up (2011) ★★ Ryan Reynolds, Jason Bateman. Envious of each other’s lives, an overworked lawyer and his seemingly carefree buddy awake after a drunken binge and find they have somehow switched bodies. (R) 1 hr. 52 mins. TNT Sat. 12:45 p.m. TNT Sat. 1 p.m.

Changeling (2008) ★★★ Angelina Jolie, John Malkovich. After her son is kidnapped and later found, a woman insists that the boy who was returned to her is not her child. (R) 2 hrs. 21 mins. Starz Tues. 7:23 a.m. Starz Wed. 6:48 a.m.

Charlie’s Angels (2000) ★★★ Cameron Diaz, Drew Barrymore. Three private detectives try to rescue a kidnapped computer pro whose voice-ID software would threaten global security. (PG-13) 1 hr. 38 mins. Showtime Mon. 12:15 p.m. Showtime Fri. 3:45 a.m.

Charlie’s Angels: Full Throttle (2003) ★★ Cameron Diaz, Drew Barrymore. Three private detectives work under cover to retrieve two rings that contain cryptic information. (PG-13) 1 hr. 51 mins. Showtime Mon. 2 p.m. Showtime Fri. 5:25 a.m.

The Cheerleader Escort (2019) Cynthia Preston, Damon Runyan. A college freshman who just made the cheerleading squad finds herself falling for a much older man. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Lifetime Sat. 8 p.m. Lifetime Sun. 12:01 p.m.

Chokehold (2018) Casper Van Dien, Melissa Croden. After her father is unceremoniously murdered by crime bosses, Zoey Delacroix decides to put her dreams of professional MMA aside and fight her way through the underground ring of street fighting to avenge her father’s death. (NR) 1 hr. 38 mins. TMC Mon. 4 a.m.

Christine (1983) ★★ Keith Gordon, John Stockwell. When a gawky teen restores a 1958 Plymouth Fury, the car takes on a life of its own and begins terrorizing those in its way. (R) 1 hr. 50 mins. AMC Sun. 9 a.m.

Christmas Wonderland (2018) Emily Osment, Ryan Rottman. Heidi returns home to watch her niece and nephew and comes face to face with her high school love. Heidi offers to help him with a dance, and the more time she spends decorating, the more she finds herself inspired to start painting again. (NR) 2 hrs. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Thur. 9 p.m.

Cinco Asesinos Esperan (1964) Jorge Martínez de Hoyos, Noé Murayama. Un asaltante frustrado porque no pudo robar un tren planea vengarse del comisario raptando a su esposa y sus dos hijos. (NR) 1 hr. 10 mins. KWHY Tues. 8 p.m.

Cinderella Man (2005) ★★★ Russell Crowe, Renée Zellweger. Despite a string of losses and injuries, boxer Jim Braddock makes a dramatic comeback and faces champion Max Baer. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 24 mins. Encore Sun. 12:07 p.m. Encore Mon. 8:29 a.m. Encore Wed. 9 p.m.

Clear and Present Danger (1994) ★★★ Harrison Ford, Willem Dafoe. An acting CIA chief learns the president has triggered a war with Colombian drug cartels. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 21 mins. Encore Sun. 11:18 p.m. Encore Mon. 4:51 p.m.

Close-Up (1990) ★★★ Hossain Sabzian, Hassan Frazmand. A printer’s assistant tricks a family into believing that he is famous Iranian filmmaker Mohsen Makhmalbaf. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. TCM Mon. 1:15 a.m.

Coach Carter (2005) ★★★ Samuel L. Jackson, Robert Ri’chard. A high-school basketball coach turns a losing team around, then faces criticism for pushing the athletes to put grades first. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 16 mins. BET Tues. 6:40 p.m. BET Wed. 2:35 p.m.

The Cocoanuts (1929) ★★★ Groucho Marx, Harpo Marx. Groucho, Chico, Harpo and Zeppo take advantage of hotel guests during the Florida land boom. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. TCM Sun. 12:30 p.m.

The Cold Blue (2018) A meditation on youth, war and trauma. (NR) 1 hr. 12 mins. HBO Sun. 1:45 p.m.

The Cold Light of Day (2012) ★ Henry Cavill, Verónica Echegui. A vacation in Spain turns nightmarish when a man’s family is kidnapped by agents who are hell-bent on recovering a mysterious briefcase. (PG-13) 1 hr. 33 mins. TMC Tues. 3:45 p.m. TMC Wed. 4:30 a.m. TMC Fri. 6:30 a.m.

Cold Mountain (2003) ★★★ Jude Law, Nicole Kidman. During the Civil War, a wounded Confederate soldier abandons his duties to make his way home to his sweetheart. (R) 2 hrs. 35 mins. Cinemax Tues. 12:05 p.m. Cinemax Fri. 3:25 p.m.

Come Fly With Me (1963) ★★ Dolores Hart, Hugh O’Brian. Stewardesses flirt with a gem-smuggling baron, a rich Texan and a pilot. (NR) 1 hr. 49 mins. TCM Thur. 1:15 p.m.

Coming to America (1988) ★★★ Eddie Murphy, Arsenio Hall. Pampered Prince Akeem of Zamunda comes to New York with his royal sidekick to find a true-love bride. (R) 1 hr. 56 mins. Paramount Wed. 8 p.m. Paramount Wed. 10:45 p.m. VH1 Fri. 10:30 p.m. VH1 Sat. 7 p.m.

Commando (1985) ★★ Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rae Dawn Chong. A human killing machine and an airline hostess take on an ousted dictator’s private army. (R) 1 hr. 30 mins. Cinemax Mon. 5:10 a.m. Cinemax Sat. 8 p.m.

The Commuter (2018) ★★ Liam Neeson, Vera Farmiga. In the midst of his daily commute, insurance salesman Michael MacCauley is contacted by a mysterious stranger who forces him to uncover the identity of a hidden passenger on the train before the last stop. (PG-13) 1 hr. 44 mins. EPIX Fri. 6:10 p.m.

Con Todo el Corazón (1952) Domingo Soler, Joaquín Cordero. Un sacerdote es enviado a su pueblo natal debido a problemas de salud, y en un terreno heredado funda un orfanato. (NR) 1 hr. 28 mins. KWHY Fri. 9 a.m.

The Condemned 2 (2015) ★ Randy Orton, Eric Roberts. A former bounty hunter lands in a tournament where convicts fight to the death for an online audience. (R) 1 hr. 30 mins. Cinemax Fri. 5:25 a.m.

The Condemned (2007) ★ Steve Austin, Vinnie Jones. A death-row inmate from a Central American jail is among the prisoners taken to a remote island for a to-the-death match broadcast live over the Internet. (R) 1 hr. 53 mins. Cinemax Fri. 3:30 a.m.

Confessions of a Shopaholic (2009) ★★ Isla Fisher, Hugh Dancy. A compulsive shopper who is drowning in debt lands a job as an advice columnist for a financial magazine. (PG) 1 hr. 45 mins. TBS Sun. 3 a.m.

Conquest of the Planet of the Apes (1972) ★★ Roddy McDowall, Don Murray. Caesar the ape leads simians in revolt against the governor enslaving them on future Earth. (PG) 1 hr. 26 mins. IFC Wed. 7:30 a.m.

Contagion (2011) ★★★ Marion Cotillard, Matt Damon. The world panics as doctors race to find a cure for a rapidly spreading virus that kills those contaminated within days. (PG-13) 1 hr. 46 mins. AMC Tues. Noon AMC Tues. 12:08 p.m.

A Cool, Dry Place (1998) ★★ Vince Vaughn, Joey Lauren Adams. Abandoned by his wife, a big-city lawyer loses his job and moves with his young son to rural Kansas. (PG-13) 1 hr. 37 mins. Audience Tues. Noon Audience Tues. 5 p.m.

Corky Romano (2001) ★ Chris Kattan, Vinessa Shaw. An assistant veterinarian poses as an FBI agent in order to steal incriminating evidence against his father. (PG-13) 1 hr. 26 mins. HBO Mon. 2:45 p.m. HBO Fri. 4:15 p.m.

Courage of Lassie (1946) ★★ Elizabeth Taylor, Frank Morgan. A young woman’s pet collie winds up in the Army and comes back from World War II trained to kill. (G) 1 hr. 33 mins. TCM Sat. 3 a.m.

Cowboys & Aliens (2011) ★★ Daniel Craig, Harrison Ford. A 19th-century gunslinger unites townspeople, outlaws, and a band of Apache warriors against an extraterrestrial threat. (PG-13) 1 hr. 58 mins. TNT Thur. 4 p.m.

Crash (2004) ★★★ Sandra Bullock, Don Cheadle. Racial tensions collide in a collection of intertwined stories involving residents of Los Angeles. (R) 1 hr. 52 mins. POP Sat. 11 a.m. POP Sat. 1:30 p.m.

The Crash (1932) ★★ Ruth Chatterton, George Brent. Marital discord follows when a man loses his wife’s wealth in the 1929 stock market crash. (NR) 58 mins. TCM Fri. 6:15 a.m.

Creed (2015) ★★★ Michael B. Jordan, Sylvester Stallone. Long-retired boxer Rocky Balboa agrees to train Apollo Creed’s son to become a fighter, even as the former champ battles an opponent deadlier than any he ever faced in the ring. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 13 mins. Paramount Fri. 9:30 p.m. Paramount Sat. 3:20 p.m.

Creed II (2018) ★★★ Michael B. Jordan, Sylvester Stallone. Under guidance from Rocky Balboa, boxing phenom Adonis Johnson prepares for an epic showdown against the son of Ivan Drago — the former Russian fighter who killed Apollo Creed in the ring. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 10 mins. EPIX Sun. 11 p.m. EPIX Mon. 9:10 a.m.

Crossword Mysteries: A Puzzle to Die For (2018) Lacey Chabert, Brennan Elliott. A crossword puzzle editor finds herself dragged into a police investigation after several of her clues are linked to unsolved crimes. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Wed. 9 p.m.

Cruel Intentions (1999) ★★ Sarah Michelle Gellar, Ryan Phillippe. A manipulative adolescent challenges her stepbrother to ruin two sexually innocent acquaintances. (R) 1 hr. 37 mins. Showtime Sun. 1:05 p.m. Showtime Fri. 1:15 p.m.

Cuando México canta (1956) Fernando Soler, Rosita Quintana. Un famoso compositor mexicano decide hacer de una joven ranchera una exitosa cantante folklórica. (NR) 1 hr. 40 mins. KWHY Sat. 8 p.m.

D

Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

The Da Vinci Code (2006) ★★ Tom Hanks, Audrey Tautou. A murder in the Louvre Museum and clues in paintings by Leonardo lead to the discovery of a religious mystery that could rock the foundations of Christianity. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 29 mins. Starz Tues. 2:06 p.m. Starz Fri. 9:26 a.m.

Daddy’s Home (2015) ★★ Will Ferrell, Mark Wahlberg. An insecure man competes for the affection of his stepchildren when their freewheeling father breezes back into town. (PG-13) 1 hr. 36 mins. FX Sun. 6 p.m. FX Mon. 4 p.m. KVEA Sun. 1:30 p.m.

Damage (2009) ★★★ Steve Austin, Walton Goggins. Un ex-convicto participa contra su voluntad en peleas clandestinas para ganar dinero para la operación de una joven. (R) 1 hr. 42 mins. UNIMAS Sun. 8:30 p.m. KFTR Sun. 11:30 p.m.

The Darkest Hour (2011) ★ Emile Hirsch, Max Minghella. After an alien attack devastates Moscow, survivors search for a way to fight back against the deadly invaders. (PG-13) 1 hr. 29 mins. HBO Wed. 5:25 a.m.

Dater’s Handbook (2016) Kristoffer Polaha, Meghan Markle. After reading a book about dating and changing her personality to find a lover, a woman realizes the man she wants is right in front of her. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Thur. Noon

The Day After Tomorrow (2004) ★★ Dennis Quaid, Jake Gyllenhaal. A climatologist tries to locate his son after global warming leads to worldwide natural disasters. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 3 mins. Cinemax Fri. 11:25 a.m.

The Day the Earth Stood Still (2008) ★★ Keanu Reeves, Jennifer Connelly. A woman and her stepson learn the chilling meaning behind the proclamation of an alien visitor that he is a “friend to the Earth.’’ (PG-13) 1 hr. 44 mins. Starz Mon. 6:04 a.m. Starz Mon. 4:27 p.m. Starz Thur. 10:50 p.m. Starz Fri. 5:24 p.m.

Daylight (1996) ★★ Sylvester Stallone, Amy Brenneman. An ex-EMS chief leads the rescue of New Yorkers trapped by an explosion in the Holland Tunnel. (PG-13) 1 hr. 55 mins. Cinemax Wed. 12:05 p.m.

De Cocula Es el Mariachi (1977) Adalberto Martínez, Norma Lazareno. Drama policial matizado con diversas situaciones alegres y bellas canciones. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. KWHY Thur. 8 p.m.

Dead Presidents (1995) ★★ Larenz Tate, Keith David. A high-stakes robbery tempts a Vietnam veteran who has returned to his desolate South Bronx neighborhood in 1973. (R) 1 hr. 59 mins. Showtime Sun. 2:35 a.m.

A Deadly Affair (2017) Valerie Azlynn, Luke Edwards. A woman who suspects her contractor husband of having an affair trails him to a house and finds him dead. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Lifetime Sat. 2 p.m.

Death by Invitation (1971) ★ Shelby Leverington, Aaron Phillips. After learning that one of her ancestors was burned at the stake, a woman seeks violent revenge against descendants of those who committed the act. (R) 1 hr. 21 mins. TCM Fri. 11:45 p.m.

Deep Impact (1998) ★★ Robert Duvall, Tea Leoni. Troubled people attempt to mend their lives as they brace themselves for a comet that threatens Earth. (PG-13) 2 hrs. TNT Tues. 3 p.m.

Déjà Vu (2006) ★★★ Denzel Washington, Val Kilmer. A time-folding federal agent falls in love with a New Orleans woman who is targeted to be murdered. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 8 mins. HBO Wed. 6:55 a.m.

A Demon Within (2017) Charlene Amoia, Clint Glenn Hummel. A young girl dies in 1914 after a demonic spirit preys on her family. Decades later, a skeptical doctor must stop history from repeating itself by confronting his own demons to save the life of a possessed teenager. (NR) 1 hr. 31 mins. TMC Mon. 6 a.m.

Den of Thieves (2018) ★★ Gerard Butler, Pablo Schreiber. An elite unit of the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department squares off against a crew of ex-military men who hatch an elaborate plan for a seemingly impossible heist — the city’s Federal Reserve Bank. (R) 2 hrs. 20 mins. TMC Sat. 6:35 p.m.

Despicable Me 2 (2013) ★★★ Voices of Steve Carell, Kristen Wiig. Animated. Just as Gru settles into his new role as a suburban family man, the ultrasecret Anti-Villain League sends him on a mission to nab the perpetrator of a spectacular heist. (PG) 1 hr. 38 mins. FX Fri. 8 p.m. FX Fri. 10 p.m.

The Devil Wears Prada (2006) ★★★ Meryl Streep, Anne Hathaway. A recent college graduate lands a job working for a famous and diabolical editor of a New York fashion magazine. (PG-13) 1 hr. 49 mins. E Tues. 8 p.m. E Wed. 4:30 p.m. E Sat. 4 p.m. E Sat. 10:30 p.m.

Diamonds Are Forever (1971) ★★★ Sean Connery, Jill St. John. James Bond, Agent 007, saves the world from Blofeld’s space laser and bikini-clad amazons Bambi and Thumper. (PG) 1 hr. 59 mins. TCM Thur. 7:30 p.m.

Die Hard 2 (1990) ★★★ Bruce Willis, Bonnie Bedelia. The sequel’s police hero spots military terrorists while waiting for his wife at a Washington, D.C., airport. (R) 2 hrs. 4 mins. AMC Wed. 1 a.m. AMC Wed. 1:30 p.m. AMC Thur. 9:40 a.m.

Die Hard With a Vengeance (1995) ★★★ Bruce Willis, Jeremy Irons. Suspended from the police force, John McClane enlists a Harlem shopkeeper to help stop a terrorist bomber. (R) 2 hrs. 8 mins. AMC Tues. 10 p.m. AMC Wed. 4 p.m.

Dios los Cría (1953) Germán Valdés, Niní Marshall. Dos vigilantes de una casa salvan la fortuna de su jefe cuando un abogado intenta apoderase de la fortuna de él. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. GALA Sun. 3 p.m.

Dirty Dancing (1987) ★★★ Jennifer Grey, Patrick Swayze. A doctor’s teenage daughter gets slinky with the dance teacher at a Catskills resort in the summer of 1963. (PG-13) 1 hr. 40 mins. POP Fri. 9 p.m.

Dirty Rotten Scoundrels (1988) ★★★ Steve Martin, Michael Caine. An American con man and his British rival target a soap heiress from Cleveland on the French Riviera. (PG) 1 hr. 50 mins. EPIX Mon. 2:20 p.m.

Disconnect (2012) ★★★ Jason Bateman, Hope Davis. A youth becomes a victim of cyberbullying in one of three tales centered around the impact of the Internet on people’s lives. (R) 1 hr. 55 mins. Encore Mon. 1:45 a.m.

Doc Hollywood (1991) ★★★ Michael J. Fox, Julie Warner. An upstart plastic surgeon gets stuck in a one-doctor Southern town and falls in love with a local. (PG-13) 1 hr. 43 mins. Ovation Mon. 8:30 p.m. Ovation Tues. 6 p.m. Ovation Wed. 4 p.m.

Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story (2004) ★★★ Vince Vaughn, Christine Taylor. The owner of a gym and an overbearing entrepreneur form dodgeball teams to compete for $50,000 in Las Vegas. (PG-13) 1 hr. 32 mins. Comedy Central Sat. 8:30 p.m.

A Dog’s Life (1918) Charles Chaplin. Silent. Charlie rescues a stray from other dogs, and together they meet Edna after finding a wallet full of cash. (NR) 33 mins. TCM Sun. 9 p.m.

A Dog’s Way Home (2019) ★★ Ashley Judd, Jonah Hauer-King. As a puppy, Bella finds her way into the arms of Lucas, a young man who gives her a good home. When Bella becomes separated from Lucas, she soon finds herself on an epic, 400-mile journey to reunite with her beloved owner. (PG) 1 hr. 36 mins. Starz Sat. 8 p.m. Starz Sun. 4:31 a.m.

The Doors (1991) ★★★ Val Kilmer, Meg Ryan. UCLA film student Jim Morrison finds a girlfriend, forms a band and turns tragic 1960s rock star. (R) 2 hrs. 15 mins. Ovation Fri. 8:30 p.m. Ovation Sat. 8:30 a.m.

Double Date (2017) Danny Morgan, Georgia Groome. While Jim attempts to lose his virginity before he turns 30, he and his friend Alex meet two beautiful sisters, Kitty and Lulu, who seduce them as part of their plan of virgin sacrifice. (NR) 1 hr. 29 mins. TMC Sun. 3:10 a.m.

Double Jeopardy (1999) ★★★ Tommy Lee Jones, Ashley Judd. While in jail for murdering her husband, a woman discovers he is living under a new identity with their son. (R) 1 hr. 45 mins. Sundance Wed. 1 a.m. Sundance Wed. 12:30 p.m.

Down a Dark Hall (2018) AnnaSophia Robb, Uma Thurman. Five emotionally fragile teens are committed to Blackwood, a mysterious boarding school for gifted and disturbed girls. (PG-13) 1 hr. 36 mins. Cinemax Wed. 6:20 p.m.

Drag Me to Hell (2009) ★★★ Alison Lohman, Justin Long. After actions trigger the loss of an old woman’s home, an ambitious loan officer finds herself the victim of a powerful curse that will damn her soul for eternity. (PG-13) 1 hr. 39 mins. Syfy Mon. 2:31 p.m. Syfy Tues. 10:30 a.m.

Dragged Across Concrete (2018) ★★ Mel Gibson, Vince Vaughn. Police partners descend into the criminal underworld after they are suspended for assaulting a suspect on video. (R) 2 hrs. 39 mins. Cinemax Sun. 1:10 a.m.

Drillbit Taylor (2008) ★★ Owen Wilson, Troy Gentile. Three friends hire a homeless soldier-of-fortune to protect them from the school bully. (PG-13) 1 hr. 42 mins. IFC Thur. 1:30 p.m. IFC Fri. 1 a.m.

Drive Angry (2011) ★★ Nicolas Cage, Amber Heard. A brutal felon escapes from hell and, with police and a satanic henchman on his trail, sets out to avenge his daughter’s murder and save his grandchild from bloodthirsty cultists. (R) 1 hr. 44 mins. TMC Tues. 2:10 a.m. TMC Fri. 1:35 a.m.

Drop Dead Fred (1991) ★★ Phoebe Cates, Rik Mayall. An unhappy housewife gets a lift from the return of her imaginary childhood friend, Drop Dead Fred. (PG-13) 1 hr. 43 mins. Cinemax Tues. 4:25 a.m.

Drumline: A New Beat (2014) Alexandra Shipp, Leonard Roberts. A young woman aspires to become a trailblazing leader in her school’s marching band. (NR) 1 hr. 45 mins. VH1 Wed. 11 a.m.

Du Barry Was a Lady (1943) ★★★ Red Skelton, Lucille Ball. A nightclub guy slips himself a Mickey and dreams that he is French King Louis XV, with a singer as Madame Du Barry. (NR) 1 hr. 41 mins. TCM Mon. 3 a.m.

Duck Soup (1933) ★★★★ Groucho Marx, Harpo Marx. Spies intervene when Freedonia’s prime minister declares war on nearby Sylvania. (NR) 1 hr. 10 mins. TCM Sat. 11 p.m.

Dutch (1991) ★★ Ed O’Neill, Ethan Randall. A working man goes on an eye-opening road trip with a snobby preppie, his new girlfriend’s son. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. Audience Sun. 9 a.m. Audience Sun. Noon Audience Sun. 5 p.m. Audience Thur. Noon Audience Thur. 5 p.m.

E

Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982) ★★★★ Henry Thomas, Dee Wallace. A boy’s close encounter with an alien stranded on Earth leads to a unique friendship in Steven Spielberg’s Oscar-winning film. (PG) 1 hr. 55 mins. Starz Sun. 8:58 a.m.

Easy to Love (1934) ★★ Genevieve Tobin, Adolphe Menjou. A middle-aged couple’s marital woes take a back seat to their daughter’s intentions to run off with her beau. (NR) 1 hr. 2 mins. TCM Fri. 2:30 p.m.

Edge of Tomorrow (2014) ★★★ Tom Cruise, Emily Blunt. A soldier who was killed in action gets caught up in a time loop, in which he repeatedly relives his last battle. However, the more times he fights, the closer he gets to discovering how to defeat the alien enemy. (PG-13) 1 hr. 53 mins. Syfy Wed. 9 p.m. Syfy Thur. 6:30 p.m.

Elektra (2005) ★★ Jennifer Garner, Terence Stamp. Hired to kill a man and his daughter, an assassin instead protects them while battling formidable adversaries. (PG-13) 1 hr. 36 mins. HBO Wed. 11:25 a.m.

Elizabethtown (2005) ★★ Orlando Bloom, Kirsten Dunst. In Kentucky to bury his father, a troubled man gets his life on track with the help of a free-spirited flight attendant. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 3 mins. Showtime Tues. 7:55 a.m. Showtime Wed. 2:45 a.m.

Emma (1932) ★★★ Marie Dressler, Richard Cromwell. Children sue their former nanny after their father, whom she weds, leaves her his fortune. (NR) 1 hr. 13 mins. TCM Mon. 6:45 p.m.

The Emoji Movie (2017) ★ Voices of T.J. Miller, James Corden. Animated. Three emojis embark on an epic adventure through a smartphone to save their world from deletion. (PG) 1 hr. 26 mins. FX Sat. 6 p.m.

Endless Love (1981) ★ Brooke Shields, Martin Hewitt. Parental disapproval of two teenage lovers causes a confusion of arson, death and insanity. (R) 1 hr. 55 mins. EPIX Fri. 8:30 a.m.

Enemy Mine (1985) ★★ Dennis Quaid, Louis Gossett Jr. An Earthian space pilot crash-lands on a planet with a lizardlike warrior from the Dracon Empire. (PG-13) 1 hr. 48 mins. Cinemax Mon. 6:45 a.m.

Enough (2002) ★★ Jennifer Lopez, Billy Campbell. After running away fails, a terrified woman empowers herself in order to battle her abusive husband. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. Sundance Thur. 2 p.m. Sundance Fri. 11 a.m.

Epic (2013) ★★ Voices of Colin Farrell, Josh Hutcherson. Animated. Magically transported to a secret realm, a teenage girl joins an ongoing battle between the forces of good, which keep the natural world vital, and the forces of evil, which want to destroy it. (PG) 1 hr. 43 mins. Nickelodeon Mon. 8 p.m.

Escape From Planet Earth (2013) ★★ Voices of Rob Corddry, Brendan Fraser. Animated. A heroic astronaut dashes off on an ill-advised rescue mission. After he becomes caught in a fiendish trap, he must rely on his nerdy brother to save him. (PG) 1 hr. 29 mins. Freeform Fri. Noon Freeform Fri. 12:30 p.m.

Escape Room (2019) ★★ Taylor Russell, Logan Miller. Six strangers visit a mysterious building to experience the escape room — a game where players compete to solve a series of puzzles. Terror strikes when they soon learn each room is an elaborate trap that’s part of a sadistic game of life or death. (PG-13) 1 hr. 40 mins. Starz Tues. 12:25 p.m. Starz Tues. 10:01 p.m.

Eulogy (2004) ★★ Hank Azaria, Jesse Bradford. A porn actor, a college student and other members of a dysfunctional family gather for a patriarch’s funeral. (R) 1 hr. 31 mins. EPIX Tues. 8:05 a.m.

Eurotrip (2004) ★★ Scott Mechlowicz, Michelle Trachtenberg. A teenager and his friends have misadventures in Europe while trying to meet one’s pen pal. (R) 1 hr. 29 mins. TNT Sun. Noon

Everfall (2017) Jessica McLeod, Joe Perry. A year after an accident sidelines her skating career, Eva accepts an invitation to a mysterious competition in a remote town. Some terrifying events unfold in the arena, forcing Eva and her team to confront a horrifying reality. (NR) 1 hr. 29 mins. TMC Tues. 11 a.m.

Everly (2014) ★ Salma Hayek, Hiroyuki Watanabe. Fighting back after four years as a yakuza sex-slave, a woman matches wits and weaponry with a legion of killers who are out to collect the bounty on the heads of her and her family. (R) 1 hr. 32 mins. Syfy Mon. 10 a.m. Syfy Tues. 1:59 a.m.

Evil Dead (2013) ★★ Jane Levy, Shiloh Fernandez. At a remote forest cabin, five friends discover a Book of the Dead and unwittingly summon an ancient demon. The malevolent entity possesses each person in succession, until only one is left intact to fight for survival. (R) 1 hr. 31 mins. Syfy Tues. 3 p.m. Syfy Wed. 3:15 a.m. Showtime Fri. 12:30 p.m.

Evil Nanny (2017) Lindsay Elston, Matthew Pohlkamp. When their nanny begins neglecting her duties, the Tripps have no choice but to fire her. They then learn that the nanny has established residency in their home and will have to be legally evicted — which could take months. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Lifetime Sat. 11 a.m.

Exiled: A Law & Order Movie (1998) ★★★ Chris Noth, Benjamin Bratt. Banished to Staten Island, a homicide detective hopes a murder case is his ticket back to his Manhattan precinct. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. Sundance Sun. 3 a.m.

Eye for an Eye (1996) ★★ Sally Field, Kiefer Sutherland. A slain girl’s mother considers vigilantism after police and the courts botch the case against the killer. (R) 1 hr. 37 mins. Ovation Fri. 1 a.m. Ovation Fri. 2 p.m.

The Eye (2008) ★★ Jessica Alba, Alessandro Nivola. Una violinista se somete a un doble trasplante de córneas y percibe imágenes aterradoras provenientes de un mundo que solo ella puede ver. (PG-13) 1 hr. 37 mins. KVEA Sat. 4 p.m.

Eyewitness (1981) ★★ William Hurt, Sigourney Weaver. Pretending to know something about a murder, a janitor seduces a TV newswoman but also becomes a target. (R) 1 hr. 43 mins. Cinemax Sun. 6 a.m. Cinemax Wed. 10:20 a.m.

F

Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

F/X (1986) ★★★ Bryan Brown, Brian Dennehy. Federal agents hire a special-effects man to stage the fake assassination of a mob witness. (R) 1 hr. 48 mins. KCOP Sat. 2 p.m.

The Family That Preys (2008) ★★ Kathy Bates, Alfre Woodard. Secrets and scandals test the friendship of a wealthy socialite and a working-class woman, upsetting both their families. (PG-13) 1 hr. 51 mins. BET Wed. 6 p.m. BET Thur. 3:37 p.m.

Fantastic Mr. Fox (2009) ★★★ Voices of George Clooney, Meryl Streep. Animated. After three nefarious farmers declare war on them, a sly fox rallies his animal neighbors to fight back. (PG) 1 hr. 28 mins. Audience Mon. 2:30 p.m.

Far and Away (1992) ★★★ Tom Cruise, Nicole Kidman. An Irish farmer and his landlord’s daughter come to 1890s Boston, where he boxes and they join the Oklahoma land rush. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 20 mins. Cinemax Wed. 1:30 a.m.

Fast & Furious (2009) ★★ Vin Diesel, Paul Walker. Back in Los Angeles, fugitive Dom Torretto and agent Brian O’Conner reignite their feud but, then, must join forces against a common enemy. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. Syfy Wed. 6:45 p.m. Syfy Thur. 4:30 p.m.

The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift (2006) ★★ Lucas Black, Zachery Ty Bryan. An American street racer in Japan learns an exciting but dangerous new style and goes head-to-head with a local champion who has ties to the Yakuza. (PG-13) 1 hr. 44 mins. Starz Sun. 7:12 a.m. Starz Tues. 1:56 a.m. Starz Tues. 7:14 p.m.

The Fast and the Furious (2001) ★★ Vin Diesel, Paul Walker. An undercover police officer investigates a gang leader suspected of stealing electronic equipment. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. Starz Sun. 5:10 p.m. Starz Fri. 7:11 p.m. Starz Sat. 9:30 a.m.

Fast Five (2011) ★★ Vin Diesel, Paul Walker. En Río de Janeiro, el exconvicto Dom Torretto y el expolicía Brian O’Conner unen fuerzas en contra de un corrupto hombre de negocios que los quiere ver muertos. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 10 mins. KVEA Sun. 3:30 p.m.

Fast Times at Ridgemont High (1982) ★★★ Sean Penn, Jennifer Jason Leigh. The teen scene includes a party-animal surfer, a pregnant girl and a fast-food worker. (R) 1 hr. 30 mins. Paramount Wed. 1:50 a.m.

Faster (2010) ★★ Dwayne Johnson, Billy Bob Thornton. A veteran cop and an assassin track an ex-convict who is on a mission to take revenge on his brother’s killers. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. Showtime Wed. 4:45 p.m. Showtime Thur. Noon

The Fate of the Furious (2017) ★★ Vin Diesel, Dwayne Johnson. Members of the globe-trotting crew face an unexpected challenge when a mysterious woman named Cipher forces Dom to betray them all. Now, they must unite to bring home the man who made them a family and stop her from unleashing chaos. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 16 mins. FX Thur. 7 p.m. FX Thur. 11:30 p.m.

The Favourite (2018) ★★★ Olivia Colman, Rachel Weisz. In early 18th-century England, a frail Queen Anne occupies the throne and her close friend Lady Sarah governs the country in her stead. When new servant Abigail arrives, her charm endears her to Sarah. (R) 2 hrs. HBO Wed. 12:35 p.m.

Female (1933) ★★ Ruth Chatterton, George Brent. An auto-company president finds her right-hand man by process of elimination. (NR) 1 hr. 5 mins. TCM Fri. 9 a.m.

Ferocious Planet (2011) ★★★ Joe Flanigan, John Rhys-Davies. An experimental machine transports a group of people to a new dimension filled with predatory alien creatures. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Syfy Sat. 1:59 a.m.

Fever Pitch (2005) ★★ Drew Barrymore, Jimmy Fallon. A corporate executive falls for an affable schoolteacher obsessed with the Boston Red Sox. (PG-13) 1 hr. 43 mins. Starz Thur. 3:36 p.m.

Field of Dreams (1989) ★★★ Kevin Costner, Amy Madigan. An inspired Iowa farmer builds a baseball field, then sees Shoeless Joe Jackson’s ghost and other marvels. (PG) 1 hr. 46 mins. BBC America Sat. 10 a.m. BBC America Sat. 3:30 p.m.

Fiesta en el Corazón (1958) Antonio Aguilar, Fernando Casanova. Dos charros atraen a bellas mujeres a través de las canciones que cantan y ellas les corresponden con su amor. (NR) 1 hr. 29 mins. KWHY Wed. Noon

Fifty Shades Freed (2018) ★ Dakota Johnson, Jamie Dornan. Believing they’ve left behind the shadowy figures from the past, Christian Grey and his new wife, Anastasia, fully embrace their inextricable connection — until sinister events start to jeopardize their happy ending before it even begins. (R) 1 hr. 45 mins. Cinemax Wed. 9:40 p.m.

Fight Club (1999) ★★★ Brad Pitt, Edward Norton. Two young professionals create an underground club where men can compete in hand-to-hand combat. (R) 2 hrs. 19 mins. Cinemax Thur. 2:10 p.m.

The Final Cut (2004) ★★ Robin Williams, Mira Sorvino. A man who assembles films from people’s memory chips finds a connection to his own darkest secret in the footage from a dead executive. (PG-13) 1 hr. 35 mins. Audience Sun. 9 p.m. Audience Mon. 1 a.m. Audience Fri. 2 p.m. Audience Fri. 5 p.m.

Final Destination 5 (2011) ★★ Nicholas D’Agosto, Emma Bell. La premonición de un hombre salva a varias personas del fatal colapso de un puente y varias almas desafortunadas descubren que la muerte no puede ser engañada. (R) 1 hr. 32 mins. UNIMAS Sat. 6:30 p.m. KFTR Sat. 9:30 p.m. UNIMAS Sat. 11 p.m. KFTR Sun. 2 a.m.

Finding Dory (2016) ★★★ Voices of Ellen DeGeneres, Albert Brooks. Animada. Con la ayuda de Nemo y Marlin, Dory, el olvidadizo pez, se embarca en la misión de reunirse con su madre y padre. (PG) 1 hr. 43 mins. KVEA Sat. 7 p.m. Freeform Sun. 6:40 p.m.

Finding Nemo (2003) ★★★★ Voices of Albert Brooks, Ellen DeGeneres. Animated. A clown fish embarks on a journey to find his son after losing him in the Great Barrier Reef. (G) 1 hr. 40 mins. Freeform Sun. 4:10 p.m.

Finding Your Feet (2017) Joanna Lumley, Celia Imrie. A middle-class snob on the eve of retirement takes refuge with her bohemian sister after she discovers her husband is having an affair with her best friend. (PG-13) 1 hr. 51 mins. EPIX Fri. 3:50 a.m.

Fingers at the Window (1942) ★★ Lew Ayres, Laraine Day. During a spree of axe murders in Chicago, Oliver sees a sinister figure following Edwina, and escorts her home. As he keeps watch, Oliver spots the man with an axe and tries to catch him to claim a reward. (NR) 1 hr. 20 mins. TCM Tues. 4:30 a.m.

Fire in the Sky (1993) ★★ D.B. Sweeney, Robert Patrick. Based on the true story of an Arizona lumberjack who claimed to have been abducted by aliens. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. Encore Tues. 11:23 a.m. Encore Wed. 8:54 a.m.

The Firm (1993) ★★★ Tom Cruise, Jeanne Tripplehorn. A law-school grad uncovers a sinister secret about the Tennessee firm that made him an offer he couldn’t refuse. (R) 2 hrs. 34 mins. TMC Tues. 5:25 p.m. TMC Sat. 4 p.m.

First Man (2018) ★★★ Ryan Gosling, Claire Foy. Engineer Neil Armstrong spends years in training after joining NASA in the 1960s. On July 16, 1969, the nation and world watch in wonder as Armstrong and fellow astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins embark on a historic mission to the moon. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 21 mins. HBO Sun. 7:05 a.m. HBO Sat. 1:30 p.m.

The First Wives Club (1996) ★★★ Goldie Hawn, Bette Midler. Three 50-ish college friends plot revenge after their husbands dump them for younger women. (PG) 1 hr. 42 mins. EPIX Thur. 4:40 p.m.

A Fish Called Wanda (1988) ★★★ John Cleese, Jamie Lee Curtis. An American flirts with a crook, a barrister and a mercenary to find diamonds in London. (R) 1 hr. 47 mins. Showtime Wed. 5 a.m.

Flashdance (1983) ★★ Jennifer Beals, Michael Nouri. A Pittsburgh welder dances nights in a bar, dates her boss and dreams of going to ballet school. (R) 1 hr. 35 mins. Ovation Fri. 4 p.m. Ovation Sat. 2 p.m.

Flatliners (2017) ★ Ellen Page, Diego Luna. Five medical students trigger near-death experiences to gain insight into the mystery of what lies beyond the confines of life. As their experiments become more perilous, each must face the paranormal consequences of journeying to the other side. (PG-13) 1 hr. 48 mins. Encore Thur. 8 a.m. Encore Thur. 3:19 p.m. Encore Fri. 2:08 a.m.

Flawless (1999) ★★ Robert De Niro, Philip Seymour Hoffman. After a debilitating stroke and on his doctor’s advice, a conservative man takes singing lessons from a drag-queen neighbor. (R) 1 hr. 52 mins. EPIX Thur. 7:35 a.m.

Flight (2012) ★★★ Denzel Washington, Don Cheadle. A veteran pilot makes a miraculous landing after a mechanical malfunction sends his plane hurtling toward the ground, but an investigation into the incident reveals that he was drunk at the time. (R) 2 hrs. 18 mins. TNT Tues. 8 p.m. TNT Wed. 5 p.m.

Flight 93 (2006) ★★ Jeffrey Nordling, Ty Olsson. On Sept. 11, 2001, courageous passengers aboard a hijacked airplane fight back against terrorists. (PG-13) 1 hr. 30 mins. CMT Wed. 9 p.m. CMT Wed. 11:15 p.m. CMT Thur. 1:30 a.m.

The Flintstones (1994) ★★ John Goodman, Elizabeth Perkins. Betty’s Barney helps Wilma’s Fred move up the ladder at Slate & Co. in Stone Age Bedrock. (PG) 1 hr. 32 mins. Freeform Wed. Noon

Flip That Romance (2019) Julie Gonzalo, Tyler Hynes. As spring blooms, rival house flippers find themselves renovating dual sides of a duplex. As they attempt to out-do each other every step of the way, the stakes of the renovation escalate and an old romance is rekindled. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sun. Noon Hallmark Wed. 6 p.m.

Fluidity (2019) Nico Tortorella, Isabella Farrell. Ten millennials search for love in the age of social media. (NR) TMC Thur. 3:10 a.m.

Follow the Boys (1963) ★★ Connie Francis, Paula Prentiss. Bonnie, Toni, Michele and Liz follow the course of their Navy mates along the Riviera. (NR) 1 hr. 35 mins. TCM Thur. 8:30 a.m.

Fools Rush In (1997) ★★ Matthew Perry, Salma Hayek. A New York WASP and a feisty Latina wed when a one-night fling leaves her pregnant. (PG-13) 1 hr. 48 mins. E Thur. 2 a.m. E Thur. 4 a.m.

The Foreigner (2017) ★★ Jackie Chan, Pierce Brosnan. A businessman embarks on a revenge-fueled vendetta after his daughter dies in a terrorist bombing. His search leads to a cat-and-mouse conflict with a British government official whose past may hold the clues to the identities of the elusive killers. (R) 1 hr. 54 mins. TMC Sun. 11:05 a.m. TMC Thur. 8 p.m.

The Forest (2016) ★★ Natalie Dormer, Taylor Kinney. While investigating the disappearance of her twin sister, a young American encounters the tormented spirits of Japan’s mysterious and legendary Aokigahara Forest. (PG-13) 1 hr. 33 mins. HBO Fri. 10:30 a.m.

Forever in My Heart (2019) Jack Turner, Merritt Patterson. Two people find love in Ireland but their dreams drive them apart. Five years later, they reunite and the woman must decide where her heart belongs. (NR) 2 hrs. Hallmark Sat. 9 p.m.

Forrest Gump (1994) ★★★★ Tom Hanks, Robin Wright. JFK, LBJ, Vietnam, Watergate and other history unfold through the perspective of an Alabama man with an IQ of 75. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 22 mins. CMT Sun. 2:30 p.m. CMT Sun. 6 p.m. VH1 Fri. 7 p.m. VH1 Sat. 3:15 p.m.

48 HRS. (1982) ★★★ Nick Nolte, Eddie Murphy. A rumpled detective gets a slick convict released into his custody for two days to help him find a murderer in San Francisco. (R) 1 hr. 37 mins. KDOC Sun. 8 p.m.

Four Weddings and a Funeral (1994) ★★★ Hugh Grant, Andie MacDowell. An English charmer and a lusty American make love over a course of surprising events. (R) 1 hr. 56 mins. Showtime Mon. 8:30 a.m.

The Fourth Angel (2001) ★★ Jeremy Irons, Forest Whitaker. A magazine editor seeks revenge against terrorists who botched a hijacking and killed his wife and children. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. Audience Tues. 8 p.m. Audience Wed. Noon

Frankie and Johnny (1991) ★★★ Al Pacino, Michelle Pfeiffer. An ex-convict short-order cook chases a Manhattan waitress who plays hard to get. (R) 1 hr. 58 mins. Cinemax Mon. 10:05 p.m.

Freaky Friday (2003) ★★★ Jamie Lee Curtis, Lindsay Lohan. Two fortune cookies cause an engaged psychotherapist and her teenage daughter to magically exchange bodies. (PG) 1 hr. 36 mins. Freeform Sun. Noon

Free Money (1998) ★ Marlon Brando, Charlie Sheen. Sven Sorenson forces Bud and Larry to marry his twin daughters when they become pregnant. Fed up with Sven’s tyranny, his sons-in-law decide to rob a passing train and make their escape. (R) 1 hr. 34 mins. EPIX Wed. 7:15 a.m.

Freeheld (2015) ★★ Julianne Moore, Ellen Page. With help from colleague Dane Wells and activist Steven Goldstein, terminally ill New Jersey detective Laurel Hester fights for pension benefits for her domestic partner Stacie Andree. (PG-13) 1 hr. 43 mins. Cinemax Tues. 2:40 a.m.

Frida (2002) ★★★ Salma Hayek, Alfred Molina. Mexican painter Frida Kahlo marries fellow artist Diego Rivera who shares her radical political views. (R) 2 hrs. 3 mins. Ovation Sun. Noon

Friday After Next (2002) ★ Ice Cube, Mike Epps. Working as security guards, Craig and Day-Day run into the thief who stole their Christmas presents. (R) 1 hr. 22 mins. VH1 Sun. 1:10 p.m.

Friday the 13th (1980) ★★ Betsy Palmer, Adrienne King. The reopening of Camp Crystal Lake spells murder and mayhem for a group of sexually promiscuous counselors. (R) 1 hr. 35 mins. AMC Fri. 8 p.m.

Friday the 13th (2009) ★ Jared Padalecki, Danielle Panabaker. While searching for his missing sister, a young man and a group of student revelers encounter a hockey-masked killer and his razor-sharp machete at the ruins of Camp Crystal Lake. (R) 1 hr. 37 mins. AMC Fri. 6 p.m.

Friday the 13th – Part III (1982) ★ Dana Kimmell, Paul Kratka. New teens learn of Camp Crystal Lake’s grisly heritage. (R) 1 hr. 32 mins. AMC Fri. 10 a.m.

Friday the 13th — A New Beginning (1985) ★ John Shepard, Melanie Kinnaman. Teens flee and use a chain saw against someone wearing slasher Jason’s hockey mask. (R) 1 hr. 31 mins. AMC Fri. 2 p.m.

Friday the 13th, Part 2 (1981) ★ Amy Steel, John Furey. Mrs. Voorhees’ son Jason is waiting when another load of teens tries to make a buck at Camp Crystal. (R) 1 hr. 27 mins. AMC Fri. 10 p.m.

Friday the 13th, Part VI: Jason Lives (1986) ★ Thom Mathews, Jennifer Cooke. Teenage Tommy meets masked-killer Jason, brought back by a lightning bolt at the lake. (R) 1 hr. 25 mins. AMC Fri. 4 p.m.

Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter (1984) ★ Kimberly Beck, Peter Barton. Hockey-masked Jason goes after another batch of teens at Crystal Lake. (R) 1 hr. 31 mins. AMC Fri. Noon

Frisco Jenny (1933) ★★ Ruth Chatterton, Donald Cook. A Barbary Coast madam’s illegitimate son, a district attorney, tries her for murder. (NR) 1 hr. 10 mins. TCM Fri. 10:15 a.m.

From Friend to Fiancé (2019) Jocelyn Hudon, Ryan Paevey. Things get complicated when a woman’s best friend from high school asks her to help plan his wedding to a girl that she secretly despises. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sat. 7 p.m.

The Front Runner (2018) ★★ Hugh Jackman, Vera Farmiga. Democrat Gary Hart becomes the front-runner for the 1988 presidential nomination until allegations of an extramarital affair derail his campaign. (R) 1 hr. 53 mins. Starz Wed. 4:52 p.m. Starz Thur. 1:40 p.m.

The Fugitive (1993) ★★★ Harrison Ford, Tommy Lee Jones. A U.S. marshal hunts a doctor on the run who was convicted of murdering his wife. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 7 mins. AMC Sat. 5 p.m.

Furious 7 (2015) ★★★ Vin Diesel, Paul Walker. A smooth-talking government agent offers to help Dominic Toretto and his gang eliminate a dangerous enemy in exchange for their help in rescuing a kidnapped computer hacker. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 17 mins. FX Wed. 7 p.m. FX Thur. 4 p.m.

Furlough (2018) Tessa Thompson, Whoopi Goldberg. When an inmate is granted one weekend of freedom to see her dying mother, a rookie correction officer struggles to keep her under control. (R) 1 hr. 23 mins. TMC Tues. 6 a.m. TMC Fri. 9:45 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra (2009) ★ Channing Tatum, Dennis Quaid. The elite G.I. Joe team uses the latest technology in its battle against corrupt arms dealer Destro and a mysterious organization known as Cobra. (PG-13) 1 hr. 58 mins. EPIX Sat. 4:25 p.m.

Gaslight (1940) ★★ Anton Walbrook, Diana Wynyard. A schizoid Victorian tries to drive his wife mad; a Scotland Yard detective figures out why. (NR) 1 hr. 28 mins. TCM Tues. 3:15 p.m.

Los gemelos alborotados (1982) Antonio Aguilar, Ernesto Gómez Cruz. Un hermano gemelo que fue perdido desde niño reaparece y causa gran confusión en el pueblo. (NR) 1 hr. 25 mins. KWHY Thur. Noon

Get Hard (2015) ★★ Will Ferrell, Kevin Hart. The prison-bound manager of a hedge fund asks a black businessman — who has never been to jail — to prepare him for life behind bars. (R) 1 hr. 39 mins. TNT Sun. 8 p.m.

Get Over It (2001) ★★ Kirsten Dunst, Ben Foster. After splitting up with his girlfriend, a teenager becomes interested in his best friend’s younger sister. (PG-13) 1 hr. 22 mins. HBO Mon. 11:30 a.m.

The Getaway (2018) Aaron Paul, Emily Ratajkowski. A couple’s attempt at reconciling their relationship at a rental house in Italy is interrupted by the owner’s evil plans. (R) 1 hr. 37 mins. Cinemax Wed. 8 p.m.

Ghost (1990) ★★★ Patrick Swayze, Demi Moore. A slain Manhattan yuppie reaches out to his lover, with a medium as his middlewoman. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 7 mins. Sundance Fri. 1 p.m. Sundance Sat. 1:21 a.m. BBC America Sat. 12:30 p.m. BBC America Sat. 6 p.m.

Ghost in the Shell (2017) ★★ Scarlett Johansson, Pilou Asb`aek. A one-of-a-kind, cyber-enhanced soldier must battle a new enemy who can hack into people’s minds and control them. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. Syfy Sun. 9 p.m. Syfy Mon. 6:35 p.m.

A Gift to Remember (2017) Peter Porte, Ali Liebert. A hopeless romantic, Darcy, insists on being swept off her feet. One day, while bicycling to work, Darcy crashes into a sharply dressed man walking his dog. He falls into a coma; she takes the dog home, waiting to reunite him with his owner. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Fri. 8 p.m.

The Girl With All the Gifts (2016) Gemma Arterton, Glenn Close. In the future, a strange fungus has changed nearly everyone into a thoughtless, flesh-eating monster. When a scientist and a teacher find a girl who seems to be immune to the fungus, they all begin a journey to save humanity. (R) 1 hr. 51 mins. Syfy Tues. 12:30 p.m.

The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo (2011) ★★★ Daniel Craig, Rooney Mara. A disgraced journalist and an investigator for a security firm probe a 40-year-old murder. (R) 2 hrs. 38 mins. TNT Sun. 11 a.m.

Glory Road (2006) ★★★ Josh Lucas, Derek Luke. Coach Don Haskins leads the first all-black basketball team to NCAA victory during the 1966 season. (PG) 1 hr. 57 mins. TMC Thur. 1 p.m.

The Godfathers of Hardcore (2017) Roger Miret, Vinnie Stigma. Roger Miret and Vinnie Stigma and their band Agnostic Front remain relevant in the New York music scene. (NR) 1 hr. 35 mins. TMC Mon. 11 a.m.

Godzilla (1954) ★★ Takashi Shimura, Momoko Kochi. A fire-breathing behemoth terrorizes Japan after an atomic bomb awakens it from its centuries-old sleep. (NR) 1 hr. 38 mins. IFC Sun. 6:30 a.m.

Gone Baby Gone (2007) ★★★ Casey Affleck, Michelle Monaghan. Two private investigators tread dangerous ground as they scour the Boston underworld for a kidnapped child. (R) 1 hr. 55 mins. Starz Wed. 10:52 p.m.

Gone in Sixty Seconds (2000) ★ Nicolas Cage, Angelina Jolie. A former thief must agree to steal 50 cars in one night to save his brother from being killed by a vehicle smuggler. (PG-13) 1 hr. 57 mins. Showtime Sat. 6 a.m.

A Good Day to Die Hard (2013) ★★ Bruce Willis, Jai Courtney. New York City cop John McClane and his estranged son must put aside their differences and work together to get a Russian whistleblower to safety and thwart a disastrous crime in Chernobyl. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. TNT Sun. 2 p.m.

The Good Dinosaur (2015) ★★★ Voices of Jeffrey Wright, Frances McDormand. Animated. With help from a friendly Neanderthal boy, a young dinosaur embarks on an epic adventure to reunite with his beloved family. (PG) 1 hr. 32 mins. Encore Tues. 7:36 p.m.

Good News (1947) ★★★ June Allyson, Peter Lawford. A college coed tempts a football hero, but a student librarian wins him. (NR) 1 hr. 35 mins. TCM Mon. 8 a.m.

Goodland (2017) Matt Weiss, Cinnamon Schultz. When a stranger arrives the same day a body is discovered outside of town, a local sheriff tries to piece together a string of events that don’t quite add up. (NR) 1 hr. 24 mins. Showtime Tues. 4:30 a.m.

Grease 2 (1982) ★★ Maxwell Caulfield, Michelle Pfeiffer. A square British exchange student turns hip motorcyclist to woo a cool girl in his 1961 high school. (PG) 1 hr. 55 mins. Ovation Sun. 6:30 p.m. Ovation Wed. 6:30 p.m. Ovation Thur. 11 a.m.

The Great Dictator (1940) ★★★ Charles Chaplin, Paulette Goddard. A Jewish barber looks like Adenoid Hynkel, dictator of Tomania, who meets Benzino Napaloni, dictator of Bacteria. (G) 2 hrs. 8 mins. TCM Wed. 1 p.m.

The Greatest Showman (2017) ★★ Hugh Jackman, Zac Efron. P.T. Barnum indulges his limitless imagination to create the Barnum & Bailey circus in the 1800s. Featuring musical numbers, exotic performers and daring feats, the mesmerizing spectacle takes the world by storm to become the greatest show on Earth. (PG) 1 hr. 45 mins. Cinemax Mon. 4:20 p.m.

Greed (1924) ★★★★ Gibson Gowland, ZaSu Pitts. Silent. A San Francisco dentist marries a lottery winner, and a jealous man follows him to Death Valley. (NR) 3 hrs. 59 mins. TCM Tues. 12:15 p.m.

Green Card (1990) ★★ Gérard Depardieu, Andie MacDowell. A Frenchman and a New Yorker find love in a mismatched marriage of convenience. (PG-13) 1 hr. 48 mins. Cinemax Thur. 4:55 a.m.

The Green Hornet (2011) ★★ Seth Rogen, Jay Chou. The heir to a newspaper fortune joins forces with a resourceful company employee to bring a powerful Los Angeles crime lord to justice. (PG-13) 1 hr. 59 mins. Encore Sun. 6:58 p.m.

The Green Mile (1999) ★★★ Tom Hanks, David Morse. In 1935 a head prison guard realizes a man on death row may be innocent and have a supernatural ability to heal others. (R) 3 hrs. 9 mins. IFC Sun. 4 p.m. AMC Sat. 8 p.m.

Greenberg (2010) ★★★ Ben Stiller, Greta Gerwig. While taking care of his brother’s Los Angeles home, an unhappy carpenter builds a relationship with an equally lost soul. (R) 1 hr. 47 mins. Cinemax Sat. 10:15 a.m.

The Grey (2012) ★★★ Liam Neeson, Frank Grillo. A pack of hungry wolves pursues survivors of a plane crash, who are trekking through the Alaskan wilderness to find civilization. (R) 1 hr. 57 mins. Starz Thur. 11:40 a.m.

Gridiron Flash (1935) ★ Eddie Quillan, Betty Furness. A prison athlete gets a chance to play college football and date the coach’s niece. (NR) 1 hr. 2 mins. TCM Fri. 9:15 p.m.

Grown Ups 2 (2013) ★ Adam Sandler, Kevin James. Lenny Feder moves his family back to his hometown to be with his old friends and finds out that he didn’t leave the crazy life behind in Los Angeles. (PG-13) 1 hr. 40 mins. FX Sun. 8 p.m. FX Sun. 11:01 p.m.

Guerra de sexos (1979) Ana Luisa Pelufo, Eduardo de la Peña. Dentro de un grupo estalla una competencia tratando de demostrar cuál de los sexos es el más “sexualmente’’ fuerte. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. KWHY Mon. Noon

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

Hail, Caesar! (2016) ★★★ Josh Brolin, George Clooney. A studio fixer springs into action when a top movie star gets kidnapped while in costume for the swords-and-sandals epic “Hail, Caesar!’’ (PG-13) 1 hr. 46 mins. HBO Wed. 3:10 p.m.

Hall Pass (2011) ★★ Owen Wilson, Jason Sudeikis. Two men get permission from their wives to spend one week doing whatever they please, without fear of consequences. (R) 1 hr. 46 mins. IFC Sat. 3:15 p.m. IFC Sun. 3:15 a.m.

Halloween II (2009) ★ Malcolm McDowell, Tyler Mane. Evil comes home to roost, as unstoppable killer Michael Myers returns to Haddonfield to restore his family, together with his ghostly matriarch. (R) 1 hr. 45 mins. IFC Wed. 1:30 a.m. IFC Wed. Noon

Hancock (2008) ★★ Will Smith, Charlize Theron. A scruffy superhero protects the citizens of Los Angeles but leaves horrendous collateral damage in the wake of every well-intentioned feat. (PG-13) 1 hr. 32 mins. Freeform Mon. 11 a.m. Freeform Tues. Noon

The Hand That Rocks the Cradle (1992) ★★★ Annabella Sciorra, Rebecca De Mornay. To carry out her plan of revenge, an unhinged woman charms a Seattle couple into hiring her as a nanny. (R) 1 hr. 50 mins. Ovation Sat. 6 p.m.

The Hangover Part II (2011) ★★ Bradley Cooper, Ed Helms. Hoping to avoid the mayhem that marked his friend’s Las Vegas bachelor party, Stu opts for what he thinks will be a safe prewedding brunch in Thailand. (R) 1 hr. 42 mins. Comedy Central Sun. 6:30 p.m. Comedy Central Sun. 9 p.m.

The Hangover Part III (2013) ★★ Bradley Cooper, Ed Helms. Phil, Stu and Doug take Alan on a road trip to help him through a personal crisis. Meanwhile, Mr. Chow breaks out of prison and prepares to wreak havoc. (R) 1 hr. 40 mins. FXX Wed. 8 p.m. FXX Wed. 10 p.m.

Hansel & Gretel: Witch Hunters (2013) ★★ Jeremy Renner, Gemma Arterton. Brother and sister, Hansel and Gretel, are the ultimate witch-hunting vigilantes. Now, unknown to them, they have become the hunted and must face a greater evil than witches: their past. (R) 1 hr. 28 mins. Syfy Mon. 9 p.m. Syfy Tues. 7 p.m.

A Happening of Monumental Proportions (2017) Jennifer Garner, Allison Janney. Administrators at an elementary school scramble to hide a dead body from students and parents on Career Day. (R) 1 hr. 21 mins. Encore Thur. 4:55 a.m.

The Happytime Murders (2018) ★ Melissa McCarthy, Elizabeth Banks. In the seedy underbelly of Los Angeles, two clashing detectives — one human and the other a puppet — must work together to solve the brutal murders of former cast members of a beloved puppet TV show. (R) 1 hr. 31 mins. Showtime Thur. 9:30 p.m.

Harlem Nights (1989) ★★ Eddie Murphy, Richard Pryor. Business partners sting a white mobster trying to take over their nightclub in 1930s Harlem. (R) 1 hr. 58 mins. BET Thur. 9 p.m. BET Fri. 1 p.m.

Haunter (2013) ★★★ Abigail Breslin, Stephen McHattie. The ghost of a teenager tries to protect a young girl and her family from a dead serial killer who can possess the living. (NR) 1 hr. 37 mins. TMC Mon. 7:35 a.m.

The Haunting (1999) ★ Liam Neeson, Catherine Zeta-Jones. A parapsychologist and three others stay in a house reputed to be the site of many awful tragedies. (PG-13) 1 hr. 54 mins. TMC Wed. 12:05 p.m.

Havana (1990) ★★ Robert Redford, Lena Olin. An American gambler loves a rich rebel’s wife in 1958 Cuba on the verge of Castro. (R) 2 hrs. 25 mins. Cinemax Wed. 2 p.m. Cinemax Sat. 12:05 p.m.

Head of State (2003) ★★ Chris Rock, Bernie Mac. An alderman becomes a presidential candidate and chooses his unsophisticated brother as a running mate. (PG-13) 1 hr. 35 mins. TBS Mon. 4 a.m.

Heat (1987) ★ Burt Reynolds, Karen Young. A down-and-out Las Vegas gambler/bodyguard hunts a mob punk for beating up his hooker friend. (R) 1 hr. 42 mins. Encore Fri. 12:30 p.m.

Heaven’s Gate (1980) ★★ Kris Kristofferson, Christopher Walken. A well-educated marshal defends immigrant settlers against cattle barons in 1890s Wyoming. (R) 2 hrs. 29 mins. TMC Mon. 3:50 p.m.

Heidi (1937) ★★★ Shirley Temple, Jean Hersholt. An aunt takes a Swiss orphan from the girl’s grandfather in the Swiss Alps and puts her to work in Frankfurt as companion to a disabled child. (G) 1 hr. 28 mins. TCM Mon. 5 p.m.

Hellboy II: The Golden Army (2008) ★★★ Ron Perlman, Selma Blair. Hellboy and his team face an underworld prince who plans to awaken a lethal army and use it to reclaim Earth for his magical kindred. (PG-13) 2 hrs. AXS Mon. 6 p.m. AXS Mon. 8 p.m.

The Help (2011) ★★★ Viola Davis, Emma Stone. Determined to become a writer, a 1960s Mississippi society girl turns her small town on its ear by interviewing black women who work for prominent white families. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 26 mins. Showtime Fri. 10:45 a.m. Showtime Fri. 6:30 p.m.

Hi, Gaucho! (1936) ★ John Carroll, Steffi Duna. An Argentine cowboy saves a don’s daughter from a bandit. (NR) 59 mins. TCM Sat. 5:28 a.m.

High School Lover (2017) Paulina Singer, François Arnaud. A 17-year-old girl considers herself lucky to have attracted the attention of a much older actor until she realizes that his attention is beginning to border on obsession. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Lifetime Sun. 4 p.m.

High Wall (1947) ★★★ Robert Taylor, Audrey Totter. A mental-hospital psychiatrist helps a dazed ex-bomber pilot found next to his strangled wife. (NR) 1 hr. 39 mins. TCM Tues. 6 a.m.

La Hija del Ministro (1952) Luis Aguilar, Rosita Arenas. Un modesto burócrata se enamora de la hija mimada de un ministro rico, ella tiene un plan para iniciar el romance. (NR) 1 hr. 40 mins. KWHY Tues. 9 a.m.

Hitch (2005) ★★★ Will Smith, Eva Mendes. A smooth-talking man falls for a hardened columnist while helping a shy accountant woo a beautiful heiress. (PG-13) 1 hr. 57 mins. E Wed. 8 p.m. E Wed. 11 p.m.

Hitman: Agent 47 (2015) ★ Rupert Friend, Hannah Ware. Endowed with strength, speed, stamina and intelligence, a genetically engineered assassin targets a mega-corporation that plans to unlock the secret of his past to create an army of killers even more powerful than him. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. FX Sun. 12:30 p.m. FX Mon. 10 a.m.

The Hitman’s Bodyguard (2017) ★★ Ryan Reynolds, Samuel L. Jackson. The world’s top protection agent gets a new client: a hitman who came in from the cold. After being on the opposite ends of a bullet for years, they must team up and have only 24 hours to get to The Hague to bring down a murderous dictator. (R) 1 hr. 58 mins. USA Sat. 8 p.m. USA Sat. 10:20 p.m.

Hitsville: The Making of Motown (2019) Berry Gordy, Smokey Robinson. Motown Records becomes the most successful label of all time after its formation in 1958 Detroit amid racial tension and the burgeoning civil rights movement. (NR) 1 hr. 53 mins. Showtime Sun. 4:30 p.m. Showtime Thur. 6:30 a.m.

The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012) ★★ Ian McKellen, Martin Freeman. At the urging of the wizard Gandalf, unassuming hobbit Bilbo Baggins joins 13 dwarves on a perilous quest to reclaim the kingdom of Erebor and gains possession of the powerful One Ring. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 49 mins. TBS Fri. 8 p.m. TBS Sat. 1 p.m.

The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013) ★★★ Ian McKellen, Martin Freeman. Bilbo and his companions continue their journey east and brave many dangers on their way to the Lonely Mountain, culminating in an encounter with the fearsome dragon Smaug. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 40 mins. TBS Fri. 11:30 p.m. TBS Sat. 4:30 p.m.

Hold That Hypnotist (1957) ★★ Bowery Boys, Robert Foulk. When one of the Boys agrees to be hypnotized, he discovers he led a past life in the 1600s as a British tax collector. (NR) 1 hr. 1 mins. TCM Sat. 7:07 a.m.

Hollywoodland (2006) ★★ Adrien Brody, Ben Affleck. A detective uncovers unexpected links to his own personal life as he probes the mysterious death of “Superman’’ actor George Reeves in 1959. (R) 2 hrs. 6 mins. Starz Thur. 12:50 p.m.

Holmes & Watson (2018) ★ Will Ferrell, John C. Reilly. Detective Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson join forces to investigate a murder at Buckingham Palace. They soon learn that they have only four days to solve the case, or the queen will become the next victim. (PG-13) 1 hr. 30 mins. Starz Mon. 11:47 a.m. Starz Tues. 5:49 a.m.

Home (2015) ★★ Voices of Jim Parsons, Rihanna. Animated. After an alien race called the Boov take over Earth, a resourceful human girl becomes a banished Boov’s ally. (PG) 1 hr. 34 mins. FX Sat. Noon

Honey (2003) ★★ Jessica Alba, Mekhi Phifer. A dancer/choreographer organizes a benefit to raise money for a new studio for inner-city youth. (PG-13) 1 hr. 34 mins. HBO Thur. 5:20 a.m.

The Honeymoon Machine (1961) ★★★ Steve McQueen, Jim Hutton. A Navy officer, his buddy and a computer whiz devise a ship-to-shore scheme to win at roulette. (NR) 1 hr. 28 mins. TCM Thur. 11:45 a.m.

The Honeymooners (2005) ★★ Cedric the Entertainer, Mike Epps. New York bus driver Ralph Kramden and pal Ed Norton test their wives’ patience with moneymaking schemes that end in failure. (PG-13) 1 hr. 30 mins. Ovation Mon. 11 p.m. Ovation Tues. 4 p.m.

Hook (1991) ★★★ Dustin Hoffman, Robin Williams. Aided by Tinker Bell, a corporate lawyer turns into Peter Pan to rescue his children from Captain Hook. (PG) 2 hrs. 24 mins. Freeform Wed. 1:30 p.m.

The Horizontal Lieutenant (1962) ★★★ Jim Hutton, Paula Prentiss. A clumsy lieutenant flirts with a nurse while searching for a Japanese soldier hiding on an island. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. TCM Thur. 5 a.m.

Horrible Bosses (2011) ★★ Jason Bateman, Charlie Day. Three oppressed workers devise a complex and seemingly foolproof plan to rid themselves of their intolerable employers. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. TBS Sun. 4 p.m.

Horrible Bosses 2 (2014) ★★ Jason Bateman, Charlie Day. After a shady investor steals their new invention, Nick, Dale and Kurt conspire to kidnap the man’s adult son and ransom him to pay off their debts. (R) 1 hr. 48 mins. TBS Sun. 6 p.m.

Hot Tub Time Machine (2010) ★★ John Cusack, Rob Corddry. Following a night of drinking in a ski-resort hot tub, four pals awake in 1986, getting a chance to rewrite the past. (R) 1 hr. 39 mins. EPIX Mon. 4:15 p.m.

Hotel Artemis (2018) ★★ Jodie Foster, Sterling K. Brown. As rioting rocks Los Angeles in the year 2028, an arms dealer, a French assassin, disgruntled thieves and an injured cop make their way to Hotel Artemis — a members-only hospital for criminals that’s operated by a high-tech healer called the Nurse. (R) 1 hr. 33 mins. Showtime Tues. 4:20 p.m.

House Party (1990) ★★★ Robin Harris, Christopher Reid. Kid is grounded by his dad for fighting, but he is determined to sneak out to go to a huge party at Play’s house and meet up with the hottest girl in school. (R) 1 hr. 40 mins. BET Sat. 11:55 a.m.

How Stella Got Her Groove Back (1998) ★★ Angela Bassett, Taye Diggs. A 40ish San Francisco stockbroker has a fling with a 20-year-old while vacationing in Jamaica. (R) 2 hrs. 4 mins. Cinemax Mon. 8 p.m. Cinemax Sat. 6:30 a.m.

How to Be a Latin Lover (2017) ★★ Eugenio Derbez, Salma Hayek. Forced to live with his sister after his wife dumps him, a desperate man hatches a scheme to seduce a widowed billionaire and live the high life once again. (PG-13) 1 hr. 55 mins. EPIX Fri. 6:30 a.m.

How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days (2003) ★★ Kate Hudson, Matthew McConaughey. A columnist tries to make a man dump her, but he bets his boss that she will fall in love. (PG-13) 1 hr. 56 mins. HBO Thur. 10:30 a.m. HBO Thur. 8:30 p.m. HBO Sat. 11:30 a.m.

The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) ★★★ Voices of Tom Hulce, Demi Moore. Animated. Disney’s musical version of the Victor Hugo classic centers on a disfigured man who rings the bells of Notre Dame Cathedral in 15th-century Paris. (G) 1 hr. 26 mins. Freeform Sun. 10 a.m.

The Hunger Games: Catching Fire (2013) ★★★ Jennifer Lawrence, Josh Hutcherson. After their unprecedented victory in the 74th Hunger Games, Katniss Everdeen and Peeta Mellark embark on a Victors Tour. Katniss senses rebellion is stirring, but a cruel change in the upcoming 75th Hunger Games may change Panem forever. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 26 mins. Syfy Fri. 7 p.m. Syfy Sat. 12:30 p.m.

The Hunger Games: Mockingjay, Part 1 (2014) ★★★ Jennifer Lawrence, Josh Hutcherson. After shattering the games forever, Katniss finds herself in District 13, fighting to save Peeta and a nation moved by her courage. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 3 mins. Syfy Sat. 3:30 p.m.

The Hunger Games: Mockingjay, Part 2 (2015) ★★★ Jennifer Lawrence, Josh Hutcherson. Katniss faces mortal traps, deadly enemies and moral choices when she and her closest friends leave District 13 to assassinate President Snow and liberate the citizens of war-torn Panem. (NR) 2 hrs. 21 mins. Syfy Sat. 6:02 p.m.

The Hunger Games (2012) ★★★ Jennifer Lawrence, Josh Hutcherson. A resourceful teen takes her younger sister’s place in a brutal contest in which youths from each of 12 districts fight to the death on live television. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 22 mins. Syfy Fri. 4 p.m. Syfy Sat. 9:30 a.m.

The Hunt for Red October (1990) ★★★ Sean Connery, Alec Baldwin. Moscow, Washington and a CIA analyst track a renegade Soviet captain and his new submarine. (PG) 2 hrs. 17 mins. Encore Sun. 9 p.m.

Hustle & Flow (2005) ★★★ Terrence Howard, Anthony Anderson. A pimp in Memphis, Tenn., sees rap music as the way to escape his dead-end existence and achieve something meaningful. (R) 1 hr. 55 mins. TMC Wed. 8 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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I Am Number Four (2011) ★★ Alex Pettyfer, Timothy Olyphant. One of nine living on Earth, an alien with extraordinary abilities poses as an ordinary teenager in the hope of evading those sent to kill him. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. Showtime Fri. 2:55 p.m. Showtime Sat. 4 a.m.

I Can Only Imagine (2018) ★★ J. Michael Finley, Madeline Carroll. Growing up in Texas, Bart Millard suffers physical and emotional abuse at the hands of his father. His childhood and relationship with his dad inspires him to write the hit song “I Can Only Imagine’’ as singer of the Christian band MercyMe. (PG) 1 hr. 50 mins. EPIX Tues. 1:55 p.m.

I Feel Pretty (2018) ★★ Amy Schumer, Michelle Williams. Renee is an ordinary gal who struggles with feelings of insecurity and inadequacy. After awakening from a fall, she suddenly gains a renewed sense of self-confidence that makes her believe she is the most beautiful and capable woman on the planet. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. Showtime Mon. 4:30 a.m. Showtime Sun. 4:35 a.m.

I Now Pronounce You Chuck and Larry (2007) ★ Adam Sandler, Kevin James. When bureaucratic red tape prevents him from naming his children as life insurance beneficiaries, a firefighter asks his buddy to pose as his domestic partner. (PG-13) 1 hr. 55 mins. Starz Sat. 6:02 p.m. Starz Sun. 2:32 a.m.

I, Robot (2004) ★★ Will Smith, Bridget Moynahan. In 2035 a Chicago homicide detective tracks a sophisticated robot accused of murdering a visionary scientist. (PG-13) 1 hr. 55 mins. HBO Tues. 8 p.m.

Ice Age: Collision Course (2016) ★★ Voices of Ray Romano, John Leguizamo. Animated. Manny, Sid, Diego and the rest of the herd must leave home after Scrat’s adventure in outer space sends an asteroid hurtling toward Earth. (PG) 1 hr. 34 mins. FX Fri. Noon FX Sat. 10 a.m.

Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs (2009) ★★ Voices of Ray Romano, Denis Leary. Animated. Manny, Diego and the rest of the gang must rescue Sid from an underground world after Sid steals some dinosaur eggs. (PG) 1 hr. 34 mins. Nickelodeon Fri. 8 p.m. Nickelodeon Sat. Noon

An Ideal Husband (1999) ★★★ Rupert Everett, Julianne Moore. A devoted womanizer is called upon to help an old friend whose dark secrets threaten his marriage. (PG-13) 1 hr. 36 mins. HBO Thur. 7 a.m.

Identity Theft of a Cheerleader (2019) Maiara Walsh, Karis Cameron. A woman in her 30s steals the identity of a high school cheerleader. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Lifetime Sun. 10:03 p.m. Lifetime Mon. 2:04 a.m. Lifetime Sat. 6 p.m.

Imaginary Heroes (2004) ★★ Sigourney Weaver, Emile Hirsch. Members of a dysfunctional family react differently to the suicide of the eldest son. (R) 1 hr. 52 mins. Cinemax Mon. 6:05 p.m.

Imperium (2016) ★★★ Daniel Radcliffe, Toni Collette. An idealistic FBI agent goes under cover to infiltrate a white supremacist group that’s plotting an act of terror. (R) 1 hr. 48 mins. Showtime Mon. 11 p.m.

In a Valley of Violence (2016) ★★★ Ethan Hawke, John Travolta. A drifter with nothing to lose aims his sights on the thugs who killed his dog, receiving unlikely assistance from a young woman who runs the dusty town’s hotel with her older sister. (R) 1 hr. 44 mins. Cinemax Thur. 11:50 p.m.

In the Army Now (1994) ★★ Pauly Shore, Andy Dick. Soon after joining the Reserves, two buddies are called to active duty in Africa. (PG) 1 hr. 33 mins. TMC Sat. 8:30 a.m.

In the Line of Fire (1993) ★★★ Clint Eastwood, John Malkovich. An assassin toys with a White House Secret Service agent haunted for 30 years by his failure in 1963 Dallas. (R) 2 hrs. 8 mins. EPIX Sun. 6:50 p.m. Ovation Thur. 10 p.m. Ovation Fri. 11 a.m.

The Inbetweeners (2011) ★★★ Simon Bird, James Buckley. Four uncool misfits take a post-high-school holiday in Malia, Crete, where they encounter a quartet of fun British gals. (R) 1 hr. 37 mins. Audience Thur. 9 p.m.

The Incredible Burt Wonderstone (2013) ★★ Steve Carell, Steve Buscemi. Two long-reigning kings of a Las Vegas magic act must put aside the secret feud between them to prevent a slick new performer from usurping the throne. (PG-13) 1 hr. 40 mins. IFC Thur. 2:45 a.m. IFC Thur. 11:15 a.m.

The Intern (2015) ★★ Robert De Niro, Anne Hathaway. Dissatisfied with retirement, a 70-year-old widower becomes an intern at an online fashion site and develops a special bond with his young boss. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 1 mins. TNT Mon. 8 p.m.

Into the Blue (2005) ★★ Paul Walker, Jessica Alba. Four divers cross paths with drug smugglers whose cargo plane has crashed near the site of underwater treasure. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. EPIX Sat. 7:45 a.m.

Into the Woods (2014) ★★★ Meryl Streep, Emily Blunt. A baker and his wife venture into a magical forest to find the ingredients that will reverse their curse of childlessness and restore the beauty of the ugly witch who placed it on them. (PG) 2 hrs. 4 mins. Encore Tues. 10:51 p.m.

Invincible (2006) ★★ Mark Wahlberg, Greg Kinnear. At 30 years old, bartender Vince Papale sees his wildest dreams come true when he becomes a member of the Philadelphia Eagles football team. (PG) 1 hr. 44 mins. Showtime Sun. 10:15 a.m. Showtime Wed. 3 p.m. Showtime Thur. 4:45 a.m.

Iron Man (2008) ★★★ Robert Downey Jr., Terrence Howard. A wealthy industrialist builds an armored suit and uses it to defeat criminals and terrorists. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 6 mins. USA Fri. 8 p.m. USA Sat. 5:10 p.m.

Iron Man 3 (2013) ★★★ Robert Downey Jr., Gwyneth Paltrow. After a malevolent enemy reduces his world to rubble, Tony Stark must rely on instinct and ingenuity to protect those he loves as he searches for a way to avenge his losses. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 10 mins. FXX Sun. 9 p.m. FXX Mon. 3 p.m.

Iron Man 2 (2010) ★★ Robert Downey Jr., Gwyneth Paltrow. With the world now aware that he is Iron Man, billionaire inventor Tony Stark must forge new alliances and confront a powerful new enemy. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 4 mins. EPIX Sat. 11 p.m.

The Isle (2018) Conleth Hill, Alex Hassell. When three shipwrecked sailors land on an abandoned island that has four sole residents, one of the men starts to question what happened. He soon finds himself in a fight to save his own life while trying to uncover the truth and escape. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. TMC Thur. 3 p.m.

It’s Me, Hilary: The Man Who Drew Eloise (2015) Writer and artist Hilary Knight discusses his life and career, including his illustrations for the “Eloise’’ series of books. (NR) 36 mins. HBO Wed. 9:05 a.m.

The Italian Job (2003) ★★★ Mark Wahlberg, Charlize Theron. A master thief and his crew plan to steal back a fortune in gold bullion after they lose it to a double-crossing gang member. (PG-13) 1 hr. 51 mins. Showtime Tues. 2:30 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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The Jane Austen Book Club (2007) ★★★ Maria Bello, Amy Brenneman. In a book club devoted to the author’s works, several people discover that their own lives closely parallel themes found in Austen’s prose. (PG-13) 1 hr. 46 mins. Ovation Sat. 6:30 a.m.

Jaws (1975) ★★★★ Roy Scheider, Robert Shaw. A New England police chief, a shark hunter and a scientist have a showdown with a huge white shark. (PG) 2 hrs. 4 mins. AMC Wed. 7 p.m. AMC Thur. 2:25 p.m.

Jaws 3 (1983) ★ Dennis Quaid, Bess Armstrong. An engineer and a marine biologist face a mother white shark at a Florida sea park. (PG) 1 hr. 37 mins. AMC Thur. 12:10 p.m.

Jaws 2 (1978) ★★ Roy Scheider, Lorraine Gary. Amity’s citizens and police chief dread another tourist season with a huge white shark near the beach. (PG) 1 hr. 57 mins. AMC Wed. 10 p.m. AMC Thur. 5:25 p.m.

Jeepers Creepers (2001) ★★ Gina Philips, Justin Long. A cloaked figure terrorizes two siblings after they discover mutilated bodies in a country drainpipe. (R) 1 hr. 29 mins. Encore Thur. 9 p.m. Encore Fri. 5:51 a.m. Encore Fri. 2:15 p.m.

Jeepers Creepers 2 (2003) ★★ Ray Wise, Jonathan Breck. A winged creature terrorizes basketball players, coaches and cheerleaders who have become stranded on a highway. (R) 1 hr. 44 mins. Syfy Tues. 9 p.m. Syfy Wed. 4:45 p.m.

Jerry Maguire (1996) ★★★ Tom Cruise, Cuba Gooding Jr. A Los Angeles sports agent finds love with a pretty accountant after an attack of conscience costs him his job and fiancee. (R) 2 hrs. 18 mins. EPIX Wed. 6:40 p.m. EPIX Thur. 11:10 a.m.

Joe (2013) ★★★ Nicolas Cage, Tye Sheridan. The rough-hewn boss of a lumber crew courts trouble when he steps in to protect the youngest member of his team from an abusive father. (R) 1 hr. 57 mins. EPIX Wed. 12:30 p.m. EPIX Sun. 4:55 a.m.

Joe Versus the Volcano (1990) ★★ Tom Hanks, Meg Ryan. A dying man meets three women on his way to Polynesia, where a tycoon expects him to jump into a volcano. (PG) 1 hr. 42 mins. Encore Mon. 7:15 p.m. Encore Tues. 2:34 a.m. Encore Tues. 1:15 p.m.

John Carpenter’s Escape From L.A. (1996) ★★ Kurt Russell, Stacy Keach. The fascist U.S. president enlists a jailed war hero to retrieve a top-secret device stolen by his daughter on island Los Angeles in 2013. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. TMC Thur. 6:15 p.m.

Journal of a Crime (1934) ★★ Ruth Chatterton, Adolphe Menjou. A woman kills her husband’s lover, then loses her memory as well as her guilt. (NR) 1 hr. 4 mins. TCM Fri. 1:15 p.m.

Juego Peligroso (1966) Roberto Guzmán, Lina Santos. Una joven se mete en problemas al ayudar a una pareja. Una millonaria planea el asesinato de la esposa de su amante. (NR) 1 hr. 34 mins. KWHY Tues. Noon

Juice (1992) ★★ Omar Epps, Tupac Shakur. Four Harlem buddies hold up a store, and one of them gets hooked on the thrill of the gun. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. BET Thur. 6:40 p.m.

Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle (2017) ★★★ Dwayne Johnson, Kevin Hart. Four teens embark on the adventure of a lifetime when a video game magically transports them to the jungle and transforms them into adults. (PG-13) 1 hr. 59 mins. Encore Thur. 1:21 a.m. Encore Thur. 9:52 a.m. Encore Thur. 6:58 p.m. Encore Sat. 2:11 p.m. Encore Sat. 7:58 p.m.

Jumping the Broom (2011) ★★ Angela Bassett, Paula Patton. Two diverse families lock horns on Martha’s Vineyard at the wedding of a woman from old money and a man whose mother is a postal worker. (PG-13) 1 hr. 48 mins. Encore Mon. 6:33 a.m. Encore Mon. 2:56 p.m. Encore Sun. 4:34 a.m.

The Jungle Book (2016) ★★★ Neel Sethi, Voice of Bill Murray. Guided by a no-nonsense panther and a free-spirited bear, young Mowgli meets an array of jungle animals as he embarks on an epic journey of self-discovery. (PG) 1 hr. 45 mins. Freeform Fri. 8:30 p.m. Freeform Sat. 3:50 p.m.

Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018) ★★ Chris Pratt, Bryce Dallas Howard. Owen and Claire return to the island of Isla Nublar to save the remaining dinosaurs from a volcano that’s about to erupt. They soon encounter terrifying new breeds of gigantic dinos while uncovering a conspiracy that threatens the entire planet. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 8 mins. HBO Mon. 4:15 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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The Karate Kid Part II (1986) ★★ Ralph Macchio, Noriyuki “Pat’’ Morita. Mr. Miyagi returns to Okinawa with his karate student and meets an old foe’s challenge to a duel. (PG) 1 hr. 53 mins. EPIX Tues. 6 p.m. EPIX Wed. 10:25 a.m.

The Karate Kid Part III (1989) ★★ Ralph Macchio, Noriyuki “Pat’’ Morita. Mr. Miyagi and his student open a bonsai-tree shop, then fight thugs sent by a millionaire toxic-waste dumper. (PG) 1 hr. 51 mins. EPIX Sun. 6:30 a.m.

The Karate Kid (1984) ★★★ Ralph Macchio, Noriyuki “Pat’’ Morita. A New Jersey teen moves to California, meets bullies and learns karate from a handyman, Mr. Miyagi. (PG) 2 hrs. 6 mins. EPIX Tues. 3:50 p.m.

Keeping Up With the Joneses (2016) ★★ Zach Galifianakis, Isla Fisher. An ordinary suburban couple discover it’s not easy keeping up with their gorgeous and ultra-sophisticated new neighbors, the Joneses, especially when they discover that Mr. and Mrs. Jones are really covert operatives. (PG-13) 1 hr. 40 mins. FXX Wed. 3 p.m. FXX Thur. 1 p.m.

Keys to the City (2019) Stephen Bishop, Isaiah Washington. A widower runs for mayor in Atlanta against the man who raised him. (NR) BET Sat. 8 p.m.

Kick-Ass (2010) ★★★ Aaron Johnson, Christopher Mintz-Plasse. Despite a complete lack of extraordinary powers, a teenager reinvents himself as a superhero and, together with a father/daughter team of vigilantes, takes on a mob boss. (R) 1 hr. 57 mins. EPIX Mon. 6 p.m.

Kidnap (2017) ★★ Halle Berry, Sage Correa. A typical afternoon in the park turns into a nightmare for single mother Karla Dyson when kidnappers snatch her young son Frankie. With no cellphone and no time to wait for police, Dyson embarks on a high-speed car chase to save her beloved child. (R) 1 hr. 22 mins. BET Sun. 12:58 p.m.

Kill Bill: Vol. 1 (2003) ★★★ Uma Thurman, Lucy Liu. Awaking from a coma, an assassin seeks vengeance against her former boss and his ruthless gang. (R) 1 hr. 50 mins. Showtime Mon. 4 p.m.

Kill Bill: Vol. 2 (2004) ★★★ Uma Thurman, David Carradine. Before confronting her former boss, an assassin goes after the man’s younger brother and her one-eyed counterpart. (R) 2 hrs. 17 mins. Showtime Mon. 5:55 p.m.

Killer Coach (2016) Keesha Sharp, Javicia Leslie. A world renowned swimming coach pushes an Olympic hopeful to the limit. When the swimmer realizes that the teaching methods might not be the best thing for her, the coach does everything she can to destroy her. (NR) 1 hr. 27 mins. Lifetime Sat. 12:30 p.m.

Killers (2010) ★ Ashton Kutcher, Katherine Heigl. A woman’s perfect suburban life explodes in a hail of bullets when she learns that her husband is an international superspy. (PG-13) 1 hr. 40 mins. EPIX Tues. 1 a.m.

The Kingdom (2007) ★★ Jamie Foxx, Chris Cooper. A sympathetic Saudi police captain helps a team of federal agents flush out a terrorist cell in Riyadh. (R) 1 hr. 50 mins. Encore Wed. 7:01 a.m. Encore Wed. 3:25 p.m. Encore Wed. 11:27 p.m.

Knife Fight (2012) ★ Rob Lowe, Jamie Chung. When his usual methods prove ineffectual, a political strategist takes a gamble on a new client to prove that sometimes dirty battles have to be fought cleanly. (R) 1 hr. 39 mins. IFC Tues. 6 a.m.

A Knight’s Tale (2001) ★★ Heath Ledger, Mark Addy. An English commoner dons the armor of a dead jouster and, with the help of friends, competes against nobles in 14th-century France. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 12 mins. IFC Tues. 5 p.m. IFC Tues. 10:30 p.m. IFC Wed. 2:15 p.m. BBC America Fri. 5 p.m. BBC America Fri. 11:30 p.m.

Knocked Up (2007) ★★★ Seth Rogen, Katherine Heigl. A rising journalist and an irresponsible slacker ponder their future after a boozy one-night stand results in a pregnancy. (R) 2 hrs. 9 mins. IFC Thur. 8 p.m. IFC Fri. Noon

Knowing (2009) ★★ Nicolas Cage, Rose Byrne. Después de leer unas predicciones terribles en una cápsula del tiempo, un profesor de astronomía cree que su familia jugará un papel importante en unos eventos que están por suceder. (PG-13) 1 hr. 55 mins. UNIMAS Sat. 4 p.m. KFTR Sat. 7 p.m.

Kong: Skull Island (2017) ★★★ Tom Hiddleston, Samuel L. Jackson. Scientists, soldiers and adventurers encounter the mighty Kong and other monstrous creatures after traveling to an uncharted island in the Pacific Ocean. (PG-13) 1 hr. 58 mins. TNT Thur. 6:30 p.m.

Kubo and the Two Strings (2016) ★★★ Voices of Charlize Theron, Art Parkinson. Animated. Young Kubo leads a quiet life in a small village until a spirit from the past renews an age-old vendetta, plunging him into a search for his father’s magical armor to survive. (PG) 1 hr. 42 mins. FX Fri. 10 a.m. FX Sat. 8 a.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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Ladies They Talk About (1933) ★★ Barbara Stanwyck, Preston Foster. A district attorney feels a strong attraction for an imprisoned gun moll who rises to the top of the prison ladder. (NR) 1 hr. 9 mins. TCM Fri. 3:45 p.m.

The Lady of Scandal (1930) ★★ Ruth Chatterton, Basil Rathbone. An actress leaves her fiance and his cousin, her lover, to pursue her stage career. (NR) 1 hr. 16 mins. TCM Fri. 4:45 a.m.

Lake Placid (1999) ★★ Bill Pullman, Bridget Fonda. A New York paleontologist goes to the backwoods of Maine and teams up with the local game warden to stop a 35-foot killer crocodile. (R) 1 hr. 22 mins. AMC Mon. 4:30 p.m. AMC Tues. 10 a.m.

Lake Placid: Legacy (2018) Katherine Barrell, Tim Rozon. Explorers stumble upon an island that harbors an abandoned facility and a deadly predator that is eager to feast on naive visitors. (R) 1 hr. 30 mins. Syfy Thur. 1:30 a.m. Syfy Thur. 12:30 p.m.

Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001) ★★ Angelina Jolie, Jon Voight. A beautiful globe-trotter battles otherworldly creatures for possession of a powerful artifact. (PG-13) 1 hr. 40 mins. TBS Sat. 3 a.m. TBS Sat. 11 a.m.

Larry Crowne (2011) ★★ Tom Hanks, Julia Roberts. Unemployed after a round of corporate downsizing, a middle-aged man enrolls in college and meets a teacher who has lost her passion for her job and her husband. (PG-13) 1 hr. 38 mins. Starz Sat. 4:42 a.m. Starz Sat. 4:20 p.m.

The Last Knights (2015) Clive Owen, Cliff Curtis. Raiden, un afortunado caballero al que su maestro Bartok nombra heredero, debe desterrar a su mentor para no tener que decapitarlo, según las órdenes del emperador Mott. (R) 1 hr. 55 mins. KVEA Sat. 2 p.m.

Law Abiding Citizen (2009) ★ Jamie Foxx, Gerard Butler. Ten years after his wife and child die in a home invasion, a man carries out an elaborate plot against the prosecutor who cut a deal with one of the killers. (R) 1 hr. 48 mins. TNT Tues. 11 p.m. TNT Wed. 3 p.m.

Legally Blonde (2001) ★★ Reese Witherspoon, Luke Wilson. A sorority queen enrolls in Harvard to prove to her former boyfriend that she has more than good looks. (PG-13) 1 hr. 36 mins. POP Thur. 9:30 p.m. POP Fri. 6:30 p.m.

Les Misérables (2012) ★★★ Hugh Jackman, Russell Crowe. In 19th-century France, ex-prisoner Jean Valjean, pursued for many years by ruthless policeman Javert, agrees to care for a factory worker’s daughter. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 38 mins. Cinemax Tues. 11:50 a.m.

Life (1999) ★★ Eddie Murphy, Martin Lawrence. Wrongly convicted of murder, two men become close friends during decades in a Mississippi penitentiary. (R) 1 hr. 48 mins. Cinemax Thur. 12:20 p.m.

The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (1943) ★★★★ Roger Livesey, Deborah Kerr. A Boer War subaltern becomes a World War II colonel, with three lovers along the way. (NR) 2 hrs. 43 mins. TCM Wed. 8:30 a.m.

The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972) ★★★ Paul Newman, Victoria Principal. A small-time outlaw takes over a town by dispensing his own form of justice and confiscating property for court costs. (PG) 2 hrs. TCM Sat. 2:45 p.m.

Life of the Party (2018) ★★ Melissa McCarthy, Gillian Jacobs. Dumped by her husband, longtime housewife Deanna turns regret into reset by going back to college. Winding up at the same school as her daughter, Deanna plunges headlong into the campus experience — embracing the fun, the freedom and the frat boys. (PG-13) 1 hr. 45 mins. Cinemax Sat. 1:05 a.m.

Light in the Piazza (1962) ★★★ Olivia de Havilland, Rossano Brazzi. An American allows her mentally impaired daughter to marry a rich young man in Florence. (NR) 1 hr. 41 mins. TCM Thur. 3:15 a.m.

Lilies of the Field (1963) ★★★ Sidney Poitier, Lilia Skala. A traveling laborer teaches English to a group of German-speaking nuns while building a chapel for their community. (NR) 1 hr. 34 mins. TCM Tues. 11 p.m.

Lilly Turner (1933) ★ Ruth Chatterton, George Brent. A girl with a baby has bad luck with the men in her medicine show. (NR) 1 hr. 15 mins. TCM Fri. 11:45 a.m.

The Lincoln Lawyer (2011) ★★★ Matthew McConaughey, Marisa Tomei. A lawyer who operates out of the back of his Lincoln Continental lands the case of a lifetime when he defends a Beverly Hills playboy accused of attempted murder. (R) 1 hr. 59 mins. EPIX Wed. 10 p.m.

Little Fockers (2010) ★ Robert De Niro, Ben Stiller. As two clans descend on the scene of young twins’ birthday, Greg Focker’s moonlighting at a pharmaceutical company threatens to derail his position of trust with Jack, his uptight father-in-law. (PG-13) 1 hr. 37 mins. HBO Tues. 10:30 a.m.

Little Miss Sunshine (2006) ★★★ Greg Kinnear, Steve Carell. Members of a dysfunctional family set out on a road trip to watch their daughter take part in a children’s beauty pageant. (R) 1 hr. 42 mins. Audience Thur. 7 p.m. Audience Fri. Noon Audience Sat. 9 p.m. Audience Sun. 1 a.m.

The Little Princess (1939) ★★★ Shirley Temple, Richard Greene. A poor but proud girl searches army hospitals for her father, reported dead in the Boer War. (G) 1 hr. 31 mins. TCM Sun. 3 a.m.

The Little Stranger (2018) ★★ Domhnall Gleeson, Ruth Wilson. The inhabitants of Hundreds Hall — mother, son and daughter — remain haunted by something ominous. When Dr. Faraday takes on a new patient there, he has no idea how closely the family’s story is about to become entwined with his own. (R) 1 hr. 51 mins. Cinemax Wed. 4:25 p.m.

Live and Let Die (1973) ★★★ Roger Moore, Yaphet Kotto. Agent 007 charms a tarot reader in Jamaica on the voodoo/heroin trail of Mr. Big. (PG) 2 hrs. 1 mins. TCM Thur. 9:45 p.m.

Live Free or Die Hard (2007) ★★★ Bruce Willis, Justin Long. John McClane grapples with a villain who plans to shut down the United States by attacking the country’s vulnerable computer infrastructure. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 9 mins. Starz Wed. 8:40 p.m.

Logan (2017) ★★★ Hugh Jackman, Patrick Stewart. In the near future, a weary Logan cares for an ailing Professor X while protecting a young mutant girl from the dark forces that want to capture her. (R) 2 hrs. 17 mins. FXX Sat. 7 p.m. FXX Sat. 10 p.m.

London Has Fallen (2016) ★★ Gerard Butler, Aaron Eckhart. Secret Service agent Mike Banning springs into action to save captive U.S. President Benjamin Asher from the terrorists who attacked London. (R) 1 hr. 39 mins. USA Sat. 10 a.m.

The Lone Ranger (2013) ★★ Johnny Depp, Armie Hammer. Fate brings together Native American spirit warrior Tonto and white lawman John Reid to join forces in the never-ending battle against corruption and greed. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 29 mins. Starz Wed. 1:26 a.m.

Lone Survivor (2013) ★★★ Mark Wahlberg, Taylor Kitsch. In the mountains of Afghanistan, a squad of Taliban fighters ambushes four Navy SEALs, who are there on a mission to eliminate a high-ranking al-Qaeda operative. (R) 2 hrs. 1 mins. FXX Mon. 12:30 p.m. FXX Tues. 10 a.m.

The Long Ships (1964) ★★ Richard Widmark, Sidney Poitier. A Viking and his men fight a Moor and his men for a legendary golden bell. (NR) 2 hrs. 5 mins. TCM Wed. 2:30 a.m.

The Long Voyage Home (1940) ★★★ John Wayne, Thomas Mitchell. Merchant seamen on a tramp freighter drink, dodge U-boats and rescue a shanghaied Swede in the early days of World War II. (NR) 1 hr. 44 mins. TCM Sat. 9 a.m.

The Longest Yard (2005) ★★ Adam Sandler, Chris Rock. At a Texas penitentiary, jailed NFL veterans train their fellow inmates for a football game against the guards. (PG-13) 1 hr. 53 mins. VH1 Fri. 4:20 p.m.

Looking for Love (1964) ★★ Connie Francis, Susan Oliver. A singer sees the man she wants but winds up swapping boyfriends with her roommate. (NR) 1 hr. 23 mins. TCM Thur. 10:15 a.m.

The Lost Weekend (1945) ★★★★ Ray Milland, Jane Wyman. Billy Wilder’s Academy Award-winning portrait of an alcoholic writer facing a losing battle against the bottle. (NR) 1 hr. 41 mins. TCM Sun. 10:45 a.m.

Love & Basketball (2000) ★★★ Sanaa Lathan, Omar Epps. From childhood to early adulthood, two friends fall in love while trying to establish basketball careers. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 4 mins. VH1 Wed. 1:40 p.m. VH1 Thur. 10:30 a.m.

Love at First Glance (2017) Amy Smart, Adrian Grenier. After being dumped by her fiance for not being adventurous enough, a woman sets out to prove him wrong by tracking down the handsome stranger she just met on the subway. (NR) 1 hr. 20 mins. Hallmark Mon. 6 p.m.

Love Don’t Cost a Thing (2003) ★★ Nick Cannon, Christina Milian. To improve his reputation, an unpopular teenager hires a cheerleader to pose as his girlfriend. (PG-13) 1 hr. 41 mins. VH1 Thur. 1:45 p.m. VH1 Fri. 11 a.m.

Love in Paradise (2016) Luke Perry, Emmanuelle Vaugier. When an actor who makes Westerns visits a Montana dude ranch, a woman realizes that he’s actually a city slicker who knows nothing about being a cowboy. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Wed. 2 p.m.

Love on Safari (2018) Lacey Chabert, Jon Cor. An American web designer inherits an animal reserve in South Africa. A no-nonsense ranger takes her on a safari in hopes that she will fall in love with the land, the animals and him. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Wed. 4 p.m.

Love to the Rescue (2019) Nikki DeLoach, Michael Rady. Two single parents find themselves competing for the same dog at a school pet adoption function. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sat. 11 p.m.

Love Under the Rainbow (2019) Jodie Sweetin, David Haydn-Jones. A grade school teacher unwillingly finds herself falling for a widowed architect whose daughter is a new student in her class. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Fri. 4 p.m.

Love, Once and Always (2018) Amanda Schull, Peter Porte. When Lucy’s childhood sweetheart plans to tear down the Gilded Age estate and replace it with a golf course, Lucy fights to preserve it. As they set out to find a compromise, they learn that embracing the past may be the key to protecting the future. (NR) 2 hrs. Hallmark Fri. 2 p.m.

Love, Simon (2018) ★★★ Nick Robinson, Josh Duhamel. Teenager Simon Spier hasn’t told his family or friends that he’s gay, and he doesn’t know the identity of the anonymous classmate that he’s fallen for online. Resolving both issues proves hilarious, terrifying and life-changing. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. Cinemax Sun. 9:45 a.m.

Lucky in Love (2014) Jessica Szohr, Benjamin Hollingsworth. A woman must adjust to her new, seemingly perfect life when her pranks on April Fools’ Day come true. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Tues. 2 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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Mad Max (1979) ★★★ Mel Gibson, Joanne Samuel. In an Australia of the not-too-distant future, a police officer strikes back against motorized menaces to what is left of society after a nuclear holocaust. (R) 1 hr. 33 mins. Syfy Thur. 11:30 p.m. Syfy Fri. 11:30 a.m.

Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985) ★★★ Mel Gibson, Tina Turner. Aunty Entity will return Mad Max’s camels if he will fight the giant Blaster in a barbaric caged arena. (PG-13) 1 hr. 46 mins. Syfy Fri. 1:35 p.m.

Mad Max: Fury Road (2015) ★★★ Tom Hardy, Charlize Theron. Fortified in a massive, armored truck, loner Mad Max joins Imperator Furiosa and her band of rebels as they try to outrun a warlord and his henchmen in a deadly high-speed chase through the Wasteland. (R) 2 hrs. Syfy Thur. 9 p.m.

The Mad Miss Manton (1938) ★★★ Barbara Stanwyck, Henry Fonda. Debutantes and a newsman help a kooky heiress find a missing corpse. (NR) 1 hr. 20 mins. TCM Tues. 7:45 a.m.

Madagascar 3: Europe’s Most Wanted (2012) ★★ Voices of Ben Stiller, Chris Rock. Animated. On the run from a French animal-control officer, Alex and friends hide out in a traveling circus, where they perform death-defying tricks and make some new friends. (PG) 1 hr. 25 mins. TOON Fri. 6 p.m. TOON Sat. 3 p.m.

Madame X (1929) ★★ Ruth Chatterton, Lewis Stone. A French diplomat’s fallen wife stands trial for murder, defended by a son who does not know her. (NR) 1 hr. 35 mins. TCM Fri. 3 a.m.

A Madea Christmas (2013) ★ Tyler Perry, Kathy Najimy. Madea accompanies her niece to the country for a surprise holiday visit with the niece’s daughter, but what they find when they arrive prompts Madea to dish out her own brand of Christmas spirit. (PG-13) 1 hr. 40 mins. Bravo Fri. 6 p.m. Bravo Sat. 1 a.m.

Madea’s Family Reunion (2006) ★★ Tyler Perry, Blair Underwood. A Southern matriarch deals with a host of personal and family issues while planning her clan’s upcoming reunion. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. Bravo Sat. 6 p.m. Bravo Sat. 8:30 p.m.

Maid in Manhattan (2002) ★★ Jennifer Lopez, Ralph Fiennes. A senatorial candidate falls for a chambermaid after he mistakes her for a guest at the hotel. (PG-13) 1 hr. 45 mins. POP Wed. 6:30 p.m. POP Thur. 4:30 p.m. UNIMAS Sun. 2 p.m. KFTR Sun. 5 p.m. UNIMAS Sun. 11 p.m. KFTR Mon. 2 a.m.

Major League (1989) ★★ Tom Berenger, Charlie Sheen. Lackluster baseball players hear their Cleveland team’s new owner is counting on them to lose. (R) 1 hr. 47 mins. Paramount Tues. 7:30 p.m. Paramount Tues. 11 p.m.

Major League II (1994) ★ Charlie Sheen, Tom Berenger. Cleveland’s new coach whips his lackluster baseball players into winning shape. (PG) 1 hr. 44 mins. MLB Sun. 5 p.m.

Mamma Mia! (2008) ★★ Meryl Streep, Pierce Brosnan. Hoping to meet her real father and have him walk her down the aisle, a bride secretly invites three men from her mother’s past to come to the wedding. (PG-13) 1 hr. 49 mins. Ovation Sun. 4 p.m. Ovation Fri. 6 p.m. Ovation Sat. 11:30 a.m.

The Man With the Golden Gun (1974) ★★ Roger Moore, Christopher Lee. Agent 007 heads for the Orient to find a $1 million hit man with a midget sidekick. (PG) 2 hrs. 5 mins. TCM Fri. Noon

Marie Antoinette (2006) ★★★ Kirsten Dunst, Jason Schwartzman. An Austrian teenager becomes queen of France, then later loses her head during the French Revolution. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 3 mins. Showtime Mon. 2:15 a.m.

Marty (1955) ★★★★ Ernest Borgnine, Betsy Blair. A lonely, heavy-set Bronx butcher, who lives with his mother, finds his soul mate in a shy schoolteacher. (NR) 1 hr. 31 mins. TCM Wed. 10:15 p.m.

Mary Queen of Scots (2018) ★★ Saoirse Ronan, Margot Robbie. Mary Stuart attempts to overthrow her cousin Elizabeth I, Queen of England, only to find herself condemned to years of imprisonment before facing execution. (R) 2 hrs. 4 mins. HBO Sun. 6:50 p.m. HBO Wed. 9:35 p.m. HBO Sat. 3:55 p.m.

Mary Shelley (2017) Elle Fanning, Douglas Booth. Lord Byron challenges his houseguests to write a ghost story, which leads Mary Shelley to begin her novel “Frankenstein.’’ (PG-13) 2 hrs. TMC Wed. 10 a.m. TMC Thur. 4:45 a.m.

The Mask (1994) ★★★ Jim Carrey, Cameron Diaz. An ancient mask transforms a drab bank clerk into a grinning Romeo with superhuman powers. (PG-13) 1 hr. 41 mins. Cinemax Tues. 8 p.m. Cinemax Sat. 6:15 p.m.

Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World (2003) ★★★ Russell Crowe, Paul Bettany. In 1805 a British captain and his crew endure hardships while trying to prevent a French ship from reaching the Pacific Ocean. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 19 mins. Encore Sun. 2:35 p.m.

Match Point (2005) ★★★ Scarlett Johansson, Jonathan Rhys-Meyers. A one-time tennis professional becomes obsessed with his brother-in-law’s seductive fiancee. (R) 2 hrs. 4 mins. Cinemax Mon. 1:25 a.m. Cinemax Wed. 8:15 a.m. Cinemax Sat. 2:30 p.m.

Matriarch (2018) Scott Vickers, Alan Cuthbert. After a car accident, a couple expecting their first child are offered shelter by a family at an isolated farm. Before long, the couple realize that the farmer’s wife is taking an unhealthy interest in their soon-to-be-born baby. (R) 1 hr. 31 mins. EPIX Tues. 6:30 a.m.

Maverick (1994) ★★★ Mel Gibson, Jodie Foster. A lawman, a lady and a gambler head to a poker championship, where conning is the name of the game. (PG) 2 hrs. 9 mins. Ovation Mon. 1 p.m.

Max Payne (2008) ★ Mark Wahlberg, Mila Kunis. A maverick cop faces a supernatural battle when he descends into a dark underworld to find those who killed his family and his partner. (PG-13) 1 hr. 39 mins. Encore Fri. 12:26 p.m.

Maze Runner: The Scorch Trials (2015) ★★ Dylan O’Brien, Kaya Scodelario. Thomas and his fellow teenage Gladers battle the powerful organization WCKD while facing the perils of the Scorch, a desolate landscape filled with dangerous obstacles and crawling with the virus-infected Cranks. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 11 mins. FXX Fri. 12:30 p.m. FXX Sat. 7:30 a.m.

MDMA (2017) Annie Q, Francesca Eastwood. Angie is a working-class girl who is forced by financial necessity to become an expert in making the party drug Ecstasy in the chemistry lab at her prestigious West Coast university. (NR) 1 hr. 38 mins. TMC Thur. 1:30 a.m.

Me Before You (2016) ★★ Emilia Clarke, Sam Claflin. A paralyzed man gets a new lease on life when a cheerful young woman becomes his caregiver. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. CMT Sat. 3 p.m. CMT Sat. 8:30 p.m.

Mean Machine (2001) ★★ Vinnie Jones, Jason Statham. Acusado de haber arreglado un partido, al futbolista Danny Meehan lo condenan a la cárcel por agredir a un policía. En la prisión, Danny descubre que su fama como capitán de la selección inglesa de fútbol es, a la vez, un problema y una ventaja. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. UNIMAS Sat. 11:30 a.m. KFTR Sat. 2:30 p.m.

Mechanic: Resurrection (2016) ★★ Jason Statham, Jessica Alba. Arthur Bishop había decidido dejar atrás su vida delictiva, pero uno de sus enemigos secuestra a la mujer que ama y la matará si el excriminal no mata a un señor de la guerra africano, a un traficante de personas y a un traficante de armas. (R) 1 hr. 39 mins. KVEA Sat. 9 p.m.

Meet Joe Black (1998) ★★ Brad Pitt, Anthony Hopkins. Death takes human form, asking a principled widower to guide him in exchange for more time on Earth. (PG-13) 3 hrs. Showtime Wed. 7 a.m.

Meet the Fockers (2004) ★★ Robert De Niro, Ben Stiller. A man fears the worst when he accompanies his fiancee’s uptight father and mother to meet his free-spirited mom and dad. (PG-13) 1 hr. 55 mins. HBO Tues. 8:30 a.m.

Meet Wally Sparks (1997) ★ Rodney Dangerfield, Debi Mazar. As the threat of cancellation looms, a TV talk show host pulls an outrageous stunt in an attempt to boost his ratings. (R) 1 hr. 44 mins. Audience Sat. 7 p.m. Audience Sat. 11 p.m.

Men in Black (1997) ★★★ Tommy Lee Jones, Will Smith. A veteran agent and a rookie protect mankind from dangerous extraterrestrials roaming the Earth. (PG-13) 1 hr. 38 mins. Nickelodeon Thur. 8 p.m.

El mexicano feo (1984) Raúl Ramírez, Raúl Marcelo. Dos organilleros viven en la misma vecindad, ambos muy diferentes: uno irresponsable y borracho, otro serio y juicioso. (NR) 1 hr. 45 mins. KWHY Sun. 5 p.m.

A Million Ways to Die in the West (2014) ★★ Seth MacFarlane, Charlize Theron. A pistol-packing woman helps a cowardly farmer find his inner courage, but when her outlaw husband rides into town seeking revenge, the farmer must put his newfound bravery to the test. (R) 1 hr. 55 mins. FXX Thur. 10:30 a.m. FXX Thur. 12:30 p.m.

Misericordia (1952) Sara García, Carmen Montejo. Una familia lucha para sobrevivir en la ciudad, pero sólo la entereza de la madre logra salvarla. (NR) 1 hr. 33 mins. KWHY Thur. 9 a.m.

Misery (1990) ★★★ James Caan, Kathy Bates. An author recovers from an accident, nursed by a twisted fan who insists he write a new book just for her. (R) 1 hr. 47 mins. AMC Sun. 6:30 a.m.

Miss Bala (2019) ★ Gina Rodriguez, Ismael Cruz Córdova. A woman finds herself in big trouble when a cartel leader forces her to do his dirty work to save her kidnapped friend. Determined to get away, she must now play a dangerous game to outwit the gang — and the DEA agents who suspect her of complicity. (PG-13) 1 hr. 44 mins. Starz Mon. 2:10 a.m. Starz Mon. 10:01 a.m. Starz Mon. 6:13 p.m. Starz Thur. 6:13 a.m. Starz Thur. 5:22 p.m.

The Missing (2003) ★★★ Tommy Lee Jones, Cate Blanchett. In 1885 a woman must join forces with her estranged father to rescue her kidnapped daughter. (R) 2 hrs. 15 mins. TMC Sun. 4:30 p.m. TMC Wed. 2 p.m. TMC Sat. 11:30 a.m.

Mission: Impossible — Fallout (2018) ★★★ Tom Cruise, Henry Cavill. An arms dealer and a group of terrorists plan to use three plutonium cores for a simultaneous nuclear attack. When the weapons go missing, Ethan Hunt and the IMF team must race against time to prevent them from falling into the wrong hands. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 27 mins. EPIX Fri. 8 p.m. EPIX Sat. 12:05 p.m.

Mission: Impossible — Ghost Protocol (2011) ★★★ Tom Cruise, Jeremy Renner. After the IMF is implicated in a global terrorist plot and shut down, Ethan Hunt and his team must go under cover and “off the grid’’ to clear the organization’s name. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 13 mins. FXX Sat. 1 p.m.

Mission: Impossible III (2006) ★★★ Tom Cruise, Philip Seymour Hoffman. Now a trainer for IMF recruits, agent Ethan Hunt squares off against the toughest foe he has ever faced: a ruthless arms and information broker. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 6 mins. EPIX Sun. 2:35 p.m.

Mission: Impossible Rogue Nation (2015) ★★★ Tom Cruise, Jeremy Renner. Ethan Hunt and his team take on their most impossible mission yet to eradicate the Syndicate — a highly skilled, international organization dedicated to creating a new world order via a series of terrorist attacks. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 11 mins. FXX Sat. 4 p.m.

Mississippi Damned (2009) Adam Clark, Malcolm Goodwin. Three black kids suffer the consequences of living in a home full of abuse, addiction, and violence. (NR) 2 hrs. TMC Mon. Noon

The Mist (2007) ★★ Thomas Jane, Marcia Gay Harden. Trapped townspeople face monsters inside and out after a supernatural fog engulfs their Maine community. (R) 2 hrs. 5 mins. IFC Mon. 2 a.m.

Moana (2016) ★★★ Voices of Dwayne Johnson, Auli’i Cravalho. Animated. A once-mighty demigod and a spirited teenager embark on an epic adventure across the ocean. (PG) 1 hr. 53 mins. Disney Sat. 8 p.m.

Mogambo (1953) ★★★ Clark Gable, Ava Gardner. A chorus girl and a married woman fight over a white hunter in Africa. (NR) 1 hr. 55 mins. TCM Sat. 11 a.m.

Monster-in-Law (2005) ★★ Jennifer Lopez, Jane Fonda. A woman fights back when her fiance’s shrewish mother tries to destroy their relationship. (PG-13) 1 hr. 40 mins. CMT Tues. 7:30 p.m. CMT Tues. 10 p.m.

Moonlight in Vermont (2017) Lacey Chabert, Carlo Marks. Fiona, a New York City real estate broker retreats to her family’s quaint Vermont inn after being dumped by her boyfriend, Nate When Nate shows up at the inn with a new girlfriend, Fiona devises a plan to win him back. (NR) 2 hrs. Hallmark Mon. 4 p.m.

Mortal Engines (2018) ★★ Hera Hilmar, Robert Sheehan. Hundreds of years after a cataclysmic event destroyed civilization, mysterious young Hester Shaw emerges as the only one who can stop the city of London — now a giant predator on wheels — from devouring everything in its path. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 8 mins. HBO Sun. 10 a.m. HBO Tues. 3:10 p.m.

mother! (2017) ★★ Jennifer Lawrence, Javier Bardem. A woman’s tranquil existence gets upended when her husband invites a man, his wife and their two children as guests in their Victorian mansion. Terror soon strikes when she tries to figure out why her husband is so accommodating to everyone but her. (R) 2 hrs. EPIX Mon. 2:15 a.m.

Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2005) ★★ Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie. A husband and wife are unaware that each is an international assassin who has just been assigned to kill the other. (PG-13) 2 hrs. Cinemax Sun. 7:45 a.m. Cinemax Sun. 8 p.m. Cinemax Fri. 6 p.m. Cinemax Sat. 4:20 a.m.

Mr. Deeds (2002) ★ Adam Sandler, Winona Ryder. A television producer tries to get the scoop on a small-town pizzeria owner after he inherits $40 billion. (PG-13) 1 hr. 36 mins. TBS Mon. Noon TNT Sat. 11 a.m.

Mr. Holmes (2015) ★★★ Ian McKellen, Laura Linney. Long-retired and near the end of his life, Sherlock Holmes grapples with an unreliable memory and must rely on his housekeeper’s son as he revisits the still-unsolved case that led to his retirement. (PG) 1 hr. 45 mins. Ovation Mon. 6 p.m. Ovation Tues. 1:30 p.m.

Mr. Mom (1983) ★★ Michael Keaton, Teri Garr. An automotive engineer’s wife gets a job, and he stays home with the children, housework and housewives. (PG) 1 hr. 31 mins. EPIX Thur. 6:25 p.m.

Mr. Popper’s Penguins (2011) ★★ Jim Carrey, Carla Gugino. A stern businessman’s chilly relationship with his ex-wife and children warms up after he inherits six mischievous penguins. (PG) 1 hr. 34 mins. Nickelodeon Wed. 8 p.m.

Mrs. McCutcheon (2017) Alec Golinger, Nadine Garner. Having always felt wrong in his own body, 10-year-old Tom prefers to be known as Mrs. McCutcheon. This change creates challenges at his new school, as Mrs. McCutcheon struggles to find acceptance from peers. (NR) 17 mins. TMC Mon. 5:40 a.m.

Mud (2013) ★★★ Matthew McConaughey, Tye Sheridan. On a Mississippi River island, two young friends encounter a fugitive whose wild tales about a beautiful woman and a line of bounty hunters come true. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 10 mins. EPIX Tues. 11:40 a.m.

La Muerte de Pancho Villa (1974) Antonio Aguilar, Flor Silvestre. Tras su retiro, Pancho Villa se dedica a la agricultura, pero unos hombres deseosos de venganza planean su muerte. (NR) 1 hr. 28 mins. KWHY Fri. Noon

El muerto al hoyo (1990) Maribel Fernández, Pedro Weber. Un cliente de un burdel fallece durante su sesión amorosa y quieren sacarlo del local sin que los demás se enteren. (NR) 1 hr. 40 mins. KWHY Sat. 5 p.m.

The Mule (2018) ★★ Clint Eastwood, Bradley Cooper. Broke and facing foreclosure on his business, a 90-year-old horticulturist takes a job as a drug courier for a Mexican cartel. His immediate success leads to easy money and a larger shipment that soon draws the attention of a hard-charging DEA agent. (R) 1 hr. 56 mins. HBO Mon. 7 p.m. HBO Fri. 6:20 p.m. HBO Sat. 6 p.m.

The Muppets (2011) ★★★ Jason Segel, Amy Adams. Kermit, Miss Piggy and the other Muppets join forces with their fans to raise $10 million to save Muppet Studios from a greedy Texan who wants to raze the building and drill for oil. (PG) 1 hr. 38 mins. Encore Thur. 6:15 a.m.

My Best Friend’s Wedding (1997) ★★★ Julia Roberts, Dermot Mulroney. A writer realizes that she is in love with her best friend and tries to stop him from marrying another woman, a guileless heiress. (PG-13) 1 hr. 45 mins. Showtime Mon. 10:30 a.m. Showtime Thur. 8:30 a.m.

My Cousin Vinny (1992) ★★★ Joe Pesci, Marisa Tomei. A wise-guy Brooklyn lawyer and his motormouth girlfriend go to Alabama to defend his innocent cousin for murder. (R) 1 hr. 59 mins. Encore Sat. 5:56 p.m. Encore Sun. 2:32 a.m.

My Favorite Wedding (2017) Maggie Lawson, Paul Greene. Tess lasers through her best friend’s wedding planning like the star doctor she hopes to become. After meeting the groom’s best man, Tess maneuvers around him like a gurney in the emergency room, until she learns that he has a few moves of his own. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sat. 5 p.m.

My Girl (1991) ★★★ Anna Chlumsky, Macaulay Culkin. An 11-year-old meets a boy and grows up at her widowed father’s funeral home in the summer of ’72. (PG) 1 hr. 42 mins. TMC Mon. 9:15 a.m. TMC Fri. 8:05 a.m.

My One & Only (2019) Pascale Hutton, Sam Page. Contestants on “The One’’ try to determine if they’re fated to be together. Meanwhile, sparks fly between the female contestant and the handsome ranch owner who acts as their guide. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sun. 2 p.m.

My Soul to Take (2010) ★ Max Thieriot, John Magaro. A teen must figure a way to save his friends from a presumed-dead serial killer who has returned to finish the job he started 16 years earlier. (R) 1 hr. 47 mins. Cinemax Thur. 10:30 a.m.

Mysterious Object at Noon (2000) ★★ Filmmaker Apichatpong Weerasethakul interviews a hodgepodge of people to continue a creative story about a boy and his teacher. (NR) 1 hr. 23 mins. TCM Sun. 11:30 p.m.

Mystery Men (1999) ★★ Hank Azaria, Janeane Garofalo. Aspiring superheroes band together to defeat a villain when real superhero Captain Amazing disappears. (PG-13) 2 hrs. Starz Tues. 3:44 a.m.

Mystery Woman: At First Sight (2006) ★ Kellie Martin, Clarence Williams III. A sleuth reunites with her estranged mother, then must prove the woman is innocent of murder. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Sat. 7 p.m.

Mystery Woman: Game Time (2005) Kellie Martin, Clarence Williams III. A sleuth tries to solve the murder of a writer who has connections to the video-game business. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Sat. 5 p.m.

Mystery Woman: Mystery Weekend (2005) ★★ Kellie Martin, Clarence Williams III. An amateur sleuth puts her skills to the test when an attempted murder takes place in her bookstore. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Sat. 9 a.m.

Mystery Woman: Sing Me a Murder (2005) ★ Kellie Martin, Clarence Williams III. Amateur sleuth Samantha Kinsey and her partner Philby investigate the murder of a band promoter. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Sat. 1 p.m.

Mystery Woman: Snapshot (2005) ★ Kellie Martin, Clarence Williams III. The friend of an amateur sleuth winds up dead after accusing her family of rigging a will. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Sat. 11 a.m.

Mystery Woman: Vision of a Murder (2005) ★★ Kellie Martin, Clarence Williams III. Invited to a health spa for the weekend, an amateur sleuth investigates the killing of a fellow guest. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Sat. 3 p.m.

Mystic Pizza (1988) ★★★ Julia Roberts, Annabeth Gish. Three teenage girls come of age one summer working in a pizza parlor in Mystic, Conn. (R) 1 hr. 42 mins. Ovation Wed. 11:30 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad! (1988) ★★★ Leslie Nielsen, George Kennedy. A blundering Los Angeles detective and his boss foil a plan to assassinate Queen Elizabeth. (PG-13) 1 hr. 25 mins. TMC Sun. 6:30 a.m.

Naked Gun 33 1/3: The Final Insult (1994) ★★ Leslie Nielsen, Priscilla Presley. Ed coaxes his “Police Squad’’ pal Frank out of retirement to thwart a terrorist bombing. (PG-13) 1 hr. 22 mins. TMC Mon. 12:40 p.m. TMC Sat. 10:05 a.m. TMC Sun. 4:40 a.m.

The Naked Gun 2 1/2: The Smell of Fear (1991) ★★ Leslie Nielsen, Priscilla Presley. Frank and Ed of “Police Squad’’ blunder through another case, an energy-related plot in Washington, D.C. (PG-13) 1 hr. 25 mins. TMC Thur. 8:30 a.m.

National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation (1989) ★★★ Chevy Chase, Beverly D’Angelo. The Griswolds spend the holiday in a garish way, especially when a country cousin pulls up in an RV. (PG-13) 1 hr. 37 mins. Sundance Mon. 9 p.m. Sundance Tues. 11:45 a.m.

National Lampoon’s European Vacation (1985) ★★ Chevy Chase, Beverly D’Angelo. The Chicago Griswolds win a grand tour and head for the Old World to soak up culture. (PG-13) 1 hr. 34 mins. Sundance Sun. 11 p.m. Sundance Mon. 7 p.m.

National Lampoon’s Vacation (1983) ★★ Chevy Chase, Beverly D’Angelo. The Griswolds and family head by station wagon for the California fun park Walley World. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. Sundance Sun. 9 p.m. Sundance Mon. 5 p.m.

Nerve (2016) ★★ Emma Roberts, Dave Franco. Partnered with a mysterious stranger, a high school senior joins a popular online game that dares players to perform increasingly dangerous stunts. (PG-13) 1 hr. 36 mins. FX Mon. Noon FX Tues. 7 a.m.

The Net (1995) ★★ Sandra Bullock, Jeremy Northam. Software allowing Internet access to classified government files makes a computer nerd the target of a British hacker’s criminal organization. (PG-13) 1 hr. 52 mins. Sundance Wed. 10 a.m.

Never Been Kissed (1999) ★★ Drew Barrymore, David Arquette. A former high-school nerd, now a reporter, gets a second chance when she goes under cover for a story on cool teens. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. CMT Fri. 11 p.m. CMT Sat. 1:30 a.m.

Next Friday (2000) ★★ Ice Cube, Mike Epps. To avoid being beaten up, a young man goes to live with his uncle, who just won the lottery. (R) 1 hr. 39 mins. VH1 Sun. 11 a.m.

The Next Three Days (2010) ★★ Russell Crowe, Elizabeth Banks. A man fails in his attempts to establish his wife’s innocence of murder, and she has no appeals left, so he hatches an elaborate plan to break her out of prison. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 13 mins. EPIX Fri. 1:50 p.m.

Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian (2009) ★★ Ben Stiller, Robin Williams. Larry Daley joins forces with Teddy Roosevelt, Amelia Earhart and others to prevent four of history’s worst villains from conquering the world. (PG) 1 hr. 45 mins. CMT Mon. 10:15 p.m.

A Night at the Roxbury (1998) ★ Will Ferrell, Chris Kattan. Desperate to meet women and open their own dance club, brainless brothers Steve and Doug Butabi cruise Beverly Hills. (PG-13) 1 hr. 21 mins. IFC Thur. 9:15 a.m. IFC Fri. 6 a.m.

The Night of the Hunter (1955) ★★★ Robert Mitchum, Shelley Winters. The Rev. Harry Powell, a religious fanatic and serial killer, meets condemned murderer Ben Harper in prison, who tells him about hiding $10,000 in stolen loot. After he’s released, Powell tracks down Harper’s widow, Willa, and her two children. (NR) 1 hr. 32 mins. TCM Wed. 8:30 p.m.

Night School (2018) ★★ Kevin Hart, Tiffany Haddish. A salesman’s life takes an unexpected turn when he accidentally blows up his place of employment. Forced to attend night school to get his GED, he must now deal with a group of misfit students and a feisty teacher who doesn’t think he’s too bright. (PG-13) 1 hr. 51 mins. HBO Tues. 1:15 p.m. HBO Sat. 3 a.m.

Nightcrawler (2014) ★★★ Jake Gyllenhaal, Rene Russo. A freelance cameraman goes to increasingly greater lengths to get shots of the most-lurid and disturbing crimes on the dark streets of Los Angeles. (R) 1 hr. 57 mins. TMC Wed. 10 p.m. TMC Sat. 2 p.m.

A Nightmare on Elm Street (2010) ★★ Jackie Earle Haley, Rooney Mara. Teens struggle to stay awake when a razor-gloved killer invades their dreams. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. HBO Tues. 1:30 a.m.

Nine Months (1995) ★★ Hugh Grant, Julianne Moore. His girlfriend’s pregnancy sends a San Francisco child psychologist into panic. (PG-13) 1 hr. 42 mins. Cinemax Mon. 12:20 p.m.

No Vacancy (1999) ★★ Ryan Bollman, Lolita Davidovich. In a surreal motel in Los Angeles, society’s riffraff dwell in a place between freedom and desperation. (R) 1 hr. 24 mins. EPIX Wed. 2:30 a.m.

Nocturne (1946) ★★★ George Raft, Lynn Bari. A police detective asks too many questions about a Hollywood composer’s so-called suicide. (NR) 1 hr. 28 mins. TCM Sat. 9 p.m.

Norbit (2007) ★ Eddie Murphy, Thandie Newton. Though married to a terrible shrew, a man tries to figure out a way to be with his childhood sweetheart, who has just moved back into town. (PG-13) 1 hr. 42 mins. TNT Mon. Noon TNT Sat. 10 p.m.

Norm of the North (2016) ★ Voices of Rob Schneider, Heather Graham. Animated. A polar bear and three mischievous lemmings travel to New York to stop a shady developer from building luxury condos in the Arctic. (PG) 1 hr. 30 mins. Freeform Sat. Noon

Nossa Chape (2018) Filmmakers Jeff Zimbalist and Michael Zimbalist track the rebuilding of the Chapecoense football club in Brazil after an airplane carrying the team crashes on Nov. 28, 2016, and left all but three of the players dead. (NR) 1 hr. 41 mins. FS1 Sun. 4 a.m.

The Notebook (2004) ★★ Ryan Gosling, Rachel McAdams. A man tells a story to a woman about two young people who become lovers in 1940s North Carolina. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 4 mins. CMT Sat. 11 p.m.

Notting Hill (1999) ★★ Julia Roberts, Hugh Grant. A man’s life changes when an international star walks into his bookshop. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 3 mins. HBO Wed. 1:05 p.m.

A Novel Romance (2015) Amy Acker, Dylan Bruce. A best-selling romance novelist moves to Portland to cure his writer’s block and unknowingly falls in love with his biggest critic. When their true identities are revealed, they have to find the courage to take a leap of faith. (NR) 1 hr. 26 mins. Hallmark Sun. 4 p.m.

Now You See Me (2013) ★★ Jesse Eisenberg, Mark Ruffalo. A federal agent and an Interpol detective play a cat-and-mouse game with cunning illusionists who rob corrupt business leaders during their performances, then funnel the money to members of the audience. (PG-13) 1 hr. 56 mins. FX Tues. Noon FX Tues. 1:30 p.m.

Now You See Me 2 (2016) ★★ Jesse Eisenberg, Mark Ruffalo. A devious tech wizard forces the illusionists known as the Four Horsemen to steal a powerful chip that can control all of the world’s computers. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 9 mins. FX Tues. 4 p.m. FX Wed. 1 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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The Old Pioneer (1934) Voices of Carman Maxwell, Elmore Vincent. Animated. An old man tells a newsboy about his adventures in the Old West. (NR) TCM Sat. 5 a.m.

Old School (2003) ★★ Luke Wilson, Will Ferrell. Three friends try to recapture the fun of their college years by starting their own off-campus fraternity. (R) 1 hr. 30 mins. Comedy Central Sat. 6:15 p.m.

The Omen (2006) ★★ Liev Schreiber, Julia Stiles. An American diplomat and his wife learn that the child they adopted may be the son of Satan. (R) 1 hr. 50 mins. Encore Thur. 11:54 a.m. Encore Thur. 10:34 p.m.

On Her Majesty’s Secret Service (1969) ★★★ George Lazenby, Diana Rigg. Agent 007 proposes to a contessa and foils SPECTRE chief Blofeld’s agricultural plot. (PG) 2 hrs. 20 mins. TCM Thur. 5 p.m.

One Fine Day (1996) ★★ Michelle Pfeiffer, George Clooney. On a hectic day, architect Melanie, single mom of a small boy, meets news columnist Jack, divorced dad of a little girl. (PG) 1 hr. 48 mins. Cinemax Thur. 6:45 a.m.

One Winter Proposal (2019) Jack Turner, Taylor Cole. Old flames reignite and current flames burn brighter when a foursome returns to the ski lodge where they first found romance. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sat. 3 p.m.

127 Hours (2010) ★★★ James Franco, Amber Tamblyn. After his arm becomes pinned by a boulder in a remote canyon, mountaineer Aron Ralston must do the unthinkable in order to survive. (R) 1 hr. 33 mins. HBO Fri. 4 a.m.

Open Marriage (2017) Tilky Jones, Nikki Leigh. A couple agree to an open relationship with their friends but are ill-prepared for the jealousy, heartbreak and betrayal that soon follow. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Lifetime Sun. 2 p.m.

Open Water 2: Adrift (2006) Susan May Pratt, Richard Speight Jr. Six long-time friends try to stay afloat in the ocean after they forget to lower the ladder from a luxury yacht. (R) 1 hr. 35 mins. EPIX Wed. 8:50 a.m.

Operation Finale (2018) ★★ Oscar Isaac, Ben Kingsley. A team of top-secret Israeli agents travels to Argentina in 1960 to track down Nazi Adolf Eichmann. Hoping to sneak him out of the country, agent Peter Malkin soon finds himself playing a deadly game of cat and mouse with the notorious war criminal. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 2 mins. EPIX Sun. 12:30 p.m. EPIX Fri. 4:05 p.m.

Operation Odessa (2018) In the early 1990s, three friends set out to hustle the Russian mob, the Cali cartel and the DEA for the score of a lifetime. (NR) 1 hr. 33 mins. TMC Thur. 4:40 p.m.

Original Sin (2001) ★ Antonio Banderas, Angelina Jolie. A Cuban tycoon enters a world of deception after marrying a beautiful mail-order bride from America. (R) 1 hr. 52 mins. Showtime Tues. 2:30 a.m.

The Other Guys (2010) ★★★ Will Ferrell, Mark Wahlberg. Two deskbound detectives get more than they bargain for when they take on a seemingly minor case that may turn out to be New York’s biggest crime. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. Encore Sat. 10 p.m.

The Others (2001) ★★★ Nicole Kidman, Christopher Eccleston. A devout woman with two sunlight-sensitive children believes ghosts inhabit her darkened island mansion. (PG-13) 1 hr. 41 mins. Encore Thur. 5:11 p.m.

Out of Omaha (2018) Twin black brothers come of age in racially divided Omaha. (NR) 1 hr. 32 mins. Starz Mon. 9 p.m. Starz Tues. 9:48 a.m. Starz Tues. 4:37 p.m.

Out of Time (2003) ★★ Denzel Washington, Eva Mendes. Considered a suspect in a deadly arson, a police chief must cover his tracks while trying to prove his innocence. (PG-13) 1 hr. 45 mins. Encore Tues. 6:11 a.m.

The Out-of-Towners (1999) ★★ Steve Martin, Goldie Hawn. An Ohio couple reinvigorate their passionless marriage during a bizarre 24 hours in New York City. (PG-13) 1 hr. 32 mins. Starz Sat. 6:24 a.m.

Over the Goal (1937) ★★ June Travis, William Hopper. An injured football star plays one more game despite a promise he made to his girlfriend. (NR) 1 hr. 3 mins. TCM Fri. 6:30 p.m.

Oz the Great and Powerful (2013) ★★ James Franco, Mila Kunis. A shady circus magician crashes his balloon in the magical land of Oz, where he encounters three beautiful witches and becomes a reluctant leader in an epic battle of good vs. evil. (PG) 2 hrs. 10 mins. Freeform Sun. 7 a.m. Freeform Fri. 2:30 p.m. Freeform Sat. 8 a.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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Pacific Rim (2013) ★★★ Charlie Hunnam, Diego Klattenhoff. A washed-up ex-pilot and an untested trainee must drive an old, obsolete robot in a last-ditch effort to repel a lethal force of monstrous invaders. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 11 mins. FX Sat. 8 p.m.

Pacific Rim Uprising (2018) ★★ John Boyega, Scott Eastwood. Rebellious pilot Jake Pentecost and his estranged sister must lead a brave new generation of fighters against otherworldly monsters that want to destroy humanity. (PG-13) 1 hr. 51 mins. Cinemax Sun. 10 p.m. Cinemax Fri. 1:35 a.m.

The Pacifier (2005) ★★ Vin Diesel, Lauren Graham. A Navy SEAL faces the ultimate test when he must care for five children and protect them from their father’s enemies. (PG) 1 hr. 35 mins. Freeform Sat. 11:05 a.m.

Para siempre, amor mío (1954) Jorge Mistral, Rosario Granados. Cansado de la rutina del matrimonio, Juan Carlos huye a España con el pretexto de viajar por negocios, pero en el país ibérico encuentra el amor. (NR) 1 hr. 38 mins. KWHY Wed. 9 a.m.

The Parent Trap (1998) ★★★ Lindsay Lohan, Dennis Quaid. An 11-year-old meets her California twin, and they plot to reunite their divorced parents. (PG) 2 hrs. 7 mins. E Thur. 8 p.m. E Fri. 4 p.m.

Paris, Wine & Romance (2019) Jen Lilley, Dan Jeannotte. Needing to win some accolades for her masterfully made pinots, a winemaker from Oregon travels to Paris to compete in a major wine competition. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sat. 11 a.m.

A Patch of Blue (1965) ★★★ Sidney Poitier, Shelley Winters. A blind white teenager, sheltered by her sleazy mother, falls in love with a kind young black man. (NR) 1 hr. 45 mins. TCM Tues. 9 p.m.

Paths of Glory (1957) ★★★★ Kirk Douglas, Ralph Meeker. A World War I French colonel defends three soldiers picked to be shot for a general’s blunder. (NR) 1 hr. 26 mins. TCM Wed. 3:15 p.m.

Patriot Games (1992) ★★★ Harrison Ford, Anne Archer. An IRA terrorist vows revenge against the ex-CIA agent who killed the man’s brother and thwarted an attack on royalty. (R) 1 hr. 56 mins. KCOP Sun. 5 p.m.

The Patriot (2000) ★★★ Mel Gibson, Heath Ledger. A pacifist farmer of South Carolina reluctantly joins the Revolutionary War and fights alongside his son. (R) 2 hrs. 38 mins. IFC Sun. 8:45 a.m. BBC America Fri. 8 p.m. BBC America Sat. 2:30 a.m.

Pearl Harbor (2001) ★★ Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett. Two pilots and lifelong friends fall for the same woman, but must put aside their differences when the Japanese attack their naval base on Dec. 7, 1941. (PG-13) 3 hrs. 3 mins. Showtime Wed. 10 a.m. AMC Thur. 8 p.m. AMC Thur. 11:05 p.m.

Peppermint (2018) ★ Jennifer Garner, John Gallagher Jr. Riley awakens from a coma after surviving a brutal attack that killed her husband and daughter. When the system shields the murderers from justice, Riley transforms herself into an urban guerrilla to deliver her own personal brand of punishment. (R) 1 hr. 42 mins. Showtime Wed. 6:30 p.m.

Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief (2010) ★★ Logan Lerman, Brandon T. Jackson. After learning he is the son of Poseidon, a youth must prevent a war among the gods and rescue his mother from Hades, king of the underworld. (PG) 1 hr. 59 mins. Freeform Wed. 11 a.m.

The Perfect Catch (2017) Nikki DeLoach, Andrew Walker. A single mother reinvents her struggling diner while spending time with a former high-school boyfriend who’s now a superstar baseball player. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Thur. 8 p.m.

Perry Mason: The Case of the Avenging Ace (1988) ★★ Raymond Burr, Patty Duke. Told of a new witness, lawyer Mason defends a military officer he sentenced for murder as a judge. (NR) 1 hr. 37 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Wed. 5 p.m.

Perry Mason: The Case of the Lady in the Lake (1988) ★★ Raymond Burr, David Hasselhoff. Lawyer Mason finds a conspiracy around a man accused of killing his missing heiress wife. (NR) 1 hr. 37 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Thur. 5 p.m.

Perry Mason: The Case of the Lethal Lesson (1989) ★★ Raymond Burr, Brian Keith. Mason relunctantly defends a law student for the murder of another student whose father Mason knows. (NR) 1 hr. 37 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Fri. 5 p.m.

Perry Mason: The Case of the Murdered Madam (1987) ★★ Raymond Burr, Ann Jillian. Lawyer Mason defends a man for killing his wife, an ex-madam doing PR work for bank swindlers. (NR) 1 hr. 37 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Mon. 5 p.m.

Perry Mason: The Case of the Scandalous Scoundrel (1987) ★★ Raymond Burr, Barbara Hale. Lawyer Mason and Della Street party with a tabloid publisher later found dead in the pool. (NR) 1 hr. 37 mins. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Tues. 5 p.m.

Pet Sematary (1989) ★★ Dale Midkiff, Fred Gwynne. A family’s life in small-town Maine is shattered by the evil unleashed from an ancient American Indian burial ground. (R) 1 hr. 39 mins. AMC Sun. 1 p.m.

Pete’s Dragon (2016) ★★★ Bryce Dallas Howard, Oakes Fegley. Live action/animated. A forest ranger meets a 10-year-old orphan who claims he lives in the woods with a giant, friendly dragon. (PG) 1 hr. 43 mins. Freeform Sat. 11:30 p.m.

Phantom Thread (2017) ★★★ Daniel Day-Lewis, Vicky Krieps. Renowned dressmaker Reynolds Woodcock and his sister Cyril are at the center of British fashion in 1950s London. His carefully tailored existence soon gets disrupted by Alma, a young and strong-willed woman who becomes his muse and lover. (R) 2 hrs. 10 mins. Cinemax Sun. 3:50 a.m.

Phineas and Ferb: The Movie: Across the 2nd Dimension (2011) ★★★ Voices of Vincent Martella, Dee Bradley Baker. Animated. Along with their pet platypus, stepbrothers Phineas and Ferb battle evil Dr. Doofenshmirtz. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Disney XD Sat. 1:15 p.m.

The Pink Panther 2 (2009) ★ Steve Martin, Jean Reno. Clouseau and a team of international detectives investigate the thefts of the world’s greatest treasures, including the diamond called the Pink Panther. (PG) 1 hr. 32 mins. IFC Sat. 9:15 a.m.

The Pink Panther (2006) ★★ Steve Martin, Kevin Kline. A bumbling French inspector investigates the murder of a famous soccer coach and the theft of his priceless pink diamond. (PG) 1 hr. 33 mins. IFC Sat. 11:15 a.m.

Piranha (2010) ★★ Elisabeth Shue, Adam Scott. Spring break turns gory at a popular waterside resort, where hundreds of prehistoric man-eating fish have come to dine on hapless humans. (R) 1 hr. 28 mins. TMC Sat. 9 p.m. TMC Sun. 12:05 p.m.

Piranhaconda (2012) Michael Madsen, Rachel Hunter. After a deranged scientist steals the egg of a hybrid animal, members of a film crew run from the creature before the people become its dinner. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Syfy Sun. 4 a.m.

Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End (2007) ★★ Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom. While the Flying Dutchman ghost ship wreaks havoc on the Seven Seas, Will, Elizabeth and Barbossa unite to save Jack Sparrow from Davy Jones’ locker. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 48 mins. Freeform Wed. 7:30 p.m. Freeform Thur. 4:30 p.m.

Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest (2006) ★★ Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom. Capt. Jack Sparrow must find a way to avoid the clutches of ghostly pirate Davy Jones and his crew or be damned for all eternity. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 31 mins. Freeform Tues. 8 p.m. Freeform Wed. 4:30 p.m.

Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (2011) ★★ Johnny Depp, Penélope Cruz. Capt. Jack Sparrow encounters a woman from his past, who forces him to go aboard Blackbeard’s ship on a quest to find the legendary Fountain of Youth. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 16 mins. Freeform Thur. 8 p.m. Freeform Fri. 5:30 p.m.

Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003) ★★★ Johnny Depp, Geoffrey Rush. A swashbuckler must rescue a governor’s daughter from a pirate and his mates, who turn into skeletons by moonlight. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 23 mins. Freeform Mon. 8 p.m. Freeform Tues. 5 p.m.

A Place in the Sun (1951) ★★★ Montgomery Clift, Elizabeth Taylor. A social climber in love with a wealthy beauty figures out how to get rid of his poor, pregnant girlfriend. (NR) 2 hrs. 2 mins. TCM Sun. 12:45 p.m.

Planes (2013) ★★ Voices of Dane Cook, Stacy Keach. Animated. Despite his incompatible build and fear of heights, a small-town plane dreams of one day competing as a high-flying air racer. (PG) 1 hr. 32 mins. Encore Tues. 3 p.m.

Planes, Trains and Automobiles (1987) ★★★ Steve Martin, John Candy. An ad exec and a shower-curtain-ring salesman become co-travelers on the way to Thanksgiving in Chicago. (R) 1 hr. 32 mins. Sundance Mon. 3 p.m. Sundance Tues. 1:15 a.m.

Planes: Fire & Rescue (2014) ★★ Voices of Dane Cook, Julie Bowen. Animated. After his engine gets damaged, world-famous air racer Dusty must shift gears and find a new career. He joins an elite crew of firefighting aircraft devoted to protecting historic Piston Peak National Park. (PG) 1 hr. 23 mins. Encore Tues. 4:34 p.m.

Planet Earth: One Amazing Day (2017) Narrated by Robert Redford. From exotic jungles, high mountains and remote islands, filmmakers Richard Dale, Peter Webber and Fan Lixin capture the awesome beauty of nature over the course of one day. (G) 1 hr. 35 mins. BBC America Sun. 8 a.m.

Planet of the Apes (2001) ★★ Mark Wahlberg, Tim Roth. In 2029 an astronaut leads a human uprising against a military leader and his army of ruling simians. (PG-13) 2 hrs. BBC America Tues. 2:30 a.m. BBC America Tues. Noon IFC Wed. 9:30 a.m. IFC Thur. 6:45 a.m.

Precious (2009) ★★★ Gabourey Sidibe, Mo’Nique. Pregnant and abused, a Harlem teen enrolls in an alternative school in an attempt to bring value to her life. (R) 1 hr. 49 mins. BET Mon. 5 p.m.

The Prestige (2006) ★★★ Hugh Jackman, Christian Bale. After an illusion goes tragically wrong, two 19th-century magicians engage in a bitter and potentially deadly rivalry. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 10 mins. Cinemax Wed. 11:30 p.m.

Pretty Woman (1990) ★★★ Richard Gere, Julia Roberts. A corporate raider pays a gorgeous hooker to be his escort for a business week in Beverly Hills. (R) 1 hr. 54 mins. TNT Mon. 3 p.m. TNT Mon. 10:30 p.m.

Priest (2011) ★★ Paul Bettany, Karl Urban. A warrior priest from a dystopian wasteland sets aside his sacred vows and embarks on a quest to save his niece from a nest of vampires. (PG-13) 1 hr. 27 mins. Starz Sat. 3:10 a.m.

The Princess and the Frog (2009) ★★★ Voices of Anika Noni Rose, Bruno Campos. Animated. A fateful kiss leads a young woman and a royal amphibian on an adventure through the bayous of Louisiana. (G) 1 hr. 35 mins. Disney Sat. 6 p.m.

Problem Child 2 (1991) ★★ John Ritter, Michael Oliver. Unruly Junior meets wild Trixie and together they try to match his father with her mother. (PG-13) 1 hr. 31 mins. Encore Wed. 10:46 a.m.

Proud Mary (2018) ★ Taraji P. Henson, Billy Brown. Mary is a professional assassin who works for a ruthless gangster and his organized crime family in Boston. Her desire to save a 12-year-old boy from the streets soon causes an all-out turf war that forces her to take down whoever stands in her way. (R) 1 hr. 28 mins. Starz Sun. 3:38 p.m.

Pure Country (1992) ★★★ George Strait, Lesley Ann Warren. An amiable country singer struggles to free himself of the hollow trappings of commercial stardom. (PG) 1 hr. 52 mins. CMT Sun. 9:30 p.m.

Pushing Tin (1999) ★★ John Cusack, Billy Bob Thornton. Two air traffic controllers who thrive on living dangerously compete to outdo each other on several levels. (R) 2 hrs. 4 mins. Cinemax Tues. 11:25 p.m.

Puss in Boots (2011) ★★★ Voices of Antonio Banderas, Salma Hayek. Animated. The notorious cat has the adventure of nine lifetimes when he joins forces with Humpty Dumpty and Kitty Softpaws to steal the goose that lays the golden eggs. (PG) 1 hr. 30 mins. HBO Sat. 9:57 a.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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Q Ball (2019) The inmates on the San Quentin Warriors basketball team search for redemption from their troubled pasts. In a place where freedom is taken away, the game provides a path forward. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. FS1 Tues. 1 a.m. FS1 Thur. 5 p.m.

Quo Vadis (1951) ★★★ Robert Taylor, Deborah Kerr. Emperor Nero burns Rome and puts a Roman commander’s Christian bride in the arena with a bull. (NR) 2 hrs. 51 mins. TCM Tues. 12:15 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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Racing With the Moon (1984) ★★★ Sean Penn, Elizabeth McGovern. Two buddies with girlfriends hop trains for kicks before joining the Marines in 1942 California. (PG) 1 hr. 48 mins. EPIX Sat. 5:50 a.m.

Radio (2003) ★★ Cuba Gooding Jr., Ed Harris. A high-school football coach becomes a mentor to a mentally impaired young man in 1970s South Carolina. (PG) 1 hr. 49 mins. Showtime Sun. 6 a.m. Showtime Wed. 1:05 p.m. Showtime Thur. 2:45 a.m.

Ragin’ Cajun Redneck Gators (2013) Jordan Hinson, Victor Webster. After toxic moonshine turns alligators into gigantic, mutated monsters, two rival swamp families have to find a way to work together to save their kin. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Syfy Sun. 2 a.m.

A Raisin in the Sun (1961) ★★★ Sidney Poitier, Claudia McNeil. Proud members of a Chicago family argue over a $10,000 insurance windfall. (NR) 2 hrs. 8 mins. TCM Tues. 5 p.m.

Rambo (2008) ★★ Sylvester Stallone, Julie Benz. John Rambo calls upon his long-buried but lethal skills to rescue a missionary and her comrades from the Burmese army. (R) 1 hr. 31 mins. Showtime Thur. 11 p.m.

Rango (2011) ★★★ Voices of Johnny Depp, Isla Fisher. Animada. Rango es un camaleón que lleva toda su vida viviendo como mascota en un terrario. Sin embargo, un buen día, mientras transportan su terrario, el recipiente se cae del auto en medio del desierto y acaba en un pueblo salvaje donde lo nombran alguacil. (PG) 1 hr. 45 mins. KVEA Sat. Noon

Rashomon (1950) ★★★★ Toshirô Mifune, Machiko Ky? Three parties and a witness have four versions of a rape/murder in ninth-century Japan. (NR) 1 hr. 28 mins. TCM Sat. 5 p.m.

Ratatouille (2007) ★★★ Voices of Patton Oswalt, Ian Holm. Animated. A Parisian rat who enjoys fine food lives beneath a famous restaurant and longs to be a great chef. (G) 1 hr. 51 mins. Disney Sun. 6 p.m. Freeform Sat. 8:50 p.m.

Real Genius (1985) ★★ Val Kilmer, Gabe Jarret. Tech-school prodigies learn their laser project is actually a death beam funded by the military. (PG) 1 hr. 46 mins. Sundance Tues. 3:15 a.m. Sundance Tues. 9:15 a.m. BBC America Fri. Noon

Realive (2016) Tom Hughes, Charlotte Le Bon. A man who has been diagnosed with terminal cancer decides to freeze his body, hoping that time will provide a cure for his death sentence. (NR) 1 hr. 48 mins. Syfy Fri. 1:37 a.m.

Red (2010) ★★ Bruce Willis, Morgan Freeman. Retired CIA agents reassemble for survival after the agency sends assassins to silence them and the secrets they carry. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. USA Fri. 5:30 p.m. USA Sat. 2:40 p.m.

Red 2 (2013) ★★ Bruce Willis, John Malkovich. Former CIA black-ops agent Frank Moses and his team battle assassins, terrorists and power-hungry government officials as they try to retrieve a lethal device that could change the balance of world power. (PG-13) 1 hr. 56 mins. USA Sat. 12:08 p.m.

The Relic (1997) ★★ Penelope Ann Miller, Tom Sizemore. A homicide detective helps a biologist hunt a giant creature that is killing people in a Chicago museum. (R) 1 hr. 50 mins. Encore Tues. 4:19 a.m.

Remember the Titans (2000) ★★★ Denzel Washington, Will Patton. A Virginia high school hires a black football coach after undergoing integration in 1971. (PG) 1 hr. 53 mins. Paramount Thur. 7:30 p.m. Paramount Thur. 10 p.m. Paramount Sat. 12:40 p.m. Paramount Sat. 9 p.m.

Remittance (2018) Maritte Lee Go, Sean Michael Smith. A Filipino maid takes a job in Singapore to support her family back home. (NR) 10 mins. Cinemax Sat. 6:20 a.m.

The Replacement Killers (1998) ★★ Chow Yun-Fat, Mira Sorvino. An Asian crime czar pursues a forger and a hired gun who failed to kill a policeman’s boy. (R) 1 hr. 26 mins. EPIX Fri. 12:20 p.m.

Rescuing Madison (2014) Alona Tal, Ethan Peck. Sparks fly between a singer and the handsome firefighter who saved her life. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Mon. 2 p.m.

Reservoir Dogs (1992) ★★★ Harvey Keitel, Tim Roth. Thieves ponder the identity of the traitor in their midst in the violent aftermath of a failed jewelry heist. (R) 1 hr. 45 mins. Showtime Wed. 12:05 p.m.

Resident Evil: Afterlife (2010) ★ Milla Jovovich, Ali Larter. Joined by an old friend, Alice and her companions head to a rumored safe haven in Los Angeles but find it overrun with the walking dead. (R) 1 hr. 37 mins. Starz Fri. 4:27 a.m. Starz Fri. 3:46 p.m.

Resident Evil: Apocalypse (2004) ★★ Milla Jovovich, Sienna Guillory. Survivors of a deadly virus must fight their way through Raccoon City’s legion of undead inhabitants. (R) 1 hr. 33 mins. HBO Fri. 8:20 p.m.

Resident Evil: Extinction (2007) ★★ Milla Jovovich, Oded Fehr. Genetically altered by Umbrella Corp., Alice and her cohorts try to eradicate an undead virus before it infects everyone on Earth. (R) 1 hr. 34 mins. Starz Thur. 3 a.m.

Resident Evil: Retribution (2012) ★★ Milla Jovovich, Michelle Rodriguez. New allies and old friends aid Alice in her worldwide search for those responsible for the T-virus outbreak that continues to turn humans into flesh-eating zombies. (R) 1 hr. 35 mins. Syfy Wed. 11:30 p.m. Syfy Thur. 2:30 p.m.

Revenge of the Nerds II: Nerds in Paradise (1987) ★★ Robert Carradine, Curtis Armstrong. Skolnick, Poindexter and Booger attend a big fraternity convention in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. (PG-13) 1 hr. 28 mins. IFC Sat. 1:15 p.m.

Revenge of the Nerds III: The Next Generation (1992) ★★ Robert Carradine, Ted McGinley. Skolnick and fellow alumni help their nerd fraternity block a power play at the old alma mater. (NR) 1 hr. 33 mins. IFC Fri. 10 a.m. IFC Sat. 4 a.m.

Revenge of the Nerds IV: Nerds in Love (1994) ★★ Robert Carradine, Curtis Armstrong. Skolnick and his fellow nerds plan a bachelor party for Booger whose future in-laws disapprove. (NR) 1 hr. 37 mins. IFC Fri. 3:30 a.m. IFC Fri. 8 a.m.

The Rich Are Always With Us (1932) ★★ Ruth Chatterton, George Brent. A New York socialite keeps in touch with her cheating husband, frustrating an admirer in Paris. (NR) 1 hr. 13 mins. TCM Fri. 7:30 a.m.

Riddick (2013) ★★ Vin Diesel, Karl Urban. Left for dead on a sun-scorched planet, wanted criminal Riddick must confront two teams of mercenaries, one of whom is led by a man from his past. (R) 1 hr. 58 mins. FXX Fri. 3:30 p.m. FXX Sat. 10:30 a.m.

Ride Lonesome (1959) ★★ Randolph Scott, Karen Steele. A bounty hunter’s need for vengeance emerges when he learns the outlaw he’s escorting is related to his wife’s killer. (NR) 1 hr. 13 mins. TCM Sat. 1:15 p.m.

Rio 2 (2014) ★★ Voices of Anne Hathaway, Jesse Eisenberg. Animated. Blu, Jewel and their three children leave the comfort of the city and travel to the Amazon jungle to learn how to live as wild birds. (G) 1 hr. 41 mins. FXX Sun. 9:30 a.m.

The Rise and Fall of The Clash (2012) Filmmakers chronicle the music group’s rise from London’s pubs to arena performances in America, and their subsequent fall from grace. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. AXS Thur. 7 a.m.

Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991) ★★ Kevin Costner, Morgan Freeman. The archer and his Moorish sidekick join Sherwood Forest outlaws against the sheriff of Nottingham, who covets Maid Marian. (NR) 2 hrs. 28 mins. Ovation Sat. 8:30 p.m.

The Rocker (2008) ★★ Rainn Wilson, Christina Applegate. Twenty years after his band mates gave him the boot, a failed drummer gets a second shot at fame as a member of his teenage nephew’s band. (PG-13) 1 hr. 42 mins. Encore Sun. 12:47 p.m.

Rocky (1976) ★★★★ Sylvester Stallone, Talia Shire. Heavyweight champ Apollo Creed gives Philadelphia club fighter Rocky Balboa a title shot. (PG) 1 hr. 59 mins. AXS Thur. 7 p.m. AXS Thur. 9:15 p.m. AXS Fri. 3:45 p.m.

Roll Bounce (2005) ★★ Bow Wow, Chi McBride. The closure of their favorite rink forces a roller-skater and his friends to gather at an uptown establishment. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. Cinemax Mon. 8:35 a.m.

The Rolling Stones – Crossfire Hurricane (2012) ★★★ Filmmaker Brett Morgen examines the history of the Rolling Stones, from their London debut in 1962 as a group of blues-obsessed bad boys to their status as the “World’s Greatest Rock and Roll Band.’’ (NR) 1 hr. 51 mins. AXS Sat. 6 a.m.

Rough Night (2017) ★★ Scarlett Johansson, Jillian Bell. Jess is an engaged politician who reunites with three of her college friends for a wild bachelorette weekend in Miami. The night of hard partying soon lands them in hot water when a male stripper accidentally dies at their beach house. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. FX Mon. 8 p.m. FX Mon. 10 p.m.

Rounders (1998) ★★ Matt Damon, Edward Norton. The release of his debt-ridden pal from jail spurs a law student to resume high-stakes gambling. (R) 2 hrs. TMC Fri. 3 p.m. TMC Sat. 4:25 a.m.

The Row (2018) Colin Egglesfield, Dylan Sprayberry. An incoming college freshman must endure cruel hazing rituals and somehow evade a demented serial killer who is targeting her sorority sisters. (R) 1 hr. 25 mins. EPIX Mon. 6 a.m.

Roxanne (1987) ★★★ Steve Martin, Daryl Hannah. The long-nosed fire chief of a Washington ski town helps a dolt woo the astronomer he loves. (PG) 1 hr. 46 mins. EPIX Sun. 3:05 a.m.

Royal Hearts (2018) Cindy Busby, James Brolin. Montana rancher Hank learns that he’s the last heir of the late King of Merania and has inherited the throne. His daughter Kelly convinces the reluctant royal to step in as king so the country can keep its independence. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Tues. 4 p.m.

Royally Ever After (2018) Fiona Gubelmann, Torrance Coombs. A teacher learns that her boyfriend is actually the prince of a small country called St. Ives. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Thur. 6 p.m.

The Running Man (1987) ★★ Arnold Schwarzenegger, Maria Conchita Alonso. A police-state scapegoat must play a TV host’s deadly game show for the 21st-century masses. (R) 1 hr. 41 mins. Encore Fri. 9 p.m. Encore Sat. 9:14 a.m. Encore Sat. 4:13 p.m.

Rush (2013) ★★★ Chris Hemsworth, Daniel Brühl. Charismatic Englishman James Hunt and Austrian perfectionist Niki Lauda burn up the 1970s Formula 1 racing scene and share an intense rivalry on the track. (R) 2 hrs. 3 mins. IFC Mon. 7:45 a.m. IFC Tues. 3 a.m.

Rush Hour (1998) ★★★ Jackie Chan, Chris Tucker. A Hong Kong detective and a wisecracking L.A.P.D. detective choose to work together to find the missing daughter of a Chinese diplomat. (PG-13) 1 hr. 38 mins. TNT Sun. 4 p.m.

Rush Hour 3 (2007) ★ Jackie Chan, Chris Tucker. The assassination of a Chinese ambassador reunites Lee and Carter, who tangle with Triad gangsters in France. (PG-13) 1 hr. 31 mins. TNT Sun. 6 p.m.

Rust Creek (2018) Hermione Corfield, Jay Paulson. A wrong turn leaves a college student stranded in the wintry woods, where she aligns with an enigmatic loner to survive the elements — and the outlaws pursuing her. (R) 1 hr. 48 mins. Showtime Thur. 4:55 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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Safe House (2012) ★★ Denzel Washington, Ryan Reynolds. After barely escaping an attack by mercenaries, a rookie agent and a renegade operative must join forces and figure out who wants them dead. (R) 1 hr. 55 mins. TNT Wed. 10:30 p.m.

Sahara (2005) ★★ Matthew McConaughey, Steve Zahn. Un explorador emprende una de las aventuras más peligrosas de su vida. La posibilidad de encontrar un barco que naufragó cargado de oro, lo lleva a él y a su compañero a enfrentarse con traficantes de armas y a la maldición que rodea al cargamento. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 4 mins. UNIMAS Sat. 1:30 p.m. KFTR Sat. 4:30 p.m. UNIMAS Sat. 8:30 p.m. KFTR Sat. 11:30 p.m.

The Sandlot (1993) ★★ Thomas Guiry, Mike Vitar. The best baseball player in the neighborhood helps a new kid with his clumsy ball-handling. (PG) 1 hr. 41 mins. CMT Sun. Noon CMT Mon. 12:30 p.m. CMT Thur. 7:30 p.m. CMT Thur. 10 p.m.

Saturday Night Fever (1977) ★★★ John Travolta, Karen Lynn Gorney. A Brooklyn paint-store clerk dons a white suit and becomes king of the dance floor at his local disco. (R) 1 hr. 59 mins. Sundance Sun. Noon Sundance Mon. 3:30 a.m.

Saturday’s Heroes (1937) ★★ Van Heflin, Marian Marsh. A young gridiron hero who does his best to restore integrity to football is rewarded with the position of head coach. (NR) 58 mins. TCM Fri. 10:30 p.m.

Saving Mr. Banks (2013) ★★★ Emma Thompson, Tom Hanks. Walt Disney pulls out all the stops to get the movie rights to “Mary Poppins’’ from its prickly author, P.L. Travers. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 5 mins. Encore Mon. 10:56 a.m. Encore Mon. 10:44 p.m.

Saving Private Ryan (1998) ★★★★ Tom Hanks, Edward Burns. A World War II captain and his squad risk all to locate and send home a soldier whose three brothers died in combat. (R) 2 hrs. 49 mins. BBC America Sun. 6 p.m. BBC America Sun. 10 p.m. AMC Sat. 1 p.m. AMC Sun. 5:25 a.m.

Scarface (1983) ★★★ Al Pacino, Michelle Pfeiffer. A Cuban immigrant from Castro’s jails cuts a violent path of destruction on his way to the top of Miami’s drug trade. (R) 2 hrs. 50 mins. Starz Fri. 1:36 a.m.

Scooby-Doo! The Mystery Begins (2009) ★★★ Robbie Amell, Kate Melton. Young Shaggy and his newly adopted dog joins forces with Fred, Daphne and Velma to investigate a haunting at their school. (PG) 1 hr. 30 mins. TOON Fri. 9 a.m.

Screen Actors (1950) Narrated by John Nesbitt. Learning about the non-show business activities of 1950s film stars. (NR) TCM Sat. 5:10 a.m.

The Secret Life of Bees (2008) ★★ Queen Latifah, Dakota Fanning. Haunted by memories of her late mother, a teen finds comfort with three sisters who teach her about beekeeping, honey, and the Black Madonna. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. Starz Fri. 7:34 a.m.

The Secret Lives of Cheerleaders (2019) Denise Richards, Savannah May. A new transfer student reluctantly tries out for the cheerleading team at the insistence of her overly-ambitious mother. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Lifetime Sun. 10 a.m.

Seeing El Salvador (1945) Narrated by James A. FitzPatrick. A tour of San Salvador. (NR) TCM Sat. 5:19 a.m.

Senna (2010) ★★★ Alain Prost, Frank Williams. Ayrton Senna becomes a three-time Formula One racing champion and Brazil’s national hero before his untimely death at age 34. (PG-13) 1 hr. 44 mins. TMC Sun. 10 p.m. TMC Wed. 8:05 a.m. TMC Sat. 6:30 a.m.

Serenity (2005) ★★★ Nathan Fillion, Gina Torres. Crew members aboard a transport vessel get caught in a deadly conflict in the wake of a galactic war. (PG-13) 1 hr. 59 mins. Encore Fri. 5:19 p.m. Encore Sat. 12:17 p.m.

Seventh Son (2014) ★★ Jeff Bridges, Julianne Moore. A supernatural champion has little time to train a new apprentice for a battle against a malevolent and vengeful witch. (PG-13) 1 hr. 42 mins. Cinemax Sun. 6:15 p.m. Cinemax Sat. 11:25 p.m.

The Shack (2017) ★★ Sam Worthington, Octavia Spencer. Three enigmatic strangers take a depressed man on a life-changing journey after a family tragedy makes him question his faith. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 12 mins. CMT Sat. Noon CMT Sat. 5:30 p.m.

Shaft (2000) ★★ Samuel L. Jackson, Vanessa L. Williams. A detective and a narcotics cop track a sociopath out to kill a woman who can testify that he committed murder. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. BET Sat. 5:25 p.m.

Shanghai Surprise (1986) ★ Sean Penn, Madonna. An American tie salesman and a missionary team up to track down missing opium in 1938 China. (PG-13) 1 hr. 37 mins. EPIX Sat. 4:10 a.m.

Shark Night (2011) ★ Sara Paxton, Dustin Milligan. A weekend of fun turns into a blood-soaked nightmare when college students discover they are stranded amid a school of hungry sharks. (PG-13) 1 hr. 31 mins. Syfy Mon. 4:02 a.m.

The Shawshank Redemption (1994) ★★★★ Tim Robbins, Morgan Freeman. Two life sentences for a 1947 double murder land an innocent man in a corrupt Maine penitentiary. (R) 2 hrs. 22 mins. IFC Sun. 8 p.m. IFC Sun. 11 p.m.

She’s the One (1996) ★★ Jennifer Aniston, Maxine Bahns. An affair with his cab-driver brother’s ex-fiancee typifies a married Wall Street guy’s need for sibling rivalry. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. Cinemax Sat. 8:35 a.m.

Sherlock Holmes (2009) ★★ Robert Downey Jr., Jude Law. The resourceful detective and his astute partner, Dr. Watson, meet a powerful criminal, a devotee of black magic who arises from his grave. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 8 mins. TBS Sat. 11:30 p.m.

Sicario: Day of the Soldado (2018) ★★ Benicio Del Toro, Josh Brolin. FBI agent Matt Graver calls on operative Alejandro Gillick when Mexican drug cartels start to smuggle terrorists across the U.S. border. The war escalates even further when Alejandro kidnaps a kingpin’s daughter to deliberately increase the tensions. (R) 2 hrs. 2 mins. Starz Mon. 3:58 a.m. Starz Mon. 1:20 p.m. Starz Sat. 11:20 a.m. Starz Sat. 12:03 p.m.

Signpost to Murder (1965) ★★ Stuart Whitman, Joanne Woodward. An Englishwoman whose husband is away hides a killer escaped from an asylum. (NR) 1 hr. 14 mins. TCM Tues. 10:45 a.m.

Signs (2002) ★★★ Mel Gibson, Joaquin Phoenix. With the help of his brother, a Pennsylvanian investigates the appearance of 500-foot-diameter circles in his crop fields. (PG-13) 1 hr. 46 mins. HBO Thur. 8:40 a.m.

Silent House (2011) ★★ Elizabeth Olsen, Adam Trese. Horrifying events turn panic to real terror when a young woman becomes trapped in the old house she’s helping her father and uncle renovate. (R) 1 hr. 28 mins. IFC Wed. 3:45 a.m.

Silver Lake (2018) Alex Boling, Robert Buscemi. A writer feels caught between the chaotic world of his eccentric friends and the more stable world of his girlfriend and her young children. (NR) 1 hr. 35 mins. Audience Sat. 9 a.m. Audience Sat. Noon Audience Sat. 5 p.m.

Silverado (1985) ★★★ Kevin Kline, Scott Glenn. Old West drifters Jake, Emmett, Mal and Paden shoot it out with a crooked sheriff and clan. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 12 mins. TMC Mon. 10 p.m. Showtime Thur. 10:15 a.m.

The Simone Biles Story: Courage to Soar (2018) Jeanté Godlock, Julius Tennon. Simone Biles pursues her dream of becoming an elite gymnast, giving up parties, high school football games and senior prom along the way. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. BET Sun. 5:35 p.m.

A Simple Favor (2018) ★★★ Anna Kendrick, Blake Lively. Stephanie is a widowed, single mother who works as a vlogger in Connecticut. When her best friend mysteriously disappears one day, Stephanie launches her own investigation by digging into the woman’s past — and finding a few surprises along the way. (R) 1 hr. 57 mins. EPIX Sun. 10:30 a.m.

Sing (2016) ★★★ Voices of Matthew McConaughey, Reese Witherspoon. Animated. A pig, a mouse, a porcupine, a gorilla, an elephant and other animals gather at a koala’s theater for a singing competition. (PG) 1 hr. 48 mins. FXX Sun. 1:30 p.m.

Sister of the Bride (2019) Becca Tobin, Ryan Rottman. An anthropology professor gets engaged to her boyfriend after only sixth months of dating. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Tues. 6 p.m.

6 Bullets (2012) Jean-Claude Van Damme, Joe Flanigan. A mercenary who specializes in finding missing children is hired to rescue the kidnapped daughter of a champion in mixed martial arts. (R) 1 hr. 54 mins. TMC Thur. 11:40 p.m.

The Skulls (2000) ★ Joshua Jackson, Paul Walker. A freshman joins an elite society that will guarantee him success, but he questions his decision when his reporter roommate dies mysteriously. (PG-13) 1 hr. 46 mins. Cinemax Thur. 6:10 p.m.

Skyscraper (2018) ★★ Dwayne Johnson, Neve Campbell. Former FBI agent Will Sawyer gets framed for a blazing fire in the world’s tallest building. Now a wanted man and on the run, he must find those responsible, clear his name and somehow rescue his family when they become trapped inside the inferno. (PG-13) 1 hr. 42 mins. HBO Thur. 6:15 p.m. HBO Sun. 12:30 p.m.

Sleeping With the Enemy (1991) ★★ Julia Roberts, Patrick Bergin. The battered wife of a yuppie neat-freak fakes her death at sea and flees from Cape Cod to Iowa. (R) 1 hr. 39 mins. Encore Fri. 7:20 p.m. Encore Sat. 10:57 a.m.

The Slender Thread (1965) ★★★ Sidney Poitier, Anne Bancroft. A hot-line worker stalls a suicidal woman while Seattle police trace her call. (NR) 1 hr. 38 mins. TCM Tues. 7:15 p.m.

So I Married an Axe Murderer (1993) ★★ Mike Myers, Nancy Travis. A multimedia poet falls for a San Francisco butcher who may be a husband killer, and he may be next. (PG-13) 1 hr. 33 mins. EPIX Thur. 1:30 a.m.

Soldier (1998) ★★ Kurt Russell, Jason Scott Lee. A soldier, trained as such from birth, helps colonists stave off a team of genetically engineered killers. (R) 1 hr. 38 mins. Cinemax Thur. 4:30 p.m.

Solo para damas (1981) Jaime Moreno, Ana Luisa Peluffo. Un joven llega a Nueva York con la esperanza de convertirse en un gran actor. Sin embargo, pronto descubre lo difícil que es triunfar en el mundo artístico y acepta un trabajo como stripper en un club nocturno. (NR) 1 hr. 23 mins. KWHY Mon. 8 p.m.

Someone Like You (2001) ★★ Ashley Judd, Greg Kinnear. A woman who hires talent for a talk show investigates male behavior after her boyfriend breaks up with her. (PG-13) 1 hr. 37 mins. Cinemax Tues. 7:45 a.m.

Son tus perjúmenes mujer (1978) Luis de Alba, Patricia María. Un hombre hace todo tipo de trabajo para ganar bastante dinero, y así poder llevar su sobrino lisiado a Disneylandia. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. KWHY Fri. 8 p.m.

The Sons of Katie Elder (1965) ★★★ John Wayne, Dean Martin. Four sons learn their father gambled away the family ranch, leading to his murder. The brothers decide to avenge their father’s death and win back the ranch, starting a feud with the local sheriff and the rival Hastings clan. (NR) 2 hrs. 2 mins. Encore Sun. 10:02 a.m.

The Sorcerer’s Apprentice (2010) ★★ Nicolas Cage, Jay Baruchel. A wizard trains a reluctant protege in the art of magic to help him protect Manhattan from a powerful adversary. (PG) 1 hr. 48 mins. Starz Sun. 10:56 a.m. Starz Thur. 7:08 p.m.

Space Jam (1996) ★★ Michael Jordan, Wayne Knight. Live action/animated. Bugs Bunny recruits NBA star Michael Jordan to help the good Looney Tunes squad take on the bad Monstars in a basketball game. (PG) 1 hr. 27 mins. VH1 Sat. 9:30 p.m.

Spaceballs (1987) ★★ Mel Brooks, John Candy. President Skroob pits evil Dark Helmet against Lone Starr and the half-man, half-dog Barf. (PG) 1 hr. 32 mins. EPIX Thur. 9:30 a.m.

Spanglish (2004) ★★ Adam Sandler, Téa Leoni. A single mother becomes a housekeeper for a laid-back chef and his neurotic wife. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 10 mins. Cinemax Mon. 2:05 p.m.

Spider-Man 3 (2007) ★★ Tobey Maguire, Kirsten Dunst. Peter Parker undergoes an ominous transformation when his Spider-Man suit turns black and brings out the dark, vengeful side of his personality. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 13 mins. Showtime Tues. 10 a.m. Showtime Tues. 5:55 p.m. Showtime Sat. 9 p.m.

The Spy Who Dumped Me (2018) ★★ Mila Kunis, Kate McKinnon. Unexpectedly thrust into an international conspiracy, two best friends find themselves dodging deadly assassins and a suspicious British agent while hatching a plan to save the world. (R) 1 hr. 56 mins. EPIX Mon. 11 p.m. EPIX Tues. 9:40 a.m.

Stalked by My Ex (2017) Yves Bright, Tamara Braun. After learning that her abusive ex-husband is about to be released from prison, a woman flees with her teenage daughter back to her old hometown. (NR) 1 hr. 26 mins. Lifetime Sat. 4 p.m.

Stand and Deliver (1988) ★★★ Edward James Olmos, Lou Diamond Phillips. Los Angeles high-school teacher Jaime Escalante leads a street punk and his classmates into calculus. (PG) 1 hr. 42 mins. Encore Sat. 7:29 a.m.

Stand by Me (1986) ★★★★ Wil Wheaton, River Phoenix. A boy and his three buddies set out in the summer of 1959 on a hike to find a dead body. (R) 1 hr. 29 mins. EPIX Tues. 8 p.m. EPIX Wed. 12:25 p.m.

Stand Up Guys (2012) ★★ Al Pacino, Christopher Walken. A geriatric gangster’s release from prison leads to a reunion with his two partners in crime, one of whom has orders to kill him. (R) 1 hr. 35 mins. EPIX Thur. 1:30 p.m.

Star Trek (2009) ★★★ Chris Pine, Zachary Quinto. Young James T. Kirk, Spock and the rest of the Enterprise crew embark on a collision course with a vengeful Romulan. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 6 mins. FXX Tues. 12:30 p.m. FXX Wed. 9:30 a.m.

Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) ★★★ Chris Pine, Zachary Quinto. After an act of terrorism leaves him with a personal score to settle, Capt. Kirk defies Starfleet regulations and leads his crew on a mission to capture a powerfully destructive force. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 12 mins. FXX Tues. 3 p.m. FXX Wed. Noon

Star Trek: First Contact (1996) ★★★ Patrick Stewart, Jonathan Frakes. Picard, Riker and the others set off to stop the half-robot Borg from sabotaging the first warp drive flight in 2063. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. EPIX Sat. 9:40 a.m.

Starship Troopers (1997) ★★★ Casper Van Dien, Dina Meyer. Members of Earth’s space fleet battle a vicious army of gigantic insects bent on destroying humanity. (R) 2 hrs. 9 mins. Syfy Mon. 12:01 p.m.

Step Brothers (2008) ★★ Will Ferrell, John C. Reilly. Two lazy, immature men become rivals when the marriage of one’s mother and the other’s father forces them to live as siblings in the same house. (R) 1 hr. 35 mins. Comedy Central Sat. 10:30 p.m.

Step Up (2006) ★★ Channing Tatum, Jenna Dewan. A troubled guy but a gifted dancer attracts the attention of a talented ballerina at a Maryland school. (PG-13) 1 hr. 38 mins. Showtime Sun. 2:45 p.m. Showtime Fri. 4:45 p.m.

The Stepfather (1987) ★★★ Terry O’Quinn, Jill Schoelen. A Pacific Northwest teen suspects that her mother’s smiling new husband is not what he appears to be. (R) 1 hr. 28 mins. Cinemax Sun. 11:55 p.m.

The Stepford Wives (2004) ★★ Nicole Kidman, Matthew Broderick. A man and his wife move to a quaint suburb where most of the women seem to have the same bland personality. (PG-13) 1 hr. 33 mins. HBO Sun. 12:10 p.m.

Stepmom (1998) ★★ Julia Roberts, Susan Sarandon. A New York fashion photographer contends with her boyfriend’s children and ex-wife. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 4 mins. Lifetime Fri. 8 p.m. Lifetime Sat. 12:01 p.m.

Stone (2010) ★★ Robert De Niro, Edward Norton. An inmate uses whatever means necessary to convince a parole officer to grant his release. (R) 1 hr. 45 mins. FXX Mon. 10 a.m. FXX Tues. 7:30 a.m.

Stop the Wedding (2016) Rachel Boston, Niall Matter. A young, single attorney discovers that her mother’s new fiance is a TV star known more his failed marriages than his acting. (NR) 1 hr. 24 mins. Hallmark Fri. Noon

The Story of G.I. Joe (1945) ★★★ Burgess Meredith, Robert Mitchum. During World War II, American journalist Ernie Pyle goes abroad to write about the arduous experiences of stalwart members of the U.S. Army. (NR) 1 hr. 49 mins. TCM Wed. 6:30 a.m.

Straight Outta Compton (2015) ★★★ O’Shea Jackson Jr., Corey Hawkins. In 1988, N.W.A revolutionizes music and pop culture with their brutally honest depiction of life in Southern Los Angeles. (R) 2 hrs. 27 mins. FX Sat. 1 a.m.

The Subject Was Roses (1968) ★★★ Patricia Neal, Jack Albertson. Bickering parents welcome their son home from World War II. (G) 1 hr. 47 mins. TCM Sun. 3 p.m.

Suicide Kings (1997) ★★★ Christopher Walken, Denis Leary. Four wealthy young men take a New York crime boss hostage, planning to trade him for one’s kidnapped sister. (R) 1 hr. 46 mins. EPIX Fri. 10:30 a.m.

The Sum of All Fears (2002) ★★★ Ben Affleck, Morgan Freeman. Jack Ryan and the CIA director try to stop terrorists who are planning a nuclear attack. (PG-13) 1 hr. 58 mins. EPIX Sun. 4:45 p.m.

Summer Holiday (1948) ★★ Mickey Rooney, Gloria De Haven. A musical high-school love affair has parents in an uproar. (NR) 1 hr. 32 mins. TCM Mon. 11:30 a.m.

A Summer Romance (2019) Erin Krakow, Ryan Paevey. A young woman starts to fall for a New York real estate developer who wants to buy her family’s picturesque ranch in Montana. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Tues. 8 p.m. Hallmark Sat. 9 a.m.

Summer Villa (2016) Victor Webster, Hilarie Burton. A novelist suffering from writer’s block and a chef recovering from a bad review share a French villa for the summer. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Thur. 2 p.m.

Super (2010) ★★ Rainn Wilson, Ellen Page. After his wife leaves him, a fry cook emulates a TV superhero and transforms himself into a costumed vigilante. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. TMC Tues. 8 p.m.

Super Troopers (2001) ★★ Jay Chandrasekhar, Kevin Heffernan. Five state troopers try to stop a group of drug dealers in order to save their careers. (R) 1 hr. 43 mins. Comedy Central Sun. 4:15 p.m. Comedy Central Sun. 11:30 p.m.

Super Troopers 2 (2018) ★★ Jay Chandrasekhar, Kevin Heffernan. Former Vermont Highway Patrol officers Thorny, Farva, Rabbit, Foster and Mac get a shot at redemption in Canada. Their unconventional methods soon get put to the test when they encounter a smarmy mayor, mischievous Mounties and a smuggling ring. (R) 1 hr. 43 mins. Cinemax Tues. 9:45 p.m.

Superstar (1999) ★ Molly Shannon, Will Ferrell. An energetic schoolgirl hopes to win a talent contest where a prize as a movie extra might lead to her first kiss. (PG-13) 1 hr. 22 mins. KDOC Sat. 1 p.m.

Susan Lenox: Her Fall and Rise (1931) ★★ Greta Garbo, Clark Gable. A farmer’s daughter knows other men as a woman of the world, yet searches for the man she loves. (NR) 1 hr. 14 mins. TCM Mon. 8:15 p.m.

Swamp Volcano (2012) Rachel Hunter, Brad Dourif. Volcanologist Antoinette Vitrini and her sister try to stop an oil company’s illegal drilling operation when they discover it is tapping into an enormous volcano beneath Miami. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Syfy Sat. 4 a.m.

Sweet Smell of Success (1957) ★★★ Burt Lancaster, Tony Curtis. An all-powerful New York gossip columnist gives a press agent some dirty work. (NR) 1 hr. 36 mins. TCM Wed. 6:45 p.m.

The Sweeter Side of Life (2013) Kathryn Morris, James Best. Dumped by her husband, a woman takes a job at her father’s bakery. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sun. 6 p.m.

Swingers (1996) ★★★ Jon Favreau, Vince Vaughn. Would-be sultans of coolness help a socially inept friend find romance as they strut through Hollywood and Las Vegas. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. TMC Tues. 7:30 a.m. TMC Tues. 9:40 p.m. TMC Fri. 11:35 a.m.

Swung (2015) Elena Anaya, Owen McDonnell. A man having trouble in the bedroom and his girlfriend stumble upon the swinger scene, which might be a messy solution to their problems. (NR) 1 hr. 27 mins. TMC Sat. 1 a.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

Tabloid (2010) ★★★ Joyce McKinney, Troy Williams. Live action/animated. In the 1970s, former Miss Wyoming Joyce McKinney becomes obsessed with a Mormon acquaintance and flies to England to abduct him after he goes there for missionary work. (R) 1 hr. 28 mins. TMC Thur. Noon

Tag (2018) ★★ Ed Helms, Jon Hamm. Five highly competitive friends hit the ground running for their yearly, no-holds-barred game of tag — risking their necks, their jobs and their relationships to take one another down. (R) 1 hr. 40 mins. Cinemax Fri. 8 p.m.

Take Me Out to the Ball Game (1949) ★★ Gene Kelly, Frank Sinatra. Two dancing baseball players run into trouble with their team’s new female owner and a gambler who doesn’t want them to win the pennant. (NR) 1 hr. 33 mins. TCM Mon. 1:15 p.m.

Tales From the Darkside: The Movie (1990) ★★ Deborah Harry, Christian Slater. A doomed boy stalls a witch with three tales: “Lot 249,’’ “Cat From Hell’’ and “Lover’s Vow.’’ (R) 1 hr. 33 mins. KCOP Sat. Noon

Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby (2006) ★★ Will Ferrell, John C. Reilly. NASCAR driver Ricky Bobby faces his greatest challenge ever when French Formula One driver Jean Girard roars onto the scene. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. Comedy Central Sat. 3:30 p.m. Paramount Sun. 2:15 a.m. Comedy Central Sun. 12:50 p.m.

Tammy (2014) ★ Melissa McCarthy, Susan Sarandon. After losing her job, wrecking her car and discovering her husband’s infidelity, a woman hits the road with her feisty grandmother. (R) 1 hr. 37 mins. TBS Mon. 2 a.m.

Tarzan (1999) ★★★ Voices of Tony Goldwyn, Glenn Close. Animated. A man raised by apes in the African jungle encounters a professor, his daughter and a suspicious hunter. (G) 1 hr. 28 mins. Freeform Sun. 2:05 p.m. Disney XD Sat. 7 p.m.

A Taste of Romance (2011) Teri Polo, Bailee Madison. A grudge between two neighboring restaurateurs soon turns to love. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sun. 10 a.m.

Ted 2 (2015) ★★ Mark Wahlberg, Voice of Seth MacFarlane. Teddy bear Ted seeks legal help from a young lawyer and a legendary, civil-rights attorney when the law declares him to be property and not a person. (R) 1 hr. 55 mins. FXX Wed. 5:30 p.m. FXX Thur. 3:30 p.m.

Teen Titans GO! to the Movies (2018) ★★★ Voices of Greg Cipes, Scott Menville. Animated. With a few madcap ideas and a song in their hearts, the Teen Titans head to Hollywood to fulfill their dreams. Things soon go awry, however, when a supervillain plans to take over the planet — putting the very fate of the young heroes on the line. (PG) 1 hr. 27 mins. HBO Sat. 6:02 a.m.

Tell It to the Bees (2018) Anna Paquin, Holliday Grainger. In 1952 Dr. Jean Markham returns to her Scottish hometown to take over her late father’s medical practice. She soon becomes ostracized by the community when she begins a passionate romance with a woman who has a young son. (NR) 1 hr. 46 mins. Showtime Wed. 9 p.m.

10 Things I Hate About You (1999) ★ Heath Ledger, Julia Stiles. A pretty, popular student can’t date until her rebellious older sister gets a suitor of her own. (PG-13) 1 hr. 37 mins. E Sat. 6:30 p.m. E Sat. 8:30 p.m.

Tequila Sunrise (1988) ★★ Mel Gibson, Michelle Pfeiffer. A narcotics officer uses a woman to catch his buddy, a big-time cocaine dealer ready to retire. (R) 1 hr. 54 mins. Starz Wed. 4:49 a.m.

The Terror of Hallow’s Eve (2017) Caleb Thomas, Sarah Lancaster. A bullied boy’s desire for revenge is so intense that it summons a supernatural entity that frightens his enemies to death. (NR) 1 hr. 20 mins. TMC Fri. 3:30 a.m.

That Hamilton Woman (1941) ★★★ Vivien Leigh, Laurence Olivier. British naval hero Lord Nelson’s affair with another man’s wife ends at Trafalgar in 1805. (NR) 2 hrs. 8 mins. TCM Sun. 4:45 a.m.

That Thing You Do! (1996) ★★★ Tom Everett Scott, Liv Tyler. A small-time rock band rides a big wave of success with the help of a savvy record-executive and a catchy single. (PG) 1 hr. 50 mins. Cinemax Mon. 10:30 a.m.

That’s My Boy (1932) Richard Cromwell, Dorothy Jordan. Football players use shady tactics to make money. (NR) 1 hr. 11 mins. TCM Fri. 5 p.m.

They Fight (2018) Ex-convict Walter Manigan starts an after-school boxing program to steer teens in a positive direction in a Washington, D.C., neighborhood. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. FS1 Wed. 5 p.m.

They Remain (2017) Rebecca Henderson, William Jackson Harper. Scientists Keith and Jessica investigate a horrific incident that occurred at a cult’s remote encampment. Soon, the discovery of a mysterious artifact leads Keith to experience paranoia and strange visions as he slowly loses his grip on reality. (NR) 1 hr. 42 mins. TMC Mon. 2:05 p.m.

Thinner (1996) ★★ Robert John Burke, Joe Mantegna. An elderly Gypsy king’s weight-loss curse prompts an obese lawyer to call in a mob boss’s debt. (R) 1 hr. 32 mins. AMC Sun. 11 a.m.

Thirteen Days (2000) ★★★ Kevin Costner, Bruce Greenwood. President John F. Kennedy and members of his staff react to news of a Soviet missile buildup in Cuba. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 25 mins. HBO Fri. 12:05 p.m.

Thoroughbreds (2017) ★★★ Olivia Cooke, Anya Taylor-Joy. Two upper-class teenage girls in suburban Connecticut rekindle their unlikely friendship after years of growing apart. Together, they hatch a plan to solve both of their problems — no matter what the cost. (R) 1 hr. 30 mins. HBO Thur. 2:10 a.m.

The Three Musketeers (2011) ★ Matthew MacFadyen, Milla Jovovich. A young swordsman joins three of France’s finest warriors in a quest to foil a plot against the crown. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. TMC Mon. 8 p.m. TMC Tues. 4 a.m.

Three O’Clock High (1987) ★★ Casey Siemaszko, Anne Ryan. A bully challenges a California high-school student to a 3 o’clock fight in the parking lot. (PG-13) 1 hr. 37 mins. Encore Thur. 3:23 a.m. Encore Thur. 1:47 p.m.

Three to Tango (1999) ★ Matthew Perry, Neve Campbell. A wealthy businessman and his mistress believe the architect looking out for her is gay. (PG-13) 1 hr. 38 mins. Cinemax Tues. 6:05 a.m.

3000 Miles to Graceland (2001) ★★ Kurt Russell, Kevin Costner. Two ex-cons and their partners in crime plan a Las Vegas casino heist during the week of an Elvis convention. (R) 2 hrs. 5 mins. EPIX Sun. 8:25 a.m.

3:10 to Yuma (2007) ★★★ Russell Crowe, Christian Bale. A rancher and the captive outlaw in his charge learn to respect each other on a dangerous journey to catch a train. (R) 2 hrs. Showtime Thur. 12:30 p.m.

A Thrill for Thelma (1935) Irene Hervey, Robert Livingston. A young woman winds up in jail when she tries to cheat her way to luxury. (NR) 18 mins. TCM Sat. 8:30 a.m.

Throne of Blood (1957) ★★★★ Toshirô Mifune, Isuzu Yamada. A Japanese version of “Macbeth’’ features a samurai, his scheming wife and a flurry-of-arrows finale. (NR) 1 hr. 48 mins. TCM Sat. 6:45 p.m.

Throw Momma From the Train (1987) ★★★ Danny DeVito, Billy Crystal. Two writers mistake tit-for-tat murders: one’s ex-wife for the other’s beastly mother. (PG-13) 1 hr. 26 mins. EPIX Thur. 3:10 p.m.

Tin Cup (1996) ★★★ Kevin Costner, Rene Russo. A curvy customer and a smarmy golf-pro pal motivate a down-and-out Texas driving-range owner to try for the U.S. Open. (R) 2 hrs. 13 mins. Golf Wed. 5:30 p.m. Golf Wed. 8 p.m.

Tommy Boy (1995) ★★ Chris Farley, David Spade. A ne’er-do-well auto-parts heir must stop his father’s widow from selling the business. (PG-13) 1 hr. 38 mins. IFC Wed. 7:45 p.m. IFC Wed. 10:30 p.m.

Tomorrowland (2015) ★★ George Clooney, Hugh Laurie. A scientist and a gifted young woman travel to the mysterious city Tomorrowland to uncover its secrets. (PG) 2 hrs. 9 mins. Freeform Sun. 10:55 p.m. Freeform Mon. 5 p.m.

Tooth Fairy (2010) ★★ Dwayne Johnson, Ashley Judd. As penance for dashing a child’s hopes, a rough-and-tumble hockey player must serve time as a genuine tooth fairy. (PG) 1 hr. 42 mins. Nickelodeon Tues. 8 p.m.

Top Gun (1986) ★★★ Tom Cruise, Kelly McGillis. A hot-shot Navy jet pilot tangles with MiGs and flirts with a civilian astrophysicist. (PG) 1 hr. 49 mins. Paramount Sat. 6:30 p.m. Paramount Sat. 11:30 p.m.

Topper Returns (1941) ★★ Roland Young, Joan Blondell. A girl’s ghost wants Cosmo Topper to find the hooded man who stabbed her but meant to stab her friend. (NR) 1 hr. 28 mins. TCM Wed. 5 a.m.

Trading Places (1983) ★★★ Dan Aykroyd, Eddie Murphy. Sporting billionaire brothers reverse the roles of a Wall Street commodities broker and a street hustler. (R) 1 hr. 56 mins. Sundance Sun. 6:30 p.m.

Transformers: Age of Extinction (2014) ★★ Mark Wahlberg, Stanley Tucci. As humanity picks up the pieces after an epic battle, a shadowy group emerges to gain control of history. Meanwhile, a powerful new menace sets its sights on Earth. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 45 mins. FX Sun. 2:30 p.m.

Transformers: The Last Knight (2017) ★★ Mark Wahlberg, Anthony Hopkins. As war with the Transformers rages on, inventor Cade Yeager forms an unlikely alliance with Bumblebee, an English lord and an Oxford professor to save the planet. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 28 mins. EPIX Fri. 10:30 p.m. EPIX Sat. 6:25 p.m.

Transporter 3 (2008) ★★ Jason Statham, Natalya Rudakova. Mob courier Frank Martin and the subject of his assignment, a cynical Ukrainian woman, are fitted with shackles that will explode if they wander too far from his car. (PG-13) 1 hr. 45 mins. IFC Tues. 2:45 p.m.

Transporter 2 (2005) ★★ Jason Statham, Amber Valletta. A former Special Forces operative springs into action to save the kidnapped son of an anti-drug czar. (PG-13) 1 hr. 28 mins. Encore Wed. 2:31 a.m. Encore Wed. 5:18 p.m. Encore Fri. 3:49 p.m. Encore Sat. 4:25 a.m.

Treacherous Beauties (1994) Emma Samms, Catherine Oxenberg. A photojournalist falls for the eldest son in a family she has tied to her brother’s murder. (NR) 1 hr. 37 mins. Ovation Sun. 3 a.m.

Tremors (1990) ★★ Kevin Bacon, Fred Ward. Four big worms with multiple tongues dig high-speed around people in the middle of nowhere. (PG-13) 1 hr. 36 mins. Starz Thur. 4:36 a.m.

Troop Beverly Hills (1989) ★★ Shelley Long, Craig T. Nelson. An idle rich woman’s husband challenges her to lead their daughter’s troop of campers. (PG) 1 hr. 45 mins. CMT Fri. 12:30 p.m.

Tropic Thunder (2008) ★★★ Ben Stiller, Jack Black. A pampered actor and his co-stars must become actual soldiers when the war movie they are filming in Southeast Asia turns into the real thing. (R) 1 hr. 47 mins. IFC Tues. 8 p.m. IFC Wed. 5:15 p.m.

True Grit (2010) ★★★ Jeff Bridges, Matt Damon. A teenage girl enlists the aid of a boozy, trigger-happy lawman to hunt down her father’s killer. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. EPIX Wed. 3:45 p.m.

True Lies (1994) ★★★ Arnold Schwarzenegger, Jamie Lee Curtis. A Washington wife discovers her computer-salesman husband is a spy out to stop nuclear terrorists. (R) 2 hrs. 21 mins. Cinemax Sun. 3:50 p.m. Cinemax Fri. 9 a.m.

Truth or Dare (2018) ★ Lucy Hale, Tyler Posey. A seemingly harmless game of truth or dare turns deadly for a group of college friends in Mexico. The rules are simple but wicked — tell the truth or die, do the dare or die, and if you stop playing, you die. (PG-13) 1 hr. 40 mins. HBO Tues. 5:20 p.m.

Tu camino y el mío (1973) Vicente Fernández, Blanca Sánchez. Un mecánico joven lucha por el amor de una mujer, pero ella está enamorada de otro hombre que la hace sufrir. (NR) 1 hr. 19 mins. KMEX Sun. 10 a.m.

Tully (2018) ★★★ Charlize Theron, Mackenzie Davis. Hesitant at first, a mother of three welcomes a nighttime nanny named Tully into her home to help take care of her newborn daughter. She soon learns to appreciate all that Tully does — forming a special bond with her new, lifesaving friend. (R) 1 hr. 34 mins. Cinemax Sat. 4:35 p.m.

Turbo (2013) ★★ Voices of Ryan Reynolds, Paul Giamatti. Animated. A snail gets the chance to escape his slow-paced life and race in the Indianapolis 500 when a freak accident gives him the power of superspeed. (PG) 1 hr. 36 mins. FXX Sun. 11:30 a.m.

Turner & Hooch (1989) ★★ Tom Hanks, Mare Winningham. A drooling dog helps a tidy detective link California beach-town foul play to a drug-money laundry. (PG) 1 hr. 40 mins. TMC Tues. 2:05 p.m.

12 Angry Men (1957) ★★★★ Henry Fonda, Lee J. Cobb. One of 12 jurors holds out in the case of a boy from the slums who is accused of killing his father. (NR) 1 hr. 35 mins. TCM Wed. 5 p.m.

12 Rounds 3: Lockdown (2015) Dean Ambrose, Roger Cross. Framed for a homicide by his fellow officers, a detective tries to expose the conspiracy to clear his good name. (R) 1 hr. 30 mins. Cinemax Sat. 2:50 a.m.

Twisted (2004) ★ Ashley Judd, Samuel L. Jackson. With help from her partner, a police inspector searches for a killer who is murdering her former lovers. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. Cinemax Mon. 3:30 a.m.

Twister (1996) ★★★ Helen Hunt, Bill Paxton. Storm-chasers finalizing their divorce try to place equipment inside a tornado on the Oklahoma plains. (PG-13) 1 hr. 54 mins. AMC Mon. 6:30 p.m. AMC Tues. 2:30 p.m.

2 Fast 2 Furious (2003) ★★ Paul Walker, Tyrese. A former policeman and his friend work with a U.S. Customs agent to indict a launderer in Miami. (PG-13) 1 hr. 48 mins. Starz Sun. 12:48 p.m. Starz Mon. 12:18 p.m. Starz Thur. 8 a.m. Starz Thur. 9 p.m.

Tyler Perry’s Madea Goes to Jail (2009) ★★ Tyler Perry, Derek Luke. After a high-speed car chase and anger-management issues land Madea behind bars, she befriends a young prostitute. (PG-13) 1 hr. 43 mins. TNT Sun. 10 p.m.

Tyler Perry’s Madea’s Big Happy Family (2011) ★★ Tyler Perry, Shad “Bow Wow’’ Moss. Madea gathers the clan together to help her niece cope with some distressing news about her health. (PG-13) 1 hr. 46 mins. Bravo Sat. 3:30 p.m. Bravo Sat. 11 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

U-571 (2000) ★★ Matthew McConaughey, Bill Paxton. American servicemen sneak aboard a disabled German sub to steal an encryption device they hope will help the Allies win the war. (PG-13) 1 hr. 56 mins. Cinemax Thur. 9:50 p.m.

Unbroken (2014) ★★ Jack O’Connell, Domhnall Gleeson. During World War II, Olympian and war hero Louie Zamperini survives for 47 days at sea in a raft, only to be captured by the Japanese navy and sent to a series of prisoner-of-war camps. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 17 mins. FX Wed. 9 a.m. FX Thur. 7 a.m.

Underworld: Awakening (2012) ★★ Kate Beckinsale, Stephen Rea. Vampire warrior Selene escapes from her long imprisonment to find that humans have discovered the existence of vampires and lycans and are trying to wipe them out. (R) 1 hr. 29 mins. Syfy Sun. 10:30 a.m.

Underworld: Rise of the Lycans (2009) ★★ Michael Sheen, Bill Nighy. Lucian and Sonja, his vampire lover, rally the Lycans against their cruel enslavement at the hands of Viktor, the vampire king. (R) 1 hr. 32 mins. Syfy Sun. 8:30 a.m.

United 93 (2006) ★★★ David Alan Basche, Richard Bekins. Passengers take action when terrorists seize control of their doomed airliner on Sept. 11, 2001; events count down in actual time. (R) 1 hr. 51 mins. HBO Wed. 3:32 a.m.

Universal Soldier (1992) ★★ Jean-Claude Van Damme, Dolph Lundgren. Dead soldiers from the ‘60s surface in the ‘90s as high-tech warriors reanimated by the U.S. government. (R) 1 hr. 44 mins. EPIX Sat. 2:35 p.m.

Unlawful Entry (1992) ★★ Kurt Russell, Ray Liotta. A creepy policeman gets close to a Los Angeles couple in order to drive them apart. (R) 1 hr. 51 mins. Cinemax Fri. 1:30 p.m.

Unleashing Mr. Darcy (2016) Ryan Paevey, Cindy Busby. When Elizabeth decides to show her dog in competition, she clashes with the arrogant, complicated judge Donovan Darcy. (NR) 1 hr. 24 mins. Hallmark Thur. 4 p.m.

The Untouchables (1987) ★★★★ Kevin Costner, Sean Connery. Eliot Ness and his men fight Al Capone in Chicago during Prohibition. (R) 1 hr. 59 mins. BBC America Sun. 12:30 p.m. BBC America Mon. 2 a.m. AMC Sat. 8 a.m.

Up (2009) ★★★ Voices of Ed Asner, Christopher Plummer. Animated. A 78-year-old balloon salesman ties thousands of balloons to his house and flies to South America, but discovers too late a young stowaway aboard. (PG) 1 hr. 29 mins. Encore Tues. 9:12 p.m.

Upside Down (2012) ★★ Kirsten Dunst, Jim Sturgess. Though it is forbidden, a man devises a way to reunite with a long-lost love from the twin world that sits just above his own. (PG-13) 1 hr. 47 mins. Showtime Tues. 12:30 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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Valentine Ever After (2016) Autumn Reeser, Eric Johnson. A woman finds love and her true calling in life while performing community service for her involvement in a bar brawl. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Wed. 8 p.m.

Vampire in Brooklyn (1995) ★★ Eddie Murphy, Angela Bassett. A Caribbean vampire seeks the half-vampire, half-human New York homicide detective destined to be his bride. (R) 1 hr. 41 mins. KCOP Mon. Noon

Vanilla Sky (2001) ★★ Tom Cruise, Penélope Cruz. A wealthy womanizer has trouble distinguishing dreams from reality after a car accident leaves him disfigured. (R) 2 hrs. 14 mins. Starz Mon. 11:37 p.m.

Vegas Vacation (1997) ★ Chevy Chase, Beverly D’Angelo. Clark and Ellen Griswold’s disastrous family outing includes a visit with boorish Cousin Eddie. (PG) 1 hr. 35 mins. Sundance Mon. 11:15 p.m. Sundance Tues. 2 p.m. BBC America Thur. 8 p.m. BBC America Thur. 10 p.m.

Venom (2018) ★★ Tom Hardy, Michelle Williams. Journalist Eddie Brock develops superhuman strength and power when his body merges with the alien Venom. Twisted, dark and fueled by rage, Venom tries to control the new and dangerous abilities that Eddie finds so intoxicating. (PG-13) 1 hr. 52 mins. Starz Sat. 9:39 p.m.

A Very Brady Sequel (1996) ★★ Shelley Long, Gary Cole. Mike, Carol and the TV-series Bradys embrace a criminal claiming to be Carol’s believed-dead first husband. (PG-13) 1 hr. 29 mins. EPIX Thur. 9:30 p.m.

Vice (2015) ★ Bruce Willis, Thomas Jane. A self-aware, artificial human becomes caught in the crossfire between a cop and the creator of an exclusive resort where paying customers play out their wildest fantasies. (R) 1 hr. 35 mins. Starz Tues. 11:45 p.m.

Victoria & Abdul (2017) ★★ Judi Dench, Ali Fazal. Queen Victoria faces disapproval from her inner circle after forging an unlikely and devoted friendship with Abdul Karim, a young clerk from India. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. Cinemax Wed. 6:05 a.m.

Victory (1981) ★★ Sylvester Stallone, Michael Caine. Allied prisoners can either play soccer with the Germans or try to escape. (PG) 1 hr. 57 mins. Cinemax Thur. 8:35 a.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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W. (2008) ★★ Josh Brolin, Elizabeth Banks. George W. Bush transforms himself from a ne’er-do-well son of privilege to president of the United States. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 11 mins. Encore Wed. 4:49 a.m. Encore Wed. 6:48 p.m.

The Waiting Game (2001) Paula Abdul, Chandra West. Enigmatic strangers bring romance and intrigue to two New England friends mounting their first art show. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Ovation Sat. 3 a.m.

Waking Up in Reno (2002) ★ Billy Bob Thornton, Charlize Theron. A married man has an affair with his best friend’s wife while both couples travel from Arkansas to Nevada. (R) 1 hr. 31 mins. Ovation Tues. 1 a.m.

Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps (2010) ★★ Michael Douglas, Shia LaBeouf. Following a long prison term for insider trading, master manipulator Gordon Gekko keeps his real motives hidden when he forges an alliance with his daughter’s fiancé. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 10 mins. HBO Mon. 5:10 a.m.

WALL-E (2008) ★★★★ Voices of Ben Burtt, Elissa Knight. Animated. After years of tidying up an Earth devoid of humanity, a robot janitor meets a mechanical scout and chases her across the galaxy. (G) 1 hr. 37 mins. Freeform Sun. 8:45 p.m.

Warcraft (2016) ★★ Travis Fimmel, Paula Patton. A king, a mighty warrior and a powerful wizard unite to defend the human realm of Azeroth from a tyrannical shaman and his invading army of orcs. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 3 mins. FX Thur. 10:30 a.m.

The Wash (2001) ★ Dr. Dre, Snoop “Doggy’’ Dogg. Two roommates who work at a car wash must save their kidnapped boss in order to keep their jobs. (R) 1 hr. 36 mins. VH1 Tues. 1:40 p.m.

Waterworld (1995) ★★ Kevin Costner, Dennis Hopper. A web-footed loner navigates a landless Earth, while a ruthless gangster chases him, a woman and their young companion. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 16 mins. Encore Fri. 7:24 a.m.

Wayne’s World (1992) ★★ Mike Myers, Dana Carvey. Metal-head friends Wayne and Garth sell their basement cable-access TV show to a city slicker. (PG-13) 1 hr. 35 mins. Showtime Fri. 7:10 a.m.

We Die Young (2019) Jean-Claude Van Damme, David Castaneda. A war veteran tries to help a boy and his younger brother when they get mixed up with a vicious drug lord and his gang. (R) 1 hr. 33 mins. EPIX Thur. 5 a.m.

We’re the Millers (2013) ★★ Jennifer Aniston, Jason Sudeikis. Indebted to a big-time drug lord, a pot dealer travels to Mexico with a fake family and a camper to pick up a large shipment and smuggle it into the U.S. (R) 1 hr. 50 mins. IFC Sat. 8 p.m. IFC Sun. 12:45 p.m.

Wedding Crashers (2005) ★★★ Owen Wilson, Vince Vaughn. Two divorce mediators spend a wild weekend partying with a politician and his eccentric family. (R) 1 hr. 59 mins. TNT Fri. 8 p.m. TNT Sat. 5:30 p.m.

The Wedding Date (2005) ★★ Debra Messing, Dermot Mulroney. A desperate woman pays a male escort $6,000 to accompany her to London for her sister’s wedding. (PG-13) 1 hr. 28 mins. Encore Wed. 1 a.m. Encore Wed. 1:54 p.m.

The Wedding Plan (2016) ★★★ Noa Koler, Amos Tamam. After her fiance calls off their wedding a month before the ceremony, a woman decides to keep the reservation and trusts God will provide her with a husband. (PG) 1 hr. 50 mins. EPIX Thur. 3:05 a.m.

The Wedding Ringer (2015) ★★ Kevin Hart, Josh Gad. A socially awkward groom begins an unexpected bromance with the guy he hired to pose as his best man at his upcoming nuptials. (R) 1 hr. 41 mins. VH1 Tues. 11 a.m.

Weightless (2017) Alessandro Nivola, Julianne Nicholson. After his ex-wife goes missing, a reclusive man must raise his estranged and obese son, attracting unwelcome attention from his small-town community while disrupting his own quiet existence. (R) 1 hr. 33 mins. EPIX Wed. 3:55 a.m.

Welcome Home Roscoe Jenkins (2008) ★★ Martin Lawrence, James Earl Jones. Determined to prove to his family how much he has changed, a talk-show star returns to his small Southern hometown for his parents’ anniversary. (PG-13) 1 hr. 54 mins. BET Mon. 10:30 p.m. BET Tues. 4:24 p.m.

Welcome to Marwen (2018) ★★ Steve Carell, Leslie Mann. After surviving a violent assault, Mark Hogancamp creates a miniature World War II town that comes to life with astonishingly realistic dolls. Through this fantasy world, Mark finds the strength to triumph in the real world and face his attackers. (PG-13) 1 hr. 56 mins. HBO Sat. 8 p.m. HBO Sun. 3:40 a.m.

The Westerner (1940) ★★★ Gary Cooper, Walter Brennan. Hanging Judge Roy Bean spares a drifter who claims to know Lillie Langtry. (NR) 1 hr. 37 mins. TCM Wed. 11:15 a.m.

What to Expect When You’re Expecting (2012) ★★ Cameron Diaz, Jennifer Lopez. Pregnancy hormones wreak havoc on a baby-crazy author in one of five intertwined tales about the challenges of impending parenthood. (PG-13) 1 hr. 50 mins. CMT Wed. 12:30 p.m.

What Women Want (2000) ★★ Mel Gibson, Helen Hunt. A freak accident gives a Chicago advertising executive the ability to read women’s minds. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 6 mins. TNT Mon. 5:30 p.m.

When the Boys Meet the Girls (1965) ★★ Connie Francis, Harve Presnell. A playboy helps a young woman turn her father’s Nevada ranch into a haven for divorcees. (NR) 1 hr. 37 mins. TCM Thur. 3:15 p.m.

Where the Boys Are (1960) ★★ Dolores Hart, George Hamilton. Angie, Melanie, Tuggle and Merritt take off to Florida for spring break, and find that the trip isn’t all fun and games. (NR) 1 hr. 39 mins. TCM Thur. 6:45 a.m.

Where the Heart Is (2000) ★★ Natalie Portman, Ashley Judd. The boyfriend of a pregnant teenager leaves her broke and abandoned in Oklahoma, where she begins living secretly at Wal-Mart. (PG-13) 2 hrs. HBO Thur. 2:40 p.m.

White Boy Rick (2018) ★★ Matthew McConaughey, Richie Merritt. In 1980s Detroit, Rick Wershe Jr. agrees to become an undercover drug informant in exchange for keeping his father out of prison. When young Rick gets in too deep, he finds himself seduced by the lure of easy money and becomes a drug dealer himself. (R) 1 hr. 51 mins. Starz Sat. 1:25 p.m. Starz Sun. 12:37 p.m.

White Noise (2005) ★ Michael Keaton, Chandra West. An architect believes his dead wife is using electronic devices to communicate with him. (PG-13) 1 hr. 38 mins. Encore Tues. 7:59 a.m. Encore Tues. 12:54 p.m.

Why Did I Get Married Too? (2010) ★★ Tyler Perry, Sharon Leal. While on vacation in the Bahamas, the unexpected arrival of one’s ex-husband causes some longtime friends to examine the strength of their own marriages. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 1 mins. EPIX Tues. 2:40 a.m.

Wild Hogs (2007) ★ Tim Allen, John Travolta. Looking for adventure, frustrated suburbanites hit the open road and encounter rough-and-tumble bikers. (PG-13) 1 hr. 39 mins. HBO Sun. 3 p.m.

Wildlife (2018) ★★★ Carey Mulligan, Jake Gyllenhaal. In 1960s Montana, 14-year-old Joe watches powerlessly as his parents’ marriage slowly begins to fall apart. (PG-13) 1 hr. 44 mins. TMC Fri. 8 p.m.

Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory (1971) ★★★ Gene Wilder, Jack Albertson. A poor boy and his grandfather win a tour through the marvelous factory of a wily confectioner. (G) 1 hr. 38 mins. Freeform Thur. 11 a.m. Freeform Thur. Noon

Winter Castle (2019) Emilie Ullerup, Kevin McGarry. Jenny feels an instant attraction to the handsome best man, Craig, at her sister’s wedding. But her hopes of romance are quickly dashed when she is introduced to Craig’s plus one, Lana. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Mon. 8 p.m.

A Winter Princess (2019) Natalie Hall. Princess Carly, working incognito at a ski resort, must team up with the owner’s brother, Brent, to plan the resort’s 50th-anniversary celebration. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Fri. 6 p.m.

Witchboard (1987) ★★ Todd Allen, Tawny Kitaen. Two guys help a mutual girlfriend fight unknown evil accidentally summoned with a Ouija board. (R) 1 hr. 34 mins. TCM Sat. 1:15 a.m.

Without a Paddle (2004) ★★ Seth Green, Matthew Lillard. Three childhood friends embark on a canoe trip to find a plane hijacker’s stash of money. (PG-13) 1 hr. 39 mins. HBO Mon. 1 p.m.

Witness (1985) ★★★ Harrison Ford, Kelly McGillis. A hunted Philadelphia detective moves in with an Amish widow and her murder-witness son. (R) 1 hr. 52 mins. KCET Fri. 9:45 p.m.

Witness to Murder: A Darrow Mystery (2019) Kimberly Williams-Paisley, Tom Cavanagh. Attorney Claire Darrow defends her mother’s former colleague in a murder case. Things get complicated when Claire’s romantic interest is named as the prosecuting attorney on the case. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Hallmark Sun. 9 p.m. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Sun. 9 p.m. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Tues. 7 p.m. Hallmark Movies & Mysteries Sat. 9 p.m.

A Woman Under the Influence (1974) ★★★ Gena Rowlands, Peter Falk. The loving wife of a blue-collar boss somehow crosses the line from quirkiness to madness. (R) 2 hrs. 35 mins. Cinemax Tues. 9:25 a.m.

Won’t You Be My Neighbor? (2018) ★★★ Filmmaker Morgan Neville examines the life and legacy of Fred Rogers, the beloved host of the popular children’s TV show “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood.’’ (PG-13) 1 hr. 34 mins. HBO Fri. 8:55 a.m.

Wonder (2017) ★★★ Julia Roberts, Owen Wilson. Born with facial differences that, up until now, have prevented him from going to a mainstream school, Auggie Pullman becomes the most unlikely of heroes when he enters the local fifth grade. (PG) 1 hr. 53 mins. EPIX Tues. 9:30 p.m.

Words and Pictures (2013) Clive Owen, Juliette Binoche. An art teacher and English teacher have a competition and allow students to vote on the importance of words and pictures. (PG-13) 1 hr. 51 mins. Audience Wed. 1 p.m. Audience Wed. 5 p.m. Audience Wed. 9 p.m.

The Wrong Cheerleader (2019) Cristine Prosperi, David Meza. A high school cheerleader catches the eye of a handsome new student. He seems like the ideal boy, until his affection turns into obsession and he stops at nothing to keep her all to himself. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Lifetime Sun. 8 p.m. Lifetime Mon. 12:01 p.m. Lifetime Sat. 10:03 p.m. Lifetime Sun. 2:04 a.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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X-Men Origins: Wolverine (2009) ★★ Hugh Jackman, Liev Schreiber. Explores Wolverine’s violent past, the death of his lover and his complex relationship with Victor Creed. (PG-13) 1 hr. 48 mins. AMC Sun. 3 p.m. AMC Mon. 11:30 a.m.

X-Men: Apocalypse (2016) ★★ James McAvoy, Michael Fassbender. Professor X and Raven lead a team of young X-Men to stop the immortal mutant Apocalypse from destroying mankind. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 23 mins. FX Sun. 9 a.m.

X-Men: First Class (2011) ★★★ James McAvoy, Michael Fassbender. Charles Xavier and Erik Lehnsherr work with other mutants to prevent a nuclear nightmare, but a situation soon tears the close friends apart. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 6 mins. Freeform Tues. 11 a.m.

X-Men: The Last Stand (2006) ★★ Hugh Jackman, Patrick Stewart. An all-out war looms when the discovery of a cure for mutations draws a line between the followers of Charles Xavier and those of Magneto. (PG-13) 1 hr. 45 mins. AMC Sun. 5:30 p.m. AMC Mon. 2 p.m.

XXX (2002) ★★ Vin Diesel, Asia Argento. Un estrella del deporte extremo es elegido para infiltrarse en el santuario de un anarquista que pretende crear el caos. (PG-13) 2 hrs. 4 mins. UNIMAS Sun. 6 p.m. KFTR Sun. 9 p.m.

xXx: Return of Xander Cage (2017) ★★ Vin Diesel, Donnie Yen. Daredevil operative Xander Cage springs into action when four dangerous criminals steal Pandora’s Box, a device that controls every military satellite in the world. (PG-13) 1 hr. 42 mins. Syfy Sun. 6:45 p.m. Syfy Mon. 4:33 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

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Yes Man (2008) ★★ Jim Carrey, Zooey Deschanel. After attending a self-help seminar, a negative-thinking man brings about an amazing change in his life by saying yes to everything. (PG-13) 1 hr. 44 mins. TNT Fri. 10:30 p.m. TNT Sat. 3:15 p.m.

Yo Soy Muy Macho (1953) Silvia Pinal, Miguel Torruco. Una joven vestida de hombre sustituye en un vuelo a su hermano piloto, preso por parrandero, para que no sea despedido. (NR) 1 hr. 20 mins. KWHY Mon. 9 a.m.

You Again (2010) ★★ Kristen Bell, Jamie Lee Curtis. An upcoming family wedding brings a young woman and her mother face to face once more with their high-school tormentors. (PG) 1 hr. 45 mins. Ovation Tues. 8:30 p.m. Ovation Wed. 1:30 p.m.

You, Me and Dupree (2006) ★★ Owen Wilson, Kate Hudson. Three become a crowd when a newlywed invites his jobless buddy to temporarily move in with him and his wife. (PG-13) 1 hr. 49 mins. Starz Wed. 6:48 p.m.

Younger Generation (1929) ★ Jean Hersholt, Lina Basquette. A Jewish vendor’s son achieves financial success but is ashamed of his family’s humble background. (NR) 1 hr. 15 mins. TCM Mon. 9:45 p.m.

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Four Star Films, Box Office Hits, Indies and Imports, Movies A – Z

a — b — c — d — e — f — g — h — i — j — k — l — m — n — o — p — q — r — s — t — u — v — w — x — y — z

Z for Zachariah (2015) ★★★ Chiwetel Ejiofor, Margot Robbie. Following a disaster that wipes out most of civilization, a scientist and a miner compete for the love of a woman who may be the last female on Earth. (PG-13) 1 hr. 37 mins. HBO Wed. 9:45 a.m.

Zero Dark Thirty (2012) ★★★ Jessica Chastain, Jason Clarke. The work of a dedicated female CIA operative becomes instrumental in the hunt for and elimination of Osama bin Laden. (R) 2 hrs. 37 mins. IFC Sun. 12:30 p.m. AMC Sun. Noon

Zombie Tidal Wave (2019) Ian Ziering, Chikashi Linzbichler. Zombies wreak bloodthirsty havoc after a tidal wave hits a small town. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Syfy Mon. 2 a.m. Syfy Mon. 8 a.m.

Zombieland (2009) ★★★ Woody Harrelson, Jesse Eisenberg. Survivors of a zombie apocalypse use creative means to dispatch the undead as they make their way toward a rumored safe haven in Los Angeles. (R) 1 hr. 27 mins. BBC America Mon. 8 p.m. BBC America Mon. 10 p.m. BBC America Tues. 6 p.m.

Zombies (2018) Milo Manheim, Meg Donnelly. A zombie and a cheerleader work together to show the town of Seabrook what they can achieve when they embrace their differences and celebrate what makes them a community. (NR) 1 hr. 30 mins. Disney Sun. 11 a.m.

Zoolander (2001) ★★★ Ben Stiller, Owen Wilson. A supermodel befriends a rival while becoming mixed-up in a brainwashing and assassination plot. (PG-13) 1 hr. 29 mins. CMT Mon. 8 p.m. CMT Tues. 12:45 p.m.

Zootopia (2016) ★★★ Voices of Ginnifer Goodwin, Jason Bateman. Animated. Rookie police rabbit Judy Hopps works with a wily fox to solve a mysterious case in the mammal metropolis of Zootopia. (PG) 1 hr. 48 mins. Freeform Sat. 6:20 p.m.

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Cities of Gold: The Mojave Desert’s Boom and Busts https://headsets911.com/cities-of-gold-the-mojave-deserts-boom-and-busts/ Fri, 16 Apr 2021 08:57:10 +0000 https://headsets911.com/?p=1829 The Mojave Project is an experimental transmedia documentary and curatorial project led by Kim Stringfellow exploring the physical, geological and cultural landscape of the Mojave Desert. The Mojave Project reconsiders and establishes multiple ways in which to interpret this unique and complex landscape, through association and connection of seemingly unrelated sites, themes, and subjects thus creating a speculative […]]]>

The Mojave Project is an experimental transmedia documentary and curatorial project led by Kim Stringfellow exploring the physical, geological and cultural landscape of the Mojave Desert. The Mojave Project reconsiders and establishes multiple ways in which to interpret this unique and complex landscape, through association and connection of seemingly unrelated sites, themes, and subjects thus creating a speculative and immersive experience for our audience.

Gold is elusive stuff. In fact, so elusive that its earthly genesis has remained a mystery until August 2017 when astrophysicists officially determined what many had already theorized: Gold forms in our universe during the aftermath of neutron star collisions. Within the atomic furnace of these rare events, heavy r-process” elements are forged, including gold and platinum, from highly condensed matter weighing in at 10 million tons per teaspoon. R-elements are produced within seconds during a neutron star’s final death throes only to be cast into the cosmos along with dust and gas that is later reassembled within the core and mantle of planets such as ours. Without question, this process is extremely infrequent, extraordinary and magical.

With all the pandemonium gold has caused over the ages it may come as a surprise that this celebrated metallic element is sought primarily for vanity and greed — about half the gold mined, both historically and presently, is fashioned into jewelry; 40 percent is hoarded for wealth; with the remaining ten percent used for industrial purposes[i]. It has been estimated that 166,000 metric tons have been mined throughout human history. Today, the largest consumer of gold is India. The golden bridal dowry — a practice outlawed in the country since 1961 — continues to be mandatory for traditional weddings. Regardless, the United States remains the world’s largest holder of gold reserves.

Several miners toiling 125 ft below in what is believed to be the Bagdad Mine in Ludlow, CA. | Charles C. Pierce, ca. 1900. Courtesy of USC Libraries and California Historical Society.

Discovery and attainment of gold is inextricably tied to western expansion of the American West — most significantly within California — which lists gold (Au) as its official state mineral. Hence, California’s relationship with gold is both complicated and intimate. Nevada and Arizona have additionally had their share of bedeviled bouts with the stuff although the Silver State is more famous for its Comstock Lode.

Exploration of the Mojave Desert was directly driven by the desire to locate gold — the Spanish began actively mining gold in Alta California as early as 1775 at the Potholes near Yuma, Arizona. After Mexican Independence in 1821, location and extraction of gold remained a priority, but it was gold’s “rediscovery” on January 24, 1848 at Sutter’s Mill that would impel some 300,000 individuals over the next five years to heedlessly travel over land and sea — driven by their heady dreams of “striking it rich.” One infamous group of intransigent, ill-fated immigrants would endure crossing the harsh desert homeland of the Timbisha Shoshone during their 1849 quest to obtain gold further west. Little did they know that the surrounding desert — now known as Death Valley — would eventually host its own roster of gold-driven booms and busts.

"Wanderers of the Wastelands" vintage postcard of an unknown prospector and his burros. | Courtesy of Orange County Archives.

“Wanderers of the Wastelands” vintage postcard of an unknown prospector and his burros. | Courtesy of Orange County Archives.

Those hell-bent in their pursuit of gold would bring about enduring cultural transformations and irreversible environmental legacies within the state of California and other western states. For a lucky few, procurement of gold provided prosperity and the possibility of reinvention. California’s former librarian Dr. Kevin Starr stated, “The discovery of gold and the Gold Rush of 1849 are internationally-recognized events that changed the course of history. Not only did the Gold Rush give California its strong economic foundation, it created unprecedented cultural diversity as people from all corners of the world came in search of fortune. Then, as now, California represented enchantment, diversity, innovation and leadership to the rest of the world.” From the mid-19th-century through the 1970s, California would produce over a million ounces of gold representing 35 percent of all gold produced during this span in the U.S[ii].

Four men at the Pitaluma Mine with the Yellow Aster and Rand Gulch in the background. | C. W. Tucker in 1897. California State Library collection.

Four men at the Pitaluma Mine with the Yellow Aster and Rand Gulch in the background. | C. W. Tucker in 1897. California State Library collection.

The earliest recorded discovery of gold in the Mojave Desert region by non-Indigenous people occurred during the mid-1820s at Rio Salitroso (or Salt Spring) along the Spanish Trail, just south of the Dumont Dunes, near the southern end of Death Valley[iii]. Mexican horse traders, along with their nemesis, the horse-thieving Las Chaguanosos — were said to have first panned for gold here while moving stock to and from southern California and Santa Fe, New Mexico[iv]. Towards the end of the 1850s, as Sierra Nevada’s easy placer pickings (gold nuggets accessible in sand, gravel or on the land’s surface) began to dwindle, exploratory parties of determinedly-driven souls traveled east and southward into the state’s arid nether regions lured by the purported legendary riches of the Gunsight, Breyfogle, Pegleg and other mythical “lost” mines.

Photograph of an unknown miner at his stone dugout near Randsburg, CA, ca. 1900 -1920. | Courtesy of USC Libraries and California Historical Society.

Photograph of an unknown miner at his stone dugout near Randsburg, CA, ca. 1900 -1920. | Courtesy of USC Libraries and California Historical Society.

Gold would be sought and located throughout the Mojave Desert with most of the major discoveries occurring during the sixty-year period after the original Mother Lode strike was discovered in 1848. The earliest desert prospectors and miners would toil alone or together in small groups at remote, hardscrabble camps, relying primarily on dry wash methods aided by pickaxe, shovel, sledgehammer, rocker, riffle box and a handcranked windlass in their effort to glean riches from rubble.

Four men at the Hard Cash Mine in Randsburg, CA photographed by Charles C. Pierce, ca. 1900. The man at the right is working a windlass. | Courtesy of USC Libraries and California Historical Society.

Four men at the Hard Cash Mine in Randsburg, CA photographed by Charles C. Pierce, ca. 1900. The man at the right is working a windlass. | Courtesy of USC Libraries and California Historical Society.

Once located, gold-bearing ore could be primitively milled on site using a burro- or mule-drawn arrastra or later, with a small, steam-powered stamp mill. When available, mercury sourced from cinnabar was used to “attract” and dissolve the gold creating a crude, gray alloy or amalgam[v]. The gold that was then recovered by heating the amalgam at a high temperature in a retort, furnace or even a shovel over an open fire until the mercury vaporized thus resulting in a “sponge of gold” that would be further processed to form bars for transport. Large-scale smelting was fueled with locally collected wood and charcoal, which was produced in beautifully constructed stone beehive-shaped kilns such as those found at Wildrose Canyon in the Panamint Range. Some forested areas in higher desert elevations were so completely exploited for this purpose, along with mine timbering and other construction, that some of these areas have, to this day, remained treeless.

Randsburg’s Yellow Aster 100-stamp mill worked 24/7 crushing ore which is shown here spilling down onto mercury-coated plates in the lower left corner of the image. | Charles C. Pierce, ca. 1900. Image courtesy of Huntington Library Collection.

Randsburg’s Yellow Aster 100-stamp mill worked 24/7 crushing ore which is shown here spilling down onto mercury-coated plates in the lower left corner of the image. | Charles C. Pierce, ca. 1900. Image courtesy of Huntington Library Collection.

By the end of the 19th century, large mechanized stamp mill operations with 100 stamps or more would work around the clock pulverizing ore. The finely rendered material was washed down onto mercury-coated copper plates that bonded with the gold as it passed over but could only recover about 60 percent of the metal. The plates were then roasted thus releasing the gold. Although the cyanidation process would begin to replace the use of toxic mercury for gold recovery during the 1890s, the amalgamation method remained in continual use through the 1960s when it was banned for such purposes through the 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act[vi][vii].

Other technological innovations would shift placer and hard rock or underground mining from a largely individualized pursuit to a heavily capitalized and corporatized industry. Dynamite, developed by Alfred Nobel, would replace black powder for blasting and come into widespread use by the 1890s. Compressed air for driving tools and machinery, along with carbide lamps, powered hoists, tramways and the invention of the pneumatic drill or “widow maker” (due to the copious amounts of silica-laden dust the drill produced) were some of the many inventions that industrialized mining practices over the mid- to late 19th-century.

With the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1883 — along with subsequent railway lines connecting major extraction shipping hubs of Mojave, Barstow and Needles — formerly “inhospitable” desert regions were now open for transport of people, supplies and raw materials thus allowing larger, more technically efficient, mining operations to proliferate along with the settlements that supported them.

Even with this improved access, most of the Mojave’s mining camps were short-lived, episodic at best with the majority left abandoned within a historical heartbeat. The biggest threats to these burgeoning boomtowns were the many capricious prospectors, miners and capitalists — opportunists ready to bail ship at the drop of a hat after news of a spectacular claim had been staked elsewhere. Over time, this scenario would play out in Ballarat, Calico, Cerro Gordo, Chloride, Dale, Darwin, Goldfield, Harrisburg, Hart, Hornsilver, Lida, Oatman, Panamint City, Rhyolite, Skidoo, Searchlight, Tonopah, Tule Canyon, Vanderbuilt and many other camps.

A wintery view of Randsburg, CA, photographed by Charles C. Pierce, ca. 1900. | Courtesy of Huntington Library Collection.

A wintery view of Randsburg, CA, photographed by Charles C. Pierce, ca. 1900. | Courtesy of Huntington Library Collection.
Randsburg, CA in January 2019 | Kim Stringfellow.

Randsburg, CA in January 2019 | Kim Stringfellow.

More Mojave Project Stories

One mining camp to survive to this day, albeit transformed, is Randsburg, California, originally established in April 1895. The camp’s founders included Brooklyn journalist Frederick Mooers, who had ironically come out to this remote northwestern edge of the Mojave to write a story on dying mining camps but caught gold fever instead[viii], Charles Burcham, a butcher by trade and part-time prospector financed by his wife, Dr. Rose Burcham[ix], and John Singleton, a carpenter with little prospecting experience. Mooers had previously explored the area but it had yielded nothing worthwhile to mine. Still he had a hunch. Determined to revisit the region, he secured his aforementioned partners, supplies and equipment to properly prospect the area located in the soon-to-be-named Rand Mountains.

The greenhorn Singleton would be the first to stumble upon the protruding rock outcrop that sealed The Rand’s fate[x]. This “cabbage-sized” specimen was said to assay for $950 in Los Angeles — equivalent to about $28,000 in today’s dollars[xi]. Mooers, Burcham and Singleton kept their bonanza under wraps for nearly a year as they located, staked and recorded additional claims, including one that would become the Yellow Aster Mine, named after a pulp novel that would soon become the crown jewel of The Rand.

Once the word got out, all hell broke loose. A stampede ensued. People of all backgrounds and professions across the country stormed into the area. By October 1896, 800 claims had been filed and by February of 1897 the number had exploded to 4,300 although only 500 were officially recorded[xii]. Reports stated that by spring of 1897 over 5,000 newcomers had arrived, although no official census had been taken that year[xiii].

By 1898, at least fifty mines would be operational including the Baltic, Big Dyke, Butte Lode, Consolidated, Gold Coin, Hard Cash, Kenyon, King Solomon, Little Butte, Minnehaha, Monkey Wrench, Olympus, One-Two-Three, St. Elmo, Wedge, Yellow Aster and Yucca Tree among others. Ore was shipped and processed at the nearby Garlock mill until 1898 when most was then freighted to Barstow. The Yellow Aster’s owners would build their own 30-stamp mill in 1899 and, two years later, a 100-stamp mill thus processing ore on site.

Like many of the West’s bustling mining towns, Randsburg’s rapid growth was not exaggerated in the least. “Rag houses,” constructed of canvas and wood popped up overnight punctuating the scrubby hillsides. Although lumber was scarce, more permanent wooden buildings soon followed. With no time for remodeling, many of the existing structures’ canvas walls were entombed while business continued as usual. One enterprising hotel temporarily lodged its guests with no roof as it was being built. When the floor was laid, an unmovable boulder was simply blasted out in place — with no damage to the existing structure. Water was shipped twelve miles away from Garlock via private entrepreneurs. End users paid dearly for this convenience.

The Yellow Aster Saloon, Randsburg, CA, photographed by Charles C. Pierce, ca. 1900. | Courtesy of USC Libraries and California Historical Society.

The Yellow Aster Saloon, Randsburg, CA, photographed by Charles C. Pierce, ca. 1900. | Courtesy of USC Libraries and California Historical Society.

Rand, and later, Butte Avenues evolved into the central hubs of social life. By spring of 1897, fifty buildings had been erected including an opera house and twenty-four saloons with the Elite, Oriole, White Fawn and the Steam Beer Club considered to be the most exclusive of the lot. Along with the saloons and gambling dens came dance halls and brothels, providing income for the 250 “sporting women” known to frequent them. A handful of these ladies — Mexican Nell, Big Ella and French Marguerite — owned and operated their own establishments. Saloons and dance halls were required by law to be discreetly separated so ingenious proprietors built them as adjacent structures sometimes adding a walkway between them.

Lou V. Chapin, a gutsy female correspondent for the Los Angeles Times traveling alone on assignment vividly, and rather wickedly, describes The Rand’s nightlife at its decadent height in 1897.[xiv].

“A photographic view of one of the gambling halls would furnish a representation of the various types of the region. There is the rough miner just in from the outlying camp, dressed in blouse, overalls, and hob-nailed shoes, explaining with drunken gravity some “proposition” to one of his kind, who, equally maudlin, is talking at the same time, neither heeding what the other is saying. Tilted back on a chair against the wall is a prospector “down on his luck,” fast asleep under the combined influence of his potations and the heat of the stove. The mining expert, the capitalist, the tenderfoot all are here “picking up pointers,” and sprinkled about are the flotsam and jetsam of humanity that naturally drifts to a mining camp. Crowds of men stand about “talking ore” and interlarding their conversations with profanity. Half way down the hall a sodden-face boy saws away at a fiddle with the expression of a sleep-walker, and by his side a murderous-looking Mexican toys with a guitar. If they make any sound it is audible only a few feet away, so great is the general hubbub. At many of the tables professional gamblers, cool, calm and silent, handle the chips; and roulette, faro and every other known game of chance is in full swing. From its platform in the rear of the hall comes now and then the notes of a piano, played by a muscular, black-eyed woman with puffy eyelids and unnatural complexion, and then a bedizened creature, with a voice like a fish-wife’s, leers at her audience and sings some concert-hall ditty which they appreciate and greet with more or less enthusiastic applause. She comes down and moves among the men, drinking and exchanging ribald jests. The barkeeper, with his sleeves rolled up above his elbows, serves liquid refreshments, and day and night these places are never closed, although they are seen at their busiest from nightfall till daylight.”

Chapin would go on to describe a barefooted and bearded wizard, who in all of his “sockless majesty,” divined for gold, silver, water, gas or oil for $20 down — equivalent to $500 in today’s dollars. The bellicose wizard insisted to Chapin how he had “located” fifty claims but none actually paid out as promised. When the author suggested that he’d be better off locating mines for his own benefit he declared, “his love for mankind so great that he would rather be its benefactor than the owner of the wealth.”

One of several fires that would ravage Randsburg, CA. Photographed by C.W. Tucker in 1898. | Courtesy of the Covina Historical Society.

One of several fires that would ravage Randsburg, CA. Photographed by C.W. Tucker in 1898. | Courtesy of the Covina Historical Society.

By the end of 1898, two major fires, occurring less than four months apart, destroyed Randsburg’s main business district along with the high life it sustained[xv]. Town conservatives insisted that establishments of ill repute were the root cause of the fires and grossly underplayed the fact that the region’s arid climate had dried the settlement’s wooden structures to mere kindling. Others, such as the Order of Citizens of Randsburg, posted flyers in November of 1898 claiming that, “All ex-convicts, masquereaus, disreputable loafers without visible means of support and bad characters are hereby ordered to leave Randsburg forthwith.” Paranoia ensued and more threats to publicly whip, or even lynch, those suspected of arson were posted. The fires turned out to be the least of the town fathers’ concerns. After considerable strikes of silver and gold were discovered at the turn of the century across the state line in Nevada, the once robust population of The Rand quickly dwindled.

The Yellow Aster Mine would continue to operate until 1942 when President Roosevelt executed Limitation Order L-208 banning the extraction of non-strategic metals including gold during World War II. Between 1895 and 1939, more than 3,400,000 tons of ore had been milled here yielding 500,000 ounces of gold[xvi]. The mine would remain dormant until the 1980s when contemporary heap leach extraction methods using cyanide became widely used for industrial scale gold mining. Nearby, Osdick (now named Red Mountain) and Atolia would later spawn profitable mines of silver and tungsten, essential for steel manufacturing during the 1940s, which kept the area actively mining over most of the 20th-century.

When Jim Butler discovered a spectacular strike on May 19, 1900, in a remote central Nevada location that would soon become Tonopah — hordes of miners, prospectors, speculators, capitalists, shopkeepers and other opportunists hurriedly set off for the Silver State, launching a migratory event the West had not witnessed since the discovery of the Comstock Lode in 1859. Tonopah technically lies just outside Mojave Desert’s geographical purview — being positioned within the Great Basin — but the mining camp, along with the city it begat remained an important mining hub of the region for most of the 20th-century.

Between 1901 and 1910, Tonopah would mature into a modernized, electrified city boasting a population between 5,000 and 10,000 people — many hailing from diverse ethnic backgrounds and countries of origin including African Americans, Native Americans, Chinese, Cornish, Italians and Slavs. Although peak ore production would peter out by 1920, Tonopah’s mines would continue to produce over the next forty years yielding a total gross between 1901 and 1941 of nearly $148 million[xvii] — even while the silica-laden “death dust” found to be so prevalent in Tonopah’s underground mines was causing miners to drop like flies from silicosis[xviii].

Just as Tonopah began to prosper, treasure seekers were busying themselves twenty-seven miles to the south where the Great Basin begins its transition into the northern Mojave Desert. At a dormant volcanic site punctuated with Joshua Trees largely ignored by earlier prospectors, news would begin to circulate about a monumental strike discovered here in December 1902 that would completely blindside Tonopah.

Although renowned Shoshone prospector Tom Fisherman deserves credit for the mine’s actual discovery — a handsome Tonopah roustabout named Harry Stimler (himself half Shoshone) along with his childhood friend and partner William Marsh — received the public acclaim for staking it[xix]. As it turns out, Stimler and Marsh, both in their early twenties, had discreetly followed Fisherman from Tonopah, during a sandstorm, to his camp where they would stake a number of claims at the same location that Fisherman had been working. There were rumors that the two men had strong-armed Fisherman into submission but it is more likely that familial ties between Stimler and Fisherman aided them in obtaining access[xx]. In any case, these claims would later prove extremely profitable. The duo had the nerve to name their first producing mine “Grandpa,” poking fun at the proud boosters of Tonopah[xxi].

Fisherman, considered by historian Sally Zanjani to be “the most gifted prospector Nevada ever produced, perhaps the finest in the West” would reap no great wealth from his numerous discoveries but managed to stay in the game by occasionally stringing along gullible greenhorns that he had lured into “grubstaking” or funding him — promising a portion or even half of the strike’s profit if he indeed discovered one. It should be noted this tactic was practiced by many disingenuous white prospectors as well, the most infamous being Death Valley Scotty a.k.a. Walter E. Scott, who peddled an elaborate promotional scam over the years that ultimately financed the construction and furnishings for his opulent Scotty’s Castle in Death Valley[xxii]. Stilmer and Marsh, themselves greenhorns and rather unskilled in the art of mining, had, in the end, let the fortune slip right through their hands.

Main Street of Goldfield, NV on September 18, 1908. | E.W. Smith. Courtesy of the Nevada Historical Society.

Main Street of Goldfield, NV on September 18, 1908. | E.W. Smith. Courtesy of the Nevada Historical Society.

Goldfield, like other antecedent gold strikes, would boom quickly yielding magnificent wealth. Within two short years, Goldfield would generate 30 percent of Nevada’s overall gold yield. To comprehend the immense value of Goldfield’s ore, consider that Tonopah’s silver to gold ratio was about 86 to 1. Compare that figure to Goldfield’s 3 to 1 gold to silver ratio[xxiii]. Indeed, Goldfield’s ore was so rich that it didn’t require milling so it was shipped directly to a smelter in Oakland, California without prior processing. But, like a short-lived evanescent Fourth of July sparkler, Goldfield shined ever so briefly. At its peak in 1906, the town had attracted some 18,000 to 20,000 individuals to its golden gates but by 1910, the head count would precipitously drop to 5,400 souls. During its brief run notable Western personalities would reside here, including Wyatt Earp and his doomed brother Virgil, who not long after arriving in 1905, caught pneumonia and succumbed after six months at age 62, during one of the deadly influenza epidemics that raged through the city from 1904 through 1907.

Fourth of July Celebration in Goldfield, Nevada, 1907 (photographer unknown). The Northern Saloon is seen in the center of the image. | Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.

Fourth of July Celebration in Goldfield, Nevada, 1907 (photographer unknown). The Northern Saloon is seen in the center of the image. | Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.
The Northern Saloon, Goldfield, NV (date unknown). | C.C. Goodwin. Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.

The Northern Saloon, Goldfield, NV (date unknown). | C.C. Goodwin. Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.

While Goldfield’s party lasted, culture, both modern and archaic, collided at this 20th-century crossroad. Under Main Street’s crisscrossed canopy of Edison incandescent bulbs, newly arrived automobiles and motorbikes markedly stood out against the backdrop of dusty packed burros and horse drawn wagons. Goldfield’s freshly-monied residents would flagrantly partake in a wanton subculture brimming with airs of sophistication and unbridled decadence. Bartenders of the Northern Saloon, one of forty-nine operating in 1907, served up 500 gallons of whiskey daily from their sixty-foot bar[xxiv]. Five hundred women were said to work at Goldfield’s numerous red light district saloons, brothels and cribs. The more adventurous nightcrawlers could saunter down to Hop Fiends’ Gulch to satiate themselves at fourteen smoke-filled opium dens where prominent Goldfielders often slummed shoulder-to-shoulder alongside the town’s more “down and out” citizenry.

Exterior of the Palace Dance Hall (a brothel). Sadie, Sylvia and Jessie are listed at the entries of three “cribs” where these women did business. | Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.

Exterior of the Palace Dance Hall (a brothel). Sadie, Sylvia and Jessie are listed at the entries of three “cribs” where these women did business. | Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.

Greed would inflame discord as Goldfield Consolidated Mining Company bosses George Wingfield, a former gambler and faro dealer, and the soon-to-be U.S. Senator George Nixon[xxv], launched their war on “high grading” — a common practice where miners and mill workers pocketed prime chunks of ore in clothing, headgear, lunch buckets and even their orifices, that were then traded on the black market at the half the ore’s normally-assayed value. An enterprising high grader could pocket up to $1,800 worth of ore during a single mining shift[xxvi]. The miners rationalized the practice because of poor pay (on average, miners were paid $4.50 a day for backbreaking labor) but the angry syndicate bosses claimed that the practice cost them at least 40 percent of their profit. It is suspected that high grading’s robust black market economy alternatively supported the legitimate businesses of Goldfield because the practice was so common and widespread. To combat the pilfering, the syndicate hired professional goons, headed by the energetic Constable Inman, who was paid $10,000 a month plus a 40 percent cut of any stolen high grade ore recovered[xxvii].

A group of miner's deep within Goldfield's Mohawk Mine (pictured here near an $80,000 gold ledge). | Charles C. Pierce. Courtesy of USC Libraries and California Historical Society.

A group of miner’s deep within Goldfield’s Mohawk Mine (pictured here near an $80,000 gold ledge). | Charles C. Pierce. Courtesy of USC Libraries and California Historical Society.

As the high grading controversy intensified, labor tensions rose. Wingfield and Nixon would instigate a successful union breakup of the Western Federation of Miners and the Industrial Workers of the World through the support and intervention of federal troops when strikes broke out between 1906 and 1908. Over the long term, Wingfield and Nixon’s suppression of the unions ensured that “mining camp ideology” that promoted rugged individualism over community values, would continue to influence and shape Nevada’s political landscape for years to come. Goldfield’s production would soon climax by 1910. While remarkably rich, the deposit had proven to be limited. By 1912, Goldfield was spent and folks were moving on.

The last great boom and bust of the region would occur about sixty-five miles south of Goldfield near “Old Man” Beatty’s ranch along the Amargosa River. Named after a squat piece of greenish-turquoise quartz ore riddled with free gold, the original Bullfrog Mine was discovered on August 9, 1904 by Frank “Shorty” Harris and his prospecting partner of the moment, Ernest “Ed” Cross. Once their strike became public, Goldfielders, along with those further afield, hastened across the desert packing supplies on whatever mode of transportation they could muster — whether it be a motorized jalopy, an overpriced $500 jackass or a wheelbarrow[xxviii]. Harris would promptly squander his share of the claim for a measly $1,000 during a six-day drinking binge at Goldfield’s saloons. Cross, a young, sober and rather patient newlywed, would hold onto his half, eventually selling it for a reported $125,000 — after forming a stock company with the grafter that had taken advantage of Harris in his inebriated state[xxix]. Harris would later recount an alternative version of the story, when interviewed by Philip Johnston for an October 1930 Touring Topics feature, stating he received $25,000 from a signed bill of sale after being locked in a room for six days with an unlimited supply of whiskey by a man named “Bryan.”

A view of Rhyolite, NV, January 18, 1909. Photographed by E. Moffat. | Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.

A view of Rhyolite, NV, January 18, 1909. Photographed by E. Moffat. | Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.

By the time the stampede had petered out, three weeks later, over 2,000 claims had been recorded within the newly organized, thirty-square-mile Bullfrog Mining District whose premier settlement was Rhyolite — named after the rosy-colored, silica-rich felsic extrusive rock of the region. When the newly-platted town’s population doubled from 1,200 to 2,500 by June 1905, it appeared that development was officially on overdrive.

By 1907, Rhyolite’s population had again doubled to 4,000 plus citizens[xxx]. The town could boast power, water, telegraph and telephone lines, a mill that could process up to 300 tons of ore a day, three railroads, several newspapers, stock exchange, post office, schoolhouse, hospital, opera house, police and fire departments, shops, churches, saloons, and a thriving red light district. The three-story concrete, steel and glass John S. Cook & Co. Bank building was richly appointed but, by far, the most unique structure in town was the bottle house built in February1906 by miner Tom T. Kelley with 50,000 beer and liquor bottles — a testament to the heyday celebration of the Bullfrog District’s stampede a few years earlier[xxxi].

“Buy Nevada Bullfrogs and Watch Them Jump,” Mining Investor, February, 1906.

“Buy Nevada Bullfrogs and Watch Them Jump,” Mining Investor, February, 1906.

Clever nationally-advertised promotional campaigns displaying bullfrog illustrations with catchy slogans such as, “BUY NEVADA BULLFROGS AND WATCH THEM JUMP,” tempted investors, including the likes of steel magnate Charles Schwab, to recklessly drop millions into the district’s mining stocks. Schwab would purchase Bullfrog’s most famous producer, the Montgomery Shoshone Mine, from its namesake Bob Montgomery for over $2 million[xxxii]. The mine had been located for Montgomery by another Indian prospector named Shoshone Johnny[xxxiii]. Still, this celebrated mine would not shed a cent back to any of its stockholders besides Schwab.

Rhyolite’s growth would implode just as fast as it had exploded. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake and ensuing fire, along with other unexpected events, would divert capital away from the region’s highly speculative mining investments during the city’s rebuilding process. When the fall Panic of 1907 hit, investors dropped like flies forcing many regional banks and businesses to close. As the dominos fell, Rhyolite’s major mines would shut down, sending residents fleeing — leaving the once promising camp to atrophy. By 1910, the census taker listed only 611 residents[xxxiv]. When the mighty Montgomery Shoshone finally stopped production in 1913, the coffin was nailed shut[xxxv].  By 1920, only 14 residents remained. Many of the town’s wooden buildings would be cannibalized or completely moved to Beatty and beyond. The Cook bank building and other concrete and stone structures cracked and crumbled over time, allowing the desert to reclaim the plots where they had once stood, seemingly impervious to the desert elements.

Looking back at the highs and lows of the Mojave’s turn-of-the-century extraction heyday it is easy to get caught up in the perceived romance of the era. In Patricia Nelson Limerick’s 1992 essay, “Haunted by Rhyolite: Learning from the Landscape of Failure, the author counters the nostalgic perspective of many western writers who continue to idealize these social and economic follies in the glut of regional ghost town guidebooks they continue to pen[xxxvi]. Her compelling discussion of the “cult of ruins” that so enraptures these authors is beautifully complimented by Mark Klett’s quietly desolate large format black and white photographs picturing what remains of these once lavish structures.

Considering her story as parable, as the essay’s title suggests, Limerick comments, “Expansion, construction and growth are certainly part of the region’s history, but so are contraction, retreat and abandonment. Fixated on expansion, historians have been blinded to the many episodes of retreat… Fixated on growth, they’ve had little attention left for shrinkage, abandonment and waste — or, for that matter, that most elusive state of all, stability.”

Idealized ghost town tourism is alive and well today in the Mojave Desert at Disneyfied places like Calico, California and Oatman, Arizona, who equally boast reconstructions of mining boomtown life. Calico, located just west of Barstow, California is a silver mining town founded in 1881 that had been purchased and restored by Walter Knott, founder of Knott’s Berry Farm, in 1951. The site is now managed by San Bernardino County Regional Parks and is a California state historical landmark. Attractions include a restored main boardwalk with museums, shops, eateries, saloon plus a plethora of cheap souvenir shops. Visitors can descend 1,000 feet into the old Maggie Mine, ride on the Calico Odessa Railroad or pan for gold.

Oatman, Arizona is another “tourist trap” replica of a 19th-century gold camp located in the Black Mountains of Mohave County, Arizona near Kingman. Their most popular tourist attraction is the group of “wild” burros that visit town everyday looking for a handout.

A group of Shoshone in front of Rhyolite's post office, ca. 1906. | A.E. Holt. Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.

A group of Shoshone in front of Rhyolite’s post office, ca. 1906. | A.E. Holt. Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.
Miner's union protest, February 17, 1907. | A. E. Holt. Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.

Miner’s union protest, February 17, 1907. | A. E. Holt. Courtesy of University of Nevada, Reno, Special Collections.
The ruins of Rhyolite at dawn | Kim Stringfellow, August 2018.

The ruins of Rhyolite at dawn | Kim Stringfellow, August 2018.
The facade of the Porter building | Kim Stringfellow, August 2018.

The facade of the Porter building | Kim Stringfellow, August 2018.
The ruins of Rhyolite's John S. Cook & Co. Bank (at right back) | Kim Stringfellow, August 2018.

The ruins of Rhyolite’s John S. Cook & Co. Bank (at right back) | Kim Stringfellow, August 2018.
The ruins of Rhyolite's John S. Cook & Co. Bank Kim Stringfellow, August 2018.

The ruins of Rhyolite’s John S. Cook & Co. Bank Kim Stringfellow, August 2018.

The Mojave Desert will be forever associated with the iconic image of the lone prospector treading alongside his scruffy burro through a desolate landscape. Colorful, peripatetic characters including Burro Schmidt, Alice “Happy Days” Diminy, Lillian Malcolm, Panamint Annie, Seldom Seen Slim, plus others fill many an account of Death Valley and the surrounding environs. These roving, rugged prospectors traveled throughout the region between primitive camps and the eventual towns that quickly sprang up and just as swiftly fizzled out. Other seekers, including many unnamed Chinese, Mexican, Spanish, African and Native American prospectors and miners, likely explored and worked claims within the larger Mojave Desert and beyond but are poorly represented within the historical record[xxxvii].

Frank "Shorty" Harris — the quintessential "single blanket jackass prospector" photographed by Dane Coolidge on Death Valley's salt beds. | Courtesy of the Eastern California Museum.

Frank “Shorty” Harris — the quintessential “single blanket jackass prospector” photographed by Dane Coolidge on Death Valley’s salt beds. | Courtesy of the Eastern California Museum.

The aforementioned Frank “Shorty” Harris is, by far, the best-known prospector of the bunch. Spry, loquacious and diminutive, Shorty was the quintessential desert rat. Born to an Irish father and Scotch mother on July 21, 1857[xxxviii] in Providence, Rhode Island, Harris was orphaned by age seven and sent to live with his father’s sister. By age eleven, Frank had become a factory mill worker and by age fourteen he would run away from his aunt’s home thus embarking on a life of restless wanderlust riding the rails. He crisscrossed the country, eventually heading out west while hiding underneath a train, carrying President Ulysses S. Grant, landing him in Los Angeles in 1877[xxxix].

Harris plied his trade while wandering and working odd jobs across Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada and Utah until fate brought him into Death Valley during the late 1880s. At a remote outpost up in the Panamint Range on St. Patrick’s Day of 1892, Harris, along with his prospecting partner John Lambert (one of many to come), located his first modest gold strike[xl].  Not content to mine the claim, Harris sold his share and quickly moved on to the next big thing. Harris thus began his surprising pattern of striking it rich and consequently striking out. But perhaps that wasn’t the point after all — Harris would repeatedly state to curious tourists and biographers during his later years: “The goal is the thing, not the gold[xli].”

Frank "Shorty" Harris plodding across Death Valley's sand dunes. | Dane Coolidge. Image courtesy of the Eastern California Museum.

Frank “Shorty” Harris plodding across Death Valley’s sand dunes. | Dane Coolidge. Image courtesy of the Eastern California Museum.

Former Inyo County treasurer George Naylor pointed out that Harris put “more towns on the map, and more taxable property on the assessor’s books than any other man, regardless of size[xlii].” Indeed, Harris had a good eye for gold.

One of Harris’ more well-known former prospecting partners was Jean Pierre “Pete” Aguereberry, a French Basque who located the Harrisburg strike in the Panamint Range in early July 1905 while traveling with Harris. Aguereberry commented, “He (Harris) was always in a hurry, never looked right or left, just kept prodding and cussing his burro.” Indeed, he would often not stay long enough to see if the strike paid out, Harris was later credited with Aguereberry’s discovery likely due to his larger-than-life persona that certainly bolstered his oft-mentioned name in headlines of regional mining journals and boomtown newspapers[xliii].

Standing barely five-feet tall[xliv] Harris managed to charm the ladies — no doubt aided when the man was flush with a hefty bankroll. He was said to be very generous with his fellow colleagues, especially when inebriated. But a softer side of Harris has been recorded that included his penchant for caring for the creatures of the desert. A July 1954 Desert Magazine article described how Shorty would regularly set out shallow tubs of water for the wildlife and insects at his remote desert camp sites, instructing future visitors: “Water. Keep filled for birds and animals, please[xlv].”

Harris would remain a continual presence in the Mojave over the fifty or so years he repeatedly roamed across it. His final days would be spent living in dusty Ballarat with his dog, Sourdough, in a sagging adobe schoolhouse that would eventually cave in on him. Now in his mid-seventies, he would barely survive the accident. Understandably, the ordeal had taken a toll on him physically and he spent several months recuperating. Still, Harris remained game for another big strike and seemed anxious to get out into the desert once again.

A year later, on November 10, 1934, he would pass while sleeping in Big Pine, California at age 77. His last requests entailed being buried alongside his friend Jim Dayton, the former Borax swamper and caretaker for the Furnace Creek Ranch, who had perished, along with his team of horses, near Bennett’s Well in August 1899, and for his grave to be marked with this simple epitaph, “Here lies Shorty Harris, a single blanket jackass prospector.” Friends, former prospecting partners, journalists from afar plus many others would attend his funeral in Death Valley.

Prospecting and mining were not exclusively male endeavors. Although Cornish superstition held that both whistling underground or working alongside women in mines would bring bad luck and prove catastrophic, some would prove noteworthy prospectors and even manage to mine alongside men within subterranean depths[xlvi]. But it appears that only a small number of these women’s lives are recorded within the historical record[xlvii]. Some, such as Belle Butler (the wife of Tonopah’s founder Jim Butler) discovered major gold strikes in the region. Belle’s natural instincts for prospecting led her to locate the most lucrative mine at Tonopah — the Mizpah, which she recorded in her own name.

Others owned and operated major mines throughout the region including aforementioned Dr. Rose Burcham, who meticulously managed the Rand’s Yellow Aster mine and Dr. Francis E. Williams, co-lessee of the Goldfield’s crown jewel, the Francis-Mohawk. The stern Williams — nicknamed “the steam engine” — had years before made a fortune on a silk-hat varnish concoction but lost her wealth after channeling family assets into an ill-advised Florida orange grove venture that was destroyed in an instant by an overnight freeze. By middle age, she would transform herself into an “electro-therapist” and a successful mining entrepreneur after heading out west to California. She eventually landed in Tonopah by 1903, at age 59, but quickly headed to Goldfield once gold was discovered there. Upon settlement, the “doctor” rather rashly acquired 1,200-acres of “rich coal” claims forty miles west of Tonopah. She thus began building her fortune again — this time from gullible Midwestern farmers willing to back her settlement project and “black gold” holdings that turned out be worthless.

Within three years, Williams had funneled the ill-begotten money into a group of productive Goldfield claims, which she turned over in June 1906. She immediately invested in the Francis-Mohawk lease with her co-partner, David Mackenzie, which would garner “$2,275,000 worth of ore from a section of ground 200 by 375 feet[xlviii].” Her lucky streak would continue for a few more years when she acquired the Royal Flush in Nevada’s Gold Mountain Range northwest of Death Valley. This mine would give forth ore samples reportedly assaying higher than any other in Goldfield’s history. The discovery, supported her ingenious promotional pitch that the Royal Flush was indeed the infamous Lost Breyfogle mine, evolved into a brilliant marketing scheme that would-be investors ate up. But in the end, the remarkable assay had proven false — the mine failed to produce by the end of 1909. A lawsuit ensued in March of the same year, brought on by the mine’s owners, George Wingfield and partners, who sought damages from poorly constructed timber supports and other corner-cutting operations practiced at the Francis-Mohawk lease. Two days later, after dining in a posh Goldfield restaurant, Williams would return to her hotel room only to collapse and die from a massive heart attack at age 65.

A contemporary of Williams, whom it appears she never met but likely passed once or twice on the streets of Goldfield, was Lillian Malcolm, a former New York stage actress who began her prospecting career at age thirty in 1898 in the frozen expanses of the Yukon’s Klondike. (It should be noted that she had no prior prospecting experience.) After admirably surviving for a few years in the Great North but without great success, Malcolm now penniless, made her way to central Nevada in 1904 with hopes of hitting pay dirty roulette. She had arrived too late to participate in the early 20th-century booms but continued to stay in the game by taking out a number of claims in the Silver Peak Range and then in September 1905, made her way over to Rhyolite. That fall she’d make her first prospecting trip out to the Panamint Range. In November, that same year, she would team up with none other than Bullfrog’s founder, Shorty Harris, embarking on a two-month outing in Death Valley and environs with the now famous prospector. Later, she would mingle with the charlatan/con man Walter E. Scott and his sidekick, Bill Keys[xlix] After this sojourn, she would travel to Mexico and back again to northern Nevada to continue with her prospecting odyssey. Within fifteen years of starting her spectacular journey, Malcolm fades from the public eye and no one knows what became of her.

Alice “Happy Days” Diminy, a prospector who held claims and mined in Nevada's Tule Canyon. Photo dated 1902. | Courtesy of the Nevada Historical Society.

Alice “Happy Days” Diminy, a prospector who held claims and mined in Nevada’s Tule Canyon. Photo dated 1902. | Courtesy of the Nevada Historical Society.

Author Sally Zanjani, who painstakingly researched the previous two women and many other female miners of the American West in her 1997 “A Mine of Her Own,” refers to Alice “Happy Days” Diminy as “a sort of female Baron von Munchausen.” She is remembered today as a restless, intelligent eccentric. Born in Bavaria in 1852, the independent and adventuresome Diminy traveled throughout Europe before making her way to New York City. After a short stay there, she headed to Louisiana but would eventually land in San Francisco at age 54 — just months before the 1906 Great Earthquake hit. Diminy soon married but immediately debarked east to the Nevada mining camps without her spouse in tow. Reaching Rhyolite, she set up a small saloon dishing up meals to prospectors and all sorts of human flotsam — likely succumbing to gold fever while serving them her fare. Taking a lover, she alighted sixty miles northwest where she and her new male partner had recorded claims at Tule Canyon, located in Nevada’s Lida Mining District. Here, she would learn the art of dry washing and hard labor while managing to pen poetry from time to time. It is rather impressive that she managed all of these activities within one year of arriving on the West Coast.

Although Diminy’s placer prospects in Tule Canyon never paid out as she would have liked, she remained a well-respected, if rather odd, mining figure of the area. During later years, Diminy’s formerly positive outlook had clouded and turned peevish — causing her to get caught up in a number of newsworthy courtroom skirmishes and other public and private quarrels. She would depart her beloved Tule Canyon and travel to urban San Francisco (Diminy was now in her mid-90s) only to be placed in a mental hospital in 1946 where she would sadly die two years later.

The last of these liberated, self-determined women desert prospectors was Panamint Annie, a striking, half-Iroquois raven-haired beauty, who had made her way out to the Mojave Desert after leaving a comfortable childhood disrupted by her mother’s and sister’s untimely death in a plane crash. This may also have been her fate had she not decided to take a joy ride on a motorcycle. Her father’s consequent punishment for doing so kept her from traveling on the ill-fated trip.

Mary Elizabeth White (Annie’s legal name) was born to an army surgeon and his wife on June 22, 1912, in Washington D.C. She would marry at fifteen, birth two children (one dying as an infant) and divorce soon after. Unconventional and rebellious, she began driving bootleg liquor across state lines to Canada and later traveled west via Texas to work as a dude ranch cook in Colorado. It appears that she made her way to California in hopes of alleviating the scourge of tuberculosis that she had contracted during her teens. Finding the West’s driest country by far the most salubrious and beneficial, she settled in Shoshone, California in 1931, where the therapeutic thermal mineral springs helped to restore her lungs. Here, she would fall in love with the desert and begin prospecting.

In 1936, White left the Amargosa for Colorado to marry a cowboy named Bryant. Marital bliss was short-lived however — while seven months pregnant with her daughter, Doris, her husband died. After Doris was born in 1938, White returned to the Amargosa and began venturing into Death Valley proper.

Old timers conferred upon White her sobriquet in memory of the original, but largely forgotten, Panamint Annie that had also heralded from back east. Like her, Annie would live independently and largely emancipated from dependence on men, which it seems she preferred. Prospecting out of an outfitted flatbed truck with a canvas tent and cots, she lived off the land. She was quite capable of changing a truck tire or fixing a transmission when necessary. When Doris came to visit her mother at her Panamint claims they would dine on camp-roasted rabbit or snake that Annie had shot. After Death Valley became a national monument in 1933, she and nearly 200 other prospectors and miners were allowed to continue their pursuits and lifestyle under special permit.

Annie was the only single woman known to be part of a small, subsistence mining community located in the Panamints — a common communal lifestyle choice for many male miners. This “family,” with eight to ten men, with whom she remained romantically uninvolved, shared domestic tasks and chores among the group. By her own inclination it appears that she helped with more traditional “woman’s work” around camp such as clothes washing, healing and cooking. Doris stated to Zanjani how Old Man Black, One-Eyed Jack and other resident miners would lovingly dote on her during her visits to the camp[l].

Annie would prospect the mountain range for gold, silver, uranium and other valuable minerals. She worked her own claims and was said to be able to timber, blast and muck a mine as good as any man. Plus, over her life, she would bear eight children (four survived), fathered by several different husbands and lovers. Some strikes brought her a small fortune — at least $10,000 in one instance but it seems that she spent it as fast as she received it — on her children’s needs, supplies, repairs, debts, paying back the grubstake and money to fund her next prospecting excursion. After breaking her back from a fall at age 45 she began taking to the bottle. Drinking binges and gambling became regular habits but her drunkenness and betting never got in the way of her work or her children’s welfare.

Sally Zanjani states that Panamint Annie “was one of the few women prospectors known to work grubstakes and to receive some of them from other women.” She continues to comment that Annie had split her $10,000 strike with a woman who owned a grocery store at Death Valley Junction and had also partnered with Mrs. Frederica Hessler, a Georgian schoolteacher, who had inherited the ruins of Rhyolite from her brother

  • . The two of them worked a mine in Rhyolite, beginning in 1947, while Annie’s son, Bill, attended school in nearby Beatty. Although Annie lived her life largely removed from other women, it is said that she never felt competiveness with her sex but rather, comradery.

    Panamint Annie was indeed a spirited feminist long before the term existed. While alive, the park service rangers recognized her a respected prospector/naturalist — whose intuitive knowledge of the National Monument’s geology, flora and fauna was noteworthy and remarkable. Her awareness and insight was garnered through time spent alone, present and focused on everything around her. She had an intimate connection to place and when slowed with arthritis and later by cancer, Annie, like Shorty Harris late in life, would too yearn to get back out into the desert she so loved. When she died in September 1979, she was buried under a Joshua tree in a Rhyolite cemetery.

    All of these aforementioned women prospectors and mining entrepreneurs — along with the numerous unnamed ladies who joined them at mining camps as independent cooks, shop keepers, dance hall girls, etcetera — shared in common their yearning to freely exist in a place where restrictive social mores and clearly defined gender roles were mostly absent. As a liberated woman, a female prospector could walk the wooden boardwalk of Rhyolite, Goldfield or Skidoo suited in trousers and tall work boots without even a second glance — except maybe from one of her own kind, who dressed in her own conventional garb of the period might hold her skirt aside in prim disgust and barely concealed jealousy. But, this social freedom alone cannot necessarily account for why many of these women persisted in the desert landscape indefinitely.

    As Zanjani suggests in her epilogue, when all of the lesser motives were stripped away, the great love of the wilderness, especially the desert country, was the central impetus that kept these women here. “Prospecting provided a reason for venturing inside it and a means for remaining…[it was] a dream, a mirage of treasure, an addiction, a challenge, an adventure and a quasi-religious experience…when the dreams of bonanza had faded, the love of the land remained[lii].”

    Top Image: The Yellow Aster Mine in Randsburg, CA | Kim Stringfellow. January 2019

    Gold is a precious, beautiful metal, but it can also be an empty promise. A desire for gold has led to atrocities large and small, yet its allure remains. Discover a range of gold-related artworks and artifacts at the Autry’s exhibition, “Gold at the [Au]try” on view through July 19, 2020.

    Sources


    [i] “Gold,” Wikipedia, accessed March 6, 2019, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gold. Earthworks.org states that “jewelry represents the equivalent of 70 percent of mine production of gold.” “Retailers: Don’t Let the Mining Industry Tarnish the Jewelry Business,” Earthworks, accessed March 6, 2019, https://earthworks.org/campaigns/no-dirty-gold/retailers.

    [ii] “California Abandoned Mines: A Report on the Magnitude and Scope of the Issue in the State, Volume I,” Department of Conservation, Office of Mine Reclamation, Abandoned Mine Lands Unit, June 2000,13.

    [iii] The Salt Creek Hills Area of Critical Environmental Concern on California State Route 127 near Dumont Dunes features the remains of several early mining workings conducted at this site.

    [iv] Richard E. Lingenfelter, Death Valley & The Amargosa: A Land of Illusion (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986), 25. Las Chaguanosos were an infamous multiracial horse thief gang comprised of New Mexicans, Indians, American and Canadian trappers.

    [v] The mercury amalgamation process has been used in gold mining since Roman times. Joseph Nicholson, “How is Mercury Used to Purify Gold?” Sciencing, accessed March 13, 2019, https://sciencing.com/how-mercury-used-purify-gold-4914156.html.

    [vi] A disturbing trend is the continued use of mercury amalgamation use for small-scale artisanal gold mining operations in developing countries where it is considered to be the easiest and cheapest method for gold recovery. The EPA website states that 20 percent of gold produced worldwide is done through these small-scale artisanal gold operations and are “responsible for the largest releases of mercury to the environment of any sector globally.” For further reading see: “Reducing Mercury Pollution from Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining,” Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), accessed March 13, 2019, https://www.epa.gov/international-cooperation/reducing-mercury-pollution-artisanal-and-small-scale-gold-mining.

    [vii] The state of California continues to suffer from mercury’s widespread use, especially in areas where large-scale hydraulic mining was practiced, resulting in extensive ecological contamination of river and lake sediments. Mercury bio-accumulates in living tissues as it is passed along the aquatic food chain, poisoning fish, birds and other species, including humans.

    [viii] W. Storrs Lee, The Great California Deserts (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1963), 160.

    [ix] Larry Vredenburgh with Gary L. Shunway and Russel Hartil, “Desert Fever: An Overview of Mining History of the California Desert Conservation Area,” Desert Planning Staff, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of Reclamation (February 1980): 58. Dr. Rose Burcham left her medical practice in Los Angeles to join the group, later becoming Yellow Aster chief manager.

    [x] Mooers, of South African descent, would name the camp after “The Rand” gold fields of South Africa.

    [xi] W. Storrs Lee, The Great California Deserts, 160.

    [xii] W. Storrs Lee, The Great California Deserts, 162.

    [xiii] It appears that nearly all mining boomtown accounts claim a population highpoint of 5,000 so it is difficult to accurately gauge this number.

    [xiv] The excerpt is from “Greed Civilizes the Mojave: Scarlet Women, Horn Spoons, and Wizards,” part of a collection of stories. Peter Wild (editor), True Tales of the Mojave Desert: Talking Rocks to Yucca Man (Santa Fe: The Center for American Places, 2004), 52-61. Original article: Lou V. Chapin, “A Woman’s Impression of the Randsburg District,” Los Angeles Times, March 14, 1897.

    [xv] Fire was a recurring threat for all of these desert boomtowns. Most experienced major fires causing massive damage and economic instability during their brief existence.

    [xvi] “Gold Mine Shaft Entrance, Randsburg,” SCVTV, accessed March 6, 2019, https://scvhistory.com/scvhistory/lw2370c.htm.

    [xvii] “Tonopah,” ONE (Online Nevada Encyclopedia), accessed March 6, 2019, http://www.onlinenevada.org/articles/tonopah.

    [xviii] Silicosis remained an epidemic at the Tonopah mines into the late 20th-century. Wives and children of miners additionally became ill after having been exposed after laundering their husband or father’s work clothes.

    [xix] Sally Zanjani, Goldfield: The Last Gold Rush on the Western Frontier (Reno: Nevada Publications, 1992), 12. There is evidence suggesting that Fisherman most likely pointed Jim Butler to his Tonopah strike.

    [xx] Sally Zanjani, Goldfield, 13-14. In 1907, Fisherman would bring Silver Peak’s Nivloc mine to Harry’s attention so it is likely that their relationship remained amicable throughout the years.

    [xxi] Fisherman had originally named the mine “Gran Pah” meaning land of much water in the Shoshonean language and Stimler and Marsh retained it. Sally Zanjani, Goldfield, 18.

    [xxii] Sally Zanjani, Goldfield, 296. Many prospectors peddled questionable claims to naïve, unwary would-be investors but Death Valley Scotty seems to take the cake in this regard. For further reading, see footnote 49.

    [xxiii] “The History of Goldfield,” The Goldfield Historical Society, accessed March 6, 2019, http://www.goldfieldhistoricalsociety.com/history.html.

    [xxiv] Nicholas Clapp, Gold and Silver in the Mojave: Images of the Last Frontier (San Diego: Sunbelt Publications, Inc., 2013), 64.

    [xxv] George Nixon was elected as a republican to the U.S. Senate in 1905.

    [xxvi] Clapp, Gold and Silver in the Mojave, 68.

    [xxvii] Clapp, Gold and Silver in the Mojave, 70.

    [xxviii] Frank “Shorty” Harris (as told to Philip Johnston), “Half a Century Chasing Rainbows,” Touring Topics, October 1930, 19.

    [xxix] Lingenfelter, Death Valley & The Amargosa, 204. The actual amount of money Harris received for his share of the Bullfrog claim varies significantly from publication to publication. The Lingenfelter text, considered by the author to be the most accurate historical record she researched, is cited here. See previous footnote for the alternative account.

    [xxx] The population of the greater region including towns of Beatty and nearby Gold Center was said to be 12,000.

    [xxxi] The restored house remains to this day a popular tourist attraction.

    [xxxii] Lingenfelter, Death Valley & The Amargosa, 20.

    [xxxiii] Alternatively he was called Hungry Johnny.

    [xxxiv] Lingenfelter, Death Valley & The Amargosa, 239.

    [xxxv] Montgomery Shoshone Mine is still active. See: https://bullfroggold.com.

    [xxxvi] Patricia Nelson Limerick and Mark Klett, “Haunted by Rhyolite: Learning from the Landscape of Failure,” American Art, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Autumn, 1992): 18-39.

    [xxxvii] Few accounts of non-Euroamerican prospectors and miners exist in the historical record but it is known that people of all races and nationalities participated in the nineteenth and twentieth century gold rushes and boomtown culture.

    [xxxviii] Harris’ grave marker in Death Valley National Park inaccurately states 1856.

    [xxxix] Harris, “Half a Century Chasing Rainbows,” 12. President Grant signed the General Mining Act of 1872.

    [xl] Harris, “Half a Century Chasing Rainbows,” 15.

    [xli] R.M. Lowe, “Shorty Harris and his Dog,” Desert Magazine, November 1977, 33.

    [xlii] Lowe, “Shorty Harris and his Dog,” 33.

    [xliii] LeRoy and Margaret Bales, “He Belongs to the Panamints,” Desert Magazine, November 1941, 19. Aguereberry is credited with actually discovering the Harrisburg strike while traveling with Harris to Ballarat on July 4, 1905. The town was originally named “Harrisberry” but was transposed over time to Harrisburg.

    [xliv] Some accounts have Harris measuring 5 feet 4 inches tall but it is likely that he was closer to 4 feet 10 inches.

    [xlv] Edna Price, “The ‘Other People’ Who Come to the Waterholes,” Desert Magazine, July 1954, 17.

    [xlvi] The practice of barring women from employment in mines ended during the 1970s.

    [xlvii] The primary source being: Sally Zanjani, A Mine of Her Own: Women Prospectors in the American West, 1850-1950 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997).

    [xlviii] Zanjani, A Mine of Her Own, 134.s

    [xlix] Zanjani, A Mine of Her Own, 97-99. Many visitors to Joshua Tree National Park familiar with Keys View and Keys Desert Queen Ranch are largely unfamiliar with Bill Keys’ colorful early prospecting life in Death Valley before he left for the Morongo Basin to ranch and start a family. For further reading see Lingenfelter’s Death Valley & The Amargosa.

    [l] Zanjani states that Doris lived primarily with her aunt in San Bernardino, California.

  • Zanjani, A Mine of Her Own, 278.

    [lii] Zanjani, A Mine of Her Own, 316-317.

    ]]>
    Steven Pinker: what can we expect from the 2020s? https://headsets911.com/steven-pinker-what-can-we-expect-from-the-2020s/ Fri, 16 Apr 2021 08:55:39 +0000 https://headsets911.com/?p=1823 As “9” on the calendar rolls over to a fresh “0”, many people are desperate for a ray of optimism to pierce the gloom of the daily headlines. Having published a hundred graphs documenting human progress, I’m often asked for reassurance that we will overcome our problems and that the coming decade will not just […]]]>

    As “9” on the calendar rolls over to a fresh “0”, many people are desperate for a ray of optimism to pierce the gloom of the daily headlines. Having published a hundred graphs documenting human progress, I’m often asked for reassurance that we will overcome our problems and that the coming decade will not just bring intensifying crises and declines.

    Progress is a historical fact. The numbers show that over the past seven decades humans have become (on average) longer-lived, healthier, safer, richer, freer, fairer, happier and smarter, not just in the west but worldwide.

    Progress is not, however, a natural force. The laws of the universe are indifferent to our wellbeing, with vastly more things that can go wrong than go right. And our species evolved for advantages in the struggle to reproduce, not for happiness or wisdom. The first step in thinking about the future is to reconcile human progress with human nature. 

    The progress we have enjoyed has come from empowering the better angels of our nature. We are a cognitive species, with the wherewithal to solve problems and the linguistic means to pool solutions. We are a co-operative species, joining forces to achieve outcomes we cannot achieve individually. And we are an intermittently empath­etic species, capable of concern with the wellbeing of others.

    A queue at a polling station in Colombo, Sri Lanka in November © Getty Images

    A man puts his ballot papers in the designated ballot boxes at one of the polling units in Lagos on March, 2019. - Nigerians are voting for a second time in a fortnight in governorship and state assembly elections, with heightened concerns from observers of violence and an increased military presence. Elections for governors are being held in 29 of Nigeria's 36 states, for all state assemblies, plus the administrative councils in the Federal Capital Territory of Abuja. (Photo by STEFAN HEUNIS / AFP) (Photo credit should read STEFAN HEUNIS/AFP via Getty Images)
    Voters cast their ballots in Lagos, Nigeria in March © Getty Images

    These gifts were amplified by ideas and institutions advocated during the Enlightenment and entrenched after the second world war: reason, science, liberal democracy, declarations of rights, a free press, regulated markets, institutions of international co-operation. 

    But this progress is invisible to most people because they don’t get their understanding of the world from numbers; they get it from headlines. Journalism by its very nature conceals progress, because it presents sudden events rather than gradual trends. Most things that happen suddenly are bad: a war, a shooting, an epidemic, a scandal, a financial collapse. Most things that are good consist either of nothing happening — like a nation that is free of war or famine — or things that happen gradually but comp­ound over the years, such as declines in poverty, illiteracy and disease. 

    On top of this built-in pessimism, market forces add layers of glumness. People dread losses more than they appreciate gains, so prophets can stoke their vigilance by warning them about looming disasters they may have overlooked. Popular forecasters are not actuaries who extrapolate and adjust medium-term trends but playwrights who titillate our imaginations with high-concept tragedies and horror stories. 

    So for every Age of Aquarius with electricity too cheap to meter, there are a dozen dystopias. In my lifetime I have survived a thermonuclear third world war, a population bomb, depletion of oil and minerals, a civilisation-ending Y2K bug, weekly 9/11-scale terrorist attacks, and a mushroom cloud from Saddam Hussein. Those who recall the fall of the Berlin Wall as opening a window of optimism have bad memories. Experts at the time warned of revanchism in a unified Germany, a rising sun in Japan and a longing for the stability of a bipolar world. A 1994 Atlantic cover story foretold a “coming anarchy” of world wars, spiralling crime, exploding Aids and the break-up of Nigeria, China, India and the US. 


    So how can we think about the 2020s without melodrama? Progress does not literally have momentum, but many of its drivers are not going away. Science and medicine continue to explore their endless frontiers and should keep delivering increments of understanding that lengthen and enrich our lives. It’s true that the parent ideal of reason is under assault by fundamentalism, fake news and conspiracy theories, as it always has been. But the reach of reason is also expanding through online resources for education and fact-checking, and in movements for evidence-based medicine, policy and philanthropy.

    In the moral sphere, the concept of human rights is self-expanding, since mistreatment of arbitrary categories of people withers under scrutiny. Success­ive generations have applied the ideal to ending religious persecution, despotism, sadistic punishments, legal slavery, callousness towards workers and discrimination against women, ethnic minorities and gay people. Recently it has been extended to sexual harassment, mistreatment of transgender people and oppressive laws in illiberal regions. (In the past decade 13 countries decriminalised homosexuality.) Even the most backward will face pressure to abandon archaic practices that keep girls out of school and women from driving. 

    By adopting the Sustainable Development Goals, the 193 countries of the UN committed themselves to audacious targets for slashing poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, gender inequality, war and other scourges. Progress toward these goals (other than climate) is continuing and can be tracked on sites like Our World in DataGapminderHuman Progress, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Future Crunch. It is unlikely to do a sudden U-turn. 

    But — as the sustainable goalkeepers emphasise — “progress is possible, but it is not inevitable”. Poverty, disease and conflict are natural, not unnatural, parts of the human condition, and only the concerted application of reason, science and humanism can push back against their creep.

    Progress can be threatened not just by complacency but by tribalism, authoritarianism and science denial. Populists such as Donald Trump embody these threats; he treats public discourse not as a means of collectively pursuing an objective reality but as a weapon with which to project dominance. He has blown off the scientific consensus on climate change and suppressed dissemin­ation of data on public health and the environment. He has sown ethnic hostility at home while rejecting international co-operation in favour of zero-sum economic or political combat. These insults to Enlightenment ideals are not just philosophical; they undermine concrete measures that have driven progress in the past, including democratic checks, free trade, environmental regulation and international agreements.

    Though we cannot know how much damage authoritarian populism will do, there are reasons to think it is not the face of the future. Its support is greatest among rural, less-educated, ethnic-majority and older cohorts, all in demographic decline. And even countries that try to hide in a nationalist fortress will increasingly be besieged by crises that are inherently global and cannot be solved without international co-operation, including climate change, ocean degradation, pandemics, migrants, cyber crime, terrorism, piracy, dark money and nuclear proliferation.

    A graphic with no description

    Democracy, repeatedly declared moribund by schadenfreudian pundits, may be more resilient than they acknow­ledge. Everyone has read about backsliding in countries such as Turkey, Russia and Venezuela — but fewer have read about the gains in countries such as Georgia, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Armenia, Malaysia and Ethiopia. According to the Varieties of Democracy scorecard, during the past decade the number of democracies in the world has hovered in a record-high range, with 99 (55 per cent) in 2018, compared to 87 in 1998, 51 in 1988, 40 in 1978, 36 in 1968 and 10 in 1918. And in the past year, pressure for democratisation has heated up in protests in Venezuela, Bolivia, Russia, Algeria, Sudan and Hong Kong. 

    Peace, too, may have staying power. Despite recent scares from Putinism and the Arab Spring, the long peace since the second world war keeps lengthening. Wars between great powers, once chronic, have vanished: the last one pitted the US against China more than 65 years ago. Wars between states continue their slide toward obsolescence, with no more than three in any year since 1945 and none since 2003. Though civil wars persist, the overall rate of deaths in wars of all kinds plunged a hundredfold between 1950 and 2005, from 22 per 100,000 people per year to 0.2. After rising to 1.5 in 2014 during the horrific Syrian civil war, it halved to 0.7 in 2018. And for all the warnings of a rising China that will inevitably fight its rival hegemon, that country has rested its fortunes on trade, contributed to UN peacekeeping, joined global and regional organisations, kept North Korea on a leash, assisted poor countries with infrastructure rather than weaponry, and not fought a war in 32 years. 


    Past performance is, of course, no guarantee of future results. Though history is not cyclical, it can be knocked backwards by nasty surprises. It’s happened before: the two world wars, the Spanish flu, the outbreak of Aids in Africa, surges in crime and civil war from the mid-1960s to the early 1990s, 9/11. The coming decade will surely bring more, though by definition we cannot know what they are. 

    Of course, we know what some of the catastrophic threats to gradual progress are. As the bumper sticker notes, one nuclear bomb can ruin your whole day. Contrary to almost 75 years in which doomsday has supposedly been minutes away, no nuclear weapon has been detonated in war since Nagasaki. This suggests that the norms and safeguards against accidental and impulsive launches have done their job

    Decline of war deaths

    Still, the possible destruction is so horrific that we would be foolish to push our luck indefinitely. The low but disconcerting odds can be pushed still lower by putting the weapons on a longer fuse, and by reducing their number below the threshold of a nuclear winter and eventually to zero. Today’s leaders of nuclear states are not exactly moving in this direction, and it’s inexcusable that the future of civilisation is a non-issue in an electoral arena obsessed with minor gaffes and scandals. 

    Also possibly calamitous are pandemics that could hop continents and cybersabotage that could bring down the internet. Here too the safeguards have worked so far, but experts say they must be strengthened. 

    In a category of its own is climate change, which is more of an approaching asteroid than a spinning roulette wheel. It would be irresponsible to predict either that everything will turn out OK or that we’re cooked. Climate salvation, if it comes at all, will not primarily come from shaming oil companies or making personal sacrifices. It will require breakthroughs in policy and technology. 

    A graphic with no description

    The atmosphere is a global commons, where no individual or country has an incentive to stint on emissions because it would suffer all the cost but no benefit unless everyone else makes the same sacrifice. Policies that put a price on carbon are necessary to avert this tragedy, but we have learnt that people react to them not by weatherstripping their windows but by donning yellow vests and setting cars on fire. Such policies must be sweetened with rebates or hidden in dark layers of the economy. 

    But I suspect that it will be more effective to make clean energy cheap than dirty energy expensive. In the short term this could involve a rapid buildout of nuclear power, as France and Sweden did in the past. In the longer term it will require breakthroughs in storing the intermittent energy from wind and sun, in bioenergy, and in a new generation of small modular fission or fusion reactors. Technological advances will also be needed to electrify industry, reduce greenhouse gases from agriculture, and capture the CO2 already in the atmosphere. 


    You can’t worry about everything, and my appreciation of the complexity of human nature leaves me sceptical about another common fear: that the 2020s will see a brave new world of high-tech mind-hacking. 

    Predictions from the 1990s that yuppie parents would soon implant genes for intelligence or musical talent in their unborn children seemed plausible in a decade filled with discoveries of the gene for X. But these findings were destined for the Journal of Irreproducible Results, and today we know that heritable skills are the products of hundreds of genes, each with a minuscule effect, and many with deleterious side-effects. Micromanaging an embryo’s genome will always be complex and risky. Given that most parents are squeamish about genetically modified applesauce, it’s unlikely they would roll the dice for genetically modified children. 

    Brain-computer interfaces, except as treatments for paralysis or other disabilities, also strike me as dubious, like trying to adjust your iPhone settings with a soldering gun. Our thoughts are embodied in intricate patterns of connectivity in networks of millions of neurons, using a code that neuroscientists have not cracked. Since we already come equipped with pinpoint interfaces to our neural networks — eyes, ears, fingers, tongues — I doubt that healthy people will see the need for another hole in their head or for a foreign object lodged in their brain. 

    The 3rd Artificial Intelligence Exhibition and Conference (AI EXPO Tokyo 2019) in Tokyo BigSight. AI Expo is Japan's largest trade show specialized in AI technologies and services for professionals involved in the field. Pictured: General View,GV Ref: SPL5076798 030419 NON-EXCLUSIVE Picture by: SplashNews.com Splash News and Pictures Los Angeles: 310-821-2666 New York: 212-619-2666 London: 0207 644 7656 Milan: 02 4399 8577 photodesk@splashnews.com World Rights, No Argentina Rights, No Belgium Rights, No China Rights, No Czechia Rights, No Finland Rights, No Hungary Rights, No Japan Rights, No Mexico Rights, No Netherlands Rights, No Norway Rights, No Peru Rights, No Portugal Rights, No Slovenia Rights, No Sweden Rights, No Switzerland Rights, No Taiwan Rights
    Facial recognition technology on display at the Artificial Intelligence Exhibition and Conference in Tokyo © Splash News

    Some tech prophets sow fear about an advanced artificial intelligence subduing its creators. Others warn of an AI laying waste to the world while single-mindedly pursuing a goal, like inducing tumours in human guinea pigs to find a cure for cancer or asphyxiating us all to de-acidify the oceans. But the first fear projects human sins like greed and dominance on to the concept of intelligence. A human-made intelligent system is a problem-solving tool, not a rival primate. And the second refutes itself. It assumes that engineers are so smart that they could invent a system that can cure cancer and undo pollution but so stupid they would forget to give it any other conditions or test how it works before granting it omnipotence over the planet. Moreover, a system that monomaniacally pursued a single goal may be A, but it’s hardly I.

    And then there’s the prospect that fake news and targeted political ads will hijack people’s minds and obliterate democracy. Though the spread of disinformation must be combated, research on political messaging shows that it’s not so easy to change people’s minds. Even traditional TV and direct-mail ads are surprisingly ineffective, and in the 2016 American election fake news and bot-generated tweets made up a tiny fraction of online political traffic and were mostly consumed by zealots. (Few swing voters made up their minds upon reading that Hillary Clinton ran a child sex ring out of a pizzeria.) For that matter online advertising, for all its claims to data-driven microtargeting, is dubiously effective, serving readers with ads for products they have already bought and ads for products they would never buy (like the trunnion tables and high-tech dreidels regularly interpolated into my daily news). 


    Prudence and experience compel me to hedge these reflections on the next decade. Like soothsayers before me, I will surely be wrong in some of my expectations about continuing progress and the threats it does and does not face. 

    But I am confident in one thing: the 2020s will be filled with problems, crises and discord, just like the decades before and after. Some people are surprised to hear this champion of progress abjure any hope for a future free of trouble and strife. Why can’t we build on our accomplishments and aspire to utopia? 

    The reason is that we are not blank slates. The hard-won knowledge that has allowed us to marginalise our superstitions and biases must be relearned every generation in a Sisyphean struggle, never perfectly.

    Also, human nature imposes permanent trade-offs among the things we value. People differ in talent and temperament, so even in a fair system they will end up unequal, and what pleases some will inevitably anger others. People are not infinitely wise, so when they are given their freedom, some will use it to screw up their lives, and when they are empowered in a democracy, they may choose leaders and policies that are bad for them. And people are not infinitely selfless. Any policy that makes most people better off will make some people worse off (say, coal executives), and they will not sacrifice their interests for the good of the group. 

    Yet the fact of progress shows that these trade-offs do not pin us to a constant level of suffering. Knowledge and technology can bend the trade-offs to give us more of each good. Education, a free press and civil society can remind us that the compromises of democracy are better than the alternatives. And (as physicist David Deutsch has noted) problems are inevitable, but problems are solvable, and solutions create new problems that can be solved in their turn.

    Steven Pinker is the Johnstone Professor of Psychology at Harvard University and the author of 10 books, including ‘Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress’

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    Letters in response to this article:

    Chemical pollution is another ‘asteroid threat’ / From Prof Barbara Demeneix, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

    Less celebration, a lot more action on SDGs / From Kevin Watkins, Chief Executive, Save the Children UK

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    A Puerto Rican Fishing Road Trip for Silver Kings, Bigmouths, Mullet, and More https://headsets911.com/a-puerto-rican-fishing-road-trip-for-silver-kings-bigmouths-mullet-and-more/ Fri, 16 Apr 2021 08:51:46 +0000 https://headsets911.com/?p=1814 The saints watched from the crook of a massive, gnarled, and knotted tree: Saint Ursula clutched a sword, and beneath her a warrior held her scepter. Ursula, legend holds, was a British princess martyred in Germany in the 4th century, along with as many as 11,000 of her holy companions. Now two-foot-tall statues of the […]]]>

    The saints watched from the crook of a massive, gnarled, and knotted tree: Saint Ursula clutched a sword, and beneath her a warrior held her scepter. Ursula, legend holds, was a British princess martyred in Germany in the 4th century, along with as many as 11,000 of her holy companions. Now two-foot-tall statues of the saints, nestled in an ancient tree at the end of a jungled foot trail, gaze over a wild Puerto Rican river. Rivers of wax from prayer candles flowed like lava down the trunk. A small platter held a smudge of old incense ashes.

    “I’m not going to lie,” said my son, Jack, as he threaded the tip of his fly rod through the vines dripping beneath Ursula’s robes. “This is a little freaky.”

    But there was nothing to fear. For centuries, the Puerto Rican faithful have placed wooden figurines of saints—santos—in their homes as altars for prayer and offering, a tradition born of rural people who had limited access to churches. We passed under the santos —Jack, myself, my buddy Nate Matthews, and Craig Lilyestrom, retired director of Puerto Rico’s Marine Resources Division—and waded into the clear waters of the Espírito Santo River, four anglers a long way from home, with fly rods and lightweight spinning gear and only the faintest idea of what we were doing.

    A slight shiver ran down my spine, and I looked over my shoulder to catch a last glimpse of the santos, barely visible in the trees. I wished I had packed a candle in my sling pack. Perhaps I should have hooked a dry fly into the bark below Saint Ursula’s robe, a token of respect and hope. Given the nature of our quest—to find and catch some of the strangest and least-known fish in America—I’d take all the supernatural help I could get.

    Statues of saints look over the Espírito Santo River. Stephen Maturin

    A Plan Comes Together

    I first heard of Puerto Rico’s funky fish species on a research trip a decade ago, and I’ve kept a folder of science papers on the subject ever since. Scores of short, steep tropical rivers fall from the high peaks of the Cordillera Central and the El Yunque rainforest to coastal lagoons ringed with mangroves and sand flats. Within a few hours’ hike there are mountain canyons and rich estuaries, and a host of native Caribbean fishes that never see a headline. There’s the gem-like sriracha goby that sports suction cups on its fins so it can scale waterfalls in the rainforest. Foot-long freshwater shrimp. The bigmouth sleeper, a fanged fish shaped like a flat torpedo to help it burrow in the river bottom and hang on during the frequent flash floods of the river canyons. These fish crush baitfish as aggressively as a northern pike, but other than a few locals fishing for the table, no one targets bigmouth sleeper.

    And then there’s the mountain mullet. This was my Holy Grail—a catadromous, trout-like mullet that lives in the clear rivers that tumble from the mountains. Google “mountain mullet fishing,” and the Internet gives you nearly nothing. There’s a blog post from some dude living in a treehouse on the west coast of Costa Rica. A sparse Reddit thread. An 1872 magazine story from Jamaica. Locals call the fish dajao, and catch it on tiny pieces of avocado. But recreational fishing is nil. Many Puerto Ricans don’t even know this fish exists, much less whether they will take a dry fly.

    A few months before my trip, at a pint night for Backcountry Hunters & Anglers, serendipity struck. I ran into Augustin Engman, a post-doc fisheries biologist whose passion was studying the island’s native fish, and told him about my Puerto Rico obsession, which was going nowhere. “It’s crazy,” Engman said. “You wouldn’t believe what’s down there.”

    Three drinks into the conversation, I asked Engman: Could a couple of guys pull off a Puerto Rican road trip, part-guided and part-DIY, something that wouldn’t break the bank, but would feature a few of Puerto Rico’s glamour fish—tarpon and peacock bass, maybe—but roughing it for natives the rest of the time?

    Engman lit up with a grin. “I don’t think anybody’s done that,” he said. “Ever.”

    That was all I needed to hear.

    A fisherman bushwhacking through a jungle.
    The crew bushwhacks their way to jungle waters. Stephen Maturin

    A Mountain Mullet Milestone

    From San Juan, we coursed east and south—the soaring, vernal bulk of the Luquillo Mountains off our right shoulder. Those high ridges see nearly 15 feet of rainfall each year, all of which thunders more than 3,500 feet to the sea in less than six miles. Clouds were snagged in the mountaintops, and Lilyestrom frowned. “These rivers can spike to 50 times normal flows in a matter of minutes,” he said. “If you see the water color up, or leaves and sticks in the main flow, get the hell out.”

    Our first target was the Sabana River, with headwaters high in the El Yunque National Forest. The big creek falls through tangled greenery, the Cordillera Central high and dark in the background, but getting to the water in the lowlands is a trick. One of the charms of Puerto Rican stream fishing is accessing the stream: We parked at the end of the highway bridge, and macheted through 10-foot-tall brush to the water’s edge. Jack was the first to hack his way clear, and he immediately scattered a school of fish from a cobbled flat running clear.

    Two anglers standing on a river side.
    The author (left) and his son, Jack, rig fly rods on the Sabana River. Stephen Maturin

    “Silver, and sort of torpedo-shaped?” Lilyestrom asked, pulling thorns from his forearm.

    “Yes, sir,” Jack replied. “And a spot near the tail.”

    “Mountain mullet,” Lilyestrom said. “Just has to be.”

    Stoked at our possible good luck, we divvied up the braided channels and each took off in a separate direction. I had no idea what fly to fish, what kind of retrieve to make, or what sort of water to look for to catch a fish that hardly anyone seems to know anything about. Vehicle traffic buzzed downstream, and an occasional car horn blared. But otherwise, I was immersed in an otherworld of clear, running water, gravel bars, and river banks clad in a thousand shades of green. Squint, and I might imagine LeTort Spring Run in Pennsylvania or a spring creek in the Rockies.

    Starting with a tiny Clouser Minnow, I fan-cast to every pool, riffle, and ledge drop within reach. Silver shapes fled. I switched to a fly that would land with a subtler splat, a little tuft of flash with tiny dumbbell eyes, and slowed down to pick the river apart for where a trout might lie. With close to nothing to go on, nothing is what I caught for nearly an hour.

    Then, suddenly, Jack hollered from upstream. “Dad! Dad! Get up here!”

    An angler kneeling beside a river holding a mountain mullet.
    Jack Nickens shows of a mountain mullet before releasing it. Stephen Maturin

    I churned through the current and jogged across a gravel bar, part of me not wanting to miss what Jack might have discovered, and another part hoping he hadn’t found himself in some kind of off-the-beaten-path trouble—bayed up by iguanas, perhaps, or with his foot trapped in a truck quarter panel rusting in the river. Instead, he was high-sticking his line for a drag-free drift along an undercut edge of the island. “Dad, it’s crazy!” he hollered, as I rounded the bend.

    He was talking a mile a minute. He’d learned his lesson from the skittish fish downstream. Casting from his knees, he’d crawled a Crazy Charlie tarpon fly through a slow ledge and pool when the first fish hit. Now he’d already landed two mountain mullet and had another half-dozen follows.

    “I was so zoned in, I felt like I was 50 miles from the nearest human,” he said. “I saw this run and thought: If this were Montana it would be sick with rainbows and browns. The first fish took the fly on sort of a super-duper slow swing, so I let the next cast sink to the bottom and WHAM! These fish fight like crazy!”

    “Mountain mullet?” I asked.

    “If think so,” he replied. “Get above me and catch one, then you tell me.”

    Our gravel bar ruckus, however, had put down every fish in the stretch. We moved up the river, fishing the Sabana as if we were targeting brook trout water back home, crawling up to boulders in the middle of a mountain creek, hopscotching holes to take turns fishing, watching each other’s every cast. Every lane looked fishy, every lie, every piece of promising water that gave up nothing was analyzed. When you have no information, all information is valuable.

    Jack switched to a double dry-fly rig, his go-to for cutthroat trout as a summer guide in Montana. I tied on a lightweight bead-chain Crazy Charlie, and pinched a bright-orange foam strike indicator to the leader. We were like giddy 10-year-olds that our parents had turned loose on a creek for the first time—except we carried three grand in fishing gear. Moving upstream, I stalked a broad gravel bar where the river took a hard right-hand turn, with two tongues of current cutting through shallow riffles to spill into a dark-tea pool. A retrieve through the far tongue turned up nothing, but on the second cast, I let the current carry the leader into the trough first, trailing the fly, so it would straighten and slingshot the Crazy Charlie deep under the bank.

    The fish darted from the bottom of the pool in a silver flash, and the rod jumped.

    Jack’s fish were hand-size. Not this one. The fish bent the 4-weight rod to the cork. It ran straight upstream, and when it surged over the ledge drop into the riffled shallows above, and I gave it all the line it wanted as it rooster-tailed through four-inch-deep water.

    Angler kneeling by a river with a mountain mullet.
    The author checks a mountain mullet off of his bucket list. Stephen Maturin

    By the time I brought the fish in hand, my own whoops had alerted the team. There was the tail-spot that Jack saw earlier, a charcoal smudge. A blunt head with an omnivore’s mouth, ready to scarf down anything from a snail to a floating beetle. And the entire, elliptical, foot-long beast was armored in diamond scales with a bronzed opalescence.

    We all gathered on the gravel bar to gawk. “There’s probably been less than 10 people in all of Puerto Rico that have ever caught a mountain mullet on a fly,” Lilyestrom said. “And I’m looking at two of them.”

    Juiced, we talked about the exultant feeling of catching a fish—even a small fish—in an atmosphere of discovery and even doubt. We’ve all caught good fish in pretty crazy places. Matthews slings live eels for brute stripers out of a kayak in New York harbor. Jack guides for bull trout in remote Montana. But we were so worried that this wouldn’t happen, and that the stories of these fish were little more than myth. And even if they weren’t, how could we know if a mountain mullet would eat an artificial fly?

    We took a few quick photos, and I released the fish into a slot of clear water in the gravel par, its scales a prismatic argyle that shimmered with all the colors of this little corner of unknown Puerto Rico—wet rocks, green banks, and blue sky.

    “I’ve got to admit it,” Matthews said, “the whole trip felt like we were casting for unicorns. If you told folks back home that you could just park at a bridge, hack your way down to the creek, and basically go trout fishing in Puerto Rico, they’d never believe you.”

    Of course, we weren’t winners everywhere. The next day on the Mamayes River, we roped down a steep bank beside a parking area chockablock with food trucks and locals who eyed us warily. A thunderstorm raged in blinding sheets as I sheltered under a rootball waiting for Jack and Matthews to beat it back downstream before the river rose. On another afternoon we hiked far up another headwater stream to a rumored stretch of river, but other than the four-inch snook Jack caught to bump up our species list, it was a bust.

    But there for a long blissful morning on the Sabana, we had picked the lock on mountain mullet, and while it was hard to say whether we were lucky or good, one thing was certain: We were grateful.

    A fisherman sipping rum.
    The author sips some celebratory rum after landing his first mountain mullet. Stephen Maturin

    Silver Kings of the Night

    Not that we were chasing spirits and myths alone. Puerto Rico is known for tarpon fishing, and we definitely had glamour shots with big fish on our road-trip wish list. Two days earlier, I’d stood on the bow deck of a flats skiff fishing under a disco ball; my fly line unfurled through a kaleidoscope of color. There was yellow from highway bridge lights, green from the boat’s bow beacon, and reds and whites from the nighttime glow of the San Juan skyline.

    Captain Angel Munendez stood in the dark behind me, his voice slipping over my shoulder. “Strip the fly like you are writing a new rhythm,” he said. “Like you invent something new each time you touch the line, yes?”

    Two anglers on a boat at sunset.
    The crew motors to the tarpon grounds. Stephen Maturin

    It was a beautiful way to think of this tactile connection to the fly, a relationship between the animate and inanimate, and it seemed fitting in the surreal urban wilds of San Juan. Five massive lagoons wind through the city, interconnected with mangrove-lined creeks and canals. At sunset, we would cruise the seawalls of upscale neighborhoods where couples at dinner were silhouetted in their dining rooms a few dozen yards from our casts. We’d duck into side channels where frogs called in the night and music spilled out of waterfront bars. Then we’d round a corner of mangrove canal, and the city skyline rose all around. We had our butts handed to us in that saltwater maze.

    At sunrise we’d paddle sea kayaks from the landing at Tarpon’s Nest, a boutique hotel that caters to tarpon freaks, into Laguna La Torrecilla with the sound of surf on the far side of the mangroves and white egrets crowding the near shoreline. Huge schools of tarpon would surround us, and fish rolled in every direction, breeching in great toilet-flushes of exploding water 10 feet from the boats. None would eat. As trade winds rose from the east, conditions worsened. Zeroed out in five hours of hard fishing, we headed back to Tarpon’s Nest to lick our wounds.

    All of which was in my mind as I sent my 300th cast into the disco ball of Laguna San Jose. “It’s like roulette,” Munendez said. “You cannot know if five-pound tarpon or 200-pound tarpon is there, but be ready for all.”

    An angler fishing at sunset near a bridge.
    The author fishes for evening tarpon outside San Juan. Stephen Maturin

    When the tarpon hit, I can’t say if I were inventing something new or simply stripping the fly blindly. But the silver fish leapt immediately in the dark, and I dropped the rod tip to feed slack to the line, and the fish leapt again—this time lit up in the rainbow lights of San Juan.

    I felt relief and redemption, two emotions I would come to know well. It would be two more days later that I would genuflect to Saint Ursula, dipping low under her candle-scented altar above the Espírito Santo River. But in the spangled light of urban San Juan, with the fly line running through the rod guides toward the tarpon in the night, this fish already felt like a blessing.

    An angler holding up a tarpon near a river.
    The tarpon bite was slower than the crew had hoped, but Nate Matthews managed to land this juvie silver king. Stephen Maturin

    Bigmouth Sleepers in an Urban Jungle

    Early the next morning we drove south through Luquillo, past the famed surfing beach with the blue Atlantic stitched with breakers from offshore reefs, to the Fajardo River. We had local intel that the Fajardo was prime hunting grounds for guabina, which means “slippery,” the local term for bigmouth sleeper. A monster might be two feet long, but even the smaller fish have a reputation for MMA-style ferocity that transcends their weight class.

    Puerto Rico’s natural beauty notwithstanding, you can’t discount the reality of its contemporary challenges. Graffiti sprawled across abandoned building. Along roads and highways, mind-boggling mounds of trash littered vacant lots, creek crossings, and waterways. An estimated 18,000 tires are disposed of in Puerto Rico every day. There simply is no denying an epic trash problem.

    Angler fishing for a bigmouth in the river.
    Nate Matthews casts for bigmouth sleepers. Stephen Maturin

    And there are even uglier issues surrounding Puerto Rico’s fisheries. Mountain mullet, bigmouth sleeper, and lots of other tropical fish need intact seashore, coastal lagoon, and upland rivers, all of which are under stress in Puerto Rico. Yet fisheries management in the territory is 100 years behind the rest of the country. There are practically zero regulations about fishing licenses or limits. In 2004, when the territory was thinking about passing legislation to require fishing licenses, Lilyestrom literally received death threats. Puerto Rico is much more involved in helping commercial fisherman pillage these resources than supporting what could be a top-shelf recreational destination. A 2011 NOAA report estimated that marine resources on the island could easily bring in more than $70 million a year, nearly 10 times what commercial fishing does.

    So, Christmas Island, it ain’t. Which helps explain the machetes.

    Near a Highway 3 bridge overpass, we parked in front of ramshackle abandoned buildings with mangy dogs eyeballing us from the shadows. Jaywalking the highway, we skirted a chain-link fence, stepping around rotting papayas and giant ant mounds. Just past the bridge I dropped down into a tangle of heavy brush, jumbled vines of morning glory, garbage bags, and dirty clothes. The jungle was thick as a kelp forest. I buried my head into my arms and battered through as my buddies waited on the bridge for a scouting report. I felt my way along the concrete bridge abutment, then dropped down into the grotto-like darkness under the bridge.

    “I’m at the water,” I yelled. “Turn left at the purple panties, then just machete your way down!”

    An angler holding up a large trophy bigmouth.
    Matthews lands a trophy bigmouth beneath a highway bridge. Stephen Maturin

    Beyond the bridge, past old car quarter-panels rusting in the muck, the Fajardo River flowed along gorgeous banks lined with white-barked sycamores. I struck upstream, and 50 feet from the highway the greenery closed in. Within a few steps I lost Jack in the sawgrass and Matthews in the gloom of the bridge.

    I cast to the tail-outs of swift runs and dredged ultralight crankbaits through the deep pools, figuring that the fish that had eluded us so far—bigmouth sleeper—would hunker down in the slower water. I worked pool after pool of nothing. Unsure of my next move, I turned into a side channel and flipped a small crayfish floater-diver plug a few feet downstream, free-spooling the lure under a spiderweb the size of a garbage can and along a dark slash of cut bank. The fish slashed out from under the bank like the head of a state fair whack-a-mole, snatched the crayfish from the surface and turned back towards its cave.

    Once I wrestled it into the open, I couldn’t believe the fish was barely 8 inches long. It lunged against the ultralight rod with a cottonmouth’s fury. Stick 10 fish in a blender and you’d end up with this Frankenstein smoothie of a predator—a trout-like tail with turquoise fin rays, spots like a walleye, and a toothy mouth that made me recoil.

    I released the fish with stout forceps, and 10 steps away another sleeper crushed the crayfish. I had to run downstream to keep the 4-pound test from snapping. The sleeper wrapped line around a rock then swam to an underwater log. It held fast in the creek, a 14-inch fanged flag in a storm. I set the rod down and went in waist-deep, trying not to think about the old diapers snagged on the bank.

    The crayfish came free with a twist. The sleeper had vanished. As I crawled back out of the water, I heard a shout. “You guys need to see this!” Matthews hollered. Once again, I took off running.

    Anglers climbing up a hillside away from a river.
    The anglers exit the river and move on to the next spot. Stephen Maturin

    My buddy was on his knees in another side channel, wrenching a hook out of a 3-pound bigmouth sleeper. He’d slow-crawled his own crayfish plug up the bank edge and it was smashed by this brute of a bigmouth, which had Matthews’s fingers bleeding as he tried to remove the hook.

    “Snakehead anglers back home would lose their minds over this!” he said. “Just crazy.”

    He released the sleeper, and it streaked away. I half-expected it to twist like a rattler and chomp Nate’s hand on the way home. Bigmouth sleepers might not win any beauty contests, but they are native fish that need clear mountain water, unpolluted estuaries, and access to the sea. Unlovely they may be, but they are a symbol that all is not lost on Puerto Rico.

    With our search image dialed in, I left Matthews to his bleeding fingers. Now I knew where guabina lived. And I hadn’t caught nearly enough of them.

    Guilty-Pleasure Peacocks

    We slept in late the next morning, the Atlantic surf rolling just a hundred yards from a hostel we’d booked on the beach at Luquillo. In five days, we’d fished four rivers, the San Juan lagoons, and spent one sunset surf-casting rolling breakers. My body clock was broken, the pieces cobbled together with Red Bull and Starbucks Double Shots. We had a half-day left to fish, and felt like we needed a gimme—a guilty pleasure, like a big piece of store-bought cake.

    Anglers fishing on a golf course.
    The anglers were granted permission to fish for peacock bass on a golf course. Stephen Maturin

    Which is how we wound up hunting peacock bass in golf course ponds that were about as natural as a Hostess HoHo. After all our cerebral, high-minded exploratory adventures, we whacked stocked fish in a high-dollar resort while duffers shot us daggers from the greens.

    Gaudy and exotic, peacocks here are a non-native creature that is everything a tarpon is not and all that a mountain mullet might stand against. And we caught whoppers. My largest fish pushed maybe eight pounds. I remember double-handing the glowing beast, gawking for photos with something that looked like I’d snagged it out of a nuclear power plant silo. Over the photographer’s shoulder rose the green-clad mountains of the Cordillera Central, those fragments of the Puerto Rican wild where the mountain mullet and bigmouth sleeper still thrive.

    I felt a little guilty. After nearly a week boating, kayaking, wading, and crawling across the northeast corner of Puerto Rico, I had been convinced that this island holds world-class fishing for native fish in unforgettable places.

    An angler holding up a large peacock bass.
    The author doesn’t try to hide his excitement after landing this peacock. Stephen Maturin

    As I released the peacock back into its artificial home, I made a promise to return and make amends. I’ll bring a candle next time, and light it at Saint Ursula’s feet. On my map I’d marked a stretch of the Espírito Santos that seemed utterly lost to time. It would be a good place to beg the santos for a bit of fishing forgiveness.

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    Detroit: Become Human Guide: Every Ending Explained https://headsets911.com/detroit-become-human-guide-every-ending-explained/ Fri, 16 Apr 2021 08:48:00 +0000 https://headsets911.com/?p=1799 Developer Quantic Dream is in the business of interactive storytelling, and Detroit: Become Human is no different. Although you’ll do everything from investigate to clean dirty dishes in the game, most of what you’ll do is make decisions. In true Quantic Dream fashion, each decision you make will have a ripple throughout the world of the […]]]>

    Developer Quantic Dream is in the business of interactive storytelling, and Detroit: Become Human is no different. Although you’ll do everything from investigate to clean dirty dishes in the game, most of what you’ll do is make decisions. In true Quantic Dream fashion, each decision you make will have a ripple throughout the world of the game, not only determining the course of the narrative you experience, but also how that story ends. Here, we’re going to explain everything you need to know about endings in Detroit: Become Human. 

    The problem is that it’s not clear just how many endings are in Detroit: Become Human. Following the flow chart in the game, there are 85 endings, though there’s a lot of overlap between them. The number is likely closer to 40. That doesn’t, however, include some ending combinations that can pop up after the credits roll or permutations in endings. For example, you might get the same ending, just with slightly different circumstances.

    Because there are so many endings and ending combinations, it’s impossible to gather them all (not to mention the fact that major characters can die at multiple points in the story, and in a variety of different ways). We recommend playing through Detroit: Become Human at least once before using our guide. Not only will you get to experience the game in the best way, but you’ll also understand what events we’re referring to throughout this guide.

    Spoiler warning: Although it should probably go without saying (since this is an endings guide), you should avoid reading further until you have completed the game at least once to avoid spoiling major plot details.

    Markus

    Markus’ survival: As a main character, there are several points in the narrative of Detroit: Become Human when Markus can be killed. They are: During the Freedom March chapter, if you choose to sacrifice yourself or attack the police; During the Crossroads chapter, if you fail too much while fighting soldiers or Connor; and during the Battle for Detroit chapter, if you fail too much while fighting, or if you lose a fight to Connor (or choose to play as Connor) if he remains a machine.

    What Jericho thinks of Markus: Once you make it to Jericho, you’ll be tasked with helping out the leaders. Your standing with Jericho is based on how successful you are on those missions. Gathering parts for the Jericho survivors, bringing in new recruits or turning away potentially dangerous people, and using either peaceful methods or violent ones will affect Markus’ standing with Jericho and the options you get for the ending.

    Public Opinion: The public pays attention to how androids conduct themselves, and a positive or negative public opinion will affect how the government responds to androids throughout the game, as well as some options that are available. You can raise public opinion by choosing non-violent, non-destructive methods of protest, and by sparing human lives; violence and destruction lowers public opinion.

    North, Simon and Josh: The three leaders of Jericho all have different ideas about how androids should fight for freedom — or not fight. Agreeing with each of their methods will raise that person’s opinion of Markus, while lowering the opinions of the others. Successfully reaching Jericho’s goals and saving android lives will also affect their opinions, and if their opinions of Markus are high enough, you can open new story paths regarding the three of them.

    Take North’s dirty bomb: Under the right circumstances, North will tell Markus about a dirty bomb in Detroit during the Crossroads chapter. Taking the switch from her gives you the option to use it to force the authorities to spare the androids during the protest in Battle for Detroit.

    Connor

    detroit become human ending guide connor

    Connor’s survival: As a Cyberlife android, Connor can die repeatedly during the story of Detroit, only to be replaced by another version of Connor with the original’s memories downloaded. If you choose for Connor to become a deviant during the Crossroads chapter, though, dying after that will mean Connor’s death is permanent — he’ll be replaced by a copy of Connor that is a machine, and therefore an antagonist to Markus. Deviant Connor can die while helping Markus and North escape in Crossroads, or while arming the bomb in Crossroads, if you fail the quick-time events. He can also die as a deviant during the Battle for Detroit in the Cyberlife Tower if you go to the 31st floor, if you fail quick-time events fighting soldiers, if you lose the fight to New Connor, or if you fail to convince Hank not to shoot you.

    If Connor stays a machine, he can die for good during the Battle for Detroit if Markus defeats him.

    Completing investigations: Most of Connor’s story is about investigating deviants. How Connor interacts with the deviants he interrogates, what evidence he uncovers, and whether he can solve the cases affects where his story will take him and how he’ll react to events. Empathy toward androids will take him mostly down one path, while acting more like a machine will take him down another.

    Interactions with Hank and Amanda: Interactions with Connor’s partner on the deviant android case, Hank, are also a major factor in where his story goes. Connor can develop a friendship with Hank, or keep him at arm’s length, throughout the case. The relationship with Hank affects what possible story branches are available at various times in the story. The same is true with Connor’s interactions with Amanda, his boss at Cyberlife. You’ll also unlock new branches by fully investigating Hank’s desk in the Waiting for Hank chapter and his house in the Russian Roulette chapter.

    Hank can also be killed at several points, depending on Connor’s actions. Hank can die if Connor leaves him to commit suicide in Russian Roulette, if their relationship is poor in The Bridge, if Connor kills him in the Battle for Detroit if he stays a machine, and if New Connor kills him in the Battle for Detroit if Connor chooses to sacrifice him.

    Going deviant or staying machine: Toward the end of the game in the Crossroads chapter, Connor will eventually directly confront Markus as part of his investigation. How Connor deals with Markus, and whether he joins the androids or continues to fight them, opens up different paths and vastly different endings.

    Kara

    detroit become human ending guide kara

    Kara’s survival: Kara is in danger pretty much all the time. She can be killed in the Stormy Night chapter if she fails to stop Todd; in the On the Run chapter if you fail while crossing the highway; in the Zlatko chapter if Zlatko catches you and you fail the quick-time events; in the Crossroads chapter if you choose “Run” while escaping from the soldiers at the end of the chapter (“Play Dead” or “Surrender” result in Kara and Alice surviving); if you fail during the Battle for Detroit chapter when sneaking away from guards, either outside or inside the camp; and if you choose to give up after crossing the river in Battle for Detroit.

    What Alice thinks of Kara: Alice’s relationship to Kara affects how their story unfolds. Alice is highly empathetic and prefers for Kara to do the right thing, but that can affect Kara and Alice’s safety along the way.

    Conflict: At several points along the way, you’ll come into conflict with other characters. Whether you choose to fight or flee, and whether you choose to be trusting or hostile to other characters, will tally toward the ending your receive.

    Luther: In the Zlatko chapter, the android Luther will offer to join Kara and Alice. Whether you choose to trust him will affect the story going forward, and the eventual ending. He’ll accompany you if you let him, and he offers to sacrifice himself to protect Alice at a number of points. Luther can die in the Crossroads chapter if you choose to leave him, and can be asked to sacrifice himself to save Kara and Alice during the Battle for Detroit while at the border crossing, on the river boat, and in the recycling center android camp.

    Protecting Alice and staying alive: A lot of Kara’s conflicts are about staying alive and keeping Alice out of trouble. Choosing how to protect Alice and how to save Kara is key to the ending you’ll unlock.

    Revolution endings

    detroit become human ending guide markus revolution

    Markus: Several possible endings open up if you choose for Markus to go forward with a violent revolution. They change depending on which characters you have alive and what relationships Markus has made with the other characters.

    The endings change based on your ability to fight through the battle in Detroit. How good you are at commanding troops and also at finishing quick-time events will determine whether Markus and the androids are successful in defeating the soldiers and taking down the camp, and who dies along the way — although it seems that Simon and Josh are killed no matter what, and only North can be saved.

    Connor: The major pivot point for the revolution endings is whether Connor decides to become a deviant or not. If he does, Markus can choose to let Connor join the Jericho cause and help out, or kill him. If Connor joins Jericho, he’ll go to Cyberlife to recruit more androids to join the ranks. Succeed at Cyberlife and Connor rejoins Markus, but Cyberlife will try to hack him and force him to kill Markus. If you escape the Zen Garden program, nothing happens; fail to do so and Connor assassinates Markus on the stage.

    If Connor stays a machine, Connor can try to take down Markus, and whether he’s successful brings about either a human victory for the revolution, or an android victory. You also get the chance to pick whether you want to control Connor or Markus in the final battle, so which character wins is tied to your performance in the fight.

    detroit become human ending guide markus kills connor

    Connor’s relationship with Hank will also affect the endings, because Hank will show up during the Battle for Detroit chapter. Hank and Connor can fight, depending on their relationship, and Connor can kill Hank or vice versa. If Hank and Connor are friends, Hank survives, Connor joins the androids, and Markus survives, the pair will meet back up in a mid-credits scene reaffirming their relationship.

    If Connor stays a machine and successfully defeats Markus, you’ll see a mid-credits scene in which Amanda introduces Connor to a new model that will replace him and render him obsolete. What a reward for putting down a revolution.

    Protest endings

    detroit become human ending guide protest

    Markus: Choosing to protest rather than fight has its own slate of endings, although several are similar to what’s available if you choose revolution. The main difference is that more characters can survive the final confrontation.

    Before the police raid, you can choose to take a deal with the FBI or turn it down, which affects the ending. Taking the deal results in some characters dying.

    If Public Opinion for the androids is high enough and you successfully survive the police raid, you can get the police to stand down. If your relationship with North is at Lover level, you can kiss her in front of the police, and they’ll lower their weapons.

    You can also threaten to trigger the dirty bomb during the final standoff if you got the detonator from North.

    detroit become human ending guide connor amanda post credits

    Connor: The options are pretty much the same for Connor in the protest endings, depending on whether you choose for Connor to become a deviant or not, and what his relationship is like with Hank (or if Hank is still alive).

    If Connor joins Markus, he’ll go to Cyberlife to recruit more androids during the Battle for Detroit, and encounter a copy of Connor holding Hank hostage. Connor can then save Hank or sacrifice him, or die in the encounter. Survive, and Connor will rejoin Markus, but Cyberlife will hijack his programming to try to force him to assassinate Markus. If you escape the program using the pedestal, nothing happens; if you don’t Connor will lose control and shoot Markus in the back.

    If Connor remains a machine, Hank will confront him as he tries to assassinate Markus. After that, Connor will go after Markus, giving you a chance to play either of them, and changing the ending depending on who wins the fight.

    Kara’s endings

    detroit become human ending guide kara crosses river

    While Kara’s story intersects with Connor’s and Markus’ before the end, she’s mostly alone with Alice. Her endings are separate from theirs, and concern her relationship with Alice, her relationship with Luther, and whether she survives various run-ins with the authorities.

    Kara dies: In order to get Kara to the ending, you have to survive the Crossroads chapter. The end of the chapter sees Kara running from soldiers with Alice. The best way to survive the moment is to choose to Play Dead, and then remain motionless until the soldiers leave. If you try to run, Kara and Alice can be killed here, ending their story.

    detroit become human ending guide kara bus station

    Kara makes it to the border: If Kara survives Crossroads and you saved Luther while you were there, you’ll find him in the Battle for Detroit chapter. You’ll find him on the street while sneaking past soldiers, or after you escape the android camp. When you find him on the street, you can then try to rescue him, or leave him to his fate.

    After that, continue to the checkpoint. Go through calmly to get to the bus station. When you find the family’s ticket, use it to get on the bus.

    You’ll get to the border station next. Check around the room to see all your options; which one you choose will affect your ending, based on which characters survive.

    detroit become human ending guide kara alice on the river

    Kara makes it to the river: At the bus station, return the ticket to the family after it falls, then look for Adam, whom you met on the farm earlier. He and his mom, Rose, will take you to the river to cross the border by boat.

    At the border while on the boat, your choices will determine what happens. If you choose to accelerate under fire, Luther will die and Alice will be wounded. If you dump all cargo and make Kara push the boat, you’ll make it to the far side, but Alice will die. Then you can choose for Kara to go on living, or give up.

    detroit become human ending guide kara alice in landfill

    Kara in the android camp: If you surrender during the Crossroads chapter, Kara, Alice, and Luther (if he’s alive) will wind up in Camp No. 5. You’ll then have to work to escape the camp. Much like the border patrol station, you’ll see options based on the characters Kara has befriended up to now. You can use one of the options to escape the camp with Alice, and if you have him, Luther. Kara and Alice (and Luther) will be reunited in a landfill outside of Detroit if you’re successful.

    Getting the happiest ending: Everyone lives

    detroit become human ending guide connor and hank are friends post-credits

    Here are the major decision points and factors that matter to the ending for each character.

    Markus

    Helping out Jericho: You need to gain the trust of Jericho’s leaders to make it through Markus’ story and get a happy ending. The first time this really matters is in the Spare Parts chapter. Make empathetic choices, while also trying to get as many parts as possible. You’ll also need to avoid detection, as any loss of life can hurt Public Opinion.

    The key choices are to grab the android dock worker when he finds you, then hide with him and stay out of sight when his human companion comes by. Search all the crates, including the big crate full of androids, and opt to bring them all with you. When the android dock worker suggests you steal a truck, head to the control booth and use the barrels outside to distract the two guards, then slip in through a window and steal the truck key. Slip back out through the bathroom when they return.

    Public Opinion: Raising public opinion is key to helping androids win the day without resorting to all-out revolution. Whenever you have the option, choose nonviolent protest over violence and retaliation. The key moments are in the TV station chapter The Stratford Tower (end on a peaceful note, rather than a combative one); the Capital Plaza chapter (choose vandalism over destruction; spare Chris the cop’s life); the Freedom March chapter (raise hands when confronted, disperse when the cops order it); and the Battle for Detroit chapter (choose non-violent demonstration all the way through).

    Getting Public Opinion up to “supportive” is part of the requirement for a happy ending.

    detroit become human ending guide markus north love

    Raise North’s relationship level: North will respond positively to you when you’re successful in saving lives and helping Jericho, and even if you choose non-violence against her advice, you can still pretty easily raise her relationship status with you to become her lover. You’ll need that for later.

    In the Freedom March chapter, choose Sincere or Truth dialogue options when talking about your past, and generally be nice to North when she talks about her past. You should get her to confide in you. When you have the chance, choose to kiss her.

    Take the dirty bomb switch: When North offers you the detonator in Crossroads, take it from her. Just don’t ever use it.

    Save lives: At several points throughout Markus’ story, you and your team will go up against the government. Avoid bloodshed where possible, specifically in the TV station in The Stratford Tower, and make sure to save the lives of your Jericho teammates whenever possible.

    In The Stratford Tower, use a ruse to deal with the guards quickly. If you’re good at QTEs, you can prevent Simon from being shot. If he is injured, choose not to destroy him. Later, when playing as Connor, you’ll need to keep your investigation away from the roof by interrogating the androids in the kitchen instead.

    In the Crossroads chapter, you’ll run across several Jericho androids who are in danger as you move through the freighter. Save them all. You’ll need to be good with QTEs to pull it off, but it’s all very doable. Saving Josh in particular will raise his affinity for you. Most important is North: When she goes down, go back for her to save her life. Again, you’ll have to be pretty good at QTEs to be successful.

    (Also in the Crossroads chapter, as Connor, you’ll need to choose to go Deviant — more on that later.)

    During the Night of the Soul chapter, you’ll need to forgive Connor and allow him to join the team. Then choose the non-violent protest approach.

    detroit become human ending guide successful protest

    In the Battle of Detroit, maintain a non-violent approach. Raise your hands when prompted and you’ll be able to get the soldiers to refrain from shooting unarmed protesters. During the barricade portion, check in with everyone from Jericho, fix up the barricade, and signal the journalists with your non-violent intentions. When Perkins offers you a deal, turn it down.

    The last portion of the Battle for Detroit chapter will require you to pull a bunch more QTEs to save people’s lives. If you do, you’ll finally be surrounded by soldiers. With your final act, choose to kiss North. The president will tell the soldiers to stand down after your act of humanity, and androids will get their freedom.

    Connor

    detroit become human ending guide befriend hank

    Befriend Hank: The key to Connor’s storyline is his friendship with Hank, and your choices with him have a great impact on the events of the game and the endings you can reach. If you want the happiest ending, you’ll need to make friends with Hank, which will push Connor toward deviancy. In general, to befriend Hank, don’t take too much crap from him, choose options that are empathetic and hopeful, and choose to save him when he’s in danger.

    Here are the key moments for befriending Hank: In the Partners chapter, successfully complete the investigation and find the deviant to unlock the chapter The Interrogation. In that chapter, stop the cops from killing the android by treating it with empathy. During Waiting for Hank…, fully investigate Hank’s desk to learn all you can about him. In Russian Roulette, do the same thing after finding and saving Hank while he’s drunk; you’ll specifically want to find the picture of his son on the kitchen table. During The Nest, save Hank’s life when the deviant Rupert pushes him off the roof, and then choose not to kill the two deviant androids at the end of the Eden Club chapter, and don’t kill the Chloe android when you visit Kamski’s house.

    Pick empathy: Whenever possible, try to save lives, both human and android. Pick conflicted and empathetic dialogue options when talking to other characters like Hank and Amanda. That will raise your Software Instability level.

    In the Crossroads chapter, choose deviancy when you confront Markus, and help the androids escape the attack.

    During Night of the Soul, as Markus, choose to trust Connor. That’ll send him to the Cyberlife facility during the Battle for Detroit.

    detroit become human ending guide cyberlife new connor threatening hank

    Save Hank: At Cyberlife during the Battle for Detroit, win the QTEs so you’re not killed along the way. When you go to convert the androids there, you’ll be confronted by New Connor holding Hank as hostage. Choose options to save Hank’s life, then fight Connor. When Hank has to make the decision about who to shoot, remember that his dog’s name is Sumo, and talk to him about his son Cole.

    detroit become human ending guide connor amanda program

    Break the programming: As Markus gives his speech at the end of the Battle for Detroit, Amanda and Cyberlife will try to hijack Connor and turn him into an assassin. Inside the frozen garden, look for the small pedestal under the archway with a hand on it. Walk to the pedestal and use it to escape the program and stop Cyberlife’s plan, saving Markus.

    Kara

    detroit become human ending guide kara alice family

    Stay right with Alice: After you save Alice from her father, you’ll go on the run in the Fugitives chapter. When you have the chance to steal, Alice will implore you not to, so avoid it whenever possible. In later chapters, when Alice tells you she thinks something is wrong or she doesn’t want you to do something, side with her, and choose empathetic options over violent ones.

    Go with Luther: In the Zlatko chapter, after you escape, Luther will offer to come with you. Choose to trust him. You’ll pretty much never want to listen to his suggestions after that, though, as they’re almost always wrong.

    Avoid conflict: In the Pirate Cove chapter, when the Shadows approach, choose to protect Alice. Reason with the shadows rather than attack them to befriend the Jerrys. This also goes for other moments when you encounter deviants — choose to try to talk your way out of situations rather than fight, and be understanding and empathetic.

    Choose to stay with Alice: In the Crossroads chapter, when Luther tells you about Alice, choose to hug her.

    Save Luther: Midway through the Crossroads chapter, Luther will take a hit. Go back for him to save his life.

    Stay alive: At the end of Crossroads, two soldiers open fire on Kara and Alice, which forces them to run. When you see that happen, play dead. Remain motionless as the soldiers come close. If you take a chance and sprint off, these enemies will kill Kara and Alice. If you decide to surrender, enemies will bring the two to the android recycling center camp.

    detroit become human ending guide kara alice luther border

    Assuming you successfully saved Luther in the Crossroads, you’ll also rescue him at the checkpoint in the Battle for Detroit. Do not take the detour after this travel straight to the checkpoint, and stay calm. You’ll challenge the soldier and quiet Luther by explaining that Alice isn’t sick. Again, stay calm when the soldier calls you back. 

    After you finally make it to the bus station, swipe the tickets you find left out by a family. At the border, select the option No Sacrifices. If you completed each event successfully, this would save all the significant characters’ lives.

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    The 50 Best War Movies Ever Made, Ranked https://headsets911.com/the-50-best-war-movies-ever-made-ranked/ Fri, 16 Apr 2021 08:43:09 +0000 https://headsets911.com/?p=1790 Photo-Illustration: Vulture and Courtesy of the Studios This article originally ran in January and is being republished with the addition of Spike Lee’s Da 5 Bloods. Speaking to Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune in 1973, Francois Truffaut made an observation that’s cast a shadow over war movies ever since, even those seemingly opposed to […]]]>

    Photo-Illustration: Vulture and Courtesy of the Studios

    This article originally ran in January and is being republished with the addition of Spike Lee’s Da 5 Bloods.

    Speaking to Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune in 1973, Francois Truffaut made an observation that’s cast a shadow over war movies ever since, even those seemingly opposed to war. Asked why there’s little killing in his films, Truffaut replied, “I find that violence is very ambiguous in movies. For example, some films claim to be antiwar, but I don’t think I’ve really seen an antiwar film. Every film about war ends up being pro-war.” The evidence often bears him out. In Anthony Swofford’s Gulf War memoir Jarhead, Swofford recalls joining fellow recruits in getting pumped up while watching Apocalypse Now and Full Metal Jacket, two of the most famous films about the horrors of war. (On the occasion of the death of R. Lee Ermey, the real-life drill instructor who played the same in Full Metal Jacket, Swofford offered a remembrance in the New York Times with the headline “Full Metal Jacket Seduced My Generation and Sent Us to War.”)

    Is it true that movies glamorize whatever they touch, no matter how horrific? And if a war movie isn’t to sound a warning against war, what purpose does it serve? Even if Truffaut’s wrong — and it’s hard to see his observation applying to at least some of the movies on this list — it might be best to remove the burden of making the world a better place from war movies. It’s a lot to ask, especially since war seems to be baked into human existence.

    So, like other inescapable elements of the human experience, we tell stories about war, stories that reflect our attitudes toward it, and how they shift over time. War movies reflect the artistic impulses of their creators, but they also reflect the attitudes of the times and places in which they were created. A World War II film made in the midst of the war, for instance, might serve a propagandist purpose than one made after the war ends, when there’s more room for nuance and complexity, but it also might not.

    Maybe the ultimate purpose of a war movie is to let others hear the force of these stories. Another director, Sam Fuller, once offered a quote that doesn’t necessarily contradict Truffaut’s observation but better explains the impulse to make war movies: “A war film’s objective, no matter how personal or emotional, is to make a viewer feel war.” The films selected for this list of the genre’s most essential entries often have little in common, but they do share that. Each offers a vision that asks viewers to consider and understand the experience of war, be it in the trenches of World War I, the wilderness skirmishes of Civil War militias, or the still-ongoing conflicts that have helped define 21st-century warfare.

    Compiled as Sam Mendes’s stylistically audacious World War I film, 1917, hit theaters, this list opts for a somewhat narrow definition of a war movie, focusing on films that deal with the experiences of soldiers during wartime. That means no films about the experience of returning from war (Coming Home, The Best Years of Our Lives, First Blood) or of civilian life during wartime (Mrs. Miniver, Forbidden Games, Hope and Glory) or of wartime stories whose action rests far away from the battlefield (Casablanca). It also leaves films primarily about the Holocaust out of consideration, as they seem substantively different from other sorts of war films. Also excluded are films that blur genres, like the military science fiction of Starship Troopers and Aliens (even if the latter does have a lot to say about the Vietnam War). That eliminates many great movies, but it leaves room for many others, starting with a film made at the height of World War II in an attempt to help rally a nation with a story of an operation whose success required secrecy, extensive training, and beating overwhelming odds.

    War movies released during wartime rarely have time to reflect. If bolstering the morale of a country in the thick of World War II isn’t the sole purpose of Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo, it’s certainly one of the primary reasons it exists, retelling the story of the first air raid on Japan after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Men head bravely into battle. Women accept their separation and sacrifices with a brave face. And everyone understands it’s for the greater good. However, the film, directed by Mervyn LeRoy from a script by Dalton Trumbo, easily transcends propaganda by focusing on the details of the raid’s preparation and aftermath. LeRoy depicts the attack with chilling intensity, but it’s the time spent with the crew, led by Van Johnson, that makes the movie memorable. (This is as good a point as any to note that Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo makes frequent, unapologetic use of a widespread wartime anti-Japanese racial slur, a warning that applies to virtually every World War II film set in the Pacific and made in the decades after the war.) (Available to rent on Amazon)

    To drive home the importance of disease prevention, confidentiality, weapons maintenance, and other crucial wartime topics, the U.S. War Department commissioned a series of animated shorts starring Private Snafu, a dull-witted, mistake-prone soldier created by Frank Capra. The name alone suggests these were cartoons for grown-ups as Snafu was short for “situation normal all fucked up,” (or “fouled,” if you preferred). Primarily written by Theodor Geisel, the future Dr. Seuss, and animated by Warner Bros. directors like Chuck Jones, Friz Freleng, and Frank Tashlin, the series appropriates the anarchic approach of Looney Tunes shorts for a practical purpose. Booby Traps, directed by Bob Clampett, typifies the series, using silly gags and racy humor to convey ways of avoiding booby traps when moving into territory surrendered by the enemy. The Mel Blanc–voiced Snafu is a dope who makes mistakes so that others might learn from them (even if he occasionally dies or goes insane in the process). The shorts provide a window into the dos and don’ts of a World War II grunt’s everyday life, but they also remain quite funny, and provide a sense of what some of the day’s top animators might have done if they didn’t have to keep their material (mostly) kid-friendly. (Available on Youtube)

    Steven Spielberg’s adaptation of a 1982 novel that found a second life as a much-loved play in the aughts follows a young soldier named Albert (Jeremy Irvine) and his horse Joey on an episodic journey across World War I Europe. There they find no glory in fighting, just cruelty, absurdity, and horror. Albert finds moments of grace and hope in the midst of the bloodshed, thanks to Joey’s unlikely survival. Yet, in a film that draws heavily on the imagery and attitudes of John Ford, Spielberg always emphasizes such moments’ fragility. It’s a hard world for hoofed things, and those who love them. (Available on Netflix.)

    The first Hollywood film about the Gulf War, the Edward Zwick–directed Courage Under Fire was also one of the first to address the then-hot-button issue of women in combat. But it’s not primarily about either thing. Instead, this Rashomon-inspired drama explores what it takes to act honorably under the most trying circumstances imaginable. Denzel Washington plays Lieutenant Colonel Serling, who’s charged with uncovering the truth about an incident that may lead to the late Captain Karen Walden (played in flashbacks by Meg Ryan) to becoming the first woman to receive a Medal of Honor. The deeper he dives into the story, however, the more contradictions he finds — all while struggling with a secret of his own. The film works both as a mystery and a character study, and Washington’s performance beautifully conveys the unspoken pain of a man who comes to realize that he’ll never be able to shake off the burden of the past. (Available on Showtime)

    Blending new, narrative scenes with documentary footage, Stuart Cooper’s Overlord follows a sensitive young soldier named Tom (Brian Stirner) from his enlistment through the D-Day Invasion. A sense of inevitability hangs over the film, both because Tom keeps imagining his death and because the documentary scenes make him feel like a part of a story that’s already been written. The mix of dreamlike asides and historical footage gives the film a feeling like no other as it mourns, and honors, the many lost in the war by focusing on the life of a single soldier. (Available on The Criterion Channel)

    Brian De Palma’s brutal, fact-inspired film about the kidnapping, rape, and murder of a young Vietnamese woman didn’t catch on with audiences, helping to end the cycle of ’80s Vietnam War films and sidelining star Michael J. Fox’s attempt to cross over to more dramatic roles. It remains a tough film to watch, in part because De Palma shifts his skills as a creator of tense suspense films to a story of unbearable sadness in which a group of American soldiers (whose ranks include John C. Reilly and John Leguizamo in their film debuts) uses the permission of a violent, charismatic superior (Sean Penn) to engage in barbaric acts. Fox’s casting as the film’s moral center, and a man who suffers for his honesty, feels disorienting at first, but it works. Marty McFly looks out of place in such an awful situation, but that only drives the point home. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    A film about the hero of one American war, made as another loomed on the horizon, Howard Hawks’s biopic of Alvin York (Gary Cooper) depicts its protagonist’s military service as the final part of his evolution from a backwoods Tennessee hell-raiser into a self-sacrificing warrior willing to put the good of others above his own. Along the way, York wrestles first with his anger then with his religious beliefs, which he believes forbid him from fighting. The film’s version of the Army — a caring institution deeply concerned with the happiness and well-being of its soldiers and willing to allow time for reflection for those who doubt the rightness of its mission — may be pure fiction, but Cooper’s unerring sincerity and Hawks’s firm command of the transformative story make this a moving depiction of one man’s moral development. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    This violent account of an ill-fated 1993 raid in Mogadishu that left 19 American soldiers dead found a receptive audience in the first winter after 9/11, and its politics very much remain a matter of debate. At least on a technical level it’s a remarkable achievement, one in which Ridley Scott brings the full force of his directorial skills to bear on an often chaotic story with a sprawling cast of characters (made up of virtually every up-and-coming male star of the late-’90s). Scott’s never been associated with documentary-like realism, but here he uses his talent for capturing the intensity of a single moment to create a collection of fragments that cohere into a fully developed story. Criticized by some for glorifying combat, it has lately started to seem more about the perils of believing American force alone can fix a troubled country. (Available on Starz)

    Inspired by a real incident, this John Frankenheimer film stars Burt Lancaster as Labiche, a no-nonsense French resistance fighter who reluctantly matches wits with the German Colonel von Waldheim (Paul Scofield), a murderous aesthete intent on returning to Germany with a train filled with priceless art. Labiche’s plan involves a mix of deception and brute force, and Frankenheimer ramps up the tension as Labiche’s determination mounts. The tension comes both from the battle of wits between von Waldheim and Labiche, which Frankenheimer stages as a series of escalating conflicts that unfold over the length of the train’s journey, but also from Frankenheimer’s depiction of how the cost of war extends far beyond the battlefield. Labiche doesn’t care for art, but he comes to recognize what the stolen treasures mean for a country struggling to hold on to its soul. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    A reverence for history and a love for the material gives shape to Michael Mann’s moody adaptation of James Fenimore Cooper’s The Last of the Mohicans, starring Daniel Day-Lewis as Hawkeye, the adopted son of the Mohican chief Chingachgook (Russell Means). Mann brings a typically obsessive attention to detail to the extensively researched film, set at the height of the French and Indian War when the war had extended to terrain not far removed from wilderness, but he also allows displays of open emotion — and unabashedly sweeping filmmaking — rarely seen in his other movies. Mann has said that he saw the 1936 adaptation at the age of 3 and it had been “rattling around” in his brain ever since. His Mohicans plays like the work of a director trying to figure out what in all those images of combat and doomed love moved him so much then and how he could use his own voice to have the same effect on others. (Available on Showtime)

    Winner of short subject awards at Cannes and the Oscars, French director Robert Enrico’s adaptation of an Ambrose Bierce story offers a succinct, haunting depiction of a second chance that’s not what it first appears. Roger Jacquet plays a Confederate saboteur on the verge of being executed by hanging as the film begins. Then the rope snaps, allowing him to make a desperate attempt to return to the life he left behind until … Well, there’s a good chance you know what happens next, but let’s not spoil it. Enrico’s film became the only outside production to air as part of The Twilight Zone. That’s where most viewers encountered the virtually dialogue-free film, a depiction of a final chance to consider what really matters even in the midst of war. (Currently unavailable)

    The work of a director never afraid to court controversy, Nagisa Oshima’s Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence explores the abusive excesses — and barely concealed desire — running through a Japanese prisoner-of-war camp in Indonesia. There, a British Lieutenant Colonel John Lawrence (Tom Conti), previously stationed in Japan and fluent in the language, tries to maintain some semblance of civility by communicating with the mercurial Sergeant Hara (Takeshi Kitano, then best known as a comic on Japanese television). The introduction of the charismatic and seemingly unflappable British Major Jack Celliers (David Bowie) complicates an already tense situation, particularly once it becomes clear that Celliers has become an object of obsession for the camp’s captain (Ryuichi Sakamoto, who also provides the score). Oshima’s film teases out the homoeroticism coursing beneath the environment (and coursing through many a war movie, for that matter), in the process commenting on two different cultures that express such feelings through denial and brutality. Some seeds of hope slip through, but Oshima suggests they’ll struggle to survive in such arid terrain. (Available on The Criterion Channel)

    A different sort of power struggle lies at the heart of Run Silent, Run Deep, Robert Wise’s adaptation of a best-selling novel following one U.S. sub crew’s troubled mission through the South Pacific. Clark Gable stars as Commander Richardson, a commander with a chip on his shoulder, and possibly a death wish, after losing a ship and much of his crew to a Japanese destroyer. One year later, Richardson gets a shot at revenge, but only by assuming control of a sub from its apparent next commander, the popular Lieutenant Colonel Bledsoe (Burt Lancaster). They keep it professional even though the crew chooses sides as Richardson puts them through an exhausting barrage of drills; however, tensions mount when it becomes apparent that Richardson is pursuing a vendetta outside the parameters of his official order. The submarine movie is practically a genre unto itself, and Wise’s contribution is one of the best, capturing the pressure and barely suppressed hostility of a job that’s dangerous even before the torpedoes start flying — and one in which indecisiveness and divided loyalties can mean death for everyone aboard. (Available to rent on Vudu.)

    David O. Russell’s Three Kings begins as a darkly comic heist film in which three soldiers (George Clooney, Mark Wahlberg, and Ice Cube) try to make an easy score in the chaos at the end of the Persian Gulf War. It develops into a tour of the human costs and unfinished business of that conflict as the three get drawn into the plight of refugees trying to avoid the wrath of the Iraqi Republican Guard. The film both captures and questions the spirit of the moment — in which patriotism embraced a quick, decisive Gulf victory — and previews the century to come, one that would erase the distance between the Middle East and the United States. The heroes try to get in and out without really getting involved or inviting any consequences. They find that’s impossible. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    Donald Bevan and Edmund Trzcinski’s play drawing from their POW experiences provide Billy Wilder with a chance to bring a touch of black comedy to a World War II story that opens with a narrator complaining that prisoners of war like him never get movies of their own. (That was true up to a point at the time; Bridge on the River Kwai and The Great Escape wouldn’t show up for a few years.) Opening with a failed escape attempt, the film finds tensions running high as a group of American prisoners come to realize that they have an informer in their midst. Suspicions quickly fall on Sefton (William Holden), a cynical operator who’s cornered the prison’s black market and holds regular “horse races” in which men bet on mice named after famous racehorses. Sefton insists on his innocence, however, and attempts to find the real informant while turning the tables on the camp’s officious commandant (Otto Preminger). Wilder’s the last filmmaker to indulge in sentiment or knee-jerk patriotism, but this sharp, tense, funny film allows him to depict American perseverance against cruelty and authoritarianism in a style that suits him. (Available on CBS All Access)

    An adaptation of Daniel Woodrell’s 1987 novel Woe to Live On, Ang Lee’s Ride With the Devil drops viewers into the chaotic world of Civil War guerrilla fighting. Tobey Maguire and Skeet Ulrich star as a pair of Missouri Bushwhackers who tangle with pro-Union Jayhawkers in conflicts far removed from the war’s front lines. Their war becomes a bloody journey of discovery, particularly after they make the acquaintance of a former slave named Holt (Jeffrey Wright). Lee’s film doesn’t go out of its way to explain its context, which proved off-putting to some critics in 1999 (and apparently to moviegoers, who largely ignored it). While it helps to bring some Civil War knowledge to the film, the confusion suits a story that’s ultimately about the many tangled reasons we go to war, and the much clearer reasons the experience of war makes us strive to leave it behind. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    Steven Soderbergh’s two-part Che is at once biopic and war movie, telling the story of Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara (Benicio del Toro) by way of his participation in a successful revolution in Cuba and his participation in a failed attempt at the same in Bolivia. Soderbergh brings a distinctive look and filmmaking style to each half, both of which offer a nuts-and-bolts depiction of how guerrilla warfare works — in success and failure. The thrilling door-to-door urban combat of the first half gives way to the chaos and failure of the second. Anchored by del Toro’s enigmatic performance, they combine to form a portrait of a complex man that gets beyond the T-shirt iconography of would-be revolutionaries. (Available on The Criterion Channel)

    Journalist Ernie Pyle earned a Pulitzer Prize in 1944 for his on-the-ground reporting covering World War II from the perspective of an ordinary soldier. Released a few months after Pyle’s death in the Battle of Okinawa, this William Wellman film stars Burgess Meredith as Pyle, who joins the 18th Infantry and befriends the men fighting on the front line, including Robert Mitchum (who earned a Best Supporting Actor nomination for his work) as a commander whose apparent standoffishness can’t mask the toll exacted by his job. No stranger to combat, or films about it, Wellman’s direction matches Pyle’s no-nonsense style, paying tribute to the men it depicts by letting them speak in their own voices. (Available on TCM)

    The subject of controversy since its release, Michael Cimino’s The Deer Hunter offered almost unbearably intense scenes of the Vietnam War at a time when mainstream movies were just beginning to touch on the still-fresh subject. Robert De Niro, Christopher Walken, John Savage, and John Cazale star as a group of Polish-Americans from Pennsylvania’s Rust Belt whose lives are reshaped in different ways by the war. Cimino’s films drew criticism for its depictions of the Vietnamese, and its sensationalized scenes of Russian roulette, but the heart of the film belongs to its depiction of small-town America. The nearly hour-long wedding scene that opens the film captures a sense of warmth and tradition that has all but vanished by the film’s final moments, lost somewhere overseas. (Available on Showtime)

    A searing indictment of American cultural imperialism and an unsparing depiction of the experiences of Black soldiers during the Vietnam War in the form of an adventure film, Spike Lee’s Da 5 Bloods follows veterans Paul, Otis, Eddie, and Melvin (played respectively by Delroy Lindo, Clarke Peters, Norm Lewis, and Isiah Whitlock Jr.) as they return to Vietnam in search of a treasure they had to abandon during a battle that took the life of their idealistic leader, Norman (Chadwick Boseman). Over the course of their journey, the film flashes back to their wartime experiences, forcing each of the men to reflect on where the years have taken him. From a scene set at a (real-life) nightclub named after Apocalypse Now to the decision to have the older actors play themselves in flashback, Lee keeps finding ingenious ways to blur the line between Vietnam’s past, its present, and the films about the war. In Lindo’s wrenching performance as a morally adrift powder keg wearing a MAGA cap, he has found the embodiment of the conflict’s lingering trauma. (Available on Netflix)

    Though star John Wayne famously never served in the military, many of those involved in making John Ford’s They Were Expendable had seen World War II firsthand in one form or another. That helps account for the dutiful but often grim tone of the film, in which a pair of Navy men (Wayne, Robert Montgomery) try to convince the higher-ups that their small, maneuverable PT boats have a place in battles others believe will be dominated by larger vessels. Set in the early days of America’s involvement in World War II, when one setback followed another, the film never lets viewers forget the human costs of war, how soldiers’ lives become means to an end, and how service means living with that knowledge at every moment. Naturally, the “they” of the title refers to more than boats. (Available on HBO Max)

    Based in part on his own experiences serving in the Army in Hawaii in the days before the Pearl Harbor attack, James Jones’s 1951 novel From Here to Eternity won scandal and acclaim for its often unflattering depiction of military life. Even though it tones down some elements of the book, Fred Zinnemann’s adaptation met with a similar reception thanks to its unvarnished depiction of abuse, extramarital passion, and boozy off-hours — a far cry from the unabashedly heroic portrayals of the American military that preceded it during the war. Montgomery Clift plays a principled bugler who suffers abuse for his unwillingness to join the camp’s boxing team, starring opposite Burt Lancaster as a world-weary desk sergeant whose affair with his commanding officer’s wife (Deborah Kerr) threatens to undo his career. The cast of complicated characters extends to Donna Reed, Ernest Borgnine, and Frank Sinatra. Cast, like Kerr, against type, Reed picked up a Best Supporting Actress Oscar and Sinatra won the corresponding prize for his work as a self-destructive private, two of seven trophies earned by the film, including Best Picture and Best Director. Lancaster and Kerr’s heated beach embrace helped make Hollywood films safe for franker depictions of sex, and the awards suggested that America was again ready to see its soldiers as human beings, flaws and all. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    Between 1945 and 1946, Roberto Rossellini released three movies depicting various phases of World War II. Surrounded by Rome, Open City and Germany Year One — both excellent in their own right — Paisan moves up through the Italian peninsula via six episodic stories about the Italian campaign. Made not long after the events depicted, Rossellini uses his neorealist style to great effect, filming on location and mixing professional and nonprofessional actors to capture the perils and ugliness of the war — both for those who fight it and for the everyday people they liberate. To capture the devastation of the war on Italy (and, in a later episode, Germany), Rossellini had to do little but pick up a camera and film. Created in part via on-the-spot improvisations by his cast, Paisan has the immediacy of lived experience. (Available on The Criterion Channel)

    Named for the long, bloody World War I campaign to capture the Gallipoli Peninsula, Peter Weir’s Gallipoli at first seems misnamed. It doesn’t even reach Gallipoli until deep into its running time, and doesn’t depict much combat until its final scenes anyway. Yet the film owes much of its effectiveness to Weir’s slow march to a bloody finale, following a pair of sprinters of contrasting temperaments (Mark Lee and Mel Gibson) from their homes in Western Australia through a long journey that spans enlistment, training against the backdrop of Egypt’s pyramids, and finally to the beachside trenches of Gallipoli. Along the way, they encounter increasing skepticism about why Australians should fight the war as the film around them attempts to convey the futility and loss of fighting any war, and the stolen promise of lives that become just another body on the battlefield. (Available on Amazon Prime Video)

    Sometimes dubbed the Forgotten War, the Korean War has only inspired a handful of American films, most made when it was still in progress. Sam Fuller directed two of them, the quite good Fixed Bayonets! and the even better The Steel Helmet. Gene Evans stars in both, in the latter playing Sergeant Zack, a cigar-chomping, seen-it-all veteran with little time for inexperienced officers or anyone else who gets in his way. After befriending a young Korean boy he dubs Short Round (a name Steven Spielberg and George Lucas would later borrow), Zack finds himself holed up in a Buddhist temple with a handful of soldiers who may not be powerful enough to fight off the encroaching enemy. Drawing on his own military experience, Fuller uses the claustrophobic setup — and a limited budget — to stage a psychologically intense story that finds every character considering their limits. That includes African-American and Japanese-American soldiers needled by a North Korean prisoner about their country’s hypocrisy. For Fuller, the best sort of patriotism meant not looking away from your country’s flaws, even while fighting for it. (Available on The Criterion Channel)

    General George S. Patton believed himself to be the reincarnation of soldiers serving the Roman Empire and Napoleon, among other past lives. While this belief and others made those around him view him as eccentric (or worse), it also captured the temperament of a man who saw himself as a soldier first and couldn’t picture himself serving any other function in life. Co-written by Edmund H. North and Francis Ford Coppola, Franklin J. Schaffner’s epic-scaled biopic focuses on Patton’s World War II experience. That’s more than enough to fill a film, and more than enough to offer a complex, nuanced, often unflattering depiction of the hard-charging general whose victories in North Africa, Sicily, and elsewhere could be overshadowed by diplomatic gaffes, a megalomaniacal temperament, and abusive incidents, like the assault of shell-shocked soldiers he labeled cowards. The film reduces two such incidents into one, but it otherwise doesn’t let Patton off easy, giving room for George C. Scott’s full-bodied performance to capture the complexity of a born soldier for whom glory and ugliness often went hand in hand. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    Shot on location and filled with nonprofessional actors, Gillo Pontecorvo’s The Battle of Algiers chronicles the clash between forces of the French government and rebels in the Algerian capital during the Algerian War. The film has the look and feel of a documentary, but its commitment to realism doesn’t end with its style. Pontecorvo details the often horrific methods used in both sides of the conflict, from torture to bombings targeting civilians. The director claimed he set out to make an objective, politically neutral account of the conflict. If its sympathies can’t help but tilt a little toward the colonized, the film still plays like a nightmare in which every escalation kills more innocents and every victory comes at a horrible cost. (Available on HBO Max)

    Oliver Stone drew on his own experiences in Vietnam for this tale of a privileged Army private Chris Taylor (Charlie Sheen) who enlists out of a desire to serve his country but finds himself overwhelmed by the on-the-ground moral compromises that service seems to require. Platoon won acclaim — and multiple Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Director — in part because of its realistic battle scenes and attention to the everyday details of fighting in the war. Beneath those elements, Stone stages an almost operatic struggle for Chris’s soul with the hardened Sergeant Barnes (Tom Berenger) and the more compassionate Sergeant Grodin (Willem Dafoe). Platoon’s most memorable achievement, however, is the way it captures the cloudiness and confusion of fighting a war in which the demands of his superiors, and the desire to survive, can blur the divide between good and evil. (Available on Amazon Prime Video)

    With a few notable exceptions, like The Great Escape, by the mid-’60s American World War II films had started to feel pretty square. Robert Aldrich’s violent, high-spirited The Dirty Dozen tapped into the spirit of the era, bringing in a remarkable cast (Charles Bronson, Jim Brown, John Cassavetes, Telly Savalas, and Donald Sutherland among them) to play a band of military convicts gathered by an OSS officer (Lee Marvin) to perform a dangerous behind-enemy-lines mission in the lead-up to D-Day. Aldrich brings a light touch to the film’s opening acts, as the characters meet, take a dislike to one another, but bond as a team anyway. But the unsparing final stretch leads to a sobering body count and some unavoidable acts of violence that look far from heroic. War can be a romp until the bloodshed starts. (Available on HBO Max)

    After depicting the Battle of Iwo Jima and its aftermath from the American side with Flags of Our Fathers, Clint Eastwood revisited the event from the perspective of Japanese soldiers with its companion piece, Letters From Iwo Jima. Eastwood unrelentingly depicts the desperation of the Japanese soldiers’ last stand, defending their position from tunnels as they ran out of resources and succumb to disease. But it’s the time spent with the soldiers, particularly a private and a general (played, respectively, by Kazunari Ninomiya and Ken Watanabe), that makes the film unforgettable. By the film’s end, viewers understand everything that led the men to this moment — from those drawn by a sense of honor to those compelled by the inescapable edicts of the Japanese government — putting human faces on one of the war’s pivotal moments. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    Lewis Milestone’s adaptation of Erich Maria Remarque’s landmark novel focuses on the experiences of a handful of German schoolboys inspired to serve in World War I by a teacher’s patriotic propaganda, after which they enjoy a few moments of glory before being thrust into the hell of war itself. Milestone depicts the awfulness of a World War I soldier’s life, one in which there’s never enough food, exploding shells make sleep impossible, and virtually any injury can turn fatal. The film’s elaborate battle scenes make extensive use of sound, an only recently introduced cinematic innovation that Milestone uses to assault viewers. (Some of the performances, on the other hand, haven’t quite figured out how to adjust to the sound era.) Though told from the perspective of German soldiers, the film works less as a critique of one country’s approach to war than war in general, leading to a set of devastating final shots that capture what it means to send a whole generation off to fight, and what’s lost when they don’t return. A Best Picture winner, its inspiration — from its intense battle scenes to the suggestion that war goes against nature — can be seen in virtually every war film that followed. (Available on Peacock)

    The first half of Stanley Kubrick’s contribution to the wave of ’80s Vietnam movies tends to get more praise than the second, but they ultimately tell two parts of the same story. The first follows J.T. “Joker” Davis (Matthew Modine) through basic training, a dehumanizing process designed to turn young men into killing machines — unless, like Vincent D’Onofrio’s “Private Pyle,” they break in the process. In the second, Joker tries to hold on to the shreds of his humanity that he’s been able to preserve in the midst of the war, which Kubrick stages as a surreal swirl of violence and confusion in which nothing delicate and meaningful can survive. D’Onofrio conjures the look of a man who’s died on the inside. It’s echoed in the second half by the Vietnamese prostitutes unconvincingly asserting their sexual desire (a scene famously sampled in 2 Live Crew’s “Me So Horny”), unable to hide their boredom as they sell their bodies. Even those who survive war end up hollowed out on the inside, one way or another. (Available on Showtime)

    The ideal to which many subsequent star-packed World War II films aspired, John Sturges’s The Great Escape fills a German POW camp with James Garner, Richard Attenborough, Charles Bronson, Donald Pleasence, James Coburn, and, most memorable of all, Steve McQueen as allied prisoners determined to break out. Each brings his own skill to the endeavor, which Sturges shows in meticulous detail. McQueen embodied an anti-authoritarian spirit set to catch fire a few years later in the ’60s, and the film plays like a lighthearted heist film until a violent climax reminds us we’ve been watching a war film all along. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    This list doesn’t want for Best Picture winners, among them David Lean’s The Bridge on the River Kwai, which also took the prizes for Best Director, Best Actor (for Alec Guinness), and Best Adapted Screenplay (though blacklisted writers Michael Wilson and Carl Foreman wouldn’t receive credit until years later). It’s easy for the Academy to get behind great war movies, which tend to use a spectacle and a grand scope to address weighty themes. Kwai contains all of the above, but it feels remarkably intimate thanks to its focus on a handful of characters played by Sessue Hayakawa, William Holden, Alec Guinness, and others. The product of contrasting cultures, the film finds each figure responding to his experiences as part of a Japanese prison camp in Burma differently — yet none is more fascinating than Guinness’s Lieutenant Colonel Nicholson, who comes to treat the forced construction of the eponymous railway bridge as a test of British gumption. The film treats his obsession as both an admirable manifestation of national spirit and a kind of war-stoked madness whose contradictions remain tangled to the end. (Available on Amazon Prime Video)

    Orson Welles’s long-in-the-works (and long-hard-to-see) adaptation of Shakespeare’s plays featuring the high-living John Falstaff is a great war movie for two reasons. Working on an extremely limited budget, Welles created the illusion of sweeping battle scenes that captured the intensity of medieval combat. But it’s also a film about how war and duty can shut down the better, more joyful parts of our nature. Welles plays Falstaff as an unrepentant rogue, but also as a good man in the ways that truly matter. His estrangement from Prince Hal (Keith Baxter), the man destined to become Henry V, plays as both inevitable and tragic, and the closing observation that Hal became a prudent, humane king who “left no offense unpunished nor friendship unrewarded” rings with both truth and regret. (Available on HBO Max)

    Quentin Tarantino’s sprawling, episodic Inglourious Basterds is a World War II movie informed by the decades of war movies that preceded it and is fully aware of fiction’s ability to reshape history. The film pits, indirectly at first, the pitiless but ingratiating SS Colonel Hans Landa (Christoph Waltz) against a troop of Jewish-American soldiers under the command of the honey-accented Lieutenant Aldo Raine (Brad Pitt). As his film makes its way toward a final confrontation in Paris, Tarantino touches on everything from the racial subtext of King Kong to the power of propaganda to the ways different eras and subgenres of war films have interpreted World War II — until, finally, Basterds reveals itself as a revenge movie on a historical scale. It’s funny and audacious, but also shot through with a sense of sadness and loss, thanks in large part to Mélanie Laurent’s turn as the sole survivor of an opening scene in which Landa hunts for a Jewish family in hiding. It’s a reminder that while movies might get to rewrite history and even offer a shot at revenge, they can’t really undo it. (Available on Amazon Prime Video)

    A look at life aboard a World War II U-boat, Das Boot adapts a best-selling German novel by Lothar-Günther Buchheim, drawn from his experiences as a war correspondent embedded with a submarine crew during the Battle of the Atlantic. Jürgen Prochnow stars as the experienced and disillusioned unnamed captain whose sense of military duty and commitment to his men overwhelms open distaste for Hitler, Nazism, and the execution of the war. The title, which translates as “The Boat,” captures the spirit of the film. The movie’s opening sets up the force of the military at the height of the war, but the focus soon becomes what it’s like to live underwater in alternately dull and terrifying (and increasingly disgusting) close quarters. Wolfgang Petersen brilliantly uses cramped spaces, the sounds of underwater combat, and the intense performances of a bedraggled cast to create an immersive depiction of submarine service that’s jaundiced about the practice of war even as it captures the bonds needed to stay alive in the midst of it. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    Kon Ishikawa didn’t plan to make The Burmese Harp and Fires on the Plain as companion pieces, but his two films about Japanese soldiers in the last days of World War II fit together well. Programmed as a double feature, it’s best to watch Fires on the Plain first to avoid ending in despair. Eiji Funakoshi stars as Tamura, a soldier who begins the film with tuberculosis and whose life only gets worse from there. Denied admission to a field hospital, he’s forced to wander a hellish landscape of the dead, the desperate, and the starving. Ichikawa depicts war as a relentless assault of horror via a story in which survival doesn’t always seem preferable to death. Released three years earlier, The Burmese Harp sounds faint notes of hopefulness in a similar environment via the story of a Japanese private (Shoji Yasui) who comes to realize a higher duty when he disguises himself as a monk in order to survive. The film doesn’t shy away from war’s grimness, but it also depicts the possibility of a hard-won spiritual awakening and some tenuous connections between wartime enemies that could grow stronger now that the fighting’s done. They’re slivers of optimism, but the film suggests they could spread and that maybe, someday, war might end. (Available on The Criterion Channel)

    Christopher Nolan’s daring account of the Dunkirk evacuation — a humiliating 1940 setback that advanced the German cause — attempts to capture the full scope of the event by depicting it via three differently paced timelines at once. One, the story of some stranded soldiers, unfolds over a week. The second, following civilians attempting to rescue soldiers by boat, is set over the course of a day. A third, in which a pilot storms the beach by air, covers a mere hour. What could have been a cerebral exercise carefully builds the tension on three fronts. A deeply emotional climax and stirring denouement captures the spirit of a nation desperately trying to find sparks of hope under grim circumstances. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    The moviegoing public has largely proved resistant to films about the Iraq War, maybe because it remained the subject of heated controversy even as the films started to appear (and remains so today). One exception: Kathryn Bigelow’s Best Picture– and Best Director–winning The Hurt Locker, which doesn’t ignore the politics of the conflict but also focuses on the terrifying experiences of an Explosive Ordnance Disposal team led by William James (Jeremy Renner). Bigelow captures the intensity of a job in which the slightest mistake means death, and how the experience becomes so enveloping that any other way of life starts to feel impossible. (Available on Amazon Prime Video)

    Sam Fuller had already been a crime reporter, pulp novelist, screenwriter, and soldier before he became a director. While he brought his World War II experiences to many of his films, Fuller wrote most of his autobiographical elements into this project, a sprawling war film based on his experiences in the Army’s 1st Infantry Division. He had first tried to film The Big Red One in the 1950s but couldn’t make it happen. Its realization looked increasingly less likely as the years went on, but the always intrepid Fuller persisted. Used to working on small budgets, he barely left Israel to create a war-spanning story that follows a 1st Infantry squad from North Africa, through Italy, D-Day, and finally to a Czech concentration camp. Playing a Fuller surrogate, Robert Carradine co-stars alongside Mark Hamill and Lee Marvin, the latter playing a hardened veteran of both World Wars. Fuller finds creative ways to stage the war on a budget — making particularly ingenious use of a watch during the Normandy sequence — and its limitations ultimately serve the film, keeping the focus on the experiences of a tight band of soldiers as they make their way from continent to continent and, ultimately, to the dark heart of the war itself. In the process, Fuller captures the ravages of war on both soldiers and civilians while also depicting why sometimes fighting becomes the only choice. (Available on Amazon Prime Video)

    Russian director Elem Klimov’s harrowing Come and See opens with a Belarusian teen named Flyora (Aleksey Kravchenko) imitating a soldier as he and a friend dig through a trench looking for guns. In the process, he seems to summon war to his village, first in the form of a partisan militia who enlists him to fight the German invaders, then in the form of the Germans themselves, who arrive not just as conquerors but as gleeful sadists with no regard for human life. An end title notes that 628 Belarusian villages were destroyed in the war “along with all their inhabitants” and that Klimov co-wrote the script with Ales Adamovich, adapting a book based on Adamovich’s experiences in a Belarusian militia. To capture that horror, Klimov uses both a restless camera and heavy use of a Steadicam, gliding through a devastated, perpetually overcast countryside and depicting one disturbing incident after another. Over the course of the film, Flyora’s face becomes a map of trauma (an effect the then-13-year-old Kravchenko achieved partly through hypnotism). It’s a stark, haunting depiction of innocence lost that’s built around unblinking re-creations of World War II atrocities. But it’s mesmerizing, too — a cinematic tour of hell filled with surreal images (see: a Nazi officer carrying a lemur on his shoulder) and overwhelming scenes of chaos. It captures the worst aspects of war in a manner that denies us the ability to look away. (Available on The Criterion Channel)

    Debuting in the Evening Standard in 1934, cartoonist David Low’s aging, walrus-mustached, potbellied Colonel Blimp came to embody all that was out of touch and out-of-date in a certain type of British military man. Released in the thick of World War II, Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger’s The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp serves as a kind of origin story for the character but also, and above all, as a defense of his place in history and in shaping the national character. Roger Livesey stars as Clive Candy, a lifelong British soldier first seen losing a war-games exercise after his young opponent chooses not to play by the rules. The film then flashes back to Candy’s younger days when those rules still applied. It follows him from an attempt to defend Britain from German propaganda at the turn of the century through the ups and downs that followed. Along the way he falls in love with a series of women played by Deborah Kerr and befriends a German officer (Anton Walbrook) whose attitudes change with the shifting circumstances of his nation. At once comic and elegiac, it’s clear-eyed about the changing times that have made Candy’s notions about the proper way to fight dangerously out-of-date. But it also admires the way he embodies the best traits of an England that prides itself on civility and fair play even in battle — a vision of itself that’s in the process of being forcibly changed by the demands of an enemy that finds no virtue in such values. (Available on The Criterion Channel)

    Francis Ford Coppola’s loose adaptation of Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness keeps true to Conrad’s use of a river journey as a trip into the most forbidding reaches of the human psyche while transposing the action to the still-fresh Vietnam War. Martin Sheen stars as Captain Willard, a special-ops soldier charged with ending the career of the insane, abusive, charismatic Colonel Kurtz (Marlon Brando) with “extreme prejudice.” Doing so means making a dangerous journey to a camp that Kurtz rules over like a god, with stops along the way that include time with a battle-happy surf-enthusiast commander of a helicopter unit (Robert Duvall), a USO appearance from some Playboy Playmates that stirs madness, and encounters with locals made tragic by the fog of war. (The extended versions released in 2001 and 2019 include even more episodes, including a French plantation sequence that provides an even stronger connection to the colonialism of Conrad’s book and the colonialist roots of the war.)

    Coppola famously had a difficult time making the film, so difficult that his experiences inspired the great making-of doc Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker’s Apocalypse. That chaos may not have been necessary to create the sense of a world spinning out of control, but maybe it didn’t hurt. Sheen plays Willard as a man always on the verge of giving into the madness of the world around him, a world that grows less explicable and crueler the closer he draws to Kurtz. Coppola’s film is disorienting and disturbing, using Vietnam to capture the insanity of all war and drawing on Conrad to suggest that war might just be an outgrowth of an awfulness at the core of humanity itself. (Available on Cinemax)

    The end of the 20th century stirred a great deal of reflection about what happened in the middle of it, particularly during World War II. The passing of time had done little to make the Second World War look any less like a struggle for the very soul of the planet, one that could easily have been lost at several turning points — the D-Day Invasion of Normandy among them. Steven Spielberg’s Saving Private Ryan opens with a harrowing re-creation of that attack, offering a grunts’-eye view of the chaos and a zombie movie’s emphasis on gore. (If a movie could end war just by depicting the horrors of battle, this scene alone would have brought peace on earth.) It’s such an extraordinary sequence that it often overshadows the film that follows, which masterfully depicts the experiences of a handful of soldiers led by Tom Hanks’s tough Captain Miller. The results are wartime experiences without a hint of romance or nostalgia. It’s clear-eyed about the realities of warfare and even questions the group’s mission — the search for a single soldier in order to prevent his mother from losing all four of her sons in war — that’s less a crucial operation than a PR exercise. It never questions the importance of the fight, however, and emerges as a stirring tribute to those who died saving the world in which we now live. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    To gauge the effect of this Jean Renoir masterpiece about French WWI POWs and their German captors, it’s worth considering who didn’t want it to be seen. Joseph Goebbels hated it, particularly the way its criticisms of World War I reflected badly on the Germany that initiated World War II, declaring it “Cinematic Public Enemy No. 1.” But it wasn’t just Germany that came to find the film troublesome. Rereleased in France in 1946, the film didn’t sit as well with many French critics, who found its depiction of connections between French and German officers and its pacifist attitude out of step with the times. That reaction makes sense in the immediate aftermath of a war filled with atrocities on a scale never previously seen. But, years later, the mournful quality baked into the film overwhelms those concerns. Renoir fills Grand Illusion with hopeful suggestions that a common humanity can overwhelm nationalism, but also a sense that the possibility for that sort of connection is slipping into the past — along with any sense that war can be a noble exercise. It’s a stunning expression of humanism, but one filled with warnings about how little it takes for such values to fall away. (Available to rent on Amazon)

    Terrence Malick’s adaptation of James Jones’s 1962 novel based on his World War II experiences fighting in the Guadalcanal campaign changed shape significantly as it made its way to the screen. Malick’s first film in 20 years, The Thin Red Line attracted the attention of established and rising stars alike, some of whom saw their roles reduced, or even deleted, from the final cut. Somewhere there’s an alternate version of the film in which Bill Pullman, Mickey Rourke, and Lukas Haas appear and Adrien Brody plays a key role rather than popping up for a few minutes of screen time. Malick’s editors, in an interview included in the Criterion Collection’s editions of the film, offer the best explanation for his decision-making. Malick cut the film not to service the plot but to make room for the film’s voice-overs. Paired with stunning images of war in the Pacific, they provide lyrical reflections on the characters’ wartime experiences and the loss of innocence that comes with those experiences. Malick returned from his moviemaking absence in full command of his signature ability to capture wonder, but in depicting a kind of hell on earth, he uses that ability to disorienting effect. Here, war spoils all it touches, from those who partake in it to those swept up in it to the land itself. To Malick, it’s an act of awful defiance against creation. (Available on Starz)

    It’s worth keeping Truffaut’s famous quote (told to the Chicago Tribune in 1973) in mind when thinking about Paths of Glory. If even the most pacifist-minded war films often end up glamorizing war — and Truffaut specifically suggested they did later in the same interview  — Stanley Kubrick’s 1957 adaptation of Humphrey Cobb’s World War I novel comes closest to slipping through that trap. Beyond depicting the sheer brutality of trench warfare, it serves as an indictment of the act of war itself. Over the course of the film, officers order soldiers to their death in a battle they know they can’t win, one soldier betrays another to cover up a crime, and the film treats self-sacrifice less as a noble virtue than a value extolled because of its military usefulness. Heroism never enters the picture, apart from the willingness of Kirk Douglas’s Colonel Dax to try to expose the hypocrisy and wrongdoing of executing three men for cowardice.

    Kubrick immerses viewers in trench life and drains scenes of recon missions and battle of any glamor. Only the terror remains. But it’s his ability to depict the human cost — on the condemned soldiers, on Dax, and on those who evade justice — that makes the film so haunting as it builds to an extraordinary final scene. Its final moments feature a moving rendition of a song by a German singer (played by an actress credited as Susanne Christian but soon to be known as Christiane Kubrick after marrying the director), leading to a moment of connection and vulnerability for those compelling her to sing. The differences melt away, if only for the length of the song. Then the war begins again. (Available on The Criterion Channel)

    When Akira Kurosawa made Ran, he knew he had one last chance to make a grand statement. He’d spent years developing the project, a stretch in which he had difficulty securing financing for any sort of film, much less a sweeping epic that would become the most expensive Japanese film made at that point. His eyesight was faltering and the prospect of death never seemed far away. (Indeed, he’d lose his wife of many years while shooting the film.) So he put everything he had into the film, weaving Shakespeare’s King Lear into a story inspired by the life of the 16th-century feudal ruler Mori Motonari. Tatsuya Nakadai plays Ichimonji Hidetora, an aging daimyo determined to split his kingdom among his three sons, one of whom rejects the offer as foolish. The other two bring war to the land via bloody conflicts depicted largely as the result of the ruthlessness with which Hidetora ruled the land.

    Ran, which translates as “Chaos,” is both a mammoth film and a tiny one. Kurosawa employed armies of extras — and burned massive sets to the ground — to depict the strife. Simply as a technical accomplishment, it should be on any list of the greatest war films ever made. But it’s also the story of one man’s tragic end and of his horrifying rush of reflection and regret. As Hidetora watches the destruction of everything he’s built, he realizes too late how little his accomplishments matter, how much virtue he’s cast aside to achieve them, and how time humbles even the proudest. All that fighting and death has accomplished nothing. Maybe, as the title suggests, war affronts the natural order and the blood we spill poisons the land for which we fight. (Available to rent on Amazon)

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    The Supreme Court really matters in this election https://headsets911.com/the-supreme-court-really-matters-in-this-election/ Thu, 25 Mar 2021 12:09:01 +0000 https://headsets911.com/the-supreme-court-really-matters-in-this-election/ Alex Brandon, Associated Press dossier A police officer stands outside the United States Supreme Court on June 20. This year’s presidential election is expected to weigh heavily on the ideological balance of the court. For half a century, presidential candidates have consistently asserted that there are no bigger stakes in the election than upcoming Supreme […]]]>


    Alex Brandon, Associated Press dossier

    A police officer stands outside the United States Supreme Court on June 20. This year’s presidential election is expected to weigh heavily on the ideological balance of the court.

    For half a century, presidential candidates have consistently asserted that there are no bigger stakes in the election than upcoming Supreme Court appointments.

    This year, for the first time since 1968, the dreadful warnings could in fact have a significant effect on electoral behavior.

    Since the death of Judge Antonin Scalia in February, the court has blocked 4-4 in four cases, including a few large ones. Out of several others, a single vote determined the result. In addition, Merrick Garland, the candidate to replace Scalia, will still await a Senate review on Election Day; two judges will be 80 and one will be 78.

    It’s likely that Hillary Clinton or Donald Trump will have at least two or three appointments in a first term. And that will shape a number of important issues, ranging from immigration to racial preferences, the role of unions and environmental issues.

    The importance is underlined by the last two presidents. Had Vice President Al Gore won the Electoral College vote as well as the popular vote in 2000, the court seats now occupied by Chief Justice John Roberts and Samuel Alito would have been filled by more liberal jurists, giving progressives a majority. Likewise, if the Republican had won the White House in 2008, Elena Kagan and Sonia Sotomayor would not be on the pitch and the Conservatives would enjoy a comfortable majority.

    The stakes are even more obvious now. The last time there was a vacant seat in a presidential election was in 1956. In October, President Dwight D. Eisenhower tapped William Brennan into a suspension appointment for the slot. In 1968, Chief Justice Earl Warren declared his intention to resign, but President Lyndon Johnson’s choice to succeed him, Justice Abe Fortas, was blocked by the Senate.

    This year, the two candidates take up the question. Trump has released a list of 10 conservative jurists he might consider for court vacations.

    Clinton didn’t go that far, but she vowed that anyone named would promote abortion rights and overturn recent court campaign funding decisions.

    The activists on the right and on the left are shattered and will certainly be part of the tribunal of their fundraising.

    The Conservatives have done a slightly better job of understanding the issue. They can be helped this time around by court rulings on affirmative action, abortion, same-sex marriage and the maintenance of Obamacare which the right-wing has found disappointing.

    They are not, however, convinced that a President Trump, recently converted to conservative causes, would be an ally, even though they liked his list of potential candidates.

    Miguel Estrada, one of the most prominent conservative legal intellectuals, despite being a fan of Garland, admitted that he probably wouldn’t like the people Clinton appoints. He is not appeased, however, by Trump’s list: “It’s like a game of Russian roulette with Trump,” Estrada said.

    “He’s just as likely to name Judge Judy as anyone on this list,” he added, referring to the reality TV star.

    Liberals are hoping Trump will stir up their base, especially Hispanics. One of the deadlocked Supreme Court rulings in that term effectively suspended President Barack Obama’s executive order to prevent the deportation of millions of undocumented workers. It will probably be considered again.

    There are also questions about the Clinton court appointments. She once said she would love to appoint Obama to the bench – William Howard Taft became chief justice after leaving the White House – but it’s unlikely.

    As president, Clinton would likely like to hire someone younger, more liberal and from a more diverse background than Garland, 63, who was first appointed in March. But passing it on would be a rebuke not only to the respected judge, but also to Obama. This is probably not the way she would like to start a presidency.

    Bloomberg Email See Columnist Albert R. Hunt at ahunt1@bloomberg.net. Follow him on Twitter: @AlHuntDC

    To send a letter to the editor about this article, submit online or consult our guidelines for instructions on how to submit by email or post.





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    Evangelical Christian club quietly established chapters in elementary schools in east Portland https://headsets911.com/evangelical-christian-club-quietly-established-chapters-in-elementary-schools-in-east-portland/ Thu, 25 Mar 2021 12:09:01 +0000 https://headsets911.com/evangelical-christian-club-quietly-established-chapters-in-elementary-schools-in-east-portland/ In September 2015, David Linn’s 6-year-old son returned from Sacramento Elementary School in East Portland with an unusual flyer. A year later, the Good News Club is still there, and that bothers Linn. “The club uses the legitimacy of the school to add credibility to its own agenda,” says Linn. “If it’s at school, the […]]]>


    In September 2015, David Linn’s 6-year-old son returned from Sacramento Elementary School in East Portland with an unusual flyer.

    A year later, the Good News Club is still there, and that bothers Linn.

    “The club uses the legitimacy of the school to add credibility to its own agenda,” says Linn. “If it’s at school, the kids think the club has the same distinction as their teachers.”

    Few after-school offerings are as divisive as the Good News Clubs – evangelical Christian Bible studies held in the halls of public elementary schools. Critics say it is difficult for children to differentiate club teachings from the school curriculum, and that clubs encourage students as young as 5 to proselytize with other children.

    When the Missouri-based nonprofit, which runs the Good News Clubs, launched a campaign in Portland in 2014, he faced fierce resistance. A group called Protect Oregon’s Children was formed, pledging to rally parents to resist religious education in public school buildings.

    But the Missouri group, called the Child Evangelism Fellowship, managed to win a beachhead in Portland. For the first time, two Portland school districts publicly acknowledge that Good News Clubs operate in at least three public elementary schools located within city limits.

    WW confirmed with the Parkrose School District in East Portland that Sacramento and Russell Elementary Schools have good news clubs, and Portland Public Schools have confirmed that Harrison Park K-8 also has a club.

    The schools are all located east of the city and serve poorer populations.

    Andrew Robinson, a fifth-grade teacher at a Parkrose District elementary school, says the arrival of clubs is diminishing the effectiveness of his teaching.

    “Every teacher and administrator of a public school that I know works very hard every day of the school year to impart critical thinking skills to their students under difficult circumstances,” Robinson wrote in an email to WW. “The fact that an organized group walks into your building and systematically undermines these efforts is obviously frustrating and disappointing.”

    The ministers who sponsor the clubs claim to be volunteers and welcome children from all walks of life.

    “It’s a time when kids get together with other kids,” says Tom Schiave, senior pastor of Gateway Baptist Church, which sponsors the Russell club. “It’s a nice break.”

    “If a public school allows outside organizations to enter the school, the school cannot say no to a club because the club has a religious mission,” Jann Carson, associate director of the Oregon Civil Liberties Union, tell WW. “It’s an all or nothing situation.”

    Portland School Board member Steve Buel says the district’s hands are tied. “It’s a double-edged sword,” he says. “You are not supposed to discriminate on the basis of religion, but you are not supposed to promote it.”

    “In low-income districts there is sometimes less resistance to the club,” writes Stewart in an email to WW. “Parents need more after-school care, and they’re generally less inclined to protest against arrangements they don’t like.

    Parents must sign permission slips before their children are allowed to participate in a Good News Club. But the clubs are free, often provide snacks, and in some schools are offered on days when no other after-school care is available.

    In Russell and Sacramento, clubs are held on Wednesdays – a day of the week when the class comes out early.

    Lana Buchanan, 52, whose grandchildren attend Harrison Park K-8, says volunteers handed out Good News Club flyers outside the school last fall. She says they were aggressive.

    “I quickly informed them that we were a pagan family and that we had enough gods, thank you very much,” she said.

    But not all attempts to create a Good News Club in Portland have been successful. The Southeastern Community Church of the Nazarene tried to start a club at Arleta Elementary School in the Portland Public School District a few years ago, but it was blocked.

    Rodney Bertholet, the church’s pastor, says a parent’s dissenting opinion prevented the club from starting there.

    “I think they know that strong Christian groups are not going to fight them,” says Bertholet. “Therefore, they can oppose [our clubs] of how they want to oppose them. “

    Portland Public Schools spokesperson Courtney Westling said the club was blocked because no clubs hosted by outside groups were allowed in Arleta.

    the Portland Chapter of the Child Evangelism Fellowship, as well as many local churches that are believed to have sponsored the Good News Clubs, declined to speak directly to WW, all citing the need to protect “the safety and anonymity of children”, instead directing the requests to the national office.

    John Luck, project manager at Child Evangelism Fellowship headquarters in Warrenton, Missouri, would not award WW information on club locations in Portland. He said it was because he didn’t want “satanist clubs” to form as a reaction.

    Linn, the parent of Sacramento Elementary School, says he hasn’t seen any change in the culture at his son’s school. But he still plans to file a formal complaint with the Parkrose School District.

    “The clubs are bigoted and political,” Linn says. “They shouldn’t take place in elementary schools.”



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